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Full text of "The Journal of the American-Irish Historical Society"

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•Mi );;:... 5- 




Edward H. Daly, SecreUiy-General ol the hmniaa Iriih 
Historical Society, 54 Wall Street, New York City, 



CERTIFICATE OF MEMBERSHIP OF MAJOR-GENERAL ANDREW JACKSON, 



Iron by Anna Frinin Ltvim 



THE JOURNAL 



OF THF. 



AMERICAN IRISH 
iilSTORICAL SOCIETY 



erUTED BY 

EDWARD HAMILTON DALY 
Sfcre *ary-Gentral 



VOLUME XIV 



NEW YORK, N. Y. 

PUBLISHFD BV THE SOCIETY 
1915 



LLS ioGa3.5 









TABLE OF CONTENTS. 

PAGB 

Introduction ii 

Officers of thb Society 13 

Charter of the American Irish Historical Society 17 

Constitution 19 

General Information Regarding the Society 23 

Former Officers of the Society 25 

Proceedings at Seventeenth Annual Meeting of the Society: 27 

Report of the President-General 27 

Report of the Secretary-General 32 

Report of the Treasurer-General 36 

Report of the Historiographer 38 

The Seventeenth Annual Banquet of the Society: 59 

Address of Reverend Cyrus T. Brady 69 

Address of Hon. Michael J. Drummond 76 

Address of Hon. James D. Phelan 87 

Address of Fred. Norris Robinson, Ph. D 9r 

Address of General Peter W. Meldrim 97 

The California Chapter — ^Annual Meeting and Banquet 104 

The Massachusetts Chapter 105 

The Wisconsin Chapter 107 

The Illinois Chapter 109 

HISTORICAL PAPERS. 

Addresses Delivered before the Society and Papers Contributed 
in 1915: 

Right Reverend John England, by Rn, Thomas P. Phelan^ A Ji. . . 115 

General Phil Kearny, by Col. David M. Flynn 127 

General James H. Shields, by General John B. 0*Meara 140 

American Irish Governors of Pennsylvania, by Dr, John G. Coyle 145 
Immigration, Land, Probate, Administration, Baptismal, Mar- 
riage, Burial, Trade, Military and Other Records of 
THE Irish in America in the Seventeenth and 
Eighteenth Century, by Michael J, O'Brien: 
Dbrmot, or Dlarmuid O'Mahony, Pioneer Irishman of New 

England 165 

Connecticut — 

Irish Pioneers in the Connecticut Valley; Traces of the Rileys 
and other Irish Families who settled in New England in the 

Seventeenth Century 176 

3 



4 TABLE OF CONTENTS. 

Delaware — page 

Extracts from the Probate Records of New Castle County ...... 187 

Georgia — 
The O'Briens in the Colony of Georgia 193 

Maine — 
Mark Carney, Colonial and Revolutionary Soldier 201 

Maryland — 
Irish Pioneers — Testimony of the Land Office Records — Philip 

Conner, an Irishman, was the Last Commander of Old Kent. 

The De Courcys of Cork. 207 

Irish Statesmen — Story of an Historic Controversy among 

Three Colonial Irishmen — ^John Hart, Charles Carroll and 

Thomas MacNamara 215 

Massachusetts — 

Memorials of the Dead in Boston; Being copies of some tombstone 

inscriptions in Copp's Hill and Kings Chapel Burying Grounds 220 
Some Early Marriages in Worcester County 224 



New Hatnpshif 
Some Ancient Records in the Provincial Papers 227 

New Jersey — 

Items Culled from the Records of the First Presbyterian Church 
at Morristown 229 

New York— 

William Gilliland, Irish Schoolmaster and Pioneer of the Cham- 
plain Valley 231 

Grants of Land to Irish Settlers in the Province of New York; an 
important Collection taken from the Calendar of New York 
Colonial Manuscripts 238 

Advertisements by Irish Business Men and of Irish-manufac- 
tured goods in the N F. Gazette and Weekly Post-Boy 255 

North Carolina — 

Some early Murphys; Extracted from the Records of the Land 
Office, Will Books and other Official Records of the "Old North 
State" 260 

VermorU — 

Some Revolutionary Patriots: Copied from the Revolutionary 
War Rolls of the State 267 

Some Examples of the " Scotch-Irish " in America, by Mickael 7. 

0*Brien 269 

Centenary of the Battle op Plattsburgh 280 



TABLE OF CONTENTS. 5 

PAGB 

St. Patrick's Day at Panama-Pacific International Exposition, 

San Franusco, California 2B2 

Ireland at the Fair, an Ode for St. Patrick's Day, 1915, by Joseph 

I. C. Clarke 292 

Oratk>n by John J. Barrett 297 

Address by Robert P. Troy at Banquet of Knights of St. Patrick. . 307 

Address by Hon. Thomas J. Lennon 309 

Dr. Thomas Addis Emmbt: Resolutions tendered by the American 
Irish Historical Society and acknowledgment by Dr. 

Emmet 3^4 

Edmond T. Quinn, Sculptor 319 

NECROLOGY. 

John G. Britt 3^ 

William Francis Byrns 321 

William D. Cantillon 312 

John S. Carby 324 

Right Rbvbrbnd Charles H. Colton 324 

Michael M. Cunniff 325 

John C. Dblaney 326 

WiLUAM F. DOWNBY 328 

TBomas F. Doylb 329 

Thomas P. Fitzsimons 331 

EuGBNB Gbary 331 

Andrew J. Hogan 333 

Jobs P. Holland 333 

Thomas C. Innd 33^ 

Dr. Hugh Lagan 333 

MoNsiGNOR Charles McCrsady 340 

James McHugh 343 

Jambs Murphy 344 

William O'Herin 344 

Jeremiah O'Rourke 345 

Patrick H. Powers 34^ 

Most Reverend Patrick W. Riordan. 347 

Reverend Thomas M. Smyth 349 

Form of Application for Membership 353 

Roll of Members of the American Irish Historical Society 355 



LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS. 

FACING 
PAGB 

Cbrtificatb op Mbmbb&ship op Major-Gbnbkal Andbbw Jackson 
IN THE Hibernian Soobty of Philadblphia Frontispiece 

Statub op General Philip Kearny Unveiled at Arlington Ceme- 
tery, Washinoton, D. C, November ii, 1914 127 

Statxje op General James Shields, Carrollton, Missouri 140 

John J. Barrett, Esq 297 

Hon. Thomas J. Lbnnon 309 

Accepted Design op Figure for Edwin Booth Memorial to be 
Erected in Gramercy Park by a Committee op Members of The 
Players, the Club Founded by Edwin Booth at No. 16 Gram- 
ercy Park. Sculptor, Edmond T. Quinn 319 

John P. Holland 333 

Right Reverend Monsignor Charles McCready 340 



lametuan itisS^ Ji^isstoxitsi 




- . I 



INTRODUCTION. 

The Society presents herewith another volume of its journal 
of transactions and of its collection of material upon the Irish 
in America. The documentary evidence gathered by its histo- 
riographer, Mr. Michael J. O'Brien, is of the first value; but 
how much it is to be wished that the record of only a name and 
a date could be supplemented by authentic information about 
the individual, gained by the preservation of an account by 
some contemporary. 

It is the aim of the Society through its local chapters to gather 
material for the future historian of the American Irish. Let us 
invoke an ideal of thoroughness such as caused France, so we 
are informed, already to have taken measures to obtain reports 
from localities upon all occurrences in the year 1914. 

Edward H. Daly, 
Secretary-General. 

New York, August 25th, 1915. 



II 



OFFICERS OF THE AMERICAN IRISH HISTORICAL 

SOCIETY. 

PresidetU^eneral, 

Joseph I. C. Clarke, 
159 West 95th Street, New York City. 



Vice-President General, 

R. C. O'Connor, 
1835 Scott Street, San Francisco, Cal. 



Secretary-General, 

Edward H. Daly, 
52 Wall Street, New York City. 



Treasurer-General, 

John J. Lenehan, 
192 Broadway, New York City. 



librarian and Archioist, 

Cyrh. Crimmins, 
624 Madison Avenue, New York City. 



Historiographer, 

Michael J. O'Brien, 
195 Broadway, New York City. 



Official Photographer, 

Anna Frances Levins, 
5 East 35th Street, New York City. 



13 



14 



AMERICAN IRISH HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 



EXECUTIVE COUNCIL. 



The foregoing and 
John D. Crimmins, 
Francis J. Quinlan, M. D., 
Patrick F. Magrath, 
Thomas Addis Emmet, 
James L. O'Neill, 
Stephen Farrelly, 
D. J. McGillicuddy, 
Patrick Cassidy, M. D., 
Thomas S. O'Brien, 
Thomas Z. Lee, 
Patrick T. Barry, 
Thomas B. Fitzpatrick, 
R. J. Donahue, 
Alfred M. Barrett, 
J. G. Coyle, M. D., 
Percy J. King, 
Roger G. Sullivan, 
Edward J. McGuire, 
Alfred B. Cruikshank, 
Thomas A. Fahy, 
Michael F. Sullivan, M. D., 



N. Y. City. 
N. Y. City. 
Binghamton, N. Y. 
N. Y. City. 
Elizabeth, N. J. 
N. Y. City. 
Lewiston, Me. 
Norwich, Conn. 
Albany, N. Y. 
Providence, R. I. 
Chicago, 111. 
Boston, Mass. 
OgdensbuFg, N. Y. 
N. Y. City. 
N. Y. City. 
N. Y. City. 
Manchester, N. H. 
N. Y. City. 
N. Y. City. 
Philadelphia, Pa. 
Lawrence, Mass. 



OFFICERS OF THE SOCIETY. 



15 



STATE VICE-PRESIDENTS. 



Arizona, 

California, 

Colorado, 

Connecticut, 

Delaware, 

Florida, 

Georgia, 

Illinois, 

Indiana, 

Iowa, 

Kansas, 

Kentucky, 

Louisiana, 

Maine, 

Maryland, 

Massachusetts, 

Michigan, 

Minnesota, 

Mississippi, 

Missouri, 

Montana, 

Nebraska, 

New Hampshire, 

New Jersey, 

New York, 

North Carolina, 

North Dakota, 

Ohio, 

Oregon, 

Pennsylvania, 

Rhode Island, 

South Carolina, 

South Dakota, 

Tennessee, 

Texas, 

Utah, 



Robert Dickson. 
Robert P. Troy. 
James J. Sullivan. 
Capt. Laurence O'Brien. 
John J. Cassidy. 

Michael A. O'Byme. 

John P. Hopkins. 

Very Rev. Andrew Morrissey. 

Rt. Rev. Philip J. Garrigan, D. D. 

Patrick H. Coney. 

James Thompson. 

James A. O'Shee. 

Charles McCarthy, Jr. 

Michael P. Kehoe. 

John J. Hogan. 

Col. Eugene L. Markey. 

C. D. O'Brien. 

Dr. R. A. Quin. 

John Baptiste O'Meara. 

Rt. Rev. M. C. Lenihan. 

Rev. M. A. Shine. 

William E. Chandler. 

David M. Flynn. 

John'F. Murtaugh. 

Michael J. Corbett. 

E. I. Donovan. 

John Lavelle. 

J. P. O'Brien. 

Edward J. Dooner. 

Michael F. Dooley. 

William J. O'Hagan. 

Robert Jackson Gamble. 

Joshua Brown. 

Richard H. Wood. 

Joseph Geoghegan. 



i6 



AMERICAN IRISH HISTORICAL SOCIETY, 



Virginia, 
Washington, 
West Virginia, 
Wisconsin, 
Wyoming, 



Rt. Rev. D. J. O'Connell 
WiUiam Pigott. 

Jeremiah Quin. 
Thomas J. Cantillon. 



OTHER VICE-PRESIDENTS. 



Canada, 

Dist. of Columbia, 

Ireland, 

Australia, 

Philippine Islands, 



Toronto. 



W. I. Boland, 

Patrick J. Haltigan. 

Michael F. Cox, M. D., Dublin. 

Joseph Winter, Melbourne. 

Major G. P. Ahem, U.S.A., Manila. 



FOUNDATION COMMITTEE. 



John D. Crimmins, 
Francis J. Quinlan, M. D., 
Samuel Adams, 
Stephen Farrelly, 
Franklin M. Danaher, 
Joseph I. C. Clarke, 
Thomas Z. Lee, 
Thomas B. Fitzpatrick, 
James Thompson, 
David M. Flynn, 



N. Y. City. 
N. Y. City. 
N. Y. City. 
N. Y. City. 
Albany, N. Y. 
N. Y. City. 
Providence, R. I. 
Boston, Mass. 
Louisville, Ky. 
Princeton, N. J. 



CHARTER. 

STATE OF RHODE ISLAND, AC. 

I, Charles P. Bennett, Secretary of State, Hereby Certify 
that Frands J. Quinlan, John D. Crimmins, Edward A. Moeeley, 
Michael F. Dooley and Thomas Zanslaur Lee have filed in the 
office of the Secretary of State according to law, their agreement 
to form a corporation under the name of 

American Irish Historical Society 

Said corporation is constituted for the purposes of.* — 
(i) The study of American history generally. 

(2) To investigate the immigration of people from Ireland to 
this country, determine the numbers, examine the sources, learn 
the places and circumstances of settlement, and estimate its 
influence on contemporary events in war, legislation, religion, 
education and business. 

(3) To examine records of every character, wherever found, 
calculated to throw light on the work of citizens of Irish blood 
in America. 

(4) To correct erroneous, distorted and false views of history, 
and to substitute therefor the truth of history, based on docu- 
mentary evidence and the best and most reasonable tradition, 
in relation to the Irish race in America. 

(5) To encourage and assist the formation of local chapters 
in American cities and towns for the work of the society. 

(6) To promote and foster an honorable and national spirit 
of patriotism which will know no lines of division, based upon 
loyalty to the laws, institutions and spirit of the republic to whose 
upbuilding the Irish element has unselfishly contributed in blood 
and treasure, a patriotism whose simple watchwords will be true 
Americanism and human freedom and which has no concern for 
any man's race, color, or creed, measuring him only by his conduct, 
effort and achievement. 

(7) To promote by union in a common high purpose, a sincere 
fraternity, a greater emulation in well doing, a closer confidence 

a 17 



l8 AMERICAN IRISH HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 

and mutual respect among the various elements of the Irish race 
in America, that by putting behind them the asperities of the 
past, they may unite in a common brotherhood with their fellow 
citizens for the honor of the race and the glory of the republic. 

(8) To place the result of its historical investigations and re- 
searches in acceptable literary form; to print, publish and dis- 
tribute its documents to libraries, institutions of learning, and 
among its members, in order that the widest dissemination of 
historical truth may be obtained and placed within the reach of 
historians and other writers and readers. 

(9) To sift and discriminate every paper, isketch, document, 
bearing on the society's line of work before the same is accepted 
and given official sanction, in order that its publication may be 
a guarantee of historical accuracy; to do its work without pas- 
sion or prejudice, to view accomplished facts in the true scientific 
historical spirit, and, having reached the truth, to give it to the 
world in accordance with law, and have also filed the certificate 
of the General Treasurer that they have paid into the general 
treasury of the State the fee required by law. 

Witness my hand and the seal 
of the State of Rhode Island, 
SBAL OF THB STATB this 29th day of June, in the 

OP RHODE ISLAND AND year 1909. 

PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. ChARLES P. BeNNETT, 

1636. Secretary of State. 



THE AMERICAN IRISH HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 



CONSTITUTION.* 

ARTICLE I. 

Namb and Object. 

Section i. Name. The name of this society shall be "The Americaii 
Irish Historical Society.*' 

Sect. 2. Object. The object of the society is to make better known the 
Irish chapter in American History. 

ARTICLE II. 

Membership. 

Section i. QualificaHans. Any person of good moral character who is 
interested in the special work of this society shall be deemed eligible for mem- 
bership. No tests, other than those of character and devotion to the society's 
interests, shall be applied. 

Sect. 3. Classes. There shall be three classes of members, as follows, vix. : 

(a) Honorary members. 
{b) Life members. 
(c) Annual members. 

Sect. 3. ApplicaHons. Applications for membership shall be in writing 
signed by the applicant and two members of the society. All applications 
for membership shall be delivered to the Secretary-General, and by him sub- 
mitted to the Executive Council at its next meeting. 

Sect. 4. Election. Life and annual members shall be elected by the Execu- 
tive Council. A three-fourths vote of that body present at a regular or 
special meeting shall be necessary to elect. 

Honorary members may be elected by the society at an annual or special 
meeting. A three-fourths vote of those present at such meeting shall be neces- 
sary to elect; and no person shall be elected an honorary member unless the 
name of such person be first proposed by the Executive Council. 

Sect. 5. Dues. Life members shall pay fifty dollars at the time of their 
election. The dues of annual members shall be five dollars, payable in advance 
on the first day of January each year. Honorary members shall pay no dues. 

* Adopted at the thirteenth annual meeting. Jan. ai. xgxx. of the Society, to take the 
place of the preamble, constitution and by-laws in force up to that date. 

19 



ao AMERICAN IRISH HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 

ARTICLE III. 

Officers. 

Section i. The officers of the society shall be (i) a President-General; 
(2) a Vice- President-General; (3) a Vice-President for each state and territory 
of the United States, the District of Columbia, the Dominion of Canada and 
Ireland; (4) a Secretary-General; (5) a Treasurer-General; (6) a Librarian 
and Archivist, and (7) an Historiographer. 

Sect. 2. The officers and members of the Executive Council shall be elected 
at the annual meeting of the society and shall hold office one year or until 
their successors are elected. 

ARTICLE IV. 

The Executive Council. 

Section i. The Executive Council of this society shall consist of the Pres- 
ident-General , Vice- President-General, Secretary-General, Treasurer-General, 
Librarian and Archivist, Historiographer and twenty-one other members. 

Sect. 2. The Executive Council shall manage the affairs of the society. 
All appropriations of the funds of the society must be made by the Executive 
Council, unless ordered by the society by a two-thirds vote at a regular meet- 
ing or at a special meeting of which due notice shall have been given. The Ex- 
ecutive Council shall have power to fill vacancies in office until the next annual 
meeting. It shall have power to enact by-laws establishing committees and 
making additional rules for the management of the affairs of the society; 
provided, however, that no such by-laws shall conflict with the provisions of 
this constitution, and further provided that such by-laws may be amended or 
repealed by the society at any regular meeting by a two-thirds vote of the 
members present. 

Sect. 3. Six members of the Executive Council, at least two of whom must 
be general officers of the society, shall be necessary to constitute a quorum for 
the transaction of any business. 

ARTICLE V. 

Powers and Duties op Officers. 

Section i. The President-General shall preside over all meetings of the 
society and of the Executive Council; see that the constitution is observed 
and that the by-laws are enforced; exercise supervision over the affairs of the 
society to the end that its interests may be promoted and its work properiy 
done; and perform all the usual duties of a presiding officer. In the absence 
of the President-General or at his request, the Vice-President-General shall 
preside and perform the duties of President. In the absence of the President- 
General and the Vice-President -General, a Chairman pro tem. shall be chosen 
by and from the Executive Council. 



CONSTITUTION, 21 

Sect. 2. The Vice-President-General shall perform the duties of Preskientr 
General during the absence or at the request of that officer. 

Sect. 3. Each state or territorial Vice-President shall, by virtue of his 
office, be the President of his respective state chapter of this society where such 
state chapter shall have been duly organized in accordance with the provisions 
of this constitution. He shall preside at all meetings of such chapter and shall 
exercise therein the usual functions of a presiding officer. 

Sect. 4. The Secretary^eneral shall keep a record of all the proceedings of 
the society and of the Executive Council; he shall have charge of the seal and 
records; he shall issue and sign, in conjunction with the President-General, all 
charters granted to subsidiary chapters, and shall with him certify to all acts 
of the society. He shall upon orders from the President-General or Executive 
Council, give due notice of the time and place of meetings of the society and 
of the Executive Council; he shall give notice to the several officers of all reso- 
lutions, orders and proceedings of the body affecting them ot pertaining to 
their respective offices; and he shall perform such other duties as may be as- 
signed to him by the Executive Council. 

Sect. 5. The Treasurer-General shall collect and receive all dues, funds 
and securities of the society and deposit the same to the credit of The American 
Irish Historical Society in such banking institution or institutions as may be 
designated by the Executive Council. All checks, drafts and orders drawn on 
the funds of the society shall be signed by the Treasurer-General and counter- 
signed by the President-General or the Secretary-General. He shall give 
such bond as the Executive Council shall require. He must keep a full and 
accurate account of all receipts and disbursements, and make a full report 
thereof to the society at each annual meeting, and to the Executive Council 
whenever requested. The books and accounts of the Treasurer-General 
shall at all times be kept open to the officers of the society and members of the 
Executive Council, and on the expiration of his term of office, all such books 
and accounts shall be delivered to his successors in office or to the Executive 
Council. 

Sect. 6. TA^ lifrrafian aiMJ ilrc^Mmi shall be the custodian of all published 
books, pamphlets, files of newspapers and similar property of the society. 
He shall have charge of all documents, manuscripts and other productions 
not assigned by this constitution to other officers of the society, and shall keep 
the same in a place or places easy of access and safe from loss by fire ot other 
causes. 

Sect. 7. The Historiographer shall write such histories or historical articles 
as the Executive Council may from time to time require; assist in the prepara- 
tion of the annual journal and other historical works of the society; and per- 
form the other duties usually pertaining to his office. 

ARTICLE VI. 

Meetings. 

Section i . The annual meeting of the society shall be held in the month of 
January, each year, the particular day and place to be fixed by the society 



22 AMERICAN IRISH HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 

in general meeting or by tke Executive Council in case the society fails to do 
so. At least twenty dajrs' notice of the annual meeting shall be given by 
mail to all membere of the society. 

Sbct. 3. Special meetings of the society may be called at any time by the 
Executive Council. At least ten days' notice of the time, place and objects of 
special meetings shall be given by mail to all members of the society. 

Sect. 3. At all meetings of the society, the presence of thirty-five members 
shall be necessary to constitute a quorum for the transaction of any business. 

Sbct. 4. The Executive Council shall hold a meeting previous to each 
annual meeting and at such other times and places as may be designated by 
the President-General. 

ARTICLE VII. 

State Chapters. 

Ten or more members of this society in good standing may, on obtaining a 
charter from the Executive Council, organize a subsidiary chapter in any state 
or territory of the United States, the District of Columbia, the Dominion of 
Canada, or Ireland. The State \^ce- President of this society for the partic- 
ular state or district shall, by virtue of his office, be the President of such 
state chapter; he shall preside at the meetings of such chapter and shall exer- 
cise therein the usual functions of a presiding officer. The members of each 
state chapter of this society may elect from their own number a Vice-Chair- 
man, a Secretary, a Treasurer and such other officers as may be necessary 
to manage the affairs of such chapter. Membership in such subsidiary chap- 
ters shall be limited to persons who are members of this society in good standing. 

ARTICLE VIII. 

Amendments. 

This constitution may be amended at any regular meeting of the society 
by a two-thirds vote of the active members present, provided no such amend- 
ment shall be made except upon recommendation of the Executive Council 
or on the written request of at least fifteen active members of the society, and 
further provided, that at least ten days' notice, in writing, of any proposed 
amendment be given to all active members of the society. 



GENERAL INFORMATION REGARDING THE AMERI- 
CAN IRISH HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 

The Society was organized January 20, 1897, in Boston, 
Mass., and now has 1,168 members in forty-one states, District 
of Columbia, the Philippines and seven foreign countries. 

The object of the organization is to make better known the 
Irish chapter in American history. 

There are three classes of members — Honorary, Life and 
Annual. The life membership fee is $50 (paid once). The fee 
for annual members is $5, paid yearly. In the case of new annual 
members, the initiation fee, $5, also pays the membeiship dues 
for the first year. 

The board of government comprises a President-General, 
a Vice-President-General, a Secretary-General, a Treasurer- 
General, a Librarian and Archivist, a Historiographer, and an 
Executive Council. There are also State V^ce-Presidents. 

The Society has already issued thirteen bound volumes and a 
number of other publications. These have been distributed to 
the members and to public libraries; also to historical organiza- 
tions and to universities. Each member of the Society is en- 
titled, free of charge, to a copy of every publication issued 
from the time of his admittance. These publications are of 
great interest and value, and are more than an equivalent for 
the membership fee. 

The Society draws no lines of creed or politics. Being an 
American organization in spirit and principle, it welcomes to 
its ranks Americans, of whatever descent and of whatever creed, 
who take an interest in the objects for which the Society is 
organized. Membership application blanks will be furnished in 
any number on request to the Secretary-General. Blank appli- 
cations are found at the back of this volume. 

The membership includes many people of prominence, and 
the Society has been addressed by many distinguished men. It 
occupies a position in the front rank of American historical 
organizations. 

23 



24 AMERICAN IRISH HISTORICAL SOCIETY, 

The Society appeals for membership to all men and women 
of the Irish race interested in Irish prc^^ress on this great con- 
tinent where they have wrought and struggled on a basis of 
equality and freedom never before offered to them. It is a 
grand and surprising record for the most part, which should 
be known, and the story told of Irish achievement in every state 
and territory. It is a badge of intellectual interest in a wonder- 
ful movement to belong to the American Irish Historical Society. 

The Society is a corporation duly organized under the laws 
of the State of Rhode Island and is authorized to take» hold and 
convey real and personal estate to the amount of $100,000. 

Gifts or bequests of money for the uses of the Society are 
solicited. We depend entirely on our membership fees and dues, 
and if we had a suitable fund on hand, its income would be most 
advantageously used for historical research, printing and issuing 
historical works and papers and adding to our library. The 
following is a form of bequest good in any state or territory: 

"I give and bequeath to the American Irish Historical Society 
dollars." 



If desired, a donor or testator may direct the application of 
principal or interest of his gift or bequest. 

Every member is entitled to receive one copy of the current 
volume of the Society's Journal, and extra copies may be had at 
the rate of $2 each. 



FORMER OFFICERS OF THE SOCIETY. 

PresidentS'GeneraL 

Rbar-Admiral Richard W. Meade, U. S. N., 1897. 

Edward A. Moseley, Washington, D. C, 1897-1898. 

Thomas J. Gargan, Boston, Mass., 1899-1900. 

John D. Crihmins, New York City, 1901-1902. 

WnxiAM McAdoo, New York City, 1903-1904. 

John D. Crimmins, New York City, 1905. 

Rear-Admiral John McGowan, U. S. N. (retired), Washington, 

D. C, 1906-1907. 
Francis J. Quinlan, M.D., LL.D., New York City, 1908-1910. 
Thomas Zanslaur Lee, LL.B., LL.D., Providence, R. I., 191 1- 

1912. 
Patrick F. McGowan, New York City, 1913. 



Vice-Presidents-Geneml. 

John D. Crimmins, New York City, 1899-1900. 
James E. Sullivan, M.D., Providence, R. I., 1904. 
Joseph T. Lawless, Norfolk, Va., 1905. 
Franklin M. Danaher, Albany, N. Y., 1906-1908. 
Patrick T. Barry, Chicago, 111., 1909. 
Thomas B. Fitzpatrick, Boston, Mass., 1910. 
Joseph I. C. Clarke, New York City, 1911-1912. 



Secretaries-General. 

Thomas Hamilton Murray, Pawtucket, R. I., 1897-1908. 
Thomas Zanslaur Lee, Providence, R. I., 1909-1910. 
Patrick F. McGowan, New York City, N. Y., 191 1. 



Treasurers-General, 

John C. Linehan, Concord, N. H., 1897-1905. 
Michael F. Dooley, Providence, R. I., 1906-1910. 

25 



I 

26 AMERICAN IRISH HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 

Librarian and Archivist, 
Thomas B. Lawler, New York City, 1897-1913. 



Historiographer, 
James F. Brennan, Peterborough, N. H., 1910-1913. 



SEVENTEENTH ANNUAL MEETING OF THE AMERI- 
CAN IRISH HISTORICAL SOCIETY HELD AT THE 
WALDORF-ASTORIA HOTEL, NEW YORK CITY, 
JANUARY 9TH, 1915. 

The meeting was called to order by President-General Clarke 
who took the Chair. Members of the Society from several 
states of the Union were present. After the business of roll-call 
and the reading of the minutes of the previous meeting had been 
dispensed with, Mr. Clarke read the President-General's report 
as follows: 

THE PRESIDENT-GENERAL'S REPORT. 

To the American Irish Historical Society: 

While our Society continues to grow and consolidate in mem- 
bership, and is taking better and closer organization in its work, 
with the promise of greater results, it is evident that such of us 
as are willing to take the laboring oar must face a term of hard 
work to achieve a measure of our hopes. Our steady, reliable 
membership naturally does not consist entirely of workers in the 
historic field. They support it for the love of the race we spring 
from, and glory in our racial achievements on this continent. So 
constant is the outflow of knowledge of the story of the Irish in 
America from the Journals of this Society that their enthusiasm 
is sustained. They tell this to their neighbors, and so by slow 
accretion the organization extends. It includes men of mark in 
every walk of life, but we must ever reach out and gather in 
recruits among the men of business, the captains of industry, the 
professors, the school teachers, the clergy and laity, the soldier 
and the navigator. We must ask and urge our members to go 
out and bring them in. The very moderate fee of five dollars 
per annum has been wisely adhered to. It enables many to 
take advantage of the Society's researches who otherwise could 
not afford it, but to reach great ends it requires that this low- 
priced subscription should be paid by at least four times the 
present membership. If every member brought in but one member 

27 



I 



28 AMERICAN IRISH HISTORICAL SOCIETY, 

more every year for the next five years we would have over 7,000 
members by 1920. Can we not arouse an interest in the matter 
equal to that? 

Our immediate needs clamor for such a recrudescence of energy. 
One of our members in recent years — Mr. Adams of New York — 
brought in one hundred members from among his wide acquaint- 
ance. His case is unfortunately rare, but there are many bright 
examples of similar endeavor with flattering results, — in men like 
Mr. Patrick F. Magrath of Binghampton who is a true apostle 
of the Society in his travels through the land. Miss Anna Frances 
Levins, too, should be warmly thanked by the Society in this 
important regard as in many others of hospitality and valuable 
service. We want to develop more enthusiasts like these staunch 
members whom we hold in a distinct place of honor. Through- 
out the states, even the smallest groups of members by taking 
counsel of each other can rapidly win accessions to our member- 
ship. In a still higher degree can the institution of State Chap- 
ters add to our membership and consolidate it, while extending 
infinitely the scope of the Society's researches imtil every fact 
of interest and credit to the Irish race in America has been 
recorded, and placed within reach of every member of the Society. 
The work on these State Chapters, it is ^:reed, must be pushed 
by the general officers, but the lesser forms of recruiting, the 
personal solicitation, the appeal of man to man, must still be 
our main reliance. Let all the members take this once to heart, 
and the thing will be done. 

Now as to our needs. First of all we need a permanent home 
for the housing, exhibiting and using of the valuable library and 
documents and records we are gathering, and where members 
could always meet. We need enough money to employ a small 
force of specialists in historic work to catalogue and index our 
literary possessions, to answer all queries as to Irish biography 
and the historic episodes in which men or women of our race have 
played a part, and to keep a watchful eye on the so often ill- 
informed utterances on Irish subjects in the press and be ready 
with the right answer. It is not anticipated that volunteer 
workers asking no pay will be wanting, but we must expect to 
pay some few wholly devoted to the work. The officers of all 



PROCEEDINGS AT ANNUAL MEETING, 29 

grades work without pay for their services. Every cent sub- 
scribed goes into work, and the results ah-eady accomplished in 
the past seem wonderful with the relatively small amounts 
received, comparing the Society's income with those of the older 
historical societies devoted to the history of the country at large. 
Another need, and one most sorely called for, is the r^^ular 
issue of a bulletin supplementing the volume which we style 
the Journal of the Society. 

We have a permanent fund of some $5,000, to which we add 
as we can, as a nucleus for outlay on permanent factors for the 
Sodety, but clearly, the rental of sufficient space in a centrally 
located fireproof office or society building in New York, the 
salary for a specialist or two with that of a stenographer, the 
cost of the Bulletin should be paid from our regular income. All 
this might be compassed at first by an additional expenditure of 
about $7,000 a year, namely, say rent, $1,500, research specialists 
and office force, say $3,000, and Bulletin say $2,500. 

With a membership of 7,000, we could do all that and more, 
for that which is growing attracts more, and it is not impossible 
that at the sign of such progress and organization and accom- 
plishment, kindly disposed men and women of means should 
give or devise notable sums to the Society. The great societies, 
libraries, and museums, universities and art galleries through the 
country are largely built upon just such gifts, often entirely 
created by them. We are scarcely looking for or expecting over- 
much from that source, but we must put ourselves in the way 
of such good fortune by doing our best to deserve it. The Society 
has achieved much and may be counted on for more. A little 
work by all, and wonders will come of it. 

The 3^ar past has been notable for the public honors paid to 
historic sons of our race in America, and the year 191 5 opens 
with the centennial honors paid to Andrew J^ackson, son of Irish 
parents, who won the battle of New Orleans against the English 
under Pakenham, on January 8, 181 5. The story of that great 
man and that great victory will be the central theme of the 
annual banquet this evening, and need not be noted further here. 

Four public monuments to four Irish-born or Irish-descended 
men were unveiled in the United States during the past year, 



30 AMERICAN IRISH HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 

and the American Irish Historical Society took some part in all 
of the celebrations. First came the unveiling of the monument 
to John Barry, the great Irish-born sea-fighter of the Revolution 
and the Father of the American Navy at Washington, the national 
capital, on May i6, last, befcM^ a distinguished assembly headed 
and addressed by the President of the United States. 

The unveiling of the equestrian monument to gallant General 
Philip Kearny, in Arlington cemetery, erected by the State of 
New Jersey to this accomplished man and gallant fighter in two 
European wars, in our Mexican and Civil wars, the gathering 
also addressed by President Wilson and by Governor Fielder of 
New Jersey. 

In September the centennial of the tacrine battle of Platts- 
burgh was held and the figure of honor there was that of the young 
American Commodore Thomas Macdonough of pure Irish descent 
who commanded the American ships in 1814. The outbreak of 
the great war in Europe robbed the event of much of its deserved 
glamor throughout the Union, but it was notably attended. 

Lastly, the unveiling of the monument to Irish-born General 
James H. Shields, a gallant soldier in the Seminole War, in the 
Mexican War, and the Civil War and in the course of his civil 
career, wearing the unusual honor of being United States Senator 
from three states in succession — Illinois, Minnesota and Missouri, 
living to a great age and d3ang full of honors. 

The story of the Barry unveiling has been told in oiu" last 
Journal ; those of the other three celebrations will be a feature 
of the Journal next year. 

Our Society now has 1,230 members in forty-one states of the 
Union, and deducting deaths and resignations shows an increase 
of but fifty for the year. 

In the matter of personal explanation let me say that, partly 
for my health and partly for literary purposes, it fell out that I 
journeyed to the Far East, visiting Japan and China through the 
spring and summer and enjoying great facilities for observation. 
My constant Tegret was the suspension of my activities for the 
Society during my Asiatic trip, but I may add that in passing 
through Chicago last April I was honored by a large luncheon of 
the Fellowship Club attended by two hundred of our best people. 



PROCEEDINGS AT ANNUAL MEETING. 31 

Introduced by one of our fellow-members, I was thus enabled 
to preach the gospel of the American Irish Historical Society, 
and hope it will bear fruit in the formation of a fine State chapter 
for Illinois. At San Francisco I was royally entertained by the 
California Chapter of our Society both going, and returning in 
August. At the dinner that marked my departure, and at which 
our Vice-President-General R. C. O'Connor — a sterling man — 
presided, supported by Chairman Robert P. Troy of the Chapter, 
none was more brilliant than James D. Phelan, now United States 
Senator-elect from the State of California. To all of these gentle- 
men, our fellow members, I owe and here offer my warmest 
thanks. On my return late in August, the great war had brokea 
out, the simimer vacations were on. Mr. Phelan was away pur- 
suing his political fortunes, but still a score of the faithful ffited 
their President-General at a very fine dinner and on a beautiful 
Sunday morning led him to a mountain top wonderfully over- 
looking the Bay of San Francisco, and entertained him all day. 

It had been the idea before my making the trip that the Society's 
Field Day for 1915 might be held at San Francisco in view 
of the great Panama World's Fair which will open there next 
month. I had been taken over the beautiful Fair buildings while 
work was still in progress upon them, and can say that it will be 
a wonderful exf)osition in the novelty and splendor of its archi- 
tecture, its coloring, its site and its exquisite scheme of illumina- 
tion and well worth the journey to see. It would be a great 
thing to make a large party from the members through all the 
States on the way thither. Special rates are to be arranged for 
parties, and the California chapter promises to make the visit 
in every way the time of our lives. 

With this personal explanation I must refer you to the admir- 
able reports of Secretary-General Edward H. Daly and Treasurer- 
General John J. Lenehan for the interesting details of the Society's 
year. I owe much to them and the Society owes much, and so 
far as my recognition of their ability and devotion goes, I ten- 
der it heartily here and now. 

Joseph I. C. Clarke, 
President^General. 

New York, January 9, 1915. 



$2 AMERICAN IRISH HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 

Doctor Sullivan: I can see you on the top there. It has 
been my pleasure within the last three years to be there twice. 

President Claree : It was really a delightful experience and 
I can't tell you how it touched me to find there a welcome so far 
from home. They seemed to have known me all my life. With a 
little work, there could be the formation of similar Chapters in 
other states, and the same thing could be true for all the members 
of the Society when travelling. It seemed to open up the ques- 
tion of State Chapters in a way that had never occurred to me 
before. It was certainly handsome. They are all fine men and 
I may say the flower of our people in San Francisco, who are 
very numerous there. The next matter in order is the Secretary- 
General's report. 

Mr. Daly proceeded to read same as follows: 

REPORT OF THE SECRETARY-GENERAL. 

To The ExecuHve Council of the American Irish Historical Society: 

1, Publication of the Annual Journal, 

The Xlllth volume of the Journal of the Society was published 
under the editorship of the Secretary-General and was distrib- 
uted during the autumn to the members and to about two hun- 
dred libraries and institutions on the Society's mailing list. 
The interest possessed by the contents of these volumes is proved 
by the letters received by the Secretary. In taking this oppor- 
tunity to thank the authors on behalf of the Society, the hope is 
expressed that the members will continue to furnish information 
for publication relating to the history of the Irish in America. 

2. Historical Records. 

While the only means at the Society's command at present to 
actually carry out the purpose for which this Society was formed, 
"to make better known the Irish Chapter in American history," 
is the publication of the Journal, still the Society is collecting a 
store of material for the future biographer and historian. The 
books, documents and correspondence of the Society are necessar- 
ily now placed in storage (in the Manhattan Storage & Ware- 
house Company, N. Y. City). The last volume of the Journal 
contained a list of the books purchased by the Society since 



PROCEEDINGS AT ANNUAL MEETING. 33 

June 5, 1913. The Society continues to subscribe to the ser- 
vices of a press clipping bureau and has received, filed and indexed 
upwards of 270 clippings, usually of a biographical nature, since 
the Secretary's last annual report. Many interesting extracts 
from newspapers, as well as original articles, have been received 
from members, for which the senders have been notified of the 
Society's thanks. 

3. Gifts to the Society. 

The Society has received during the past year the following 
current publications and books, for which thanks have been 
tendered to the donors: 

Cambridge Historical Society. 

" PubUcations, I-VIII. Proceedings." 
Cornell University Library. 

Librarian's Report, 1913-13. 
Daughters of The American ReuoluHon, Washington, D, C. 

"Lineage Book. National Society of the Daughters of the American Revo- 
lution "—Vols. XXXV and XXXVL 1901. 
Fitzgerald, Miss Marcella A . 

Notre Dame Quarterly, Vol. V, No. 2. 
Free Public Library of Jersey City. (Pamphlets.) 

"A Brief Outline of the Government of New Jersey." 

"Independence Day." 

"The American Flag, Its Origin and History." 

"The Star Spangled Banner, 1814-1914." 

"A Brief Outline of the Government of Hudson County." 
Genealogical Society of Utah. 

"The Utah Geneal(^:ical and Historical Magazine," Vol. V, No. 1-4. 
Harvard University. 

Bulletin— "Literary Notes." 
Levy, Jefferson M. 

Speech in the House of Representatives May 2, 19 14. 
Library of Congress. 

"Publications issued by the Library since 1897. January 1915." 

" Report of the Librarian of Congress and the Report of the Superintendent 
of the Library Building and Grounds. " 1 9 1 4. 
Lynch, Michael L. 

Hardenum's "History of Galway." 
Maker, Stephen J., M.D., Pamphlets. 

"Teachers and Tuberculosis" by Stephen J. Maher, M. D., Chairman of 
the Connecticut State Tuberculosis Commission. 

"Connecticut and German Sanatoria Compared." A report to the Gov- 
ernor of Connecticut from the International Conference on Tuberculosis, 
Berlin, October 191 3, by Stephen J. Maher, M. D. 
3 



34 AMERICAN IRISH HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 

Mentor AssociaUoUf Inc, 

Presentation copy of "The Mentor"; serial number 34. 
New England Historical and Genealogical Society. 

Supplement to April number 19 14, The New England Historical and Genea- 
logical Register. (Proceedings at annual meeting, 4th Feb., 1914.) 
New York State Commission Plattsburgh Centenary. 

"Official Program, Plattsburgh Centennial Celebration." 

"The Centenary of the Battle of Plattsburgh." 

"The Battle of Plattsburgh— What Historians Say About It." 

"Commodore Macdonough at Plattsburgh," by Rear- Admiral A. T. Mahan, 
U. S. N. 
New York Genealogical and Biographical Society. 

"The New York Genealogical and Biographical Record," January 1914. 
Newport Historical Society. (Bulletins.) 

" In Memory of Hon. Robert Stilman Franklin, Vice-President of the Society. 
Died October 8th, 1913." 

"The Old State House at Newport," by Prof. William McDonald of Brown 
University. 

"The Newport Historical Society in its Earlier Days," by Edith May 
Tilley, Librarian. 

"The Quakers in Ancient Newport." 

"Indian and Prehistoric Exhibition and Lawn F^te." 

"Newport Newspapers in the Eighteenth Century," by George Parker 
Winship. 
Shine, Rev. M. A . 

"The Nebraska Aborigines as they appeared in the Eighteenth Century," 
by Fr. Michael A. Shine. 
L* UnioersitS Laoal, Quebec. 

"Annuaire de L'Universit^ Laval pour L*Ann^ Academique" (1914-1915). 
Wakeman, Abram. 

Fac-simile of letter sent to Massachusetts Colony by New York Colony 
May 23rd, 1774. 
Wisconsin Historical Society. 

" Proceedings of the State Historical Society of Wiscons in at its6ist Annual 
Meeting." 

4. Meetings of the Executive Council. 

The Executive Council of the Society held six meetings since 
the last annual report of the Secretary. These meetings, which 
were all held in the City of New York, placed some inconvenience 
on members residing in other places, who attended them. 

5. Membership. 

The total membership of the Society is now 1,227, consisting 
of 4 honorary, 109 life and 1,114 annual members. Ninety- 
four members were elected since the Secretary's last annual re- 



PROCEEDINGS AT ANNUAL MEETING, 35 

port. There were 21 resignations, and 24 deaths were reported 
to the Secretary during the same period, showing a net gain in 
membership of 49. 

d. Other Actioities of the Society. 

The very successful Field Day of the Society in Washington, 
D. C, in connection with the Barry Statue Unveiling on May 
14, 1914, and the celebration of the Plattsburgh Centenary on 
September 6, 191 4, commemorating the victory of Commodore 
Thomas Macdonough on Lake Champlain, at which the Society 
was represented by a Committee, were the principal occasions 
that engaged the interest of the Society during the last year. 

7. Design for a Badge of the Society. 

Several designs for a badge or Society button were tendered 
by members, and the matter submitted to Mr. John J. Boyle of 
this Society for his opinion. He reported that none of the de- 
signs seemed altogether satisfactory. 

8. General Correspondence. 

The necessary correspondence with representatives of the 
State Chapters of California, Wisconsin, New Jersey, Pennsyl- 
vania and Massachusetts, and with the other officers and members 
of the Society, increases in volume. 

By the direction of the President-General the Secretary is- 
sued a pamphlet to the members in March, 1914, descriptive of 
the proceedings at the sixteenth annual meeting and banquet, 
including the granting of Charters to three of the Chapters above 
named. 

Reference is due to the substantial assistance received from 
Miss Anna Frances Levins, Official Photographer of the Society, 
in the illustration of that pamphlet and of the last volume of 
the Journal with reproductions of interesting photographs pre- 
sented to the Society by her. The maintenance of the corres- 
pondence, files and envelope catalogue of the members has occu- 
pied a large part of the time of the Secretary's assistant. Miss 
Gertrude L. Cooney. 

Respectfully submitted, 

Edward H. Daly, 
Secretary-General. 

January 9, 1915. 



36 AMERICAN IRISH HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 

PREsroENT Clares : It b a very satisfactory showing. The 
activities of the Society, thanks to Mr. Daly and Mr. Lenehan^ 
have never been suspended through the year. I ask for the 
report of the Treasurer-General. 

Mr. Lenehan then read as follows: 

ANNUAL REPORT OF THE TREASURER-GENERAL 
OF THE AMERICAN IRISH HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 

Nbw York, December 29, 1914. 

Balance on hand at December 26, 19 13, date of last 

report $1,039.54 

Received since date of last report 3,886.07 

Total $4,925 .61 

Expended since date of last report 4,262 .36 

Balance of cash in hands of Treasurer-General $663.25 

Sbcurities, Etc., op the Society. 

Sbcuutibs and Cash of the Society in Treasurer-Generars hands, 
December 29, 19 14: 

Three New York City 4 per cent, corporate stock < $2,988.06 

Two New York City 4I per cent, corporate stock 2,004.36 

Cash on hand, all funds 663 .25 

Total assets $5.655. 67 

Balance on hand December 26, 1913 $i>039.54 

Summary of Receipts, 1914. 

Membership fees from old members $2,975 . 13 

Annual fees from 71 new members 360.00 

Life membership fees from i new member 50.00 

Life membership fees from 5 old members 250.00 

For 3 Journals 6 .00 

For Interest on bank balances 39-94 

For Interest on investments 205 .00 

Receipts for the year 3,886.07 

Total credits $4,925.61 



PROCEEDINGS AT ANNUAL MEETING. 37 

Summary op Disbussbmbmts, 1914. 

Printing Journal and shipping charges $1,748. 19 

Expenses annual meeting iia.41 

Engrossing certificates and charters 7^ • B5 

Treasurer's bond 15.00 

Expenses of administration 1^28.00 

Expenses executive council 36-^5 

Deficiency annual banquet 508. 15 

Purchasing books 39-40 

Press dippinga 17 -^ 

Unveiling Barry Monument 356. 18 

Miscellaneous expenses 93-49 

Expenses California Chapter 25 . 75 

Exchange on checks 8 . 85 

Disbursements for the year l4»362 . 36 

December 29, 1914. 

Cash in Emigrant Industrial Savings Bank $604 . 24 

Cash in Title Guarantee Sc Trust Co 5901 



663.25 



>4.9a5 61 

Jno. J. Lenehan 
Treasurer-General. 

The reading was received witK applause. 

Treasurer-General Lenehan: I have annexed to this 
a detailed list of all the expenses which I suppose it is unneces- 
sary to read to the Society. 

Secretary Daly: I move that the report be accepted, Mr. 
President. 

Motion duly seconded and carried. 

Secretary Daly: I move the appointment of an Auditing 
Committee, these expenses being on the joint check of the 
Treasurer-General and Secretary-General. 

Motion duly seconded and carried. 

President Clarke: Have you any recommendations as 
to the Committee? 

Mr. Magrath: Mr. President-General, in the old days 
when the Treasurer's report was submitted, a committee was 
appointed from those present at that meeting. I move that 
Colonel Flynn and Mr. Barrett be appointed an Auditing Com- 
mittee of this report. 



38 AMERICAN IRISH HISTORICAL SOCIETY, 

Motion duly seconded and carried. 

A Member: I should like to ask you if you think it neces- 
sary to print the detailed report of the Treasurer-General in the 
volume. It seems to me small business. 

Secretary Daly: I would just throw out this suggestion: 
That those petty details may be of interest hereafter. 

A Member: If it is done once in every five years, I think 
it would be sufficient. I think the general sununary is all that's 
necessary in the book. 

Secretary Daly: The original reports are on file. 

Mr. Magrath: I move that only the summary be printed 
in the book. 

Motion duly seconded and carried. 

President Clarke: The next business is the Histori- 
ographer's report. 

Mr. O'Brien: Mr. President-General: Although I have re- 
ceived ample notice from the Secretary-General of the Society to 
submit a report of the year's work, I regret very much that my 
time has been so much occupied I have not been able to prepare 
a formal written report. However, permit me to say that since 
my election to the office of Historiographer, I have tried very 
diligently to perform those duties that are required of the incum- 
bent of this post. The basic work of the Society is the writing 
of "the Irish Chapter in American History," and while that is 
rather "a large order" and would take many men many years 
to fill, my endeavors have been aimed particularly at pointing 
out to other members of the Society how much can be accom- 
plished in that direction by even individual effort. There is a 
world of historical material at our beck and call if those of us who 
are in a position to do so — ^and there are some — ^would only avail 
themselves of it. It is only by co-operation that we can accom- 
plish anything in this direction and there is so much to be done 
that I should like to see some more of our members take an inter- 
est, that is a practical interest, in this work. Once they make a 
start, they will be surprised to learn how easy it is to gather the 
material and how fascinating this work really is. 

Gentiemen, in the early American records there are mines 
filled with Irish historical nuggets that remain absolutely un- 
touched, and the existence of which is largely unknown because 



PROCEEDINGS AT ANNUAL MEETING, 39 

of the fact that the Irish and their American descendants have 
not interested themselves sufficiently to dig for the wealth they 
contain. It is not so difficult as people seem to think to gain 
access to this material. It may be that all members have not 
the opportunities I have had of obtaining original matter, but it 
is not always necessary to search tor original documents. In many 
cases, the state legislatures have authorized the publication of 
their old records, which are verbatim copies of the originals. 
Then, there are thousands of town and county histories, church 
records and genealogies publbhed in addition to the regular 
periodicals of the historical societies, from all of which sources 
much valuable and authentic material is obtainable. It is a fact, 
of course, that my activities in this field began long prior to my 
election to this office, and even before the organization of the 
Society itself, and much of the work I have been doing recently 
is only a condensation of the material I have been gathering for 
several years past. But, there is such an abundance of it, and 
it is scattered in so many different places, that I find it an im- 
possible task to collect it all on my own unaided efforts. 

During the past year I submitted to Mr. Daly a number of 
historical papers. Mr. Daly has sent me a list of them which I 
have here, and I find he has numbered them, the last number 
being 64. I have many more in course of preparation, most of 
which are intended for publication in the annual Journal. Here 
is a list of these papers — there is no need of my going over them 
all in detail now — they are of the same general character as those 
already published. Many of them were taken from original rec- 
ords that I have either personally examined or have had examined 
by others whom I have interested in the work. These papers 
contain baptismal and. marriage records, church, court and land 
office records, which contain much important matter concerning 
the early Irish in America and in some instances show what an 
important element the Irish were in those days, notwithstanding 
the efforts of certain historians to discredit them. I have tried 
to "dress up" these papers in as readable a form as is possible 
with such dry matter and with the very poor talents I have for 
making them attractive reading. Even in their crude state, 
some of these stories are of the most absorbing interest to me, 
and I shall continue the work in the hope that those members of 



40 AMERICAN IRISH HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 

the Society who have such gifted pens at their command may be 
enabled to appreciate the great importance of the historical mat- 
ter they contain, and ''fall in line'' with your Historiographer in 
writing this badly neglected Irish Chapter in American History. 

I have also a large number of copies of rosters of G>lonial 
troops, especially in the southern portion of the Colonies, and. the 
members will be pleased to note, when they see these lists, the 
large percentage of old Gaelic names they contain. I have some 
examples of the racial composition of the Revcdutionary regi- 
ments, wherein I show that some of the companies had as hig^ 
as 80 per cent, of pure Irish names, not to speak at all of people 
with names like White, Black, Gray, Brown, Stone, Mason, Butler 
and Taylor, whom it is impossible to recognize as Irish except 
when the captains of the regiments took down their places of 
nativity. But, when they are mentioned as natives of Ireland, 
I naturally included them with the Irish. Of course, you all 
know how Irish families originally came to be possessed of such 
names. 

I have prepared several articles regarding the early settlements 
in Maryland, especially in the districts known as New Connaught, 
New Munster and New Leinster. You will notice I don't men- 
tion any "New Ulster." There wasn't any, which goes to show 
that there were no "Scotch-Irish" in those days. (Laughter.) 
I have an exceedingly interesting story relating to New Munster 
in Cecil County, Maryland. I travelled on foot over the ground 
some years ago and managed to pick up some of the traditions 
of the descendants of people who settled there as early as 1680. 
To read the names of the people in some of the early Maryland 
records, is like reading the roster of some parish or county in 
Ireland, so plentiful are the Irish names on these records. Any 
one can see them, as I have, at the Land Conunissioner's office 
at Annapolis. New Munster was laid out by Edward O'Dwyer 
from Tipperary and fifteen other Irishmen in 1683. A stream 
bordering one side of this immense tract of land O'Dwyer named 
the "River Suir," or "Shure," as I have found it spelled on the 
land office records. Now, however, it bears the less euphonious 
name of "Fulling Mill Run." I took a photograph of a monu- 
ment erected on the banks of the Suir, to mark one of the comers 
of New Munster. On one side it has the letters, " N. M.," and on 



PROCEEDINGS AT ANNUAL MEETING. 41 

another the letters, '*N. I." the latter meaning "New Ireland." 
In the year 1684, Lord Baltimore issued a proclamation naming 
the territory now comprising the counties of Cecil and Harford, 
'*the County of New Ireland." New Connaught was founded 
by George Talbot from Castle Rooney, County Rosconmion, who 
patented nearly 100,000 acres of land there between 1680 and 
1683. One of the most romantic stories I have found in American 
records is that concerning this celebrated George Talbot, Sur- 
veyor-General of Maryland. New Leinster was laid out by 
Bryan O'Daly from County Wicklow about the same time. 

Then I have some very interesting genealogical material, es- 
pecially regarding the McCarthys, who came to Westmoreland 
County, Va., as early as 1635. Their descendants are down in 
Virginia and all over the South. Some of these McCarthys were 
closely associated with the family of the immortal Washington, 
and the name, "Daniel McCarty," may be seen on a pew in 
Old Pohick Protestant Church, where Washington himself wor- 
shipped. I have written up the family of Cavenaugh in America, 
one of whom was appointed by President Andrew Jackson United 
States Minister to Portugal; also the Kane family, descendants 
of John O'Kane who came from Ireland in 1752 and settled in 
Dutchess County, New York. One of them was Elisha Kent 
Kane, the noted American explorer and scientist, whom an Ameri- 
can historian describes as "of Scotch descent!" 

Here is a rather odd collection. It is a list of advertisements 
that I have copied from original newspapers, especially the New 
York Gazette and Weekly Post-Boy, the New York Journal and 
General Advertiser, and the New York Gazette and Weekly Mercury, 
running from 1751 down to 1775. Even if I have not succeeded 
in putting enough ** life " into these advertisements so as to render 
them interesting reading matter, they certainly prove one thing, 
namely, that the Irish were here in those early days and that some 
of them were among the prominent business men of the city of 
New York and that America was then importing Irish-manufac- 
tured goods. It took me over six months to copy these items 
from the yellow-with-age newspapers. 

Another peculiar collection is a number of tombstone inscrip- 
tions from King's Chapel in Boston; from Yarmouth, Mass.; 
monument inscriptions in Paxtang Presbyterian Churchyard, in 



42 AMERICAN IRISH HISTORICAL SOCIETY, 

Pennsylvania; also St. Michael's Church in Charleston, S. C. I 
have 240 tombstone inscriptions from the old cemeteries in Bald- 
more, some dating as far back as 1700. I did not copy these 
from the originals, but took them from the publications of his- 
torical societies. 

Among these papers intended for the Journal, are lists of 
grants of land to Irish settlers in the Province of New York from 
1675 to 1775; a list of early Irish settlers in Schenectady County 
from 1693 to 1798, containing 435 old Irish names; marriages at 
the First Reformed Church, Schenectady, 1692 to 1784 — over 
five hundred Irish names during a period of nearly one hundred 
years; some interesting items from the records of the First Pres- 
byterian Church at Morristown, N. J.; some Westchester (N. Y.) 
County wills; Irish pioneers in the Connecticut Valley; list of 
Tithables of Christ Church and Saint Mary's, White Chapel, Va., 
in the year 1716; the story of William Gilliland, Irish school- 
master and pioneer of the Champlain Valley, and so on. 

The Town Books of Boston were published some years ago by 
the Board of Record Commissioners. They contain about one 
hundred volumes. I have examined all those in the New York 
Public Library and have made up a number of articles, such as 
''Extracts from the Minutes of the Selectmen of the Town of 
Boston, 1696 to 1796"; "Heads of Families of the Town of Bos- 
ton in the year 1790" ; ** Birth and Marriage Records of Boston," 
beginning as early as 1646 and down to the end of the eighteenth 
century. I have a number of names of Irish people who took 
the "Oath of Allegiance" in Boston in the years 1678 and 1679; 
also some early Irish employes of the Town of Boston. Doubt- 
less, you all remember a venomous little pamphlet published 
some years ago by a rabid, anti-Irish clergyman down East some- 
where. It was nothing more than a list of the Irish-named em- 
ployes of the City of Boston whose names begin with the letter 
"D," and he called it, as I recollect, "The Whole D— Family." 
Well, he ought to have read the old Boston Town Books. He'd 
positively "turn green with envy." (Laughter.) For there were 
Irish politicians in those days as well, but they had many obsta- 
cles to contend with, not like it is to-day. Of course, many of 
them had to change their religion and often their Irish names, 
which is the chief reason why nearly all the descendants of those 



PROCEEDINGS AT ANNUAL MEETING. 43 

people are now numbered among the "Anglo-Saxons." But the 
transition seems to have been an easy one in those days. I am 
astonished that our people in Boston never gathered these items 
and gave them to the public. If they did, you can d^)end upon 
it that we would hear less to-day of the ''hyphenated citizen/* 
the "Anglo-Saxon" and the "Scotch-Irish." They would have 
a wholesome respect for us. 

AU of these papers run like this. As already stated, I hope to 
continue to do my part in the "writing of the Irish Chapter in 
American History" and in course of time hope also to attract 
toward it some of our members with a taste for delving into 
historical records and who won't mind hard work in the interests 
of that grand old race to which we have the honor to belong. 
(Lx>ng applause.) 

President Clarke: It is really extremely helpful. We get 
inquiries from all over the country about particular genealogies 
of the Irish people. Until the advent of Mr. O'Brien we had no 
possible way of making any reply to them. Now we are able to 
put the person, if not in possession of the information, at least on 
the track of where it might be found. I may say that Mr. 
O'Brien's work for the last year has given me more heart about 
the future of the Society and its possibilities — a lot of which were 
dreams — ^than anything else I know of; because, you see, he has 
gathered these wonderful facts of which he has been te^lling us, 
and every one of those facts presents the basis of future study 
in those localities. That is where the work of the State Chapters 
will come in. Mr. O'Brien is a busy man in his own business 
as an accountant. His business, fortunately for us and for his 
chosen field of study, takes him all over the United States at 
intervals, and whenever he can spare an hour from his duties, he 
devotes it to his labor of love — the unearthing of those records. 
He gives his vacations, his spare moments and ever3^hing; and 
I consider it the most valuable state work that can be maintained. 

In many States I have inquired of our members as to this 
work, and have been told in reply that there is no foundation for 
writing papers, showing that nobody like Mr. O'Brien had been 
through the state, county and town records. Such pioneer 
work done in Mr. O'Brien's way, would place great material at 
our service and I ask the members of the Society at large to 



44 AMERICAN IRISH HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 

ponder this at their leisure and devise means to gather this ma- 
terial and put it into concrete shape. If we had a permanent 
home, a room say as large as this, where the Society's library 
could be enshrined, where documents could be kept and laid on 
shelves and in drawers, properly indexed and catalogued, a single 
man, a single specialist under the guidance of an expert — a great 
expert like Mr. O'Brien — could accomplish wonders for the 
Society. I do beg every one here to try and start that idea of 
enthusiastically increasing the membership of the Society. Let 
us really get about the great work. As I hinted in my report, 
we may have very handsome sums coming towards us in the way 
of future benefactions, but we must first rely on ourselves; and 
here within our grasp is the way to increase the usefulness of the 
Society by increasing its numbers. 

One of the objections so frequently made by those whom I 
approach on these matters, is that there are so many societies 
that it is difficult very often to find a man who has room for one 
more. That was a thought that never occurred to me in urging 
this matter, and I see its force in a great many conmiunities but, 
notwithstanding that, I must say, as far as I am concerned, that 
wherever I approached a man at all of the standard of members 
we want, there was little difficulty in getting him to send in his 
name. Mr. Magrath is a shining instance of that kind of recruit- 
ing officer. He carries his enthusiasm with him wherever he goes, 
he urges the Society upon people, and they come in cheerfully. 
It is not then the case of a man who puts you under an obligation 
by joining the Society, but of really creating a friend who dis- 
covers something in the history of his race that he never suspected 
before. The wholly new histories that have been turned out in 
this Society in the last sixteen years have been — ^if rightly valued 
— ^a source of gratification to every one of the Irish race who has 
read them. As you know, it is the unfortimate habit of American 
histories to ignore the Irish race. I notice that, in the stories 
of the lives of some of those people honored this year, such stories 
as are written by American newspaper men, the Irish connection 
of those heroes is altogether ignored. The Irish record or con- 
nection of the great, gallant, splendid soldier General Kearny, 
who was killed at the Battle of Chantilly, was entirely obscured. 
They lost sight of the Irish connection. The Irish in Macdon- 



PROCEEDINGS AT ANNUAL MEETING, 45 

oug^, except that he bears the badge of ''Mac/' would be utterly 
unknown. I have no doubt that many people suspect that he 
is Scotch. (Laughter.) So it goes. Our own pride» or self- 
respect — everything of that kind — urges us to push forward the 
idea of increasing our membership so that we can put our proj- 
ects into realization. 

I am sure that the Society owes a debt of gratitude to Mr. 
O'Brien, and I would be very thankful to hear a vote of thanks 
offered to him for his work. 

Captain O'Brien: Mr. President-General, much can be 
done with the printed word. I would like to say a few words 
from my own experience. Two years ago it was proposed in the 
newspapers to celebrate a hundred years of peace with Great 
Britain. The Governor of Connecticut caused a member of his 
political party to introduce a bill into the legislature to spend 
$10,000 to join Great Britain in the celebration. I was indignant 
and, at a meeting of an Irish society I belong to, I said ''Are we 
going to allow that in this State? I will not stand by idle and 
allow that to go on." "Go ahead," they said, "and we will back 
you up in it." The bill was duly introduced in the legislature 
and referred for a public hearing. I asked them to notify me 
when that would take place. I accordingly notified the societies 
and all friends of mine, and they assembled in Hartford. When 
the hearing came up the chairman said they would give ten 
minutes to any person who wanted to speak on the subject. I 
had prepared a mass of material concerning England's attitude 
to this country during the century, notably her stand in the Civil 
War and her position regarding the Alabama. I could not have 
read it in an hour and a half. I rose and said "Yes, and I want 
to tell you we hadn't one hour's peace with England since she 
signed the treaty of peace." The committee asked me if I had 
all I wanted to say in my hand. I said I had. They asked me to 
surrender my paper to the committee and give way to someone 
else. I said that was just what I wanted. I handed it over. 
Before that, however, I had spread copies among the members 
and had sent one to the Governor. We had able talkers. They 
were polite, there was nothing but good nature. When we had 
finished, the chairman called for anybody who was in favor of the 
bill. Nobody stood up. They were ashamed when they read 



46 AMERICAN IRISH HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 

my paper. The committee had to report that nobody advocated 
the bill and the thing was dropped. The day before the leg- 
idature adjourned a "joker" was introduced to the effect that 
the State of Connecticut join in the celebration of one hundred 
years of peace but without any expense to the State, and that the 
Governor be authorized to appoint a committee. It was dropped 
— knocked out. They were ashamed of it. The record spoke for 
itself. It cost me less than one hundred dollars but it did the 
work. 

All this I say as prelude to a question — ^Why do we keep money 
in our treasury when this work is to be done? Our Histori- 
ographer is doing great work, blessed work. 

One of the greatest names in New Haven is " Hillhouse." He 
is the founder of the city — ^it was he who made it the ** Elm City." 
He put out trees there at his own expense long ago. They told 
him "You will never get your money back. You never will 
enjoy it." "Well," he said, "somebody will." "Hillhouse" 
was Irish. It was acknowledged in the books of fifty, sixty, 
eighty years ago. The way they put it down is "He had Irish 
blood in his veins." 

You have got to spend money if you want those records, 
and do it right. I think we ought to help the Historiographer. 
(Applause.) 

The Historiographer, Mr. O'Brien: I want to make one 
more remark. I first have to thank you all for your eulogy — 
although you said so much in that regard it was a little bit em- 
barrassing. I'd like to have a little encouragement — ^not in the 
line that Captain O'Brien mentioned, but there is a great deal 
to be done, and I have enough to do perhaps towards the end of a 
lifetime. I know where the material is, I have marked it in 
public and private collections, and I know where the original 
records are to be obtained, where they are readily accessible. I 
am personally known to Society officers. I would like to know 
if there aren't some young members of this Society who would be 
willing to take up work of this kind. There must be some 
with a taste for such work or who could acquire such a 
taste; and, if the officers of the Society would take up that sug- 
gestion, I would be very happy to do all the preliminary work 
for others, that I can. The preliminary work is the hardest — 



PROCEEDINGS AT ANNUAL MEETING. 47 

to find the material. I can show them where the material can be 
found in all sections of the country. I am unable to transcribe it 
myself. It would be very encouraging to me and it would also be 
dcnng the work of the Society. 

One of the best means, to my mind, of attracting members of 
the Society, is to try to reach the personal interest of possible 
members through their genealogies. I find that people are inter- 
ested in their own names or their own families. For example, a 
Sullivan would want to know where the Sullivans came to in 
this country, where they located, what was their history, etc. 
He won't be interested so much in the O'Briens or Clarkes; an 
O'Brien is naturally interested in his own name. If we could 
offer to the public in the annual Journal or any other publication 
the genealogies of families and distribute them, I think we would 
have a means of attracting a large membership to the Society; 
and I urge it very strongly, because I am satisfied, on account of 
a large number of letters I get myself — not only through this 
Society, but from other sources and places where my articles are 
published from time to time, I know they are interested more in 
their own family than in the general history of the race. I urge 
very strongly that we should publish genealogical articles. 

One man can't do it all. Others ought to take up the work. I 
will help them and show them where to find it. There are mem- 
bers in Boston, Baltimore, Washington, Albany, New York, 
Pittsburgh, Chicago. In all of these cities there is this historical 
material — in some places in abundance. There is no other place in 
the country where it can be found in such abundance as in Boston. 
We don't find any Boston man doing this work. It's there. All 
they have to do is to spend their evenings in the Public Library 
and other places. Although we talk of anti-Irish prejudice of the 
old American families, my experience is to the contrary. I have 
gone into old Protestant churches in Virginia, in the Shenan- 
doah Valley and when I handed in my card with my ancient 
Irish name on it, I never found the slightest coldness or preju- 
dice. In fact they >were pleased and flattered in some of the 
little villages, to hear that some one had come especially from 
New York to find some particular thing relating to their town. 
It makes them very proud, when you ask to look up their origi- 
nal records. 



48 AMERICAN IRISH HISTORICAL SOCIETY, 

We ought to have a man in thoee localities to do that work. 
As Doctor Sullivan remarked, the best work can be done by the 
State Chapters, each city or county taking a special pride in its 
own locality, not by one man in a place like New York writing 
stories of a general character as I have been doing. I hope you 
will urge the Presidents of the State Chapters to write up such 
articles. I will go out and help them. (Applause.) 

Mr. Barrett: I move you that we extend a vote of thanks 
to Mr. O'Brien, our Historian, for his very elaborate report. 

Motion seconded and carried. 

President Clarke: Mr. O'Brien the thanks of the Society 
are tendered to you. On this matter of volunteers for geneal- 
ogical and research inquiries, I would invite the counsel of the 
members. I look on it as a very large part of our work, and it 
is only by taking counsel together that we can find the means of 
getting at the people who will do this. I think the more we in- 
terest in it the better. The Chair, of course, is only in the position 
of being able to recommend certain courses, but we should, 
between us, be able to evolve some plan which a small connnittee 
could take care of, of calling for volunteers through the country. 

Judge Lee: Mr, President and members: Rhode Island is a 
small state, and to go over the records of that state would not 
take nearly the time that it would to go over the county records 
that Mr. O'Brien has been through. He knows the records of 
Rhode Island better than any Rhode Islander, I have no doubt. 
If he will take the time to advise me where I can find the records, 
I will undertake to see that it is done. 

Concerning the matter in Connecticu|t> there has been a similar 
matter in Rhode Island of late, looking toward some co-operation 
with the international peace movement. It failed to be presented 
to the Rhode Island legislature, for probably the same reason. 
The gentleman Captain O'Brien referred to as the governor of 
his state has long been identified with peace movements, and I 
think may safely be said to be put up to it by dome members of 
the Association for International Conciliation, or by the Inter- 
national Law Association, of which he is a very prominent member. 
I wish his efforts and energies could be enlisted for the benefit of 
our Society through Captain O'Brien who, I am sure, has in- 
fluence with Governor Baldwin; and, knowing the gentleman as 



PROCEEDINGS AT ANNUAL MEETING. 49 

I do, I can safely assure you that anything he undertakes in his 
work will be well done. Governor Baldwin is an able jurist, 
publicist and statesman, and whatever he goes into he goes into 
with his whole soul. 

Dr. Sullivan : I think we offend more by the sin of omission, 
by omitting to make public what we have done. 

The Boston Globe two weeks ago was asked directly "Who was 
the father of the American Navy?" And in about two inches 
it tells that Captain John Barry was the father — not that they 
had often heard that he was, but they made the direct 
statement that he was. We have not many papers to state that 
he was. 

There was a whole page article some time ago in the Boston 
Herald which was an ante-mortem statement — as I always call 
those biographies of men who are living — ^by Snedden, of Cornell 
College ; and I saw the whole page devoted to a life of Snedden 
and his Scotch father. There was not a word about his mother. 
I suspected something at once. A man was to bring him to our 
commencement of the Evening School to make an address; and 
I said '* I read. Dr. Snedden, about your Scotch father; what was 
your Irish mother's name?** He said **I will tell you. Doctor, it 
was O'Keefe." 

I don't think that we in the organization comprehend the mag- 
nitude of Mr. O'Brien's work. 

Mr. Murray and myself compiled the list of names on the 
monument of Bunker Hill. We ought to have work done by 
men assisting Mr. O'Brien. I want to say that personally I 
thank him, and I think we all do because of the work he has 
started . (Applause .) 

President Clarke: I can say this: As far as I am con- 
cerned I intend to devote my energies to the State Chapters for 
the coming year and I would like to suggest with regard to this 
matter of associate historiographers, that a committee should 
take that in charge and circularize, under the authority of the 
Society, the membership in any way they please, and give them 
a call upon the funds for that purpose immediately. They could 
go to work immediately and, if a motion were made to that 
effect, I think we could appoint that committee now. 

Treasurer-General Lenehan: If I may for a moment 



50 AMERICAN IRISH HISTORICAL SOCIETY, 

interrupt: Regarding the point — the subject that you suggest, 
it occurs to me that Mr. O'Brien's work is of very great value 
and possibly he could do some of it himself or perhaps he knows 
the sources from which copies of records or other extracts could 
be obtained and that he might be able, by paying, to get persons 
in charge of it to make copies for his use and the use of Society; 
and it occurred to me that possibly the dual purpose could be 
effected of compensating Mr. O'Brien to some extent — ^not 
in any proportion to the value of his work, but to some extent — 
for the work that he has done or will do, and to enable him to 
get these copies, until such time as we shall place at his disposal 
some sum of money on which he could draw for the purpose of 
carrying out this work. The thought occurs to me. I move 
as a tentative beginning that the sum of $500 be placed at the 
disposal of the Historiographer of the Society for the furtherance 
of his work in behalf of the Society. 

Mr. Magrath: Seconded. Before that motion is put — I 
agree with the idea thoroughly — I should like to ask Mr. O'Brien 
himself — he is going to manage this and has a better conception. 
Mr. O'Brien, what is your own idea? 

Mr. O'Brien: It's a little bit embarrassing. You see, the 
reason why I am unable to gather this together is — when my 
employment was such as to carry me around the country, I could ; 
not at present. There is expense attached to it. Of course I 
would disburse the money properly and see that proper vouchers, 
etc., were turned in and I would take good care of it so that none 
of it was wasted. As I said before, I think the greatest work 
would come from voluntary offerings of individuals in their 
various localities. They can do it without expense — each man 
in his own town and city can gather the material there, in the 
course of a vacation or in the course of an evening, after his labors 
are over. If it is agreeable to the Society for me to handle the 
matter, I will be very glad to do so. 

President Clarke: The resolution meets my approval, 
with just one exception. I think that a portion of that sum of 
$500 should be voted directly to Mr. O'Brien. 

Treasurer Lenehan: I move that the sum of $500 be 
appropriated for the use of the Historiographer of the Society, 
Mr. Michael J. O'Brien, of which one-half, or $250, shall be al- 
lowed to him for expenses already incurred. 



PROCEEDINGS AT ANNUAL MEETING. 5 1 

Motion duly seconded and carried. 

President Clarke: We come back to the question of the 
conmiittee. What is your opinion of that? Would you accept 
the chairmanship of such a committee? 

Mr. O'Brien : Yes, sir, I would be very glad to. 

President Clarke: Do you think that the way to do it 
would be for some person to be delegated to communicate with 
the members who are known to be enthusiastic along this line 
and ask them if they will undertake the burden in their own 
localities? 

Treasurer Lenehan: I make the motion that a committee 
to secure such co-operation, be appointed, composed of Mr. 
O'Brien and the Secretary-General, Dr. Sullivan, Judge Lee and 
Colonel Flynn. 

Motion seconded and carried. 

President Clarke: Regarding the committee on the in- 
crease of membership, I think if the matter were voted and a 
committee named, we could canvass the matter through the 
afternoon and appoint a committee subsequently. I certainly 
think that the Secretary-General is indefatigable, but he can't 
take the place of a half dozen workers. If you will authorize 
the appointment of such a committee, I should be very happy. 

Mr. Barrett: I make the motion that a committee of five 
be appointed on the increase of membership. 

Motion seconded and carried. 

President Clarke: The Chair begs to announce that the 
committee will be appointed in the course of the day. 

Mr. Magrath: Of course this committee of five will be 
appointed for the purpose of communicating with the Treasurer- 
General, who has been very successful. 

Judge Lee: I have a word to say about a committee of 
which I am a member — the Foundation Cdmmittee. We have 
been named; but as far as I understand, we have done no work, 
and we seem to be a more or less useless committee. I know that 
individually we are not entirely useless, but we need stimulation, 
and I respectfully ask that this afternoon or evening, in your 
discretion and in your own way, you will say something to stim- 
ulate the people toward the objects for which the Foundation 
Committee was established. I do hope that we shall get together 
as soon as the annual meeting is over and adopt some plans and 



52 AMERICAN IRISH HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 

see if we can't start something going. I know of some donations — 
other societies are able to make substantial additions to their 
treasury. I think we are willing — the committee is willing to 
work; and, if the President-General will stimulate the audience 
present, when we get to work they won't have to ask us what 
it is all about. I am sure the members of the Committee here 
to-day are willing to co-operate and do all they can. As far as I 
am concerned, I like to be a member of a committee that is willing 
to do something; I like to be an active member and see the com- 
mittee active, and I am willing to submit to a little scolding by 
the President if he thinks it wise; but my principal purpose is 
to have the matter brought before the organization — ^ladies as 
well as gentlemen — so that when they are approached a little 
later, they will know about it. 

President Clarke: I think that's a very happy suggestion. 
The next business is the report from the Dinner Committee. 

Mr. Barrett reported on the program of speaking. 

President Clarke: The next question is the report of the 
Nominating Committee. 

Mr. Cruikshank read the report of the Nominating Committee. 

Secretary Daly: That report is as filed by the conmiittee 
with the following changes: The Secretary was informed of the 
death of Mr. McHugh of Pensacola, leaving a vacancy in the 
office of Vice-President for the state of Florida; he was also in- 
formed of the removal from West Virginia, of Mr. Healy, Vice- 
President for that state leaving a vacancy in that office; he has 
received a letter from Mr. Scanlan, the State Vice-President of 
Wisconsin, stating that, at the annual meeting of the Wisconsin 
Chapter of the Society held on December 31st, officers were 
elected and Mr. Jeremiah Quin reconmiended for Vice-President 
for Wisconsin. 

Judge Lee: I have one suggestion. I think there is a pro- 
vision of the By-Laws whereby the general officers are members 
of the Executive Council, and in previous reports it has been 
customary to use the words ''the above and''; and I should like 
to have our report — ^with the consent of Mr. Cruikshank and the 
other members of the committee — ^amended so that all the gen- 
eral officers will be members of the Executive Council. 

Mr. Cruikshank: The amendment is accepted, of course. 
I move that the Secretary be directed to cast one vote. 



PROCEEDINGS AT ANNUAL MEETING, 53 

The Secretary announces that he has cast one vote for the 
gentlemen named. 

The names of the officers elected at the annual meeting are 
printed at pages 13-16 of this book. 

President Clarke: We have before us a programme for 
vigorous work during the year, and I am sure I can rely on all the 
members of the Society to back us up. Backed up that way, we 
can go on with confidence. I assume and believe in an attitude 
of confidence; being assured of our ground, we can gain re- 
cruits and gather in facts, in sums and numbers sufficient to 
warrant progress on all the lines we have laid out. 

I thank you very much for your confidence in me, and hope I 
^all live to deserve it. 

Secretary Daly: I move that we adjourn to 2.30 this 
afternoon. 

Motion seconded and carried. 

President Clarke: The meeting stands adjourned. 

Afternoon Session. 

President Clarke: The first paper down for reading this 
afternoon is by Dr. Coyle; but he is a very busy man. He will 
not be able to attend just at present, and the Reverend Father 
Phelan, who is here, is rather in a hurry to get away and attend 
to his duties, so we can make the happy substitution. I ask 
Father Phelan to read his paper. 

The reading of Father Phelan 's paper was followed by applause. 
It is printed at page 115 of this book. 

President Clarke: We thank you. Father, for that address 
which will be printed in full. It is in this work of bringing to the 
knowledge of the present generation those facts concerning the 
great men of our race of former generations that I hold that our 
Society is doing the most good. Thank you. 

Mr. O'Brien: With regard to Father Phelan's paper, I 
would like to say that I am delighted to see work of this character 
done so well and with evident authority. 

I was once in a public library in Savannah, Georgia. One of 
the librarians found out I was looking for Irish material, and 
spoke to me about Dr. England, the celebrated Irish Catholic 
Bishop of Charleston. He said he never could understand how 
it was, that a man of this name could be an Irishman. I told 



54 AMERICAN IRISH HISTORICAL SOCIETY, 

this librarian, this scholar, and member of the Georgia Histor- 
ical Society, what Dr. England was, and that if he ever came to 
New York, to visit St. Paul's Protestant Episcopal Church, and 
see two monuments erected to Thomas Addis Enmiet and Dr. 
McNevin, the father of American chemistry. My object in 
calling his attention to the Emmet monument was, that one of 
the inscriptions was written by Reverend Dr. England in the 
Gaelic language. He was not only a great Gaelic scholar, but an 
especial admirer of Emmet, and the present Dr. Emmet has 
letters from Dr. England. And I think I have seen letters in the 
Gaelic Society from Dr. England, written in the Gaelic language. 
I was especially surprised that a historian, a librarian, could 
not understand how a man of that name could be Irish and 
thoroughly so. 

President Clarke: I beg to introduce Colonel Flynn, Mce- 
President for New Jersey, who will read a paper on General 
Philip Kearny. 

The paper read by Colonel Flynn was received with applause. 
It is printed at page 127 of this book. 

President Clarke: We are indebted to the Vice-President 
of New Jersey for that charming sketch. It shows that, some- 
times when under compulsion we undertake a duty, we exceed 
our greatest expectations. He has charmed and surprised me by 
that paper and I think it should stimulate him to write many 
more. 

I have before me a paper contributed by General O'Meara, 
\^ce-President for the State of Missouri, eulogizing the life of 
General James A. Shields, whose monument was unveiled in 
Missouri in September of last year. 

Before reading that, if you will permit me I shall tell you of a 
little incident that has happened in this room since we met, 
which has touched me exceedingly. Long years of residence 
in New York have taught me that very many of the things that 
we treasure as very dear and charming to us will gradually 
fade out from remembrance or become dim in our own memory. 
Yet, when they are once evoked from their hiding place, they 
come back with the force almost of a blow, so strong is their 
appeal. After entering the room I was introduced to a gentle- 
man who sits before me, who said ''Mr. Clarke, I have known 



PROCEEDINGS AT ANNUAL MEETING. 55 

you before, but possibly I have passed from your recollection." 
I looked at this venerable gentleman. I thought he might 
have known me at some time, and so it passed. A little while 
later he came to me here and said : ** Do you recollect so and so" — 
and instantly I did. This is the occasion he recalled to my 
recollection: 

It was in 1870 when I was about a year and a half in America. 
Previous to that I had lived in London and had entered into 
controversy with the British Government, with whom I differed 
on the matter of its government of Ireland and so it became de- 
sirable for me to live in France or America or anywhere out of 
the British Isles. I was good for a Fenian sentence in London 
and was one of the Executive Committee of three of that great 
metropolis at the time of the rescue of the men in Manchester, 
with all of whom concerned in that rescue it became my duty 
as an officer of the Fenian Brotherhood to deal. I went to Paris. 
Naturally my associations in France were not with the Empire 
which flourished at that time. The empire was at the height 
of its glory. The Imperial family, if not the oldest or the largest, 
was yet the most striking of the royal families of the Continent 
of Europe, and the greatest attention was centered upon them. 
But France was then slowly approaching her terrible doom all 
unexpected. When I lived in Paris it was in the Latin Quarter 
and I lived among the students and refugees from various lands — 
men from Ireland and the old Republicans of the French era 
of 1848; and I knew when I turned my back upon the old 
world and came here in 1868 that, if some outside Power did not 
assail the Empire, some inward revolution would at any rate 
shake the throne of the Napoleons. In fact the revolution of 
republicanism was spreading and flowering, and well I remember 
how we used to gather in the Latin Quarter, close all the windows, 
fasten the shutters and, there assembled, sing ''The Marseillaise," 
because it was little short of high treason to sing then that great 
revolutionary song which is the national song of France to-day! 
The war of 1870 broke out — the war for which Prussia had been 
preparing since 1866 when Prussia had humiliated Austria in 
the brief war which ended in the Battle of Sadowa. Bismarck, 
the engineer of all those movements on the part of Germany, had 
decided that it was necessary to whip France in order to come to 



56 AMERICAN IRISH HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 

her own in Germany; and to force the consolidation of the smaller 
German states with the larger monarchy of Prussia. War was 
proclaimed. I was in America, and naturally my thoughts went 
back to a country to which most Irishmen feel indebted. France 
had been the staunch friend of Ireland through all the generations 
of Ireland's sufferings. We saw and read here, of the attack upon 
the French lines in Alsace; we read of the siege of Strasburg, of 
the battle of Gravelotte, of the fighting at Chalons and we heard 
of the tremendous disaster at Sedan, the capture of the Emperor, 
the capture of MacMahon, the capture and destruction of his 
army. France at once was on her knees, beaten to the ground 
after a short campaign on the part of Prussia. Once the pressure 
of the imperial power had been removed by the fall of the army 
and the Emperor at Sedan, the whole population of Paris rose 
and proclaimed the Republic. The spirit of the people rose from 
the condition of deep despair and took new heart of hope. 
Some time afterward a hopeless apathy befell, and they surren- 
dered finally to the power of Prussia, and they lay impaled and 
with very little hope looked toward the future. The time I refer 
to particularly was in 1870, closely following the fall of Sedan. 
Among the people of New York deeply interested in these events 
were the Irish and naturally the French. The French citizens of 
New York were nearly all French Republicans, men who had come 
here after '48, after the rise of the Empire, who- were exiles and 
sworn revolutionists. When the news of Sedan came, there was 
gloom, but shortly after came news of the sudden uprise of the 
French Republic; and, in order to emphasize in some way the 
sympathy of America with its old friend of the American Revo- 
lution, with its friend all through the years that followed, the 
friend of Ireland whose sons bled in the wars of France, some of 
us scraped a little money together and hired the Cooper Insti- 
tute for a public meeting. The house was crammed to the doors. 
It was a fiery, excited meeting — Irishmen with their blood 
boiling at the news; Frenchmen frantic over it. We had the 
band of the 69th Regiment on the platform; we had the flag of 
the 69th Regiment above the heads of the speakers, carried upon 
the flagstaff of the Regiment; and, naturally, we were passing 
resolutions and making what addition we could to the fire and 
fury of the moment. But it had occurred to me, to write a 
poem significant of the young republic's birth. An incident had 
occurred in the rise of the republic which had appealed to me 
strongly, and which I gathered into the poem. The crowds 



PROCEEDINGS AT ANNUAL MEETING. 57 

and mobs of the street, emulating the old mobs of Paris of 
the Revolution, went around the boulevards tearing down the 
letter *'N" the initial of Napoleon, from the public monu- 
ments and breaking off the eagles — the imperial eagle of France — 
from the monuments and signs and wherever it appeared in 
public view. They swept to one place where there was a 
flagstaff protruding from the house, and on the end of it was 
an eagle; and they gathered before this house and cried out 
to take down the eagle sign. The answer was the running 
of an American flag up to the staff. It was at the house of 
the Ambassador — the Minister of the United States. The mob, 
losing their attitude of menace, changed to one of gratification, 
cheered, and hurled their hats in the air, and passed along; and, 
in reaching this point of my poem which I recited I remember 
well turning around and grasping the flagstaff of the Regiment 
and waving it over my head to the further maddening of this 
already half crazy audience — ^half crazy with enthusiasm. I 
don't recollect the poem in full. The gentleman who addressed 
me recalled one or two parts of it but the lines referring to this 
incident ran something like this, where the mob yelled "Down 
with eagle crest!".' — 

A pause, a shout, a flag's run out 

That tyrants ne'er shall scorn. 
Kingsl princes! czars! — the stripes and stars 

Salute young Freedom bom! 

It was at that moment that I grasped the flag of the 69th and 
waved it; and it has always been a precious memory of mine, 
when I thought of it — this wonderful electric moment, these 
minds thrilling with enthusiasm. But it had passed from my 
memory; probably I had not thought of it for twenty years — yet, 
at a single word from Mr. Lyons, it all came back to me. Pray 
pardon this reminiscence of nearly half a century ago. (Ap- 
plause.) 

Mr. Clarke then read Governor O'Meara's paper on General 
Shields, which was received with applause. It is printed at 
page 140 of this book. 

PREsroENT Clarke: It is my pleasure to say, gentlemen, 
that while reading, I saw Dr. Coyle enter the room; and, if you 
please, we shall hear his paper. 

Dr. Coyle then read his paper on "American Irish Gov- 
ernors of Pennsylvania.'* It is printed at page 145 of this book. 



58 AMERICAN IRISH HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 

Judge Lee: Mr. President-General, I move you that the 
thanks of the Society be tendered to Dr. Coyle for his very able 
paper just finished. 

President Clarke: I have only to add that thanks 
are indeed due to Dr. Coyle for telling us of those splendid men 
of that great State of Pennsylvania. I have known of McKean 
and Geary, but I had not heard of the Irish ancestry of so many 
of the governors as the Doctor has mentioned so fully and forci- 
bly ; and I feel that the Society is under a great obligation. I ask 
those of you who are in favor of the motion to say "aye," con- 
trary-minded "no." The thanks of the Society are tendered 
to Dr. Coyle. 

A Member: We ought to extend our thanks to Governor 
O'Meara for his very able paper on General Shields; and I move 
you, sir, that the thanks of the organization be extended to him 
through you, or rather, as he is the only person whose paper was 
read who was not present, I move that the thanks be extended to 
him through the Secretary. 

Motion seconded and carried. 

President Clarke: We are to assemble later in the banquet 
hall where you will find to-night a large and goodly company. 
I think I can predict an evening's enjo3anent of good things for 
the body and good things for the mind, and another star pinned 
upon the Society. 

A Member: I move that Colonel Flynn be included in this 
vote of thanks, for his paper. 

Motion seconded and carried. 

President Clarke: Colonel Flynn, the Society thanks you. 

Secretary Daly: I have a letter from Mr. Troy, President 
of the California Chapter stating that the California Chapter is 
holding its annual meeting this evening; and I move that the 
Society send a tel^jam of congratulation to the California 
Chapter. 

Motion seconded and carried. 

President Clarke: The Secretary is so instructed. 

A Member: Did we pass a vote of thanks to Father Phelan? 

President Clarke: All in favor of that say "aye"; con- 
trary-minded, " no." The motion is carried. 

The meeting is adjourned. 



THE SEVENTEENTH ANNUAL BANQUET OF THE 

SOCIETY. 

Members of the Society and their guests to the number of over 
two hundred assembled in the Grand Ballroom of the Waldorf 
Astoria Hotel after the reception to the officers and speakers in 
the Waldorf Apartment. 

Seated on the dais were Hon. Marcus M. Marks, President of 
the Borough of Manhattan, William I. Walker of the New York 
Genealogical and Biographical Society, General Peter W. Mel- 
drim, Reverend Cyrus Townsend Brady, Hon. William A. 
Prendergast, Senator James D. Phelan, President-General Clarke, 
Fred N. Robinson, Ph.D., Hon. Michael J. Drummond, O'Brien 
Butler* and James Benedict of the The York Historical Society. 

Following were the diners who resided in New York City: 



Barrett, Alfred M. 
Barrett, Mrs. Alfred M. 
Boyle, John J. 
Boyle, Mrs. John J. 
Brennan, Miss Florence L. 
Broderick, David 
Broderick, Mrs. Patrick 
Broderick, William J. 
Broderick, Miss Mary 
Burice, William J. 
Butler, John W. 
Butler, Mrs. John W. 
Butler, William 
Butler, Mrs. WUliam 
Butler, Francis X. 
Byrne, Gerald 
Byrne, Mrs. Gerald 
Carey, John S. 
Carey, Miss 
Qarke, Harry E. 
Garke, James 
Clarke, Mrs. James 
Clarke, Mrs. Joseph I. C. 
Clarke, William J. 
Cochran, Edmond 
Cochran, Frank G. 

* This gifted musidan, compoter of 
May 7. ipiS- 



Cochran, Mrs. Frank G. 
Cohaian, Dennis O'Leary 
Cohaian, Mrs. D. O'Leary 
Cokeley, William A. 
Collins, Miss 
Conway, Patrick J. 
Cooney, Miss Gertrude L. 
Coyle, Dr. John G. 
Crimmins, Cyril 
Crimmins, Hon. John D. 
Cruikshank, Alfred B. 
Cruikshank, Mrs. Alfred B. 
Cryan, Michael J. 
Curiey, Thomas F. 
Curran, Philip A. 
Curry, Edmond J. 
Daly, Daniel 
Daly, Mrs. Daniel 
Daly, Edward H. 
Demarest, Dr. P. E. 
Donovan, Richard 
Donovan, Mrs. Richard 
Dooley, Rev. John H. 
Doyle, John B. 
Dufficy, Peter J. 
Durkin, John J. 

the opera "Muirgheis," was lost with the Lusitania, 
59 



6o 



AMERICAN IRISH HISTORICAL SOCIETY, 



Ellison, Hon. William B. 
Falahee, John J. 
FitzGerald, James Regan 
Fitzpatrick, Jay 
Fitzpatrick, Mrs. J. G. 
Gurry, Thomas F. 
Gurry, Mrs. Thomas F. 
Halleran, Hon. John J. 
Halleran, L. B. 
Halpin, Thomas R. 
Henry, Captain Dominick 
Henry, Mrs. Dominick 
Hunt, Mrs. E. 
Hynes, P. J. 
Kearney, William F. 
Keams, B. T. 
Keams, Miss Lillian M. 
Kennedy, Miss Lillian 
King, Hugh 
King, P. J. 

Lenehan, Miss Elizabeth 
Lenehan, John J. 
Levins, Miss Anna Frances 
Levins, Miss Julia Mary 
McBreen, P. F. 
McBreen, Mrs. P. F. 
McCleary, Hon. James 
McDonald, James F. 
McDonald, Mrs. James F. 
McDonnell, George 
McDonnell, Mrs. George 
McDonough, J. B. 
McDonough, Mrs. J. B. 
McGuire, Edward J. 
McKenna, Bernard J. 
McKenna, James A. 
McKenna, Mrs. James A. 
McKenna, James A., Jr. 
McLaughlin, John 
McLoughlin, Gerald G. 
McNaboe, James F. 
McNaboe, P. J. 
McNaboe, Mrs. P. J. 
McSweeney, D. F. 
Mc Walters, J. P. 
Mosher, Warren E. 



Mullen, Hugh 
Mullen, Mrs. Hugh 
Murphy, Jeremiah B. 
Murray, Dr. Peter 
Murray, Mrs. Peter 
Nagle, Dr. John T. 
Nagle, Mrs. John T. 
Nammack, Dr. Charles E. 
O'Brien, Denis 
O'Brien, Michad J. 
O'Connor, William 
O'Donohue, Capt. Louis V. 
O'Reilly, Vincent F. 
O'Ryan, James Edmund L. 
Osbom, Albert S. 
O'Shaughnessy, Maj. Edward J. 
Potter, Dr. D. C. 
Potter, Dean 
Pulley n, John J. 
Pulleyn, Mrs. John J. 
Quinlan, Dr. Francis J. 
Quinlan, Mrs. Francis J. 
Ramsey, Clarence J. 
Roche, Miss Amelia 
Roof, Dr. Stephen W. 
Roof, Mrs. Stephen W. 
Rooney, Hon. John Jerome 
Rooney, Mrs. John Jerome 
Rose, Abram J. 
Rourke, Alex 
Ryan, James 
Ryan, Mrs. James 
Ryan, James T. 
Ryan, Joseph T. 
Ryan, Mrs. Joseph T. 
Shanley, Thomas J., Jr. 
Shipman, Hon. Andrew J. 
Shipman, Mrs. Andrew J. 
Slater, John 
Slater, Mrs. John 
Smith, Hon. James E. 
Talley, Hon. Alfred J. 
Talley, Mrs. Alfred J. 
Trainer, P. S. 
Walsh, Michael F. 
White. John B. 



ANNUAL BANQUET. 



6l 



Those residing elsewhere than in New York City: 



Adams, Albert, Watcrbury, Conn. 

Bany, WUliam F., Elizabeth, N. J. 

Brady, Rev. Cyrus T., Yonkcrs, N. Y. 

Brady, Mrs. Cyrus T., Yonkers, 
N.Y. 

Brady, Miss, Yonkers, N. Y. 

Brady, Miss, Yonkers, N. Y. 

Bums, Miss Mary H., Torrington, 
Conn. 

Campbell, Hon. John M., Philadel- 
phia, Pa. 

Connors, Joseph G., Waterbury, 
Conn. 

Conway, William F., EUzabeth, N. J. . 

Cox, Capt. William T., Elizabeth, 
N.J. 

Dooner, Edward J., Philadelphia, Pa. 

Ewing, John K. M., Tarrytown, N. Y. 

Fitzpatrick, James C, Tamagna, Pa. 

Fitzpatrick, Mrs. James C, Tamagna, 
Pa. 

Flynn, Col. David M., Princeton, 
N.J. 

Flynn, Miss M. M., Princeton, N. J. 

Gibbons, Michael, Salt Lake City, 
Utah. 

Gleeson, William A., Torrington, 
Conn. 

Gleeson, Mrs. \\^iam A., Torrington, 
Conn. 

Judge, Patrick J., Holyoke, Mass. 

Keefe, Miss Margaret L., Middle- 
town, Conn. 

Kenah, John F., Elizabeth, N. J. 

Kennedy, C. H., Elmira, N. Y. 

Kennedy, Daniel, Elmira, N. Y. 



Kennedy, Hon. Joseph J., Hoboken, 
N.J. 

KilduflF, Patrick J., Elizabeth, N. J. 

Kilmartin, Thomas J., Waterbury, 
Conn. 

Kilmartin, Mrs. Thomas J., Water- 
bury, Conn. 

Kinsley, WiUiam J., Nutley. N. J. 

Leary, Jeremiah D., Elizabeth, N. J. 

Lee, Hon. Thomas Z., Providence, 
R.L 

McCloud, WiUiam J., Elizabeth, N. J. 

McCormack, John J., Montclair, 
N.J. 

McManus, Terence J., Hackensack, 
N.J. 

McManus, Mrs. Terence J., Hacken- 
sack, N. J. 

McNamara, Dr. Thomas C, Eliza- 
beth, N. J. 

McWeeney, Joseph, Holyoke, Mass. 

McWeeney, Mrs. Joseph, Holyoke, 
Mass. 

Magrath, P. F., Binghamton, N. Y. 

Minturn, Hon. James, Hoboken, 
N.J. 

Monahan, F. D., Boston, Mass. 

Nugent, Edward, Elizabeth, N. J. 

O'Sullivan, James, Lowell, Mass. 

O'Sullivan, Mrs. James, Lowell, Mass. 

O'Sullivan, Miss Julia, Lowdl, Mass. 

Potts, Richard T., Elizabeth, N. J. 

Ryan, Hon. P. J., Elizabeth, N. J. 

Seeber, George, Elizabeth, N. J. 

Shallcross, Thomas, Philadelphia, Pa. 

Sullivan, Dr. M. F., Lawrence, Mass. 



62 AMERICAN IRISH HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 

The following letters of regret were received by the Dinner 
Committee: 

Cardinal's Residence 

452 Madison Avenue 

New York 

December 30, 1914. 
Mr. Edward H. Daly, Secretary-General, 
The American Irish Historical Society, 
New York City. 
Dear Mr. Daly: 

I beg to acknowledge, with many thanks, the kind invitation 
of the Executive Council to attend the Seventeenth Annual 
Banquet of The American Irish Historical Society at the Waldorf 
Astoria, on Saturday evening, January 9th, but I regret very 
much that it is impossible for me to be absent from home on 
Saturday evening. Of course, I need hardly say that being both 
Irish and American myself, I have nothing but the warmest 
feelings toward the progress and success of your excellent Society. 

Very truly yours, 

*b Patrick J. Hayes, 
Bp. Auxiliary. 



District Attorney's Office, 
County of New York 
Charles S. Whitbian, 

District Attorney. 

Lloyd D. Willis, 

Private Secretary. 

December i6th, 1914. 
Mr. Edward H. Daly, 

The American Irish Historical Society, 
52 Wall Street, New York City. 
Dear Sir: 

Governor-elect Whitman has your kind invitation to attend 
the American Irish Historical Society's Annual Banquet on 
January 9th, 1915. 
Mr. Whitman directs me to state that while he greatly appre- 



ANNUAL BANQUET, 63 

dates your courtesy he regrets that, owing to the press of public 
business, he will be unable to attend. 

Very truly yours, 

G. P. Gleason, 
Confidential Secretary. 

The Commonwealth of Massachusetts 
Executive Chamber 
State House, Boston 

January 7, 1915. 
Edward H. Daly, Esq., 
Secretary-General American Irish Historical Society, 
52 Wall Street, New York. 
Dear Sir: 

I am directed by the Governor to acknowledge the receipt of 
your letter of recent date inviting him to attend the Seventeenth 
Annual Dinner of the American Irish Historical Society to be 
held at the Waldorf-Astoria Hotel, New York City, on January 
9th, 1915, and to thank you for the same. He desires me to 
assure you of his appreciation of your thoughtfulness in inviting 
him and regrets that press of official business here in Massachu- 
setts prevents him from accepting the same. He wishes for your 
organization a very enjoyable evening and the fullest measure of 
success and usefulness in its work. 

Yours very truly, 

Thos. H. Connelly, 
Secretary to the Governor. 

City of New York 
Office of the Mayor 

December 17th, 1914. 
Dear Sir: 

The Mayor asks me to acknowledge receipt of your letter of 
December fourteenth, inviting him to attend the seventeenth 
annual banquet of the American-Irish Historical Society at the 
Waldorf-Astoria Hotel on Saturday evening, January ninth. 
He wishes me to assure you of his deep appreciation of the honor 
conferred by your invitation, and to tell you of his great regret 



64 AMERICAN IRISH HISTORICAL SOCIETY, 

that an engagement which he has made for that evening, and 
which he does not feel will permit of postponement, will prevent 
his attending your banquet. 

Very truly yours, 

B. DEH. Cruger, 
Executive Secretary, 
Edward H. Daly, Esq., 
Secretary-General, American-Irish Historical Society, 
52 Wall Street, New York City. 

Theodore Roosevelt 

Thirty East Forty-Second Street 

New York City 

December 9, 1914. 
My dear Mr, Daly: 

I regret very much that it is impossible for me to accept the 
kind invitation to attend the dinner of the American Irish His- 
torical Society on January 9th. It is a simple physical impossi- 
bility for me to be present. Good luck to you and to the Society ! 

Faithfully yours, 

Theodore Roosevelt. 
Edward H. Daly, Esq., 

The American Irish Historical Society, 
52 Wall Street, New York, N. Y. 

Boston, Ms., Jan. 9th. 
Edw. H. Daly, 
Sec*y Amn. Irish Historical Society, 

Banquet Hall, Waldorf Astoria Hotel, N. Y. 
Invitation to Banquet reached me here last night. Regret 
exceedingly inability to attend though I wish I could be with you. 

Martin H. Glynn. 

President Clarke: Ladies and gentlemen, members oj the 
American Irish Historical Society, honored guests: You are wel- 
comed by the officers to the Seventeenth Annual Dinner of the 
Society. It gives me the greatest pleasure to extend this wel- 
come because the baby of a few years ago has grown into the 
sturdy and handsome child of to-day. 



ANNUAL BANQUET. 65 

We are gathered here, representing membership in forty-one 
states of the Union. We represent a larger clientele in a way 
perhaps than any other society of our race in the country. Our 
object is the clear and beneficent one of rescuing from oblivion 
the almost forgotten records of the early pilgrims of our race to 
this country and the writing of the lives and achievements of the 
later ones and of making provision for gathering and regis- 
tering the biographies of the race as it moves and steers and 
prospers in the great republic to-day. We live in a wonder- 
ful time. We live in a time when the nations of the earth seem 
to have approached an almost apocalyptic period; but how won- 
derful are the ways of Providence, that this great nation which 
holds the promise of the years within itself should find itself at 
peace with the rest of the world and prepared and hoping to pave 
the way for peace among the warring brothers of Europe and the 
East! (Applause.) 

It is not my duty to-night to dwell at length upon the achieve- 
ments of the Society during the year, because a rather clever 
plan has been devised for doing away with all dull and statis- 
tical material as far as the evening is concerned and getting it 
over in the afternoon when the real enthusiasts of the Society 
gather in their numbers and consume what some might consider 
the dry crumbs of history with great avidity so that we may 
have the more luscious tidbits of the occasion in the evening. 
There are in our Society at present 1,230 members. It is 
the ardent hope of the officers and of the members of the 
Executive Committee that, before we meet again, we shall 
at least have doubled our numbers. I have explained elsewhere, 
in matter which will reach you by mail and in print, why we need 
more members. We need to extend and deepen our researches, 
and we cannot do that unless funds are provided; and no way for 
the providing of funds is more desirable than by the extension of 
membership. Some societies are blessed with fairy godfathers and 
godmothers who come down and empty baskets of golden sands 
above their heads, and fill their coffers. We have not looked for- 
ward to anything of that kind. We are of course, under Provi- 
dence, ready, and anybody who wishes to rain such things upon 
us is welcome to, and we will thank Providence ; but at present we 
feel that we must rely upon ourselves and, simply by recruiting 
the Society, extend its usefulness in a hundred different ways. 

6 



66 AMERICAN IRISH HISTORICAL SOCIETY, 

The year gone by has been, for the Irish race in America, one 
of great and notable happenings largely in the line of our Society's 
work. Last year a feature of the dinner was made the life and 
praise of Commodore John Barry, the great Father of the Ameri- 
can Navy, the fighting unit of the Revolution, and a man whom 
Congress as well as the Irish people of the country thought worthy 
of having a monument erected to his memory in Washington. 
We had with us then as to-night, I am proud to say, Mr. Boyle, 
the sculptor of that fine monument (applause) and when it was 
unveiled in Washington, the President of the United States 
delivered the memorial address, and altogether the occasion was 
one of distinction, and gratifying to the Irish people of the coun- 
try. But the remarkable fact remains that the unveiling of the 
monument to John Barry was simply, as it were, a prelude to the 
unveiling of three monuments in the same year of 1914 — I mean 
three other monuments to the memory of men of Irish birth or 
Irish descent. First among the others was Conunodore Thomas 
Macdonough, who won the Battle of Plattsburgh, second only to 
the Battle of Lake Erie, in the War of 1812. (Applause.) The 
centennial was celebrated in Plattsburgh. Occurring unfor- 
tunately at a time when the first outbreak of the great war 
riveted men's attention upon other matters, the celebration 
passed without much notice by the people; but I can say that 
it was an eminently notable event ; it marked a very well remem- 
bered and very celebrated engagement on the water in the War 
of 181 2, and its effects were very marked upon what followed. 
Therefore, when I say that Macdonough was of very close Irish 
descent, you will see, following the Irish -bom John Barry, two 
notable people were honored — one of the Revolution and one of 
the war that followed in 1812. The next to be honored was a gal- 
lant soldier of the Irish race. General Philip Kearny. (Applause.) 
Early in the Civil War he fell at the Battle of Chantilly. Who 
knows, if he had been spared — it might have been a second Sheri- 
dan who fell then. At any rate, here was a man of Irish birth 
and breeding, a beau sabreur, a man who had served in two wars 
in Europe, served in two wars in America. Phil Kearny com- 
manded and fought at the Battle of Churubusco in Mexico pre- 
vious to his service as brigadier, when he fell and met his death 
at Chantilly. A grateful state remembered it and erected a 



ANNUAL BANQUET. 67 

beautiful equestrian monument to him in the cemetery at Arling- 
ton. There you score number three of the Irish race honored this 
past year. The fourth was General and Senator James H. 
Shields (applause), who was born in Tyrone in Ireland in 1810 
and lived to an advanced age, during which time he had filled 
the offices of lawyer, teacher, statesman, jurist and soldier. 
He fought in the Seminole War. He had a distinguished com- 
mand in the Mexican War. He fought in the Valley of the 
Shennandoah as a Major-General in the Civil War, and it is 
on record that he is the only man that in any engagement 
defeated Stonewall Jackson. Before the war he had been 
United States Senator from the State of Illinois; also from 
the State of Minnesota; and after the war he was elected 
United States Senator from Missouri; so that in his career he 
fought in three wars with distinction and was United States 
Senator from three states of the Union in succession — a record » 
I should say, almost unique. They have erected monuments to 
him in many states, the last to be erected, the one in 1914, was 
in Missouri and was made the occasion of a very notable gather- 
ing. Now it will be part of the publication of the Journal of the 
coming year, the volume that you all receive and I hope appre- 
ciate, to give the accounts of the unveilings and the pictures of 
these monuments to the men of our race ; and it does really tend 
to make for our self-respect, not founded upon the rather whirl- 
ing words that, sometimes have come from our writers, in which we 
are supposed to be claiming everything under the sun. The 
aim of the American Irish Historical Society is to reach facts, to 
be precise, so that when we advance a statement that such and 
such a distinguished man was of Irish race or of Irish blood, we 
shall have the facts, the proof to bear out the assertion. That is 
one of the things which are coming to be made known through 
the country. We are daily receiving requests for information 
on these points from all parts of the country. 

The only toast that I propose to offer to-night is one that does 
not call for any speech. It calls for a silent sympathy, for a 
mute respect. In the White House in Washington a letter was 
written : 

May I not express to you and to all those concerned my warm appreciation 
of the cordial invitation which you extend to me to be the guest of the 



68 AMERICAN IRISH HISTORICAL SOCIETY, 

American Irish Historical Society? I thank you heartily for this courtesy, 
though I must decline. As I am in deepest mourning, I am not accepting 
any invitations to dinners or other entertainments during the coming winter 
except such as may clearly fall within the line of my public duties. 

Sincerely yours, 
WooDROw Wilson. 

The President of the United States has not since the time of 
Lincohi had more heavy and pressing responsibilities upon him. 
I say God bless the President of the United States. 

(Silent toast drunk, all standing.) 

I shall not trouble you to listen to the remainder of the 
letters of declination. They are very handsome, come from the 
Governor, the Mayor, and from our old friend Theodore Roose- 
velt who sends a message of personal regret. 

If you have looked at our very handsome menu with which 
the Dinner Conunittee have provided us, you will see upon it 
the strong lines of Andrew Jackson's face. One hundred years 
ago yesterday was fought the Battle of New Orleans. The 
man who conunanded on the American side was Andrew Jack- 
son. They celebrated yesterday what was spoken of in various 
quarters as the centennial of one hundred years of peace. The 
matter does not quite interest us from that point of view. It 
interests us from the fact that the enemy on that occasion was 
whipped and has not come back. (Laughter.) To speak at first 
to this toast I wish to introduce to you a very charming writer, 
well known to all of you as a man who has written twenty or 
thirty of the brightest novels that have been poured out upon an 
innocent public in the last twenty-five or thirty years; but he is 
also especially the historian and biographer of the fighters of the 
world. If you take the geographical or biographical dictionary 
and look for the name of Cyrus Townsend Brady (applause) you 
will find that the list of his works positively bristles with fighting 
names, among them those of Decatur, Morgan the buccaneer, 
and **The True Andrew Jackson." 



ANNUAL BANQUET. 69 

Dr. Brady: Mr. Presidtnt^eneral, ladies and gentlemen: 
In Italy this summer an Italian gentleman became curious as 
to my nationality. After surveying me carefully, he ventured 
tentatively this word: **Tedesco?" (Laughter.) I trust there 
are no Germans present; the Irish ought to imderstand Italian, 
so you know that it means ''German." I looked at him in 
surprise and returned in language familiar to us all, "Erin go 
braugh!" (Laughter.) ''Ah, si, signore," he said, "Vive la 
France!" (Laughter.) He is still wondering what hit him. 
At least he hadn't recovered consciousness when I last heard 
from him. Consequently you can imagine my joy of heart — I 
observe sadly that my wife and daughter, who are present, were 
the only ones in the room who remained motionless during the 
frantic applause that greeted my name a few moments since .' — 
when the hallman exclaimed spontaneously as I entered the 
lobby this evening, "The Irish American Society, this way." 
It was a tribute to my personality and appearance which I felt 
deeply. 

There is something in the remarks of your President regarding 
the distinguished gentlemen of Irish lineage who have been 
commemorated in monuments this year which will make us all 
live in hope or perhaps die in hope. (Laughter.) Perhaps you 
don't get that but it will come to you later. 

He did not recall to your minds perhaps the most famous re- 
mark ever attributed to General Phil Kearny. At that very 
Battle of Chantilly, which he was enjoying to the top of his 
bent — ^if he could have chosen his own death, he would have 
taken one such as he had, I believe — a colonel brought up a 
regiment of infantry not before engaged, and asked "Where shall 
I go in?" "Oh," was the answer, "Go in anyvrhere; there's 
lovely fighting all along the whole line!" (Laughter.) 

Speaking of fighting I am the most peaceful man, in the words 
of Shakespeare, that ever cut a throat or scuttled a ship, and 
the more I read about the European war, the more peaceful I 
become. 

This is not the first occasion upon which I have had the pleas- 
ure of addressing this distinguished company. Heretofore we 
have all greatly enjoyed the privilege of twisting the lion's tail — ^it 
did not seem to hurt the lion, for he never kicked back or said 



70 AMERICAN IRISH HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 

much about it, and we enjoyed it hugely. Now we have to 
devote our minds to peaceful employments and let the British 
Lion wag his tail untrammelled! 

The finest phrase that ever came from the pen of Mr. John 
Fiske of New England, in his last collection of essays published 
posthumously, was the statement that in the trying times of '6i, 
when men's hearts failed in the presence of the vacillation, hesi- 
tancy and dubiety as to what was to be done, many a man's 
mind turned back to that strong, stark, splendid figure long 
since at rest in the grave, and from many a lip came the prayer 
"Oh, for one hour of Andrew Jackson!" 

The Committee, knowing the penchant of the Irish, has 
strictly limited me, not to one hour, but to fifteen minutes in 
which to discuss the distinguished patriot and gentleman. I say 
"gentleman" advisedly. It would be impossible, I am sure, in 
the brief time at my disposal — ^and even in that portion of time 
which I shall over-indulge myself at the expense of the Com- 
mittee and company assembled — to do any justice to Andrew 
Jackson's character as a whole; but perhaps I may remove one 
or two misconceptions concerning him and one or two regarding 
his relations with the fair sex which may be interesting to those 
who make this banquet a thing of beauty as well as a joy forever. 
(Applause.) 

In the first place, there is a word which has been so associated 
with Jackson's name that it has become a fixture in the minds of 
a great many people. That is, I am sorry to say, "vulgarity"; 
and "Jacksonian vulgarity" is hurled at us at every turn. 
Professor Sumner, for instance, was fond of dwelling upon it 
and calling attention to it. As a matter of fact, there has, 
perhaps, not been an occupant of the presidential chair of the 
United States — and I am not speaking extravagantly or using 
the gold of rhetoric, or mounting the heights of fancy, nor has 
this statement sprung from champagne or anything of that 
kind! — there has not been, a more finished, cultured, polished 
gentleman in that high station than Andrew Jackson. (Ap- 
plause.) It is not difficult to see how the word "vulgarity" 
became associated with him. He was superlatively and pre- 
eminently the aristocratic democrat. He believed preeminently 
and absolutely in the rule of the people. And the people 



ANNUAL BANQUET, 71 

in those days did pretty much as they pleased. When they 
came to the White House receptions it was not his vulgarity, 
but his complaisance — I might almost say his exquisite court- 
esy — ^which wanted even the pig — ^if the pig found his way 
there — to feel at home in the White House, if there were no 
place else to receive him. 

The testimony as to the character and characteristics, the 
social correctness of Andrew Jackson's deportment is complete 
and incontrovertible. The impression of uncouthness and 
boorishness was spread abroad, and people came from distant 
lands to see for themselves the strange character who had been 
honored with the Presidency of the United States, and who 
filled that office with as much distinction as any man has ever 
filled it — save perhaps Washington or Lincoln. The testimony 
is absolutely universal as to the urbanity, the distinction, the 
courtesy and the magnetism and the gallantry of the man. 
In fact you don't often see Irishmen of any age or rank or stock 
who don't know how to behave themselves exquisitely and with 
natural breeding in the presence of ladies and in the presence of 
persons of distinction. Get this in your minds distinctly and 
contradict with all the force and power of the Irish, the state- 
ment that Andrew Jackson fell short in any degree of the quali- 
ties of a gentleman. 

Now I can touch perhaps upon just one phase of his career and 
that was his relation to his wife. Andrew Jackson was right 
ninety-nine times out of a hundred in his aim, and right in his 
method the other one time. (Laughter.) He had not much 
tact — I hate it myself, I loathe it. It's just another word for 
despicable truckling and so forth — so my full sympathies are 
with Andrew Jackson in that particular — I'm that kind of man 
myself. 

Andrew Jackson fell in love with a woman named Rachel 
Donelson, then unhappily married to a man named Robards. 
No one ever breathed the slightest whisper against Rachel — that 
is, no one breathed it twice when Andrew was around (laughter) 
and no one had any right to make any reflections against this 
lady, whose pictured presentment does not show us exactly why 
Andrew was so passionately devoted to her. It shows the good- 
ness of his heart but it doesn't speak highly for his taste. (Laugh- 



^2 AMERICAN IRISH HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 

ter.) Well, he fell in love with this charming lady, married to 
Mr. Robards, who treated her terrifically, and he proposed that 
a divorce should be secured and that they should be married. 
Now, the part of the country in which they lived was under the 
operation of the laws of the State of Virginia, and the law of 
Virginia at that time was that no divorce could be granted with- 
out an enabling act of the State L^islature. The enabling act 
itself was not a divorce. It simply gave permission for the indi- 
viduals who were mentioned in the enabling act to apply for a 
divorce before the proper authorities and, if the application were 
satisfactory, the divorce would be granted. The State of \^- 
ginia passed this enabling act in the case of Rachel Donelson and 
Robards, and in due course Andrew Jackson was advised of the 
passage of the act. Now, he was a lawyer and should have 
known better — that is, we think lawyers should know better; 
sometimes we find they do not (laughter) — ^be that as it may, he 
made the mistake of considering the enabling act as a divorce, 
and he accordingly carried Mrs. — Miss — Donelson — Robai;ds 
(laughter) off and promptly married her. Robards, who seems 
to have been a particularly unpleasant sort of gentleman, had 
reserved his fire and when he found that this impetuous Tennes- 
sean had married his wife without her having received a divorce, 
simply because the enabling act had given her permission to 
apply for a divorce, he made things interesting at long range for 
Andrew Jackson — at long range, else the memoirs of Robards 
would have ceased then and there! At any rate the only way 
to repair the wrong was to wait until a divorce was granted in 
accordance with the enabling act, and then marry the lady again, 
which Jackson did. And that was the cause, pretty much, of all 
the private fighting or duelling that Andrew Jackson indulged in. 
It was a period in which political passions were intense, to say the 
least, and in which nothing that could be used to the detriment of 
a candidate was withheld in a campaign from motives of decency 
or self-respect. There have been other periods in American his- 
tory when personalities were indulged in, and some not far 
removed from our own time. So whenever it was possible to 
wound Andrew Jackson by casting a slur upon his wife, it was 
done. 
Among the most determined of his political opponents was a 



ANNUAL BANQUET, 73 

man named Dickinson; and matters came to such a point that 
Andrew Jackson finally challenged Dickinson to fight a duel. It 
was one of the most famous duels in American or any other his- 
tory and, as it really illustrates the character and characteristics 
of Andrew Jackson, I may be permitted to set it forth. Dickin- 
son was a famous shot — ^had killed his man several times — ^and 
his skill with the pistol was a byword amon^ the people of the 
Southwest. He was a man accustomed to fire instantly the word 
was given, with a quick snap aim. Andrew Jackson, who had 
entered this duel with the firm resolve to kill the man — because 
back of the political differences was this question of the honor and 
virtue and honesty and reputation of his wife — had a good deal 
of conversation with old General Overton of Tennessee, whom 
he had asked to act as second. As they repaired to the rendez- 
vous, to the duelling ground, Jackson said : "General, you knpW 
how rapid a shot and how deadly a one Dickinson is. You know 
that, while I am not a bad marksman, I can scarcely compare 
with him in quickness of aim and on the trigger. I therefore 
have decided to sustain his fire and return it at my leisure!" A 
cold-blooded proposition, wasn't it? And yet Jackson was by 
no means a cold-blooded man. "That's all very well, General 
Jackson," said General Overton, "but suppose he hits you?" 
"Hm," said General Jackson, "I would Idll him if his bullet was 
in my brain!" That's the indomitable will of Andrew Jackson. 
And by the way, Nicholas Biddle, that graceful and charming 
knight of the salon, had no more show with him when they 
fought the great battle for control of the Second Bank of the 
United States, than a child would have in the grip of a giant. 
When you study and know the man, you are perfectly confident 
that such was the iron will of him — ^who held the backwoods 
marksmen behind the breastworks in the delta of the great river 
and saved the Southwest to the United States and inflicted the 
most terrific defeat that had ever been visited upon the army 
of England — ^that he would have killed Dickinson even if there 
had been a bullet in his brain ! (Applause.) 

That isn't all. When they got to the duelling field, it was 
decided that two pickets should be driven into the ground — one 
upon the right and one upon the left — ^at a distance perhaps of 
the length of this table, perhaps a little longer. By the way — 



74 AMERICAN IRISH HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 

one time when Andrew Jackson was at a dinner, he was at this 
end of the table and a friend of his was at the other end. It was 
a longer table than this. His friend at the other end got involved 
in an altercation, and word came to Andrew Jackson that his 
friend was getting the worst of it. There was a great crowd 
standing around the table. Suddenly he sprang up and rushed 
down the table, clicking something as he went, and the way the 
crowd scattered! When he got down there he pulled out his 
tobacco box! (Laughter.) He had something more than a 
tobacco box on this occasion. Dickinson's foot was at the right 
picket, Jackson's foot at the left picket. Old General Overton 
was to give the word — "One, two, three, fire!" and between the 
words "one" and "fire," either duellist was entitled to fire; he 
must fire after "one" and before "fire." 

"One, two — " b^an the old General, but before the second 
word had escaped from his lips, Dickinson's pistol came up and 
he pulled the trigger. Andrew Jackson, who was a very spare 
man, was wearing the full-stdrted coat of ancient days which but- 
toned around the waist and bulged out largely at the breast. 
Those who observed him saw a little fleck of dust rise from his 
coat, as he stood there calm and quiet. Mr. Dickinson, who knew 
that there was death in the eyes of the husband whose wife he 
had slandered, unconsciously drew back a step or two — "Great 
God," he exclaimed, "have I missed him?" "Back to the mark, 
sir," shouted Colonel Overton, "back to the mark." Dickinson, 
as brave a man as any, was now white as death — ^he knew what 
was coming — as he walked back and toed the mark. Jackson 
had not fired. By the code then in vogue, he was entitled to his 
return shot. He slowly raised his pistol, mark you — ^you will see 
how tremendous was his action when you learn what followed — 
he trained it on Dickinson's heart and pulled the trigger. The 
pistol missed fire. Slowly, with an assurance of doom itself, he 
examined the pistol, reprimed it, cocked it, trained it again, shot 
the man off his feet, threw his pistol down, turned aside, took 
Colonel Overton's arm and walked away without a backward 
glance. 

Not until they had got out of sight of the battlefield where the 
prostrate Dickinson lay dying, did his companion happen to look 
down at Jackson's feet — he was wearing half boots at the time — 



ANNUAL BANQUET. 75 

and Colonel Overton was astonished and horrified to see those 
boots full of blood. "Why, General Jackson, great God, sir, 
have you been hit?'' he cried. Jackson opened his coat and 
showed where the bullet had literally torn his breast out. " Why 
didn't you say something?" **I would not give him the satis- 
faction of knowing that he had hit me, before he died," said 
Andrew Jackson. (Applause.) 

He fought a great duel with Thomas H. Benton about a political 
difference, which had nothing to do with his wife. He and 
Benton afterwards became the warmest of friends and when 
some one asked him how he could be friends with a man with 
whom he had fought a duel — ^he was shot in the shoulder and 
never could wear the heavy epaulet of his rank and was almost 
incapacitated from taking part in the war preceding the War of 
1812 — "Ah," he said, "there was no poison on that bullet; it 
was clean lead." 

You will understand, then, something of the man from these 
two anecdotes. Let me tell you one more little episode: It is 
my habit to walk up and down while dictating to my secretary — 
by the way, Mr. Clarke, I have written twenty more books, so 
that now the total is about fifty — it is my habit to walk up and 
down and dictate to my secretary. Sometimes the smaller 
members of my family come in and listen to my dictation. I 
am willing that they should, on condition that they do not dis- 
turb me. While I was dictating this tremendous episode of 
Andrew Jackson, my small son aged about three and a half, 
entered and listened very intently. That night when the family 
circle gathered around after prayers, as people like us are apt to 
do, for a pleasant hour, the young gentleman got somewhat 
"peeved" at his young sister, and in his excitement picked up a 
large block of wood and threw it at her head and then cried 
"Dreat Dod! Have I missed her?" "What, sir? What, sir?' 
cried his mother — ^and then I faded away! (Laughter and ap- 
plause.) 

\\^th this glimpse of Andrew Jackson — and my son — you can 
understand that he was a man whose word was his bond. He 
would never have torn up anything to which he was pledged, 
with the plea that it was "only a scrap of paper!" He was a 
man who could be counted on to do the right thing as in the great 



76 AMERICAN IRISH HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 

Nullification Banquet, where he was an almost unwelcome guest, 
when asked to propose a volunteer and extemporaneous toast, to 
lift up his glass and say '^Our Federal Union — it must and shall 
be preservedr (Great applause.) 

President Clarke: We have had a genuine thrill. There 
is not the slightest doubt — ^in the dramatic sense — ^that Dr. 
Brady, in the few brief touches which he gave us, showed the 
true Andrew Jackson, the immovable man, once his promise had 
been given. His sobriquet of "Old Hickory" gives you some 
idea of it translated in the term of hard words. 

Now, if you please, you will listen to an address from a gentle- 
man long connected with Irish societies in the City of New York 
— a friend and acquaintance and a staunch Irishman to my 
knowledge within the last forty years — Commissioner of Chari- 
ties of the City of New York until the recent unpleasantness in 
municipal politics called somebody else to that thankless desk. 
I beg to introduce the Hon. Michael J. Drmnmond. 

Mr. Drub^mond: Mr, President^ Ladies and Gentlemen: Who 
draws a picture of Andrew Jackson's time and deeds must needs 
be a master artist. The canvas must be large, the colors many 
and vivid, the drawing heroic and free. 

As a great historic figure, Jackson has always appealed to me. 
My friend, Mr. Edward J. McGuire, who practically drafted me 
for this service, aware of my partiality, I think, took advantage 
of it. I appear here in a place that should be occupied by a 
trained historian, a man of letters, one who devotes his life to the 
portrayal of great characters. What I first felt to be timidity, 
I now know is temerity. This subject deserves a better fate 
than a plain business man can find time to give it. 

Since I did agree, I am helped and reconciled by one stirring 
fact; Jackson is a noble illustration of what our country owes to 
our old country. He was one of my race. It sings in my soul, 
Jackson was only of Irish blood. 

His father, Andrew, and his mother, Elizabeth Hutchinson, 
came from Ireland in 1765. They settled in Mecklenburg 
County, North Carolina, on Waxhaw Creek across which lay 
South Carolina. On March 15, 1767, Andrew was born and five 



ANNUAL BANQUET, 77 

days afterward his mother was left a widow. Elizabeth Hutchin- 
son was a great soul. She belongs to the Sisterhood of Mary the 
mother of Washington, and Nancy Hanks. In those days, at 
least, men were what their mothers made them. When Andrew 
was a month old, the widow with him and her two older sons 
crossed into South Carolina, twenty miles north of what is now 
Lancaster Court House. Here with her helpless family, almost 
in the wilderness, under primitive conditions, she cared for and 
began the life training of her three little men. 

The district school, the log meeting house, supplemented her 
own instruction. She somehow, later on, found means to start 
Andrew in the pretentiously named Waxhaw Academy. Then 
came the long-smouldering Revolution. In 1779 the British were 
before Charleston. The oldest boy, only a lad, joined the ranks 
of Captain Davie and marched for its defense. He was stricken 
in the fight under the burning sun of Stono, June, 1779, and they 
saw him no more. 

Charleston was in British hands, Georgia was subdued, and 
Comwallis and Tarleton marched along the rivers harassing the 
settlements. At the Waxhaw, Colonel Buford and about four 
hundred Carolinians were assembled. Tarleton fell on and mas- 
sacred them while they tried to surrender. Stedman, the British 
historian, says of it, " that on this occasion the virtue of humanity 
was totally forgot." The wounded and dying were left to the 
women and children. They carried the sufferers into the log 
meeting house and the Widow Jackson was leader among the 
angels of mercy. 

Almost immediately Marion, Sumter and Pickens appeared, 
raising the standard of freedom. A year later Sumter attacked 
the British at Hanging Rock. In his command was Captain 
Davie. In the decisive battle of August 6th, 1780, the Captain 
and his volunteers were greatly distinguished. The widow Jack- 
son, a true Spartan, had given her all for the cause of liberty, her 
Robert and her Andrew. The boys returned unharmed. Both 
had played the man. Both had marched in the ranks and fought 
the British. Andrew Jackson, at that time, was thirteen years 
and five months old. 

A log cabin, a poor widow, two sons; love of liberty, trust in 
God and a willingness to die if need be, and the training of one 



78 AMERICAN IRISH HISTORICAL SOCIETY, 

boy to become a great warrior, a leader of his f)eople and Presi- 
dent of his country! 

Because it warms my heart, I want to go deeper than that. 
An Irish mother, three Irish sons, and what she will do with them 
when she finds herself able to help throw off the British yoke! 

Some months later, to harry the country, a second attack 
was made on the Waxhaw settlements by Major Coffin, a Loyal- 
ist. The settlers resisted. Robert and Andrew were made 
prisoners and marched away. Coffin was a brute, assisted by 
his own kind. They insulted the women and abused the lads. 
To degrade Andrew, Coffin ordered the boy to clean his boots. 
The boy replied he was a prisoner of war and demanded proper 
treatment. Coffin struck at him with his sword. A swiftly 
raised left hand received the blow. Sixty-four years afterwards, 
when Andrew Jackson lay in state in his coffin, the scar was 
plainly seen. 

Major Coffin ordered Robert to clean the boots. The boy 
refused and was struck across the head with the handy sword; 
a dreadful wound resulted and from it the lad never recovered. 
With other prisoners, the boys were dragged forty miles, without 
food or drink, through the forest to Lord Rawdon's camp. They 
were herded without decent food and slept on the ground. The 
boys were separated. Smallpox broke out. Andrew contracted 
it. 

The widow, learning of their sad condition, took a horse and 
went through the wilderness alone. In an exchange of prisoners 
she got her boys. She held the wounded Robert — his injured 
head had been left undressed — upon the horse as best she could, 
and she and the stricken Andrew walked. Two days after that 
dreadful journey they buried Robert. For two weeks Andrew 
was delirious with the awful fever and the mother lived in her 
mourning and her anxiety. 

Before Andrew was fully recovered, word came to the Waxhaw 
settlements of the suffering and horrors on the prison ships at 
Charleston. Food, clothing, medicine were denied and the dead 
were thrown into the sea or buried in shallow graves in the sand 
on the shore. Elizabeth Jackson with a few women neighbors 
gathered such necessities as they could transport, entered Charles- 
ton, braved the opposition and contempt of our conquerors, and 



ANNUAL BANQUET. 79 

went down into the rotting old hulks on their errand of mercy. 
They relieved and ministered to their friends and when worn 
out, the women started home. Elizabeth Jackson had con- 
tracted the deadly fever of the ships. Just outside the barriers 
which the Americans had piled across Charleston Neck, she 
quietly laid down and died. To this day her burial place is 
unknown. Her memory deserves a noble monument. She was 
of the great women of the Republic. 

Andrew Jackson was alone. His whole family had perished 
in the Revolution. He was at once a lad and a man, made such 
by the expanding and fearsome experiences and sorrows through 
which he had passed. He remembered his brothers and he hated 
the British. His mother's presence was with him like a guardian 
angel. He thought of her and hated the British. He looked at 
the scar on his hand and he hated the British. In this boy that 
nation had created a foeman to whom they were destined to 
answer as to a bar of judgment, to the spirit of whom I think 
they are answering to-day. 

Young Jackson soon sold his few family possessions, and went 
to Salisbury, North Carolina, and entered the law office of Spence 
McKay. This was in 1784 and he was then about seventeen or 
eighteen years old. He completed his law studies under Colonel 
Stokes, who, under Buford, had lost a hand at the Waxhaw mas- 
sacre. In 1786, he received his license to practice law. 

Behold him, Andrew Jackson, lawyer! A man of honor, un- 
flinching courage, recognized ability and reputation throughout 
all those parts. At twenty-one, he was appointed by Governor 
Johnson, Solicitor of the Western District of North Carolina and 
part of the territory of Tennessee. He was Attorney General, 
and in 1795 became a member of the Convention preparatory to 
the admission of Tennessee as a state. He was elected as the first 
representative of the new state to Congress and within eight 
weeks afterward Tennessee elected him to the Senate. On De- 
cember 5, 1796, he took his seat. Thomas Jefferson was the pre- 
siding officer. 

Jackson had no political ambitions. He made no speeches in 
the Senate. He was active in attending to his duties. Through 
his advice and exertions in 1796, Tennessee gave its first presi- 
dential vote to Jefferson and in 1800, repeated it in a great 
Democratic victory. 



80 AMERICAN IRISH HISTORICAL SOCIETY, 

I have gone rather minutely for a paper of this sort, over the 
earlier years of Andrew Jackson's life to show if I could, how he 
became the man he was and how Providence prepared him for his 
great career. I much regret time will not allow me to give exam- 
ples of his personal bravery under trying conditions for that would 
account in large measure for his great personal popularity in all 
parts of the South and the unbounded confidence that everyone 
had in him. Everybody seemed to believe that he could meet 
any situation or do anything. 

In 1802 he was the best known man in the Mississippi Valley. 
He was then commissioned Major-General of the Tennessee 
militia. Forthwith Jackson was a great and successful general, 
yet he was never inside a preparatory war school. He had a 
grim sense of humor. It must be remembered his was a rude 
period. He fought duek. Some with deadly weapons. This 
cost him no loss of public regard. Governor Sevier, before a 
crowd, insulted Jackson and called him a coward. Jackson 
challenged and had the choice of weapons. They met, Sevier 
surrounded by a crowd, Jackson had only one friend. They were 
all mounted. Jackson had no other arms than a good hickory 
stick. When the Governor got out his sword, Jackson charged 
using his cane. The Governor somehow rolled off his horse. 
Jackson rode away. The whole South laughed and Jackson's 
popularity increased. After that he was "old Hickory." 

In 1804 worn by his strenuous career, Jackson resigned public 
office, bought a plantation near Nashville, not far from where the 
Hermitage of his old age was erected and retired. Here, strange 
to say, came Aaron Burr, and sought to enlist Jackson in a scheme 
for the seizing of Louisiana and possibly Mexico, for which after- 
ward Burr was tried for treason. Of Jackson, Burr wrote, " Once 
a lawyer, afterward a judge, now a planter; a man of intelligence; 
and one of these prompt, frank, ardent souls, I love to meet." 
Jackson was not entangled in the scheme for a republic or monarchy 
in the Southwest. But Burr, who discovered men, when the War 
of 1812 was declared, wrote to the Government that Jackson was 
the greatest military man in America and the best fitted to be 
Commander-in-Chief of our armies. 

Burr also, in 1815, wrote the Governor of South Carolina that 
Jackson ought to be nominated for the Presidency, thirteen 
years before the event. 



ANNUAL BANQUET. 8l 

Right here I wonder if history repeats itself? 

It was 1810-11. Jackson was on the plantation. At this 
time France and England were disputing the supremacy of the 
seas. England's pirates, sailing under letters of Marque, were 
boarding our vessels, under pretence of finding deserters, really 
to impress our seamen into their navy. They claimed the right 
of search just as they do to-day. They took more than 7,000 
American citizens before we were fully roused. "Watchful 
waiting" is no new device. British newspapers said, of us, they 
can't "be kicked into a war. " In the meantime to demonstrate 
that "Blood is thicker than water," and the "hands across the 
sea" idea, they sent their emissaries to stir up the Indians of the 
South and Southwest. In this they were successful and in the 
wars of the Creeks and the Seminoles we have to thank England 
for the loss of thousands of lives, millions of treasure and un- 
told suffering among the settlers. In these dreadful times Jack- 
son saved the country. 

Jackson was now forty-five years old. His military history 
was about to begin. In June, 1812, Congress declared war against 
Great Britain. In response to a request from the Secretary of 
War in December, to raise 1,500 men, Jackson called for volun- 
teers. Within a month he wrote the War Department, "I am 
now at the head of two thousand and seventy volunteers, the 
choicest of our citizens, who go at the call of their country to 
execute the will of the government, who have no Constitutional 
scruples, and if the government orders will rejoice at the oppor- 
tunity of placing the American Eagle on the ramparts of Mobile, 
Pensacola and Fort Augustine, effectually banishing from the 
southern coast all British influence." 

The reference to Constitutional scruples showed there were no 
scruples against invading the Spanish territory of Florida. Jack- 
son marched away, but owing to weakness in Washington and 
jealousy at the front, before any action, he received letters from 
the Secretary of War thanking him for his services and ordering 
him to disband his forces. He declined to do this and marched 
his people home again. 

In October the Creeks, armed by the British, went on the war- 
path, and Jackson again took the field, this time for results. He 
marched to the "Hickory Ground," the sacred territory of the 

6 



82 AMERICAN IRISH HISTORICAL SOCIETY, 

Creeks; there and at Tahopeka he gave that nation its death 
blow. 

In May, 1814, Jackson was commissioned Major-General in 
the regular army. It was from Jackson's campaign that, years 
later, Sherman got the idea of cutting himself off from Washing- 
ton, though Jackson was never bothered by telegrams. 

At that time there was fighting on the border between us and 
Canada, and the British were burning Washington. The War 
Department could not meet the situation. Jackson wanted no 
strings behind him. The British were at Pensacola. Jackson 
suspected that from there they would strike for New Orleans. 
He decided to "take the responsiblity" of seizing Pensacola. 
He did it. Out of that invasion we eventually got Florida. 

Britain, having settled with France early in the year, sent her 
veterans to this country. There were from ten to twelve thousand 
seasoned troops on the peninsula or on transports in the Gulf of 
Mexico. They had nearly all seen service under Wellington, some 
at Waterloo. They were commanded by Lieut.-Gen. Sir Edward 
Packenham, "the hero of Salamanca," a veteran aide on Welling- 
ton's staff. They were all jubilant, believing that New Orleans 
had no knowledge of their advent or purposes. 

Jackson not only had his suspicions, — there was a wireless serv- 
ice then, perhaps like that in the heart of Africa, people just 
knew things, — he was for making ready for defence. The local 
authorities gave him full power; all told he had about 4,000 men. 
Below New Orleans he dug trenches and threw up the earth for 
nearly two miles across the country from the Mississippi to an 
impassible swamp. He also had two armed schocmers, the 
Carolina and the Louisiana. The accounts tell of "batteries of 
artillery." "They were ten and twelve pounders, and heavy 
artillery," twenty-four and thirty pounders. What would they 
have said could they have seen one of the Kaiser's great howit- 
zers? 

Jackson was on the job. Packenham was astounded to dis- 
cover that he was expected. He was mortified to find that the 
resistance of the backwoodsmen looked serious. But he was not 
alarmed. He and his troops expected a walkover. They began 
skirmishing on January ist. On the morning of January 8th, 
with the lifting of a fog, the great battle was on. The guns were 



ANNUAL BANQUET, 83 

all muzzle loading, flint locks, powder horns and ramrods. But 
the backwoodsmen and settlers knew how to shoot without 
wasting ammunition. When the night came, 2,600 British were 
dead or wounded. Packenham was dead, and nearly all the 
leading officers were with him. Jackson that day avenged his 
brother, his mother and his badly scarred hand. It is a marvelous 
story. 

Jackson lost 8 killed, 13 wounded. On the other side of the 
river, the British lost 100 killed and wounded, the Americans 6. 
The record says, "The history of himian warfare presents no 
parallel to this disparity of loss," and gives the credit to Jackson's 
earthworks or trenches. They are using Jackson's idea in Europe 
to-day! With all the glory, there was r^^ret, for had promised 
arms and ammunition reached Jackson in time the entire British 
force would have been captured or destroyed. As it was they 
fled the country, and the South was saved. 

A few days later in New Orleans, Jackson was hailed as the 
"Liberator" by a grateful people. Young girls placed laurel 
wreaths upon him, the Apostolic Bishop Dubourg met him at the 
cathedral door and they sang the Te Deum. State legislatures 
voted him thanks, as did Congress. The country rang with his 
praise. A medal was struck. Jackson was a great hero. His 
portrait in our City Hall was this city's tribute. 

He had his troubles, however. He had declared martial law in 
New Orleans before the battle began. A court was closed. The 
indignant judge issued a habeas corpus. When the war was over 
Jackson walked into court, followed by a mob of sympathizers. 
He told the frightened judge no one would make disorder and 
said he would answer any charges without argument. He was 
fined $1,000 for contempt of court. He gave a check and walked 
out. The people immediately drew him away in a carriage; 
raised the fine, which Jackson told them to give to the widows 
and children of those slain in the battle. Congress afterward 
refunded the money. 

Jackson was elected to the Presidency and took the oath of 
office March 4, 1829. He was as sturdy and forceful at the head 
of the government as when leading his volunteers. He was re- 
elected for a second term. In the management of our domestic 
affairs he showed characteristic energy and good sense. In state 



84 AMERICAN IRISH HISTORICAL SOCIETY, 

and foreign relations his motto was, "Ask nothing but what is 
right and submit to nothing wrong." 

He made many treaties. Britain remembered him. During 
his entire administration our commerce was never molested. 
He secured indemnities from the French Government. Lx>uis 
Phillippe was slow about it, though he had agreed to pay in six 
annual instalments. Our ministers were withdrawn. Jackson 
said, pay or war. They paid. So did Denmark, Spain and Portu- 
gal. Europe knew there was a man at the head of our govern- 
ment. It is a good place to have a man. 

His own South Carolina held a convention under the leadership 
of Calhoun and Hayne and voted the tariff laws unconstitu- 
tional and void. They declared they would not pay, they would 
resist with force of arms, secede. Jackson rose like a lion. He 
issued a proclamation denying the right of any state to nullify 
any act of the Federal Government, and gave warning that the 
laws of the United States would be enforced, by arms if needful. 
South Carolina saw the light. 

Time forbids me to speak further of this great man's service 
to his country. They said of him, "He founded a party more 
perfect in its organization and more lasting in its duration than 
any before established" — the Democratic Party. They said 
again, "He found a confederacy, he left an empire." 

They also said that he taught " to the victor belongs the spoils." 
His first inquiry about an appointment was, "Is he honest, is he 
capable?" Out of the thousands holding office during his eight 
years administration, he removed but six hundred and ninety, 
and practically all of them for cause or under charges. 

There was a collector at Salem, Massachusetts, named Miller. 
He had been a general in the war. Asked to take a battery at 
Niagara Falls, he had said, "I'll try." He took the battery. 
Some politicians wanted the collector's place. They reported to 
the President that Miller was incompetent. To-day they would 
have said, "lacked efficiency." Jackson signed the order for his 
removal and sent the proposed successor's name to the Senate. 

Colonel Benton asked the President if he knew who was being 
removed. He did not. Benton told him. "What!" shrieked 
Jackson, "they told me he was incompetent and a New England 
Hartford convention federalist!" "It's General Miller of 



ANNUAL BANQUET, 85 

Niagara who took the British battery at Bridgewater." "Get 
me Colonel Donelson at once," he ordered. "Donelson, I want 
the name of that fellow nominated for Collector at Salem with- 
drawn instantly." "Oh these damned, lying politicians! They 
are the most remorseless scoundrels alive. Miller shall stay as 
long as I live. He took that British battery. Incompetent! He 
is an able, loyal man and nothing else counts." 

Jackson was a giant among great men. Many of the friends 
of Washington were still in public life. Many of the signers of 
the great Declaration were Jackson's contemporaries. There 
were John Hancock and John Adams, the second President, and 
John Quincy Adams, the sixth President, and Samuel Adams, 
one of the greatest figures in American history. 

When General Gage in Boston urged this Adams to make his 
peace with the king, he answered stiffly, " I trust I have made my 
peace with the King of Kings and no personal considerations 
shall induce me to abandon the cause of my country." 

There was Thomas Jefferson, also. Daniel Webster was in the 
Senate, where he made his greatest speech in reply to Hayne on 
that nullification act. Jackson was a man among his peers. 

Andrew Jackson loomed large in another way. He chained 
the attention of all and the affection of many. He was a figure 
so conmianding that his personality was dominant. The cur- 
rent stories of his deeds of arms and prowess naturally awakened 
the desire to do great things and act nobly, and this was true 
among boys and young men. He affected his time as Lincoln 
stirred us in 1860-61. "Old Hickory!" "The RailspUtter!" 

Who is there who can tell what our country owes to Andrew 
Jackson for this pervasive influence? When Jackson left the 
presidential chair in 1837, the country had been ringing with 
stories about him off and on for thirty years. Who can estimate 
their influence upon the youth of that day? Sherman was seven- 
teen years old. Longstreet was seventeen. Phil Kearny of 
Chantilly was twenty-two. Grant was fifteen. McClellan was 
eleven. Robert E. Lee was nearly thirty ; Meade was twenty-one. 
A host of boys who became great soldiers in '60 to '65 were old 
enough to feel the thrill and influence of Jackson's military fame 
and personal character. 

In other walks of life, men who afterwards molded public 



86 AMERICAN IRISH HISTORICAL SOCIETY, 

thought were at the impressionable or active age. Charles A. 
Dana was sixteen. Horace Greeley twenty-six, Whittier twenty- 
four, and Longfellow twenty-five. 

We think of Jackson as living a great while ago. It seems like 
ages ago. We speak of him as living in the last half of the eight- 
eenth century and the first half of the nineteenth. The popula- 
tion of the country was under thirteen millions. What revolu- 
tions in war and commerce and travel and communication and 
light and homes since Jackson's day! 

Yet on January first, only a few days ago, there was living in 
Newton, N. J., Charles A. Shafer, hale, hearty, keen of speech 
and memory, who boasts of voting for Andrew Jackson in his 
second term. After all he was not of so long ago. He belongs to 
to-day as well as yesterday. 

And we must continue to celebrate his name, recall his great 
deeds and venerate his character. Thank God for the life, 
lessons, and work of Andrew Jackson, the boy of Irish blood bom 
on American soil ! 

President Clarke: I wish for a moment to interrupt the 
printed programme to present to you a gentleman who has crossed 
the entire continent on business of state. Finding himself in 
New York and being a member of our Society in the State Chapter 
of California, he came dutifully to our banquet this evening. A 
man of dbtinction, a man of personal charm, indeed, a man of 
such personal charm that it is related of him in the late election 
that, while the Republican candidates failed miserably, and the 
Progressive candidates succeeded gloriously, that notwithstand- 
ing that — you will remember, if you please, that Woman Suffrage 
was proclaimed in the last election in California — (laughter) that 
this Democrat, being a handsome and polished and cultured man 
in addition to his virtues of mind and character, this handsome 
and virtuous and cultured man was elected by the men and 
women of California to head the poll as United States Senator 
from California. (Applause.) I beg to present to you our 
honored fellow member from the Pacific Coast, Senator James D. 
Phelan. (Applause.) 



ANNUAL BANQUET, 87 

Senator Phelan: PresidentrGcneral, Ladies and Gentlemen: 
I observe that your chairman, who is accustomed to pronounce 
eulogies on the dead, could not divest himself of the habit when 
he presented me, a stranger,' to this audience; and I assure you 
that he has attributed to me virtues that I do not possess, and 
which Andrew Jackson enjoys simply because he has been dead 
so long. (Laughter.) I come, however, from a State of surprises, 
and possibly the worthy chairman had in his mind my election as 
one of the surprises. It is a State that ordinarily and normally is 
Republican in pditics, and it must be on account of my — [Pres- 
IDENT Clarke : Good looks.] — ^thoroughly Calif omian character, 
by reason of havii^ been bom there, that I was able to take ad- 
vantage of those conditions which breed surprises. 

California is a land also of contrast. We have the highest 
land in the United States as well as the lowest. Mt. Whitney 
is about 15,000 feet high and Death Valley is probably 300 feet 
below the level of the sea. We have the highest trees and the 
oldest as well as the youngest, in the plumcote of Luther Bur- 
bank. 

We have a very cosmopolitan population, and not the least of 
the advantages which the State enjoyed in the past when it was 
laying its foundation, was the lai^ immigration of Irish — prin- 
cipally from New York. (Laughter and applause.) So there is 
still hope for the Irish when they can go West. There have been 
many of very great distinction in the upbuilding of that common- 
wealth. I recall now, David C. Broderick, who came from New 
York, a man of very humble origin. His father was a stone 
mason who worked in the construction of the Capitol in Wash- 
ington. When he left New York he told his comrades that he 
would not return until he came as United States Senator! He 
probably thought it very easy, having heard the story of General 
Shields who represented three Western states — I do not know if 
he represented them all at the same time — ^in the Senate of the 
United States. (Laughter.) 

[President Clarke : One after the other.] 

One after the other, I am told. However, he succeeded in 
his ambition. 

California, when admitted to the Union, was the thirty-first 
state and at that time fifteen states were free and fifteen states 



88 AMERICAN IRISH HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 

were slave ; and we fought, in our public discussions in California — 
on account of the large number of Southern men there — the 
battles of the Civil War; and Broderick adhered to the cause of 
the North. He was challenged and fought a duel and, d3ang as 
the result of the wound, said that he died as a defender of human 
freedom. (Applause.) 

Then there was another great man in the person of Peter Don- 
ohue, a mechanic from Paterson, New Jersey, of Irish birth. He 
is the man who built the Commache one of the ironclads of the 
Civil War, and afterwards, the works which he founded. The 
Union Iron Works, gave us the flagship of Dewey, the Olympia, 
and tlie matchless Oregon; and another Irishman, Frank Mc- 
Cappin, in California, while mayor of the city, is called the father 
of the Golden Gate Park stretching from the city to the sea. 
So you observe that the Irish name is linked with the growth of 
this great state and, as I said, in the early days, in the gold rush, 
men of the East, largely from New York, entered California 
bringing their knowledge and experience and skill and genius 
which enabled our state, without passing through the probationary 
period of territoryship to become at once a fully equipped state 
of the Union ; and of that state — so remote was it considered — 
as late as 1848, Daniel Webster said it never would accept laws 
from the federal government but would set up a government of 
its own, that state which, according to our poet Joaquin Miller, 
is so far away that a man might drop dead and God wouldn't 
know it — that state which survived the greatest cataclysm in 
modem times within the recollection of the past few years, is now, 
as an imperial state of the federal Union, second only to New 
York in its distinction, inviting the nations of the world to sit 
at its feast, to come there to an exposition in celebration of the 
greatest event that has ever occurred in our times, the connecting 
of the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans by an interoceanic canal ! You 
can^now marvel that in the recollection of living men — our state 
only dates from 1850 — great and wonderful changes have occurred : 
railroad connections, telegraph connection, improved telephone 
connection. The East now speaks to the West. We no longer 
consider ourselves remote. We are a part and an inseparable 
part of the Union and accept orders from Washington and some- 



ANNUAL BANQUET. 89 

times, as a great surprise to the Shade of Daniel Webster dele- 
gates are sent from CaHfomia to participate in making the laws 
of the land. We have laws of our own and have problems more 
difficult than in the East: you are old and venerable, we are still 
in the making! We have questions of immigration there which 
I see have their recrudescence here; you are still shaping immi- 
gration here, much to my surprise; we are trying to bar the gates 
of the West against Asia for the purpose of preserving Califor- 
nia against insidious foes. The test is the assimilability of foreign 
races. So men come occasionally out of the West to teach the 
East, because, being part of the Union, we cannot get along with- 
out the sympathy and support of the other great states. We 
are the warders by the Western gate ! 

I am very glad to have this opportunity this evening, by the 
grace of the chairman of the evening — it was quite unexpected — 
to meet this learned Society; and I feel very much at home in 
seeing ladies mingling with the members of the Society because 
in California, you know, the women are on a parity with the men. 
(Applause.) We have given them real participation in public 
affairs. We do not invite them alone to make beautiful and 
attractive an evening's entertainment; we have them to work 
with us at the polls and fight with us in the trenches. They are 
our fellow-dtizens and hence this gathering is not strange to me, 
this seeing men and women together for the discussion of grave 
public questions and questions of historical inportance. 

I trust, and you will pardon me, that you will share the hos- 
pitality of California this year, and come when the State is at its 
best — the host of the nations of the world. And I am sure that 
you will be made welcome and see much to enjoy and to profit by, 
because all of the states, as well as foreign countries, have sent 
their best there to exhibit in the beautiful enclosure on the shores 
of the Golden Gate — the greatest advances made in civilization 
and the arts and sciences; and I am afraid that, when you come 
there you will hesitate to return. I might say, personally, that I 
must express a greater admiration for the West than the East, 
and I think that sentiment contagious; so I warn you that, when 
you go to California, be prepared to linger long. They tell a 
story of a Califomian djang — I hate to admit that of the land of 
health and happiness and longevity — and he went up to Heaven, 



90 AMERICAN IRISH HISTORICAL SOCIETY, 

and Saint Peter barred the way. With the easy confidence of 
the West, the Califomian answered Saint Peter in reply to the 
interrogation "Where did you come from?" "Why, I am going 
to Heaven — I came from California." "Oh, go back, my son, 
you'll not like it !" (Laughter and applause.) 

President Clarke: I am very glad indeed that our little 
surprise was such a good one. I may add for the information of 
the Senator, that we have reached that point of parity of the 
sexes where the ladies' membership fees will be always just as 
welcome as those of the gentlemen. (Laughter.) 

We have now the pleasure of announcing to you the remainder 
of our programme for this evening. The speaker down on 
the programme as being the first of the evening was detained and 
has only now reached us; and I am sure you will all wish to hear 
that speaker. In the meantime I promise you a treat of learning 
and scholarship in listening to the address of our friend, Professor 
Robinson of Harvard University. 

This gentleman is of pure American birth, pure American 
origin so far as he knows, but he suddenly discovered, in search- 
ing over the languages of the world, that, within the nut of the 
Celtic language — ^the language which, in Ireland, after long at- 
tempts on the part of England to destroy it, is now coming back 
to its own, in the land of its birth — ^that in this language, in the 
nut of the Celtic language, lay a great kernel of value to the world. 
Professor Robinson has been instructor and professor in Harvard 
University of the Celtic language and Celtic literature, for the last 
eighteen years and is one of the authorities of the world. He 
has travelled through Europe, travelled from Ireland, through 
Holland and France and Belgium, and he knowns more about 
the Irish language, the Celtic language, than perhaps any other 
man in the world save perhaps two or three which his modesty 
makes him name; and he has promised to present to you some 
reasons for interest in the study of Celtic literature. (Applause.) 



ANNUAL BANQUET, 9I 

Professor Robinson: Mr, PresidetU-General, ladies and 
gentiemen: It has been a very great pleasure to me to have this 
opportunity to meet the members of this learned Society of Irish 
Americans. A professor of Celtic, however interesting and 
important that subject may be, is nevertheless somewhat isolated 
as a teacher in college. It is not to be expected that American 
young men will flock in large numbers to master the intricate 
mysteries of ancient Irish granmiar or to read the Tain Bo 
Cuailnge in the original; therefore it is a great satisfaction for a 
man charged with such instruction to find a response in societies 
like this outside the University. 

I feel, indeed, some doubt as to why I should come to urge you 
to take an interest, or to convince you of reasons for interest, in 
Irish literature. The President has already referred to the 
matter of my own race, though I confess I am a little more con- 
fused now than before he began, for surely a man of pure Ameri- 
can origin would seem to be a red Indian. (Laughter.) I am, I 
suppose, a thorough Sasanach. I have not to my knowledge 
any family strain running back to Ireland. I am Anglo-Saxon — 
I believe a little bit tempered by Jersey French, to take out some 
of the bigotry which might inhere in an unmixed descent. How- 
ever, I have always found that Irish societies, by their abounding 
hospitality, make me forget my alien state, and I have enjoyed the 
assurance of that friendliness to-night. Indeed, this same spirit 
of adoption has been manifested to me by Irishmen in various 
ways: My name is pretty hopelessly Anglo-Saxon, but there's a 
publisher of an Irish journal in Ireland, who always contrives to 
make me feel at home in my field of study by sending my papers 
through the mail addressed to "F. N. MacRobin!" (Laughter.) 
Another example of true Celtic tact was given by the porter this 
evening, who showed the same discretion in my case as in that 
of my fellow guest; he immediately waved me toward the Ameri- 
can Irish Historical Society. In my case he must surely have 
been a mind reader. (Laughter.) 

Now it is hardly my place to inspire you with an interest in 
Irish. As members of this learned Society you are already not 
uninformed about Irish literature; and, as men and women of 
Irish lineage, you are surely not indifferent to its appeal. I can 
offer you only a cold-blooded Anglo-Saxon statement of some of 



92 AMERICAN IRISH HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 

its claims. Perhaps my title should be ''Claims of Irish and 
Celtic studies for a place in the curriculum. " That these studies 
are of vital interest would appear to be shown by prima facie 
evidence, by the amount of attention now paid them in the uni- 
versities of the world. It is natural enough that Ireland and 
Wales, in the Universities of Dublin and Bangor or Cardiff ^ould 
have Celtic chairs and many students following this branch of 
learning. It is not unnatural that in Oxford and Cambridge and 
Liverpool and Manchester we should find students resorting to 
Celtic masters; and, again, the University of Paris might be ex- 
pected to foster the same studies in view of the fact that a Celtic 
language is still spoken by a million or two of French citizens in 
Brittany. But, when you see a similar interest in Celtic in 
Berlin, in Leipsic, in Freiburg, and Bonn and Copenhagen, you 
realize that you are getting disinterested testimony to the value of 
these studies as part of universal history, as part of general 
education; and in this country, likewise, a number of institutions 
have now establi^ed instruction in Celtic. Only one, I think, 
rejoices in an endowment for that purpose. I am glad to say 
that, by the generosity of the Ancient Order of Hibernians, there 
is a Chair of Celtic at the Catholic University at Washington, 
where I once had the pleasure of serving as interim lecturer for 
four years. But several other American universities offer Celtic 
courses and are beginning to develop in this country an interest 
in these studies. Harvard, without a special endowment, has 
maintained instruction in the subject for eighteen years, and has 
devoted to its support a constantly increasing amount of money 
out of the general funds of the University. During this period, 
it has accumulated a library on Celtic history and literature 
amounting to about 3,000 volumes; and in 1914 it expended on 
instruction, fellowships and books, the income of nearly $100,000. 
That, ladies and gentlemen, is disinterested testimony on the 
part of the University to the importance of Celtic studies in the 
curriculum and in the general organization of scholarship. 

Now, of course, the reason for all this recognition is to be found 
in the historic importance of Irish and other Celtic literatures. 
They are taken up as part of the whole range of literary studies^ 
of the general development of European thought and institutions. 
Celtic scholars in Europe have often found their way to Irish 



ANNUAL BANQUET. 93 

simply because they have needed it for the prosecution of research 
begun in other fields of learning. The most eminent authority on 
Irish grammar began his career as a student of Old French, but 
found that the problems of Romance philology drove him over the 
border into Celtic. A Leipsic scholar in Sanscrit and comparative 
grammar was similarly led to give half his time to Celtic. Among 
us at Cambridge in this country it has been very largely the 
study of medieval literature and institutions that has brought 
men to the pursuit of Irish and Welsh. Irish literature is pecu- 
liarly rich in materiab of historic value. If we disr^ard the 
purely linguistic aspect of the matter — and Celtic sheds much 
light upon the problems of the grammarian — ^we find it would 
take a long time to rehearse the subjects on which Irish has 
important bearings. It concerns the student of folklore, of 
archaeology, of the history of religion — particularly of the Chris- 
tian Church — the student of comparative literature, the student 
of general history. All of these groups of scholars profit greatly 
by access to Celtic documents, and in Irish history itself hardly 
a beginning has yet been made in the use of native Gaelic sources. 

There arc three important periods that I may particularly 
mention, of contact between Irish and other European literature. 
First, back in the Dark Ages — ^which were not so very dark after 
all, for the sun of classical learning never actually set — in those 
ages which were really the morning of our modern civilization, 
Irish influence was dominant in the intellectual life of Western 
Europe. That was the day when Ireland won the name of being 
the island of saints and scholars. Ireland helped to keep alive 
classical beaming; and it is due in no small measure to the labors 
of her scholars and monks that the sun did not set and the Dark 
Ages were a kind of prolonged Northern night. In that period, 
the time of the migrations of Irish missionaries over the continent, 
Ireland contributed greatly to the civilization of the English and 
the Scandinavians; and for an adequate understanding of the 
beginnings of Norse and English literature, a knowledge of ancient 
Irish is most important. 

Again, in the height of the Middle Ages, when the romances of 
chivalry were composed in France and England, Celtic influence 
was of great significance. The chief source of the story of King 
Arthur and the Round Table — ^the direct source — ^was of course 



94 AMERICAN IRISH HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 

Welsh. Arthur was a British hero and was celebrated in the 
traditions of the British people. But the Welsh poems and sagas 
which must once have existed about him are nearly all lost, and 
the best resource at this time for reconstructing Celtic romance 
and understanding its character and significance is found in the 
study of the Irish sagas which are preserved in abundance. 

Coming quickly down to a much more modem time, in the 
middle of the eighteenth century, we find that once again the 
literature of all Europe was stirred by Celtic inspiration. I 
refer to the remarkable influence of the so-called poems of Ossian, 
which are now known, largely through the labors of Celtic schol- 
ars, to have been essentially the work of Macpherson, their sup- 
posed discoverer. Although Macpherson 's claims were fraudu- 
lent and his productions misrepresented Celtic literature, never- 
theless he did make that literature known. By virtue of his 
real genius, his writings became a storm-centre; Iri^men and 
Scotsmen vied in proving their rival claims to Ossian; and thus, 
at the end of the eighteenth and the beginning of the nineteenth 
century, the attention of all literary Europe again centered on 
Celtic antiquity and Celtic poetry. 

For these and similar reasons the literature of Ireland is of the 
utmost importance to all students of general literature, and has 
a secure place among the university departments of literary 
history. But if this were all, if there were no more to be said 
concerning Irish literature, you might cheerfully leave it to the 
scholar and investigater. You all know, however, that this is 
not the whole story; that the Irish writings possess an intrinsic 
human interest. I do not need to say as much of this to you as 
of the historical aspects of the subject, for it is a matter of famil- 
iar knowledge. You realize that I have not been speaking of 
mere musty records and annals, but of works of beauty and of 
moving power. You all have read — some of you probably in 
Gaelic and many more in other European languages, the exquisite 
poems of nature, the stirring songs of love and of tragic fate, in 
which the Irish language abounds ; and you know the descriptive 
and reflective verse which Matthew Arnold long since compared, 
for its classic finish and sense of style, to the epigrams of the Greek 
anthology. You are familiar, too, with the Irish sagas — ^the 
great cycles of story which are the most significant of all the pro- 



ANNUAL BANQUET. 95 

ductions of the Irish. These reveal to us a world comparable to 
Homer's, and a body of tradition as rich as that on which the 
Greek epics were based. I do not say that the Irish ever pro- 
duced an Iliad, a great epic poem. Celtic imagination seems to 
lack the sustained and architectonic power necessary to achieve 
great artistic work of the character of Homer's epic; but, speak- 
ing of the material itself, of the subject-matter of national tradi- 
tion, I say again that the ancient Irish epic material is comparable 
to that preserved in Greek. 

I may sometimes have seemed, in what I have said, to be prais- 
ing Irish literature for mutually contradictory reasons. It is 
related of one of the presidents of Harvard, a clergyman of a 
generation ago, that in the course of a long elaborate prayer in 
chapel — in Which old New England divines were particularly 
efficient! (laughter) — ^he explained some very difficult proposi- 
tion and then remarked " Paradoxical, Oh Lord, as this may seem, 
it is nevertheless true!" (Laughter.) Perhaps a similar paren- 
thesis is necessary in my praise of Irish literature. I have claimed 
for Irish at once the refinement of civilization and the strength 
and strangeness of primeval barbarism. But, paradoxical as 
this may seem, it is nevertheless true. Irish literature does com- 
bine to an extraordinary degree the interest of an early and primi- 
tive culture with that of an advanced tradition of literature and 
learning. The Irish developed, through their bardic schools, 
an elaborate, even an artificial literary tradition. Their poets 
and shanachies were, in a real sense, men of letters; and yet 
back of all their work and easily visible through it, again and 
again is the old barbaric past. In the preservation of that primi- 
tive quality we may heartily rejoice, for it awakens our imagi- 
nations and stirs our spirits. I have said that I cannot claim for 
myself any Irish blood. But when we go back to the age of 
Ossian, it is not easy to make distinctions. The past of the old 
Northern peoples belongs to all of us — Celtic, Saxon, Norman 
and Dane. The races were mixed in the early days of history 
beyond recognition, beyond any possible separation. The old 
Irish sagas, like those of the Norsemen, belong to iis all, and we 
glory in their primeval vigor as well as in their artistic finish and 
poetic power. They are, in a way, our genesis, the book of our 
origin. 



96 AMERICAN IRISH HISTORICAL SOCIETY, 

May I close then, in expressing the hope that the members of 
the American Irish Historical Society, while fostering the studies 
of Irish history in America, which are of so great importance, 
will not entirely forget the Irish history of the old land, and that 
from the ranks of this Society may come recruits to the study 
of the Irish language and Celtic literature? (Great applause.) 

Pres. Clarke: Passing for a moment back to the stirring 
address of Senator Phelan, I may say that in my trip to the Far 
East, I passed through San Francisco both going and coming; 
that I was royally entertained as President-General of this So- 
ciety by the California Chapter; that I visited the Ejdiibition 
grounds, went over the buildings and, considering myself quite 
an expert from long experience in expositions, I can assure you 
that I join heartily with the Senator in saying that never were 
exp>osition buildings more beautiful or more beautifully placed — 
in the color scheme and relation of parts to the others, and in the 
exquisiteness of their site. They have prepared positive won- 
ders for visitors. It is certain that the scheme, f^ instance, 
alone of illumination that has been designed for that Exposition 
will astonish all visitors, accustomed as we New Yorkers are to 
the blaze of electric light. I would add that it was the earnest 
desire of the Chapter when it entertained your President, that 
we should make the pilgrimage to San Francisco. They urged 
"You cannot go to Europe this year on account of the war. 
Where else do your faces turn but toward the West? Come; 
come in your numbers; come accompanied by your friends; and 
we will give you a royal welcome, the memory of which will last 
you all your lives." From the sample I received, I think it is 
true. 

I may say it is possible and very highly probable that in the 
near future the Society may decide to have its Field Day for 1915 
in San Francisco; that we may be able — starting from this end 
of the continent, gathering as we go across, from our membership 
and friends, — to bring a goodly gathering to the Golden Gate 
and try out this boast of Calif ornian hospitality. (Applause.) 

Now it becomes my pleasure to give you an introduction to 
the final speaker of the evening. He comes to us not from the 
West; he comes, our fellow member, our honored fellow member, 



ANNUAL BANQUET, 97 

from the South; from the State of Georgia, from the goodly town 
of Savannah, Georgia, where General Peter W. Meldrim is the 
leading representative of the Irish race. You will have before 
you in an instant a gentleman of the highest attainments, not 
dependent upon the easy or cheap introduction of the toastmaster 
at a feast of this nature, but on the solid renown of a long life of 
endeavor, of scholarship and achievement. I shall not trouble 
you — it is not necessary — with the various positions of honor that 
General Meldrim has held. I shall simply say to you that at 
present he is the President of perhaps the brainiest, the most 
representative association of American culture, learning and good 
breeding in the United States, the association of the largest in- 
fluence — ^The American Bar Association. Formerly General 
Meldrim was President of the Georgia Bar Association, later one 
of the trustees of The American Bar Association, and now its 
President. I present to you this scholar and gentleman. General 
Meldrim. (Great applause.) 

General Meldrim: Mr, Toastmaster: Your very kind refer- 
ence to me makes me hang my diminished head after listening to 
the superb address of the gentleman on your right. (Applause.) 
It is not often that an audience has the rare and exquisite pleasure, 
of hearing such a scholarly response, and I, for one, beg to thank 
him for it. (Applause.) This handsome gentleman on my left — 
[Dr. Brady: He's occupying my place.] (Laughter.) May 
I be permitted to say, sir, that he fills it well! has told you of 
California. He has told you that, in the ''glorious climate of 
California," the women are on a parity with the men and that 
they work with the men in the trenches. Let me tell you that, in 
the far South, in the land of the cypress and the myrtle, in the 
land where the mocking bird sings through the livelong day 
and far into the starry night the men are not on a parity with 
the women. With us they work not in the trenches; with us 
they are enthroned the only queens in this Republic. (Applause.) 
So if, perchance, you go to the Golden Gate to see the women 
in the trenches, may I not ask you to pause in your western 
flight to see the woman of the South as she sits in the glow of 
the firelight by the hearthstone, with her children about her? — 
The most splendid product of all womanhood is motherhood! 
(Applause.) 

7 



98 AMERICAN IRISH HISTORICAL SOCIETY, 

I have accepted your courteous invitation to be your giKSt 
this evening, not so much with the expectation of pleasing you 
by anything that I may say, but rather to attest by my presence 
the interest whidi I feel in the work of this Society. 

Every man of Irish blood should lend his best endeavors to 
make successful, an organization which seeks to collect, pre- 
serve and diffuse information relating to the Irish in America. 
Few, even of our own people, fully realize the contributions which 
the Irish have made to the creation, the defense, and the devel- 
opment of this republic. 

Separated by oceans* breadth from the country once by tyr- 
anny accursed, there arose above the Western horizon a new 
land in which the Irish made their home. We saw them with 
the Pilgrims on the Mayflower and heard their rich brogue among 
the Quakers of William Penn. 

Nearly two hundred years ago, five hundred families of our 
people settled in the South. These Irish entered with zeal into 
the cause of liberty, and at Mecklenburg, a year before Inde- 
pendence was declared at Philadelphia, England's power was 
defied and the standard of Freedom raised. (Apidause.) 

Among the signers of the Declaration of Independence are 
the names of Smith, McKean, Taylor, Thornton, Read, Lynch, 
Carroll and Rutledge. Seventeen thousand Irishmen fought 
for American freedom, among whom were Montgomery, SulUvan, 
Barry, Knox, Moylan, Wayne and Clinton. From the rocky 
heights of Quebec to the sandy plain of Savannah there ran a 
rich, red stream of Irish blood. 

It is of one who died on that sandy plain that I would speak 
to-night. William Jasper was a humble Irish soldier. He 
was a private in the Second South Carolina regiment, of which 
Moultrie was Colonel, and Marion, the Swamp-fox of die Revo- 
lution, the Major. Marion made him a sergeant, and we first 
saw him at the defense of Fort Sullivan, afterwards called Fort 
Moultrie, in Charleston harbor. General Moultrie tells us that 
''Jasper was a brave, active, stout, strong, enterprising man, 
and a very great partisan.*' 

On the 28th day of June, 1776, the English fleet, under com- 
mand of Sir Peter Parker, opened fire on the fort consisting of 
palmetto logs. In the garrison was Sergeant Jasper. The ships 



ANNUAL BANQUET. 99 

discharged broadside after broadside against the crude and un- 
finished fortification, but the gallant force defending it quailed 
not. 

On the southeast bastion of the fort the flagstaff, formerly a 
ship's mast, was fixed, and from it floated a blue flag with a white 
crescent, bearing the word "Liberty." At length these colors 
were shot down and they fell over the parapet. A cry of exulta- 
tion rang out, and across the waters of Charleston Bay came the 
shout of victory. But it was only for an instant, for Jasper, 
turning to Moultrie and exclaiming ''Colonel, don't let us fight 
without a flag!" sprang from the embrasure and moving along 
the entire front of the fort until he reached the flag, when he 
called to Captain Horry for a sponge staff, lashed the colors to it 
and brought them within the fort, planting them on the sunmiit 
of the merlon next to the enemy. Then, waving his hat, he gave 
three cheers and shouted "God save liberty and my country for- 
ever." 

This gallant conduct on the part of Jasper naturally excited 
admiration, and when Governor Rutledge visited Fort Moultrie, 
he tendered to Jasper a commission. This commission Jasper 
refused, saying "Were I made an officer, my comrades would be 
constantly blushing for my ignorance, and I should be unhappy 
feeling my own inferiority. I have no ambition for higher rank 
than that of a sergeant." Such was the modesty of the man, such 
his sense of self respect! Governor Rutledge was so impressed 
by the courage, simplicity, and modesty of Jasper that he took 
his sword from his person, presented it to Jasper, and forced him 
to accept it. 

It was about this time that Mrs. Elliott gave to the Second 
South Carolina regiment a stand of colors, which were confided 
to Sergeant Jasper. Mrs. Elliott asked him, "Until what time 
will you guard them?" His answer was "Until eternity." 
(Applause.) 

Jasper was allowed large freedom of action. General Moultrie 
said of him — " I had such confidence in him that when I was in 
the field I gave him a roving commission, and liberty to pick out 
his men from my brigade. He seldom would take more than six. 
He went often out and returned with prisoners before I knew he 



lOO AMERICAN IRISH HISTORICAL SOCIETY, 

had gone. He has told me that he could have killed single men 
several times, but he would not, he would rather let them off." 

It was on one of these expeditions with his comrade, Sergeant 
Newton, that Jasper performed as daring a deed as has ever been 
recorded. Above Savannah, and on the river of that name was a 
settlement known as Ebenezer, at which there was stationed a 
British garrison. Here were a number of American prisoners 
who were to be conveyed to the British post in Savannah. One 
of these men had been in the service of the British, had joined the 
American army, was captured, and was then being taken to 
Savannah to be shot as a deserter. The wife and child of this 
prisoner were in the party. Nothing could have appealed more 
strongly to the brave and impulsive Irish soldier than the dis- 
tress of this woman, and he determined to effect a rescue, if res- 
cue were possible. A detachment of soldiers consisting of a ser- 
geant, a corporal, and eight privates guarding the hand-cuffed 
prisoners, eleven in number, were marching down the Augusta 
Road toward Savannah. Jasper and Newton followed the party, 
dogging their footsteps, keeping out of sight, and waiting for an 
opportunity to attempt the rescue. It was not until a spring, 
now called Jasper Spring, a mile or two out from Savannah, was 
reached, that the opportunity presented itself. About this spring 
grew forest trees, and the sergeant, corporal and four of the 
soldiers stacked their muskets in the road a few yards from the 
spring. Two of the soldiers acted as sentinels, while the remain- 
ing two rested their muskets against a tree while they leaned 
over the spring to fill their canteens. This was the long hoped for 
moment. Quietly, stealthily moving through the dense under- 
growth, Jasper and Newton approached the foe. "Now, New- 
ton!" cried Jasper. Both men sprang forward. Each seized 
one of the muskets that rested against the tree. In an instant 
the two sentinels were shot down. Jasper and Newton attempted 
to get possession of the loaded guns of the men who had fallen, 
but the British sergeant and corporal were too quick for them, 
and seized the weapons before Jasper and Newton could reach 
them. In an instant, however, before the British soldiers could 
bring their pieces to their shoulders, Jasper and Newton, with a 
strength bom from the desperation of the moment, reversing 
their guns, felled the sergeant and corporal to the ground where 



ANNUAL BANQUET, lOI 

they lay writhing, dying, with their skulls fractured. Jasper and 
Newton possessed themselves of the weapons of the fallen men, 
and being between the soldiers and the guns stacked in the road, 
the rest surrendered. Jasper and Newton conducted the British 
prisoners and the rescued Americans to the camp at Purysburg, 
where the husband was restored to his wife and child. (Applause.) 

On the 9th of October, 1779, there was fought at Savannah 
perhaps the bloodiest battle of the American Revolution. In 
this assault by the French and Americans there were brought into 
action not quite four thousand men, and yet the killed and wounded 
were eleven hundred, or nearly one-third of the army. It was in 
this assault that both Count Pulaski and Sergeant Jasper fell. 
The colors of the Second South Carolina, which had been given 
by Mrs. Elliott, were carried into the fight. Lieutenants Hume 
and Bush, who bore them, were both killed, and Lieutenant Gray, 
who advanced to their support, was mortally wounded. Jasper 
had already been sorely wounded, and it was while he was re- 
placing upon the parapet the colors that had fallen with Bush 
that he received the second and mortal wound. Remembering 
his promise to guard those colors until eternity, he bore them 
out of the fight, and while dying, turned to Major Horry and 
said, '' I have got my furlough. That sword was presented to me 
by Governor Rutledge for my services in the defense of Fort 
Moultrie. Give it to my father and tell him I wore it with honor. 
If he should weep, say to him that his son died in the hope of a 
better life. Tell Mrs. Elliott that I lost my life supporting the 
colors which she presented to our Regiment." And, thinking of 
the woman whose husband he had restored to her, he said: 
''Should you ever see them, tell them that Jasper has gone, but 
the remembrance of the battle he fought for them brought a 
sweet joy to his heart when it was about to stop its motion for- 
ever." 

Irish endeavor did not cease with the death of the simple Irish 
soldier at Savannah, ifor with the surrender of ComwalUs at 
Yorktown ; for in every conflict in which this country has been 
engaged, whether on the sea with Decatur, or through the path- 
less forests and across the Alleghenies with Boone or behind the 
cotton bales at New Orleans with Jackson or amid the chap- 



102 AMERICAN IRISH HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 

parral of M^co with Shields^, or on the plains of Texas with 
Houston, the fighting race has been in the forefront of battle. 
(Applause.) 

And in the days that swept like meteors bright and gory when 
the Southern Cross and the Flag of Stars were borne in a cause 
which each deemed just, the Irishman in America enlisted at the 
first bugle call to fightand die for the side on which his lot was cast. 
There was no more splendid exhibition of discipline and courage 
in the whole course of the War between the States, than the charge 
erf your Thomas Francis Meagher with his Irish Brigade up the 
heights of Fredericksburg, unless it was the death of our Patrick 
Clebume at Franklin, for: 

*' Twas his to cope while a ray of hope 

lUum'd his flag — and then 
'Twas his to die while that flag flew high 

In the van of chivalric men, 
Nor a braver host could Erin boast, 

Nor than he a more gallant knight 
Since the peeriess Hugh 
Crossed the Avon dhue, 

And Bagnal's host aflight.'* 

(Applause.) 

From Barry unfurling his flag upon the sea to Haggerty d3ang 
for it on the shore at Vera Cruz, the Irish in peace and in war 
have done their duty to America. In large part their labor 
cleared the forests, built the railroads and dug the canals, and 
no little of the physical and intellectual strength of the American 
people is due to the brawn and brain of the Irish emigrant. He 
contributed not merely strength, but also energy and enterprise. 
He became a merchant like Stewart and a miner like Mackay. 
He built steamboats like Fulton and telegraphs like Morse. He 
constructed subways like McE>onald and laid cables like Lyndi. 
He invented machinery like McCormick and developed a wilder- 
ness like Hill. In journalism we find Laffan, Burke, Medill, 
Collier, and my gifted classmate and friend, Grady. In history 
there is Ramsay, in education Harper, in poetry Richard Henry 
Wilde, and the poet-priest. Father Ryan. In fiction there is 
Crawford and on the stage, John Drew. In art there is St. 
Gaudens and in oratory Graham and Brady. At the bar, high- 
est stood Charles O'Connor, and in statesmanship towered John 



ANNUAL BANQUET. I03 

C. Calhoun, the acutest logician and the greatest intellect of his 
day. (Applause.) At one end of Pennsylvania Avenue sits as 
the Chief Justice of the most august judicial tribunal in all the 
world, Edward D. White, of Irish descent, (Applause.) and at 
the other end of the Avenue is the ruler over the destinies of this 
republic, the grandson of an Irishman from the County Down, 
the eighth President of the United States of Irish blood. 

As our fathers made the republic possible, so we the sons true 
to the history, the poetry and the legends of Ireland should 
stand steadfast in our devotion to the constitution of this country 
and through our conservative force with high uplifted thought 
and noble deed make the republic perpetual. 

(Prolonged applause.) 



THE CALIFORNIA CHAPTER. 

San Francisco, Cal., Jan. 4, 1915. 

To Edward H. Daly, Esq., 

Secretary-General of the American Irish Historical Society. 
Dear Sir: 

I have the honor to report in my capacity as State Vice-Presi- 
dent for California, as follows: 

The California Chapter of the American Irish Historical So- 
ciety during the year 1914, was greatly encouraged in its work by 
President-General Clarke, who gave us the benefit of his counsel 
and advice on the two occasions that he was in San Francisco 
prior to and after his visit to Japan. We regretted that he could 
not spend more time with us and thus enable the Chapter to 
fittingly signalize his visit. We succeeded, however, in presenting 
many of our prominent members to Mr. Clarke, and we all lis- 
tened with much pleasure to his eloquent and instructive ad- 
dresses in behalf of the work of the Society. 

We have succeeded in adding some new annual members and 
one life member, Mr. William Sproule, the President of the 
Southern Pacific Company, who is a native of Ireland. 

Our Chapter suffered a severe loss in the death of one of our 
most distinguished members, Archbishop Patrick W. Riordan, 
who passed away in this city a few days ago. 

At our local meetings during the year, we have been highly 
entertained and instructed by our Vice-President-General, Mr. 
Richard C. O'Connor, who is one of our most enthusiastic and 
active members. 

We have all received the thirteenth volume of the Journal of 
the American Irish Historical Society, and we have read its con- 
tents with a great deal of pleasure. We have found the journals 
issued by the Society to be a very potential aid in our efforts to 
acquire additional members. When we approach recruits and 
exhibit the remarkable publications of the Society, they are 
deeply impressed with these practical and authentic archives 
which contain the story of the activities of the Irish in America. 

104 



CHAPTERS. 105 

We are in hopes that during the present year, 1915, we shall 
have the opportunity and the pleasure of meeting many of the 
members of our Society from the East who will come to San 
Francisco to enjoy the Exposition. It is unnecessary to assure 
you that a thousand welcomes await all of our good brothers in 
the cause of American Irish history. 

Respectfully submitted, 

Robert P. Troy, 
State Vice-PresidetU for California. 



THE MASSACHUSETTS CHAPTER. 
Tbe American Irish Historical Society. 

Annual Meeting and Election of Officers. 

Boston, Mass., December 17, 1914. 

The annual meeting and election of officers of the American 
Irish Historical Society, Massachusetts Chapter, was held in 
the house of the Boston City Club, 9 Beacon Street, Boston, on 
Thursday evening, December 17, 1914, at 8 o'clock. 

Following a dinner partaken of by all present, the business 
session was called to order by Hon. John J. Hogan of Lowell, 
Mass., Vice-President for Massachusetts and President of this 
Chapter. 

In the absence of Secretary Joseph McCarthy of Lawrence, 
Mass., Dr. Michael F. Sullivan was elected Secretary pro tern; 
he read the minutes of the last meeting and they were declared 
approved by the President. He read the following telegram: 

Dinner Committee American Irish Historical Society urges attendance of 
members of Massachusetts Chapter at annual dinner January 9tli — ^Edward 
H. Daly, Secretary. 

Mr. Hogan at this time stated that at the annual meeting of 
the Society held at the Waldorf-Astoria in New York on January 
loth, last, one of the numbers on the order of exercises at 
the banquet was the presentation by President-General Clarke 
of charters to the different chapters, which had been organized 
during the year. The Massachusetts charter was duly presented 
and as President of this Chapter he accepted the same. The 
charter as received by Mr. Hogan was then duly presented to the 



I06 AMERICAN IRISH HISTORICAL SOCIEl'Y. 

Secretary and inspected by the membership generally and all 
were pleased and much gratified with its receipt. 

Nominations were duly made and seconded for the offices 
listed hereunder and upon motion of Patrick O'Loughlin, 
seccHided by Hon. Wm. T. A. Fitzgerald, the Secretary pro tern 
was directed to cast one ballot for those named, as follows: 

President, Hon. John J. Hogaa, 53 Central St., Lowell, Mass.; 

Vice-President, Desmond FitzGerald, Brookline, Mass.; 

Secretary and Historian, Jdin J. Keenan, Public Library, Bos- 
ton, Mass.; 

Treasurer, James O 'Sullivan, 125 Mt. Washington St., Lowell, 
Mass.; 

Executive Conunittee: Dr. Michael F. Sullivan, Lawrence, 
Mass.; Hon. Joseph C. Pelletier, Court House, Boston, Mass.; 
Patrick L. Hughes, 37 Merchant's Row, Boston, Mass.; Dr. 
Thomas E. Maloney, Fall River, Mass.; Hon. Joseph F. O'Con- 
nell, 53 State St., Boston, Mass.; James F. Wise, Court House, 
Boston, Mass.; Hon. John J. White, Holyoke, Mass.; Dr. Jdin 
F. Croston, Haverhill, Mass.; Patrick O'Loughlin, 18 Tremont 
St., Boston, Mass. 

The Secretary pro tern having performed that duty, the Presi- 
dent declared each duly elected to the office named, for the en- 
suing year. 

On motion of Dr. John F. Croston of Haverhill, Mass., it was 
voted, that the annual meeting and election of officers be held on 
the second Wednesday in December. 

On motion of Hon. Joseph F. O'Connell, it was voted, that the 
next meeting be held between the first and tenth of March next, 
that the ladies be invited and that some one be invited to read a 
paper or deliver an address to further the work and objects of 
the Chapter. 

A most interesting and instructive paper was read by Dr. 
Michael F. Sullivan of Lawrence, Mass., and a general discussion 
ensued as to the plans and programmes of future meetings; Hon. 
Joseph F. O'Connell offered some suggestions which were re- 
ferred to the Executive Committee. 

On motion of Treasurer James O'Sullivan, it was voted, that 
the annual dues be one dollar. 

The following named gentlemen paid said assessm^it: Hon. 



CHAPTERS, 107 

John J. Hogan, Treasurer James O'SuUivan, Secretary John J. 
Keenan, Patrick 0*Loughlin, Edmund Reardon, Dr. John F. 
Croston, Dr. Michael F. Sullivan, John G. Gilman, Hon. Wm. 
T. A. Fitzgerald, Hon. John J. White, James F. Wise, Hon. 
Joseph F. O'Connell. 

The following gentlemen were proposed for membership: 

Name, Address. Proposed by 

Hon. John J. Ryan, Haverhill, Mass. Dr. John F. Croston 

Jere. J. O'SuUivan, Lowell, Mass. Jasnet O 'Sullivan 

Wm. A. Hogan, Lowell, Mass. Hon. John J. Hogan 

Patrick J. Judge, So. Hadley Falls, Mass. Hon. John J. White 

Rev. Peter J. McCormack, 8 Allen St., Boston John J. Keenan 

James F. Miskella, Lowell, Mass. Hon. John J. Hogan 

There was much enthusiasm and interest manifested during 
the evening by each and every gentleman present, and the opini<m 
was expressed that much good would unquestionably result from 
such meetings as this, and the publication of facts about the 
Irish race, and its accomplishments in the up-building and pr<^;ress 
of America and her institutions. 

At 10.15 P. M., on motion of James F. Wise, the meeting 
adjourned. 

John J. Keenan, 
Secretary, 

THE WISCONSIN CHAPTER. 

January 2, 1915. 
Mr. Edward H. Daly, 

Secretary-General of American Irish Historical Society, 
New York City, N. Y. 
Dear Sir: 

During the 3^ear 1914 the Wisconsin Chapter obtained but 
few new members. However, it succeeded in writing up the 
history of the Irish in Wisconsin to 1848, which was published 
in volume 13 Journal of the American Irish Historical Society, 
pp. 237-260. The entire sketch was republished in the Sunday 
edition of the Milwaukee Free Press of November 8, 15 and 22, 
of which 45,000 copies were issued each Sunday. I enclose a 
copy of the clippings. 



I08 AMERICAN IRISH HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 

The annual meeting of the Wisconsin Chapter was held De- 
cember 3i8t, at which the following officers were elected: Jere- 
miah Quin, recommended for National Vice-President for Wis- 
consin; Matt H. Carpenter, Vice-President; James Mclver, 
Secretary; Phil. H. Murphy, Treasurer; C. M. Scanlan, His- 
toriographer; and Dr. Joseph F. Quin, Librarian. Mr. Quin is 
our oldest member, 8i years, but is very vigorous and enthu- 
siastic. Mr. Carpenter is a highly educated young man whose 
father was bom in Milwaukee. He is not a relative of the late 
U. S. Senator Matt H. Carpenter, but was named after him. 
They are first-class men for the places. Mr. Mclver, who was a 
member of the Wisconsin Legislature in 1874, and Mr. Murphy, 
who has held many public offices from alderman up, are next to 
Mr. Jeremiah Quin in age. Fine specimens of staunch old Irish, 
they must be met to be appreciated. 

It was decided to continue to gather up the history of the Irish 
in this state and when brought down to date, to publish it in a 
volume. 

It was at my request that we elected all new officers, as I be- 
lieve the vigor of a fraternal society depends upon such policy. 
Therefore, I request that the national body at its next annual 
meeting elect Mr. Quin National Vice-President for Wisconsin, 
and I will turn the mantle over to him with sincerest thanks to 
the Society for having conferred that honor upon me during the 
past two years. 

The new officers will join me in making a campaign for new 
members, and I hope that we will be able to send you a number 
of applications before your first meeting this year. 

I wish you and the Society a happy and prosperous new year. 

Yours fraternally, 

C. M. Scanlan, 
National Vice-PresidetUfor Wisconsin, 



CHAPTERS, 109 

THE ILLINOIS CHAPTER. 

Chicago, February 4, 1915. 
Mr. Edward H. Daly, 

New York City. 
Dear Sir: 

You will doubtless remember the very pleasant visit paid to 
the Irish Americans of Chicago last summer by Mr. Joseph I. C. 
Clarke of New York, President-General of the American Irish 
Historical Society, with the view of reviving the branch of that 
society which was established in this city some years ago? 
Branches are flourishing in most of the large cities of the coun- 
try and surely Chicago Irishmen cannot afford to neglect their 
duty to those of their race who have contributed so much to the 
settling and development of this great western country. 

We of Irish birth and lineage should insist upon getting our 
proper place on the records of this country's achievements. 
At every stage of its eventful history, whether in the peaceful 
conquest of its trackless forests and prairies to civilization, or on 
land and sea in the assertion and defense of its liberty and in- 
tegrity, the Irish element has ever stood shoulder to shoulder 
with others of their fellow citizens in the carrying out of this 
noble work. 

It is a pardonable pride as well as a praiseworthy duty on our 
part to rescue from oblivion and to have compiled into truthful 
history for the proper information of posterity, the noble deeds 
of our ancestors, whether as pioneers, divines, explorers or 
patriots in the upbuilding of this great American Republic of 
ours. With this end in view then, we especially urge your pres- 
ence at the Hotel La Salle, Tuesday evening February 9th, at 
8 o'clock promptly, for the purpose of complying with the request 
of the National Officers of the Association to have established 
in this great city such a vigorous branch as will radiate its in- 
fluence throughout this entire Western country. 

Very sincerely yours, 

Patrick T. Barry, 
Member of National ExectUioe Council. 

John P. Hopkins, 
Stale Vice-President for Illinois, 



no AMERICAN IRISH HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 

Chicago, Feb. ii, 1915. 
Mr. Edward H. Daly, 

Secretary-General, American Irish Historical Society, 
52 Wall Street, New York City. 
Dear Sir: 

Last evening Messrs. John P. Hopkins, P. T. Barry, James 
Plunkett, Wm. P. J. Halley, General Maurice T. Maloney, P. J. 
O'Keefe, Maurice Kane, John J. O'Flynn, Wm. Norton and 
Thomas Carroll held a meeting at the La Salle Hotel and organ- 
ized the Illinois Chapter of the American Irish Historical So- 
ciety. 

We elected the following officers: James Plunkett, President, 
512 Oakwood Blvd., Chicago; P. T. Barry, First Vice-President, 
51 18 Greenwood Ave., Chicago; Gen. Maurice T. Maloney, 
second Vice-President, Ottawa, 111. ; John A. McCormick, Treas- 
urer, 7 W. Madison St., Chicago; Wm. P. J. Halley, Secretary, 
1835 Republic Bldg., Chicago. 

The above officers were appointed a conunittee to appoint any 
other officers and committees necessary to carry on the work of 
the Chapter. 

I was instructed to write you advising you of our action and 
request that you give us necessary information to carry on the 
work of the Chapter. 

We understand the annual dues are $5.00, ^ich goes to the 
parent body, and that we may in addition provide for our local 
Chapter. Please advise if this is correct. Also advise if women 
may become members of the organization. 

Should be glad to hear from you with the necessary informa- 
tion, on receipt of which we will proceed to make an active cam- 
paign for members and hope to build up a Chapter that will be 
active in the work. 

Mr. Barry had a book, which I believe was your last annual 
report, and I should like very much to have a copy of this book 
for my personal use. I regret to say that at present I am not as 
well posted as to the aims and objects of the Society as I wish, 
and any information you can give me will be appreciated. 

Yours very truly, 

Wm. p. J. Halley, 
Secretary, Illinois Chapter American Irish Historical Society. 



CHAPTERS. Ill 

Tbb Amekican Irish Historical Society, 

Acting by iu Executive Council, punuant to the Society's ConstkutioB, at a 
meeting duly held in the City of New York on the lath day of April, 1915, 
hereby oonstitutet 

Patrick T. Barry John McGillen 

George E. Brennan John J. McLaughlin 

Rev. M. J. Brennan Rev. W. J. NcNamee 

Rev. William F. Cahill Maurice T. Moloney 

Thomas H. Cannon Fred G. Moloney 

William D. Cantillon Bernard J. Mullaney 

John T. Connery William D. Munhall 

James J. Conway Ernest Van D. Murphy 

Henry F. Donovan Grace O'Connell 

Thomas F. Donovan Francis O'Neill 

James G. Doyle Rev. Clement P. O'Neill 

John Leo Fay James O'Shaughnessy 

Thomas P. Flynn Michael Piggott 

James M. Graham Frank J. Quinn 

Elbridge Hanecy Rev. M. A. Quirk 

Daniel Hanrahan William J. Reardon 

M. E. Hogan Rev. James Shannon 

John P. Hopkins Francis J. Sullivan 

Robert E. Larldn Roger C. Sullivan 

P. J. Lucey William Twohig 

all of the state of Illinois, and their associates and successors, The American 
Irish Historical Society, Illinois Chapter, subject always to the consti- 
tution and by-laws of the general Society, and to the right, power and privilege 
hereby expressly reserved to the general Society or its Executive Council, at 
any time to add to, amend, alter or repeal this Charter. 

In Witness Whereof, The American Irish Historical Society has 
caused this Charter to be signed by its President-General and attested by its 
Secretary-General, and its corporate seal to be hereunto affixed at the City 
of New York in the State of New York, this 15th day of May, A. D., 1915. 

Joseph I. C. Clarke, 
President-General, 
[seal] 
Attest: 
Edward H. Daly, 
Secretary-General, 

State Chapters, Ten or more members of this Society in good standing may, 
on obtaining a charter from the Executive Council, organize a subsidiary 
chapter in any state or territory of the United States, the District of Columbia, 
the Dominion of Canada, or Ireland. The State Vice-President of this Society 
for the particular state or district shall, by virtue of his office, be the President 



112 AMERICAN IRISH HISTORICAL SOCIETY, 

of such state chapter, he shall preside at the meetings of such chapter and shall 
exercise therein the usual functions of a presiding officer. The members of 
each state chapter of this Society may elect from their own number a Vice- 
Chairman, a Secretary, a Treasurer, and such other officers as may be neces- 
sary to manage the affairs of such chapter. Membership in such subsidiaiy 
chapters shall be limited to persons who are members of this Society in good 
standing. Article VII. Constitution, American Irish Historical Society. 



i^Morical 999tvii' 



8 



RT. REV. JOHN ENGLAND, FIRST BISHOP OF 

CHARLESTON. 

BY REV. THOMAS P. PHELAN, A. M. 

Read at the Seventeeth Annual Meeting of the American Irish Historical 
Sodety. 

On November sixth, 1789, Pope Pius VI by the Bull "Ad 
Futuram" erected an episcopal see at Baltimore and appointed 
Rev. John Carroll its first bishop. The new diocese comprised 
the thirteen original colonies, the territory east of the Mississippi, 
the missions of Maine and New York and the lands north of the 
Ohio River — formerly under the jurisdiction of the Bishop of 
Quebec — and the French and Spanish settlements in the South 
and Southwest, originally attached to the diocese of Santiago de 
Cuba. (Shea, History of the Catholic Church in the United 
States, Vol. II, pp. 382-383.) The acquisition of Louisiana in 
1803, extended the boundaries to the Rocky Mountains. Bishop 
Carroll and his co-adjutor, Bishop Neale, yielding to the infirmities 
of age, were unable to visit this large territory frequently or to 
minister adequately to the spiritual necessities of the rapidly 
growing congregations which were springing up along the At- 
lantic seaboard and in the territory west of the Alleghenies, so 
in 1808, at their recommendation, four new sees were erected 
at Boston, New York, Philadelphia and Bardstown. The crea- 
tion of these new dioceses lightened the labors of the pioneer 
bishop but the original see was still large and in addition. Dr. 
Carroll was burdened with the administration of the extensive 
dioceses of Florida and Louisiana. It was proposed to erect 
Georgia and the two Carolinas into an episcopal see but the 
Bishop demurred, lest the small Catholic population could not 
support the additional burdens. Archbishop Marechal, on his 
accession to the see of Baltimore, fearing for the religious future 
of the faithful on account of their isolation from the episcopal 
see and the irregularities which were creeping in, intimated to 
the Holy See his desire that these three states should be placed 
under their own bishop. His recommendation was approved and 
on July nth, 1820, Pope Pius VII issued a Bull constituting a 

"5 



Il6 AMERICAN IRISH HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 

new diocese with Charleston as the see and Rev. John England, 
an Irish priest, its first bishop. 

John England was bom in the city of Cork September 23, 1786. 
His boyhood was passed amid scenes the most pathetic in Ire- 
land's sad history — ^the abortive rebellion of 1798, Emmet's 
unsuccessful rising, the passage of the act of Union and the de- 
struction of Irish independence, the death struggles of the in- 
famous penal laws and the agitation for Catholic emancipation. 
''His grandfather despoiled of everything had spent years in 
prison; his grandmother died of a fever caused by the cruelty; 
his father for teaching a few scholars, without taking a sacri- 
legious oath was hunted to the mountains." (Shea, Vol. Ill, 

p. 369.) 
These harrowing scenes and recollections never faded from hb 

memory and in maturer years made him a sterling lover of liberty 
and an implacable foe of Albion. When fifteen years of age he 
entered a barrister's office and began the study of law. After 
two years he realized his vocation was for the altar rather than 
the bar so he was matriculated at Carlow college — ^the nursery 
of so many distingubhed Irish ecclesiastics. During his student 
days, he visited the barracks, instructed the militia and estab- 
lished free schools for poor children. In after years he was ac- 
customed to say, that like St. Francis de Sales, he began his 
ministry in a military camp. In 1808 he was ordained and 
returned to his native city. The bishop of Cork at that period 
was Rt. Rev. Francis Moylan, brother of General Stephen Moy- 
lan of Philadelphia, the dashing cavalry leader and bosom friend 
of Washington. Recognizing the brilliant qualities of the young 
levite, he made him preacher at the Cathedral and President of 
St. Mary's college. In addition to his regular duties, he founded 
and edited a monthly magazine. The RtUgious Repertory y visited 
the jails and barracks and advocated the establishment of free 
schools for poor children. During the early years of the agitation 
for emancipation he was chosen editor of the Cork Mercantile 
Chronicle and waged unrelenting warfare on the opponents of 
religious liberty. O'Connell was so pleased with his writings 
and speeches, that in later years he remarked, "With Bishop 
England at my back, I would not fear the whole world before 
me." In a caustic editorial he criticized the jury system and the 



RT. REV. JOHN ENGLAND. II7 

attitude of the judges in political cases. He was taken into 
custody, indicted, found guilty and fined five hundred pounds, 
and in default of payment was conunitted to prison. Owing to a 
technicality in the law he was speedily released. In 1817 he was 
made pastor of Bandon, a town noted for its intense national and 
religious prejudices. Here he supported the national cause so 
vigorously that on one occasion he narrowly escaped death at 
the hands of an infuriated opponent. While engaged in these 
multifarious duties, the news of his nomination as Bishop of 
Charleston came, and although loathe to leave his native soil, 
he bowed to the voice of authority, and bade farewell to his family 
and parishioners. He was consecrated on September 21, 1820, 
and with characteristic independence, refused to take the oath of 
allegiance to the English government; "As soon as I reach my 
see! my first step will be to renounce this allegiance; therefore the 
form is now idle and useless." Three months later he set sail 
from Belfast accompanied by his sister, a priest and some students 
who were to labor in his diocese. 

The territory assigned to the new bishop comprised the states 
of North and South Carolina and Georgia, embracing an area 
of 127,500 miles. Lying between Virginia and Florida, it had 
witnessed the struggles of three great European nations to form 
settlements on its hospitable shores. "It was the frontier upon 
which were waged the last remnants of the piracy and bucaneer- 
ing that had grown out of the mighty Elizabethan world struggle 
between England and Spain." (Fiske, "Virginia and her Neigh- 
bors," Vol. II.) By the discoveries of Ponce de Leon and the 
subsequent voyages of Vasquez de Allyon, the Spanish crown 
laid claim to all the lands from Florida to Chesapeake Bay. The 
voyages of the Cabots, and the ill-fated expeditions of Sir Walter 
Raleigh were the basis of England's claim to the entire region. 
The French Hugenots undertook to found settlements in the 
disputed territory but were defeated and massacred by the 
Spaniards under the leadership of Pedro M enendez. The trans- 
fer of French activities to the basin of the St. Lawrence, the defeat 
of the Spanish Armada, and the decline of that once great nation 
gave England undisputed title to the entire region. During the 
seventeenth century, the Albemarle and Clarendon colonies 
were established in North Carolina, the Ashley colony in South 



Il8 AMERICAN IRISH HISTORICAL SOCIETY, 

Carolina, and finally in the early years of the eighteenth century 
James Oglethorpe laid the foundation of a colony in Georgia, 
destined as a refuge for oppressed English debtors. These settle- 
ments grew slowly, wheii compared with their northern neigh- 
bors, being oppressed by the Spaniards and hostile Indians on 
the southern frontier. When the revolutionary struggle began, 
they cheerfully joined fortune with the men of Virginia and New 
England and during the last three years of warfare, bore the 
brunt of the hostile attack. 

The triumphs of Cromwell and William of Orange and the 
subsequent enforcement of the infamous penal laws, drove 
thousands bf Irish exiles to the American colonies. The Carolina 
settlements received a large quota of these immigrants. "Scarce 
a ship sailed from any of its ports for Charleston that was not 
crowded with men, women and children. The Moores, Rutledges, 
Jacksons, Lynchs, Polks, Calhouns and many other Irish families 
whom we might name, not only distinguished themselves in the 
Carolinas, but became leaders of the very highest reputation in 
national affairs, at least two of them becoming Presidents of the 
United States, and many of them governors, senators and chiefs of 
the army and navy. (Haltigan, **The Irish In the Revolution.") 
"Of all other countries none has furnished the province with so 
many inhabitants as Ireland." (David Ramsay, "History of 
South Carolina.") Georgia, a more distinctively English colony, 
received few Irish settlers until previous to the Revolution, when 
large numbers emigrated from the northern colonies. Knox, 
Hunt, Dooley, McCall, Pollock and Crockett are a few of the 
distinguished Irish names enshrined in the annals of Oglethorpe's 
colony. The remembrance of the many cruelties endured by 
their ancestors never faded from the memories of their descend- 
ants, and when the struggle for freedom came, they kept alive 
the spirit of patriotism, at a time when the liberties of the South 
were well nigh destroyed by the capture of Charleston and Sa- 
vannah and the disastrous campaign of Gates. 

Although visited early in the sixteenth century by Dominican, 
Franciscan and Jesuit priests, who accompanied the Spanish 
expeditions. Catholicity never took root in these colonies. The 
laws of the two Carolinas prevented Catholics from acquiring 
lands or holding office, and the charter of Georgia expressly denied 



RT. RBV. JOHN ENGLAND. II9 

them liberty of conscience. (Cobb, "The Rise of Religious 
Liberty in America."} When the Acadians were expelled from 
their homes after the fall of Louisburgh, five hundred were 
landed in North Carolina and one thousand five hundred in 
South Carolina. Some were placed on ships and sent to France, 
others migrated to Louisiana, a remnant took up lands. Four 
hundred were assigned to Georgia, but were not allowed to land. 
The patriotism of Catholics during the revolutionary struggle 
and the alliance with France and Spain, brought about kindlier 
feelings, and Catholics began to settle in the three southern 
colonies. In 1786 a vessel having a priest on board came to 
Charleston. He said Mass in the house of an Irish settler for a 
congregation of twelve persons. Two years later. Dr. Carroll 
sent Father Ryan to visit the three states. During the next 
twenty years several priests came, but the paucity of Catholics, 
the disputes between the clergy and the trustees, and the irreg- 
ularities which arose, retarded the growth of the church. 

To this diocese, rich in memories of Irish and Catholic achieve- 
ments though poor in numbers and resources, the new bishop came 
in December 1820. 

"When I was appointed Bishop of the diocese of Charleston, 
I found myself burdened with the spiritual care of three large 
states, together containing about a million and a half of people, 
in fact about one seventh of the whole population of the United 
States. There were Catholic refugees from the island of St. 
Domingo; also a few Frenchmen who had succeeded in escaping 
the horrors of the Revolution; lastly a number of immigrants 
from Ireland and the.state of Maryland. In general the Catholics 
were poor and the objects of immense prejudice and they had no 
clergy. Many of the slaves, especially such as had accompanied 
the French refugees were Catholics. Several Indian tribes also 
were found within the diocese, but they were sadly neglected 
through lack of priests. I found upon my arrival one small 
brick church in South Carolina; in Georgia one log and two frame 
edifices — ^in all four churches. In South Carolina there were 
probably two hundred communicants; in Georgia one hundred 
and fifty; in North Carolina, twenty five — a, total of three hun- 
dred and seventy five. In Georgia and South Carolina there were 
only three priests. In coming over from Ireland, I had brought 



120 AMERICAN IRISH HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 

along at my own expense three more whom I have ordained. 
Those who were already here have died or did not long remain. 
I managed to obtain three others, so that I was enabled to assign 
two to Georgia, three to South Carolina, and I personally attend 
to the wants of North Carolina." ("Annates de L'Assodation de 
la Propagation de la Foi.'' Letter of Bishop England, May 27, 
1829.) 

Since the days of the Apostles, no bishop had faced such trying 
conditions in a civilized country. Undaunted however by the 
uninviting prospect Dr. England set out on a visitation of his 
vast diocese. Riding in a rude wagon drawn by two stout ponies 
and driven by a negro boy he covered hundreds of miles over 
roug^ roads and along paths blazed through the pine forests. 
In every hamlet where he found Catholic settlers he said Mass, 
heard confessions, baptized, married, confirmed, preached and 
instructed. He encoun^;ed these little groups to meet every 
Sunday and appointed a person to read prayers and teach cate- 
chism. Wherever he found a growing settlement, he advised the 
faithful to purchase ground, erect a church and hold their or- 
ganization until he could send them a pastor. ' ' The desire to hear 
sermons and lectures brought many non-Catholics to hear a man 
who was famous for his eloquence." He lectured and preached 
in churches, chapels, halls, concert rooms, private houses and oc- 
casionally in the open air. On one occasion he met a convoy of 
wagons carrying cotton to niarket. The leader of the cavalcade 
respectfully approached him and saluting him as ''Mr. Bishop," 
asked him to preach them a sermon, as they had heard " He was 
the most all fired powerful preacher in the country." The Bishop 
acquiesced, and mounting the stump of a tree spoke to them of 
their duties to God and their fellow men. At the close of the 
address the leader thanked him for his kindness and his followers 
gave three cheers for "Mr. Bishop." On another occasion, a 
minister who had attended the lectures during the week, begged 
Dr. England to occupy his pulpit on Sunday as he had had no 
opportunity to prepare a sermon. The Bishop assented, and on 
Sunday morning read some selections from the scriptures, recited 
some prayers and preached a solid discourse on a moral topic. 
During the first visitation he called on Hon. William Gaston, 
the distinguished lawyer and former member of Congress, later a 



RT. REV. JOHN ENGLAND. 121 

judge of the Supreme Court of North Carolina. This was the 
beginning of a friendship which endured during the lifetime of 
these illustrious men. This visitation was repeated yearly during 
the two decades of his episcopate. He was usually absent from 
his cathedral from three to nine months on these missionary 
trips. Although his health was often precarious and the fatigues 
and privations he underwent were gradually undermining his 
strength, he persevered in this work until called to his eternal 
rest. In his episcopal city he performed all the duties of an 
ordinary parish priest, preaching, saying Mass, administering 
the sacraments and visiting the sick. During the yellow fever 
epidemic, he labored day and night, his heroic conduct winning 
encomiums of praise from every side. He was especially devoted 
to the slaves, saying Mass for them every Sunday, instructing 
them in Christian doctrine, and treating them with paternal care 
and tenderest solicitude. His revenues were so meagre he could 
scarcely obtain the bare necessities of Ufe and the arrogance of 
the trustees brought sorrow to his heart. Yet with true mission- 
ary zeal he never faltered, but spent himself in building up the 
diocese entrusted to his care. 

During these journeys, the Bishop foimd many of his people 
ignorant of the doctrines and practices of the faith. To correct 
these evils he organized a Book Society in Charleston and en- 
deavored to establish a branch in every parish. Lack of funds 
and popular apathy retarded the success of the movement, but 
he was not discouraged and in 1822, obtained an act of incorpora- 
tion from the state legislature. He edited and published a cate- 
chism and a new edition of the Missal in English, thus hoping 
to create a taste for reading among his scattered people. To 
afford his co-religionists a medium of communication as well as 
to remove false and erroneous ideas from the minds of non- 
Catholics, he founded, in 1822, The United States Catholic 
Miscellany f the first Catholic paper issued in the United States. 
Its motto was, "Candor, Moderation, Fidelity, Charity, and 
Diligence." Lack of funds caused it to suspend publication be- 
fore the end of the year, but with characteristic courage, he 
began again, and it survived until the Civil War. It was the 
period of controversy, religious and political, and the Bishop 
was ever ready to break a lance with a worthy adversary. His 



122 AMERICAN IRISH HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 

sister, Johanna, who had accompanied him from Ireland, assisted 
in the work, contributing to its columns, and occasionally toning 
down the sternness of his logic. In its pages he discussed religious, 
literary and historical subjects and his works issued after his 
death, in five volumes, consist chiefly of articles from the Mis- 
cellany. His example was followed in more populous centers and 
soon Boston, New York and Philadelphia boasted of Catholic 
papers. 

There was neither college nor academy in Charleston at this 
time, so in 1822 the Bishop founded '*The Philosophical and 
Classical Seminary of Charleston." It was a success from the 
beginning. Catholics and non-Catholics entering their sons as 
pupils. However, religious animosity somewhat retarded its 
growth and in course of time it became almost exclusively a 
Catholic institution. In conjunction with the college he opened 
a seminary which supplied many priests to the home and neigh- 
boring missions. "He was not only president but teacher, com- 
pelled frequently to attend almost all the classes, though gradually 
he was assisted by some candidates for orders, whom he found 
extremely well qualified to communicate knowledge by teaching." 
For the education of girls he founded a community — ^The Sisters 
of Our Lady of Mercy, under the rules of St. Vincent de Paul. 
These sisters opened an academy for the girls of the middle 
classes, a school for free colored girls, and visited the sick poor. 
During the cholera epidemic, they nursed the victims, their 
superior succumbing to the dread scourge. In 1834, he brought 
the Ursulines from Ireland to his diocese but after a struggle with 
poverty and privation they left Charleston. Twelve years later, 
they returned to the scene of their former labors. 

Although struggling with poverty in a small diocese. Bishop 
England found time to interest himself in the welfare of religion 
in other parts of the republic. He visited the important cities 
of the Union, preaching and lecturing, everywhere greeted by 
large ^nd enthusiastic audiences. **He has been justly styled, 
The Father of Our Provincial Councils." Realizing the neces- 
sity for concerted action, he urged his fellow-bishops to meet oc- 
casionally to plan ways and means for the betterment of religion. 
He attended several convocations and aided in framing rules for 
the guidance of the clergy and laity. In 1822 he was commis- 



RT. REV. JOHN ENGLAND. 1 23 

sioned to take charge of the diocese of East Florida. He visited 
that historic region and labored zealously to restore the ancient 
discipline. Ten years later he was appointed Apostolic Delegate 
to Hayti, to revive religion in that unhappy republic. After two 
visits he was able to report to Rome that order was restored and 
the spirit of faith rekindled. While visiting Philadelphia he en- 
deavored to compromise the troubles between Bishop Conwell, 
the trustees and the refractory Hogan but his labors were un- 
successful, and he received the reward of all peacemakers, criticism 
and ingratitude. He made four trips to Europe, visiting his 
native land and the tomb of the apostles, obtaining aid for his 
scattered missions. Indeed his activities were most extraordinary, 
and in the service of religion his mind and body knew no fatigue. 
In civic affairs he took a prominent part in his city and state. 
His voice was ever raised in defence of his adopted country and 
in praise of its institutions. During the nullification troubles 
he acted and spoke with such prudence and moderation as to 
merit the encomiums of every party. A blight on the moral 
character of the American people was the duelling habit. He 
aided in forming an anti-duelling society with the venerable 
Thomas Pinkney as President which materially helped to dis- 
credit the system. In his paper he published an article setting 
forth the immorality and cruelty of the pernicious practice. 
In 1826 he was invited to address Congress in the hall of the 
House of Representatives at Washington, the first Catholic 
ecclesiastic so honored. He spoke to them on revealed religion 
and their duties to God and their fellow-men. "Nothing can 
excuse us from the discharge of this duty. No difference of re- 
ligion can form a pretext for non-compliance. In these happy 
and free states we stand upon the equal grounds of religious 
rig^t; we may freely love and bear with each other and exhibit 
to Europe a contrast to her jealousies in our affection." Nor 
was he forgetful of his native land. As while pastor of Bandon he 
had nobly seconded the efforts of O'Connell and Shiel to obtain 
emancipation for their co-religionists, so in the free republic, he 
encouraged the Irish exiles to aid their brethren in the struggle 
without forgetting their duties to their adopted country. His 
speeches and essays on Irish nationality did much to soften the 
prejudices against these strangers to our shores. 



124 AMERICAN IRISH HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 

Twenty-two years of labor had undermined the strength 
of the illustrious prelate. Never robust, his missionary travels 
and arduous literary occupations had sapped his vital strength. 
To lighten his burdens, a co-adjutor was appointed but after a 
year in Charleston became dissatisfied and was transferred to 
another field. Returning from Europe in the spring of 1842, 
sickness broke out among the steerage passengers and the Bishop 
although broken in health, devoted himself to the sufferers, and 
contracted the dread malady. On reaching his episcopal city 
he was completely prostrated and on April nth, 1842, was called 
to his eternal reward. 

The news of his death came as a shock to the entire country. 
His fidelity to duty had endeared him to the entire church, and 
his whole-souled patriotism was admired by every citizen, ir- 
respective of creed. Letters and resolutions of condolence came 
from every state in the Union, Catholic and Irish societies and the 
members of the hierarchy deploring his untimely loss. In 
Charleston, men of every religious belief joined in praising his 
many virtues. The public buildings were draped in mourning, 
the daily papers spoke most feelingly of his services to the city 
and state, and the Washington Light Artillery and other civic 
and military bodies passed resolutions of respect. The Charleston 
Patriot, a leading newspaper of the time, voiced the sentiments 
of his fellow-dtizens: 

"A divine who illustrated the duties of his lofty calling by his 
personal example — ^whose philanthropy knew no discrimination 
of class, creed or country, whose ability was unquestioned, whose 
learning was ample, whose energies knew no abatement — gone 
to the tomb, with the profound regret of the country in which he 
lived, the intense sorrow of his afflicted congregation, and the 
agonizing grief of a large circle of friends. Honor to his memory 
and reverence to his virtues." 

Bishop England was a scholar of rare literary attainments, and 
a polished and eloquent orator. His labors in his native land 
left him little leisure for books and his missionary career in 
America so occupied his time, that he could not acquire that 
fund of theological knowledge, the fruits of years of patient 
study. His essays in the Catholic Miscellany were often hurriedly 
written and without proper revision, and books for extensive 



RT. REV. JOHN ENGLAND. 1 25 

and accurate research were wanting. Often \idien short of funds 
or help, he went into the printing office and composed brilliant 
articles, not in writing but in type. He had little leisure for 
preparing his sermons and lectures, often collecting his thoughts 
as he rode in railway trains or in his rude carriage. 

"He was a writer well acquainted with the important subjects 
which he treated, and singularly gifted with the power of close 
and exact logic, and with the happy talent of communicating his 
thoughts in a style remarkable for perspicuity and strength — 
always easy and natural — often charming by its beauty, or warm- 
ing by its fervor — and sometimes elevating us by its sub- 
limity." 

As a citizen he was loyal and true to his adopted country. 
He loved and admired the constitution and customs of the re- 
public and endeavored to instil the same principles in the hearts of 
the emigrants who came to our shores. When delicate questions 
arose threatening the integrity of the Union, he was singularly 
tactful and prudent, counselling moderation and compromise. He 
was not a partisan in politics but a sincere patriot anxious for 
the welfare of the republic. 

As an Irishman, he revered the land of his forefathers. The 
pathetic scenes of boyhood days never faded from his memory 
and he was always ready to assist any movement for the ameliora- 
tion of his suffering countrymen. To the last he was a friend of 
the great Liberator, aiding him in the struggle for emancipa- 
tion, approving hb crusade for the repeal of the Union. 

As a bishop he was a worthy successor of the Apostles. His 
see was poor, his flock small and widely scattered. He received 
little aid from without in the herculean task of upbuilding his 
diocese. Yet in two score years, he had removed scandals, 
aroused a spirit of faith, enforced discipline, crushed the tyranny 
of trusteeism and placed his diocese on a fair financial basis. He 
had established a seminary, a college, two schools for girls, and a 
newspaper and developed a taste for good literature among his 
scattered flock. Among the pioneer bishops of the republic his 
name stands high on the roll of fame for his courage, perseverance 
and zeal. 

As a churchman, patriot and scholar, Bishop England has left 



126 AMERICAN IRISH HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 

his mark on the pages of Irish and American history, and his 
name and fame will endure as long as love of God and country 
are the cardinal principles of the American people. 

BIBLIOGRAPHY. 

Cobb, Sandford H. "The Rise of Religious Liberty in America." 

Condon, Edward O'Meagher. "The Irish Race in America." 

Dunn and Lennox. "The Glories of Ireland." 

Fiske, John. "Virginia and Her Neighbors." Vol. II. 

Griffin, Martin I. J. "American Catholic Historical Researches." 1905- 

191 1. 
Haltigan, James. "The Irish in the American Revolution." 
Hayes and Mahon. "Trials and Triumphs of the Catholic Church in 

America." 

Kirlin, Rev. Joseph L. J. " Catholicity in Philadelphia." 
Maguire, John Francis, M. P. "The Irish in America." 
Murray, John O'Kane. "The Catholic Pioneers of America." 
McElrone, Hugh P. "The Choice Works of Rt. Rev. John England." 
McGee, Thomas D'Arcy. "A History of the Irish Settlers in North Amer- 
ica." 
O'Connell, Rev. J. J., O. S. B. " Catholicity in the Carolinas and Georgia. 
O'Corman, Rt. Rev. Thomas. "A History of the Roman Catholic 

Church in the United States." 
O'Hanlon, Rev. John Canon. " Irish American History." 
Ramsay, David. " History of South Carolina." 
Reynolds, Rt. Rev. Ignatius A., D. D. "The Works of Rt. Rev. John 

England." 
Shea, John Giln^ary. " History of the Catholic Church in the United States." 

Vols. II and III. 
Smith, Rev. John Talbot, LL. D. " The Catholic Church in New York." 
United States Catholic Historical Society. "Historical Records and 

Studies." Vols. II and III. 
Winsor, Justin. " History of America." Vols. III-IV and V. 



i 



STATUE OF GENERAL PHILIP KEARNV. 
It Acllutoa Cemetery. WashinEton. O. C Novemb 



GH\'-'RAf. '••. A. iR^y. }J7 



IHIl IP KKX' NY. 

V ''. Davit] M F lynn, Vu** I *••.- •• i » "c Ame •• in Jr.'*. Hi-iori- 
-N^Tft J<r*^y at iKe Se\"j.t*«'i tx • .• xa 1 Mtrtin of t'u SKie*> 



t I 



t-iiun of !he unv<ihn.r ?f Um* >. uie to !»< i^t;!! K.Mrny 

\r..'.."'»r. C ei'it/torv, Xox-^rMl^Kr f : A.isa notat lo one. While 

nis S- ' Was iT^'t foT' t'!\ pp''^''i" t. the IVoNidr-.t -^'f the 

Unit itt;s, an honv»rc'i nitji.Sr ¥ .- -<'nt anJ p.ih; aw.'^rm 

trit'\ - r ; '-c ch«ira« i< r an*l wortii »f • . ' t\*'a'n\. I iiave t.jL* a 

th • • :«t inojrj-oi.in* h.s t^.i^'rf-; f f"') m tbis pa,»'/r t »r 

f ; ! ":> ' 1 ;n < iir ann»ial Joi;rn.il M* - : i vk* j i,* more <n 1*!>3 

' * f *.i't 'plendkl re< f'lci *^>f * .t '.^ .i' K .rnv sc) I will i- .» 

■ ', ,.-^ -..n \<'.ir kind i»duli^ci:<-t 'wu- . ' n is n.'i(v:.afv to 

•uaint , J wiih the can»cr <f N a * i , v ^ u'l, « mniati-. 

' * i'i;r. 

What do Uic ».ir-<if>ir 
WhtMi the nn ui» .ITS in; ■ ' *• , 
l^ndt.r *'.i <'• ' red, w i *• .*i • ' •; •■ 

i v> rht- tea! -*'»n rT'.<*rl «\f** and hi a- • ' * /•.:> 
Whit liO the M^'^r-drum* .-•, 

Ov<r :he *or!d a\^<i^ 

Tr" ' iit* . r .rl mid ri\l >l u • *» . • 

CfO b.* . -Ml ts end !»• .-w r 

Oj tl.t .ilUnt brii »-•;•, 

Iioni fwitnot M«,i:tr'i and iovr. :.:ir v ■ • 

Awa^ I .n a^ ' t'> »h< (•rin\>*>'. tr, 

Artd tj't \'>\< * il t.e back M^^mt tV. > ' 

rht- s«^or> of human life fro.ii the ear'I.'St t^ i«»: ">t ;.'^to:v 

iown To (>ii' d;i\ is a record -tf almost coii'muil ♦'.•."• • l../^t\V'.o.i 

■. lividudK, tri^M-s or clan;, *;t Uis or natio.vs aisd vsi b^^;, tJ f •^■ 

'"ds trie history of oar ra<'*" miv:ht be on-pr-v^id In^" :ii>K!rv' 

.'i volumes —of social au(i civil Iiappciur.»'S. Itoiu a ;>.u»-ly 

. j.n standpoint this, as a matter of coj"^v >- iiiht u^ it ur 

v,-'t expect from a rare whuh I)c^\iTi i-h (Mrthly rinx^r b\ i 

• *>U3 ^^each of discipline and a rf;hellio»;H ituiude t^' i".- M* 

. a"^ giver. *«^r we could hardly expect that t rcatures w(*u'd n -; ^ • . 

authority ol their fellow beint;s who had rejc( ted r!:e ai:*'.- - ^ 

vheir Maker. Consequently all society and all jx^acef'*' v . 



t . ' ► 



STATUE OF GENERAL PHILIP KEARNY. 

ic AilioEIOD Cemetery, Washington, D. C, Novcmb 
Rrproitiilion by Ann 



CAV H-i I. '• . . A.- iR.\ Y I. '7 



n.Ml IP tiy \ ',Y. 

\'*ir.t* 1 t" ."t^T ' \')v "ut'- r r i . ■ was a nwia* ,c i*iie. While 

•If iv; vi.»s ri"! (<- "f' iUv pf^'t .'-»• •*. iht l*ri<icJt .1 f*l the 

' nit- • '. i'l hoiV'^'c 1 mt irJi r v. *: ■ oMiit amJ pii" .iv\;.rm 

rr.:-.. ' i:. I ii ir.u a-r aiul wort'i >1 • 'lK«'ain>. 1 hdvt' t,»\. n 

■h • ^ ii.for.K.i.uf h:s **M«h'* j !''U m this pj.kt i -r 

: ' 1 •^. • -11 annual Journal M- t I y *t\ . e m<*ni ur * -.< 

*» * -.ht r>ltntiid rei^>nl ot (,tiA .<! K'\j;ny i»o I w.!l i i 

' • '. <t,r Ivind indul^Civ'. ' »r..i r ■- .n i^^ n^Hi'--.an *♦' 

';uaJr' • with the carccM <f N. ••' ' • • : f. HM?ri m ntati ,• 

■ 

What do the *.iF-(lr';.f* 
Whc'i th<' r'% int4)ts rn. r- ' ."• •. 
I'»^at:r iht v' ' Til'., wii •• i:'M .»: .' 

io'^*' it;!.-v!»fr;n>r*! tvC'i and J 'M •• •* -i-,.- 
Wh-it «*o t*-e ^^;i^-(i^lJlTl^ ^.' 

i)\vr the »or!d a\\.i. 

T*-i he -aT**!'. .1.11 fiJ at til- .1 ': 

(])o b. . .■ '•t> .'"'"^ '-'; •!' - 

n* tht : '.ll.int brii 'i' - 

;'.'n:i r»iirif)t hk i r t-r^ and ov. ..'it *• . • 

Awa\ ' '»\.a\ ! io »lu' < rinij"** i ri • 

Alt.; vnt i jv^ will be hack •^jmt tViv" 

r^t- s'-fyr, of human litV f^'sii the f.iri*.»st iv fi"<: of iiismry 

:./i^'n *' o; • ila> is a rt^C'^rd 'J alnu^st coi'Mnual \^ ..- 1* :;• l^twwn 

* v^■i hmK. tr!'rt\s or claii.i. *Ntati-< or nafu^s M^'Ci wi^hof tiu'so 

•■:!s rt.e history of our rare mit:ht !h: '<»n:on^MU into ^-undry 

•\ v('Pime<^ "*-*{ serial and rivil han^t -uliis. From a partly 

'. iH standtM^int this, as a niatter ot C(>iirs<\ i.- just wJiat ^^e 

' . I expect from a race whiih iKn-an its earthly rareer b\ a 

■ .»us *"Tf'it:h vif dis*npline and a reSclHoiis attitude to its first 

iwgiver. St we conld hardly expect that crv.atu^es would resiK-ct 

' ' d'ithoriry of their fellow beings who had reje< led the authority 

' UKir ^lli^er. Consequently all society and all peaceful ^ ixih- 



GENERAL PHIL KEARNY. 127 

PHILIP KEARNY. 

Read by Col. David M. Flynn, Vice-Preaident of the American Irish Histori- 
cal Society for New Jersey at the Seventeenth Annual Meeting of the Society. 

The occasioii of the unveiling of the statue to General Kearny 
at Arlington Cemetery, November nth, was a notable one. While 
this Society was not formally represented, the President of the 
United States, an honored member was present and paid a warm 
tribute to the character and worth of Phil Kearny. I have taken 
the liberty to incorporate his address in full in this paper for 
publication in our annual Journal. Most of you are more or less 
familiar with the splendid record of General Kearny so I will not 
trespass upon your kind indulgence longer than is necessary to 
acquaint you with the career of New Jersey's representative 
soldier. 

What do the war-drums say, 

When the regiments march away 

Under the old red, white and blue 

Whose blown stripes ripple "Farewell" to you — 

To the tear-dimmed eyes and hearts so true. 

What do the war-drums say? 

Over the worid away 

To the wrath and red of the fray 

Go bayonets and blades 

Of the gallant brigades, 

From patriot mothers and loved fair maids 

Away! away! to the crimson fray: 

And the boys, will be back some day? 

The Story of human life from the earliest period of history 
down to our day is a record of almost continual warfare between 
individuals, tribes or clans, states or nations, and without these 
records the history of our race might be compressed into sundry 
small volumes — of social and civil happenings. From a purely 
human standpoint this, as a matter of course, is just what we 
might expect from a race which began its earthly career by a 
serious breach of discipline and a rebellious attitude to its first 
Lawgiver, for we could hardly expect that creatures would respect 
the authority of their fellow beings who had rejected the authority 
of their Maker. Consequently all society and all peaceful civili- 



128 AMERICAN IRISH HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 

zation have ever since been dependent upon the outcome of war 
in some manner or form; and such being the case, we logically 
find that the great heroes of the world's history have been the 
soldiers — the men who, sacrificing their own interests, have 
defended their country upon the field of battle to secure for them- 
selves and their fellows the right of a peaceful existence in their 
chosen lands. Such is the plea that is put forth by all who go into 
battle on land or on sea. Were all men actuated by the spirit of 
Christ, the Prince of Peace, there would be no occasion for war 
and the soldier's life as we know it would be uncalled for, but 
unfortunately even our so-called Christian nations have not yet 
reached that degree of perfection, as present-day events prove 
so conclusively. This is our only excuse for introducing the soldier 
into our annual meetings, for all men and women admire the 
soldier who is ready to sacrifice himself for the love of his country 
and his kin. Volumes have been written for and against the 
professional soldier to glorify or belittle him, and here I want to 
give you a brief sketch of a soldier — a high-class soldier — one who 
from the busy streets of this great city gave his life to the service 
of his country with patriotic and unselfish devotion rarely equalled 
or excelled — General Phil Kearny, one of the cleanest and best 
of the heroes of the Civil War. To most of you his name is famil- 
iar as an example of that dashing American Irish courage which 
has done so much to win victory and give glory to our country 
in the days of her perilous need. Time will not permit me to go 
into the numberless details of his eventful life. Let me simply 
assure you that he was a natural bom fighter, and from his child- 
hood through his manhood the soldier instinct and bearing dis- 
played itself on all occasions till he fell from his horse mortally 
wounded at the battle of Chantilly, September i, 1862. 

Though an American by birth, and intensely American in his 
sympathies, Philip Kearny carried in his veins blood that dis- 
tinguishes the leading nations of Europe. 

On his father's side he was Irish, and thence he derived his 
impulsive, danger-courting blood, the temper that never stops 
to count odds nor calculate chances, the temper that has dis- 
tinguished the ''fighting race" and filled the pages of history 
with the heroic achievements of ''Kelly and Burke and Shea." 

On his mother's side there were two diverse elements not often 



GENERAL PHIL KBARNY. 139 

combined in one person — the strong native sense, and the direwd 
common sense of the canny Scot, and the fiery nature, the love 
of pomp, splendor and beauty, the ardent soul and chivalric 
bearing of the Gaul. 

The cousin and executor of our hero has a family tree, showing 
all the marriages as far back as 1506, and traces back the family 
long anterior to that date, to two brothers who first settled in 
Ireland. The name was originally O'Clearman, which meant 
"soldier." Kearny, in its original spelling, Ceamach, in Gaelic 
or Celtic, does signify "soldier."* The name must have been 
derived from some deed of note in war, for all private names are 
in one sense derivatives. Kearny was thus not only a soldier 
by name but by nature, and a true inheritor not only of the desig- 
nation but of the spirit of his race. 

It is seldom that a man bom to command, and imbued with all 
the peculiar characteristics of a military leader (that is, one who 
would be selected from the crowd as a soldier-bom) has not 
spnmg from a race of soldiers, or been brought up amid military 
associations, or who has not in his veins the blood of those races 
which instinctively produce soldiers, for such races do undeniably 
exist. Prominent among them is the Celtic race, which has been 
tempered by the Frank (pure Saxon), or Gothic blood in France, 
and by the Gothic in Spain. 

As early as 1716, a Kearny settled in Monmouth County, 
New Jersey. He came from Ireland and was a man of some note. 
His son, Philip Kearny, an eminent lawyer, died July 25, 1775, 
less than a year before the Declaration of Independence. One 
of his sons, Francis, entered the Royal service as a Captain in 
the Loyal American Regiment of New York. In 1782 he appears 
as a Major in Allen's Corps of Pennsylvania Royalists. He rose 
to a Lieutenant Colonelcy, went to Ireland after the war, married, 
and would seem to have settled and died there. 

Philip Keamy, the son of the first Philip, removed to Newark, 
and left children, whose descendants are set down as living in 
New York. He was the grandfather of Brevet Major-General 

*Eeamf it a term signifying tc^diera in Irish liistory. For the term O'Qearman 
Kearny, the inquisitive readet is referred to Dr. Keating's History of Ireland, where the 
genealogy of the O'Keamys is to be found. In GcUc "Cliar" means "gallant" or "brave." 
and "Man/* "hand." Consequently Keamy O'Cliar-Man doubtless signified "the soldier 
of. or with, the brave hand." "Ceamach" is likewise translated "victorious." 
9 



I30 AMERICAN IRISH HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 

Stephen Watts Kearny, U. S. Army, and of Philip, the father of 
Major-General Philip Kearny, Jr., U. S. Volunteers, the patriot 
and martyr. 

Philip Kearny was born, according to the majority of accounts, 
on June 2, 1815 — his brother-in-law, whose wife, Susan Kearny, 
had the family bible, says June i, 18 14, which collateral cir- 
cumstances would go to prove was the correct date— at No. 3 
Broadway, in the First Ward of the City of New York. It, 
together with the adjoining building. No. i, was formerly owned 
by his great-uncle. Honorable Archibald Kennedy, then Captain, 
B. N., who married Miss Anne Watts, eldest sister of Honorable 
John Watts, Jr., who purchased, in 1792, and subsequently lived 
and died in No. 3. 

No. I Broadway was built by Captain Kennedy, and stood 
next to the glacis of Fort George. It was an elegant mansion, and 
only rivaled by one other in the city, that of Honorable William 
Walton, Esq., in Queen Street, now Franklin Square, who married 
Maria De Lancey, niece of the first John Watts and cousin of the 
second. Mr. Walton's affluence, and generous entertainment of 
the British officers, led to the taxation of the colonies, and event- 
ually to the Revolution. While the British held New York, the 
first story of No. 3 served as a Post Office, the slits remaining evi- 
dent in the doors down to 1836. The company-rooms, lofty and 
spacious, were in the second story. When public entertainments 
were given, these latter were connected with the grand apartments 
in No. I by a staircase and bridge. These two buildings were 
among the very few that escaped the great fires of 1776 and 1778. 

Neither Philip Kearny, father nor son, were residents or citi- 
zens of New Jersey, in the strict sense of the word. The father 
inherited a country house near Newark, but his home was in 
New York. About the year 1820 he had a house at Greenwich, 
on the North River, about the foot of the present West 20th 
Street. General Kearny's mother, at that time, was in very deli- 
cate health. She was a lovely character, and a charming woman. 
She died while the General was still young. About 1827, Philip 
Kearny, Sr., lived on the east side of Broadway, nearly opposite 
Morris Street, then called Little Beaver Street, or Beaver Lane. 

While the Kearny family lived in Broadway opposite Morris 
Street, Philip was a pupil at Ufford's School, on the west side of 
Broadway, near the comer of Cedar Street. 



GENERAL PHIL KEARNY. 131 

Young Philip Kearny inherited a great many of the peculiarities 
of his maternal grandfather, his generosity, energy, determina- 
tion, love of horses, and wonderful horsemanship. He was a 
delicate boy, holding himself somewhat aloof from promiscuous 
companionship, and was averse to any violent exercise, except 
horseback riding, which seems to have been almost a passion with 
him from childhood. In the saddle he made up for his ordinary 
quietness of demeanor. He is related to have been a graceful, 
dashing, reckless rider when a mece boy. 

What he was in early years is clearly depicted in a letter of the 
Rev. Dr. Ogilby, ih^ officiated with so much eloquence and 
feeling at the floral decoration of his grave, in Trinity Church- 
yard, New York City, by the members of Post Phil Kearny, 
No. 8, G. A. R., of the Department of New York, on Sunday, 
June 1st, 1868: 

In my boyhood we were neighbore, and, at dmes, playmates. My recol- 
lection of him is that of a mild and gentle boy, whose dark eye was distin- 
guished rather for softness than for that fire which kindled it in later life. I 
remember, when I heard of his conspicuous gallantry in the Mexican War, I was 
astonished, and said to myself, " Can this be the gentle boy of my early re- 
membrance?" I never met him afterwards until we were brought together by 
the hand of death. In the midst of the war he came from the thickest of the 
fight to bury a child who had been stricken down in the apparent security 
of a peaceful home. Such is our mortal life! I officiated at the funeral of the 
child, over the same grave upon which the flowers were so soon strewn upoa 
the dust and ashes of the father. 

In May, 1830, he entered the Cold Spring School, at Phillips- 
town, in the Highlands, with the intention of preparing himself, 
for admission to Columbia College, New York City, which he 
entered, as a sophomore, in the fall of 1830. 

One of his relatives, an enthusiast in military literature, 
represents Kearny as having always had the greatest interest in 
military matters. At fifteen he was extensively read in the mili- 
tary history of our own and foreign countries, had his favorite 
horses, and his room was decorated with their pictures. His 
conversation partook largely of the same character. He studied 
the battles of great captains, and with mimic soldiers fought them 
over again, addressing himself with industry to master the de- 
tails of the engagements of Caesar, Marlborough, and Napoleon, 
and, with maps and models, repeating the strategic moves upon 
which the fate of nations so often hung. 



132 AMERICAN IRISH HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 

He went to Europe in 1834, accompanied by his cousin, J. 
Watts De Peyster. There his only idea seemed to be looking at 
soldiers and their maneuvers. He would be out of bed with 
first dawn, to wander forth and watch the exercises of a regiment 
of cavalry. Artillery he never had any eye or taste for, and then 
but very little for infantry. 

On September 3, 1836, the death of his grandfather, Honorable 
John Watts, set young Kearny free, at last. For several years 
he had been chafing under the restraints of civil life, like a caged 
eagle or panther. At once he exerted all his interest in obtaining 
a commission in the United States Cavalry, and on March 8, 
1837, was appointed Second Lieutenant of the ist U. S. Drs^pons, 
conunanded by his uncle. General Stephen Watts Kearny. 

By a singular circumstance Jefferson Davis was Captain in the 
same regiment of dn^oons at the time that Philip Kearny was 
Lieutenant. How widely divergent their subsequent paths of 
life and thought. 

In the year 1839, the French government accorded to the 
United States permission to send three officers to follow the course 
of instruction in their military school at Saumur. Our Govern- 
ment selected Lieutenant Kearny as one of them. He went there 
in 1840. These three youths made good use of their time, and 
among other things made a translation for our Government of 
French military tactics, afterwards translated by Hardee. Later 
Kearny left the school to go with the French forces to Africa. 
He was attached to the first Chasseurs d'Afrique (Colonel Guie, 
under General Pays de Bourjolly), and was present at at least 
two engagements, the taking of Millionat and the second battle 
of the Col di Yeveah. 

Lieutenant Kearny returned from France in 1841, and was 
attached to the staff of General Scott, in whose military family 
he remained till the outbreak of the war with Mexico. Having 
risen at that time to be captain of dragoons, he went to the West, 
and principally in Illinois, recruited his company. He was 
determined that it should be worth leading, and called to his aid 
his private fortune. He offered a premium additional to govern- 
ment bounty, both for men and horses. A rather eccentric but 
patriotic lawyer, resident in Springfield, Illinois, Abraham Lin- 



GENERAL PHIL KEARNY. 133 

coin by name, took much interest in his plans and aided their 
execution. And when the young captain took the field, it was 
at the head of one hundred men, selected for their superiority as 
horsemen and their intelligence, mounted each on an iron-gray 
charger, picked for speed and blood. Such another troop the 
army did not possess. General Scott took it as his body-guard. 
And, therefore, its leader burned in vain for personal distinction 
through all Scott's magnificent campaign imtil the battle of 
Churubusco, fought, it will be remembered, at the very gates of 
Mexico. But it is evident that the position beside the General- 
in-Chief must have tended to perfect the ambitious young ofiicer 
in military strategy. 

At this battle of Churubusco, to prevent being outflanked, 
General Scott had given up his escort, and retired upon his center, 
having first detached Captain Kearny for "general service." 
An opportunity soon offered for distinguished usefulness, his 
behavior in which is thus described by General Harney in his 
report: "At this moment, perceiving that the enemy were re- 
treating in disorder on one of the main causeways leading to the 
city, I collected all the calvary within my reach, consisting of 
Captain Ker's company of Second Dragoons, Captain Kearny's 
company of First Dragoons, and Captains McReynolds' and Du- 
pene's companies of the Third Dragoons, and pursued them 
vigorously until we were halted by the discharge of batteries at 
the gate. Many of the enemy were overtaken in the pursuit and 
cut down by our sabres. I cannot speak in terms too compli- 
mentary of the manner in which this charge was executed. My 
only difficulty was to restrain the impetuosity of my men and 
officers, who seemed to vie with each other who should be fore- 
most in action. Captain Kearny gallantly led his squadron into 
the very intrenchments of the enemy, and had the misfortune 
to lose an arm from a grape-shot fired at one of the main gates of 
the capital." 

For his gallantry on this occasion Captain Kearny was pro- 
moted to be Major. In 1 850-1 852, he was employed in California 
and Oregon against the Indian tribes, and then, resigning his 
commission, traveled throughout Europe and the Elast, making 
his residence in Paris. He returned to this country for a short 



IJ4 AMERICAN IRISH HISTORICAL SOCIETY, 

time at various periods, but lived principally in that great metrop- 
olis thenceforward until the breeidng out of the rebellion in this 
country. 

In 1859 the Italian war occurred. Major Kearny lost no time 
in endeavoring to witness the art he so enthusiastically studied, 
(w4ien practiced on so grand a scale) was attached aide-de-camp 
to the staff of General Morris, commanding the cavalry of the 
guard, and was present, under fire, at the battle of Solferino. 

As soon as it was clear that the existence of the American nation 
was imperiled, and that war on this continent was imminent, 
Major Kearny broke up his luxurious establishment in Paris and 
hastened to tender his sword to his Government. He arrived in 
this country early in the spring of 1861, applied to General Scott 
for employment, and, at his instance, sought a commission first 
from the Governor of New York, who evidently declined the 
services of a one-armed soldier, for Major Kearny lost no time in 
crossing the river to New Jersey where he was enthusiastically 
welcomed and a commission was soon issued to him to lead New 
Jersey *s forces to the front and according to history "the Jersey 
Blues" or Kearny's brigade, were pretty much to the front 
throughout the war. 

When the news of Bull Run came, he at once proclaimed his 
willingness to lead a regiment, or even to take a subordinate line 
command in any which should be raised. But the good Lincoln, 
who had recognized the Captain Kemey, (as he pronounced his 
name) whom he had known in Illinois while raising his famous 
troop, in the one-armed Major Kearny about whom so much had 
been said to him by friends and foes, hastened, after that terrible 
national disgrace, to surround himself with all worthy command, 
and high upon his list of brigadiers placed the name of Philip 
Kearny. 

Within twenty-four hours after notice of his appointment, he 
joined the troops at Alexandria. 

It would be useless, I say, to recite the horrors and glories of 
tiiose unparalleled fields, and particularize the efforts and suc- 
cesses which attend the fighting division of "Fighting Phil 
Kearny." Suffice it to say that his troops were always engaged; 
his commanding eye always busy; his successes always resplen- 
dent, even when all around was defeat; and that he always pur- 



GENERAL PHIL KEARNY. 135 

chased what he earned by the same high qualitiee of iodomitable 
courage, sustained by self-exposure, inspiring his men at once by 
the skill which they saw him display, and by the fearlessness and 
magnanimity with which he slw^ya went wherever he declared 
it their duty to go. 

The exact circumstances of his death demonstrate that he did 
not owe it to recklessness (as generally supposed, and even di- 
rectly asserted in Greeley's popular history of the war) but to 
that provident care for his troo[>s and professional zeal which 
were his marked characteristics. 

General Kearny was on a black horse, and covered with his 
india-rubber cloak. It was late in the evening — dark with clouds, 
the drizzly rain, and the shade of the woods. He determined to 
see for himself if such a danger existed as such a gap in the Union 
Une. Bidding Colonel Medill stay behind he dashed forward to 
inspect. Pollard says: "General Kearny met his death in a 
singular manner. He was out reconnoitering, when he suddenly 
came upon a Georgia regiment. Perceiving danger, he shouted, 
'Don't fire — I'm a friend' — but instantly wheeled his horse 
around, and, lying flat upon the animal, had escaped many bul- 
lets when one struck him at the bottom of the spine, and ranging 
upward, killed him almost instantly." 

As a tactician. General Kearny had no superior. He was always 
at home, knowing exactly what to do and how to do it. His 
facility of organization was remarkable. His camp was a model 
one, so orderly, so clean, so carefully regulated. There was not 
a rule of drill with which he was not familiar. There was no end 
to the perfection at which he aimed; and marvelous were the 
results of his discipline. The First New Jersey Brigade were 
acknowledged to be among the best troops in the army, but they 
were only what their general made them. The best illustration 
of his skill in tactics and his power over men, is found in the 
battle of Williamsburg. His division had only known him three 
days, yet he handled them so confidently, so coolly, so judiciously, 
that they leaped at once, new and raw troops though they were, 
to the rank of the fighting division of the army. And, throughout 
all the battles he fought, his tact in command was conspicuous. 
At Manassas, with his Echelon movement on the enemy; at Fair 
Oaks, where, dexterously changing front, he established a new 



136 AMERICAN IRISH HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 

line, and, seizing his opportunity, found safety in the momentary 
defeat when capture stared him in the face; at the New-Market 
road; and in fact, at every battle; he managed his division with 
a simple readiness which demonstrated his fitness for the highest 
command. 

But it was his magnetic power to inspirit and command which 
was his chief distinction, the result, doubtless, of the combination 
in him of great personal bravery, coolness in action, promptness of 
resolution, strength of will, thorough knowledge of human nature 
and of that evident enthusiasm, called by the French, Han, 
which lifted him up in a sort of military intoxication, and made 
all follow him as they follow one inspired. Considering these 
qualities seriatim, his personal bravery was simply amazing. 
When Scott called him "bravest of the brave," he spoke but the 
literal truth. He absolutely knew no fear. Like most soldiers, 
he approached fatalism in sentiment. His time was to come — 
when, who knew? Who could hasten, who defer it? Riding up 
and down, in front of his troops at Williamsburg, he shouted to the 
rebels, within pistol-shot, "Shoot away!" while to his troops, 
securely posted among the timber, he cried, "Boys, don't be 
afraid ; they're not shooting at you, they're shooting at me. Give 
it to them!" We can almost imagine his martial form before us, 
erect as a statue, appearing to be part of his restless, bounding 
horse, all the soldier in his looks, his eye fired with the excitement 
of the strife he loved, his single arm raised aloft, at one moment 
in defiance to his foes, at the other, encouraging his inexperienced 
and timid troops — ^the impersonation of enthusiastic war; while 
his voice tnunpet-toned, shouted alternately cool command and 
proud derision. No wonder that he seemed to the rebel hordes 
the "one-armed devil." No wonder that, for very shame, the 
craven among our own people were craven no longer, and men he 
never saw before followed him as if some grim denizen of another 
world had been suddenly sent to lead them to victory. Undoubt- 
edly his unrivaled martial bearing was a great, perhaps the chief, 
source of his personal influence. But his success was much more 
due to his peculiar coolness in action. An associate in Mexico 
described him as even then growing cooler as the battle raged. 



GENERAL PHIL KEARNY. lyj 

So do the war-drums say 

Where the swords are keen to play. 
But what of the life blood that falls like dew? 
It has crimsoned the stripes of the flag for you, 
And gives the stars to its heaven of blue! 

So, do the war-drums say. 

Thus passed from the ranks of the Union army one of her most 
daring and accomplished soldiers, a Major-Generai beloved by 
his soldiers and esteemed by his superior officers. To him was 
not allowed the privilege to be mustered out of service at the end 
of that four years' war or to revisit the scenes of his childhood and 
recount the trials and hardships of a soldier's campaign. To him 
it was not given to see a reunited country and to welcome 2^;ain 
the old flag floating over all the states. And when his remains 
were brought back to his mansion on the banks of the Passaic, 
the memory of this gallant soldier stirred the hearts of all who 
recalled him. It was a solenm but beautiful tribute of personal 
esteem from his fellow-dtizens of New York and New Jersey 
when they followed his remains to Trinity Churchyard and laid 
them away where future generations when they read the history 
of their coimtry's struggles, may honor his memory. 

There were other names on the record of fame, some that grew 
larger as the war proceeded, but applying the old Spartan eulogy 
of a Spartan hero to General Phil Kearny, let me say: 

If Phil Kearny's name is not higher up on our country's roll 
of honor, then let his epitaph be — 

The Union had many a soldier greater than he. 



"Personal and Military History of Philip Kearny." By J. Watts De Pey- 
ster. 

"Beecher's Illustrated Magazine." Volume III and IV, September 1871. 

" Kearny's Service with the French Troops in Africa." By an Officer in the 
United States Army. 

"The Northern Monthly Magazine." Volume II, November 1867. 

"Rev. W.T.Leahy." 

"Cortland Parker." 



138 AMERICAN IRISH HISTORICAL SOCIETY, 

President Woodrow Wilson, at Dedication of Monument 
TO General Kearny, at Arlington Cemetery, Novem- 
ber II, 1914. 

Mr. Chairman, Governor Fielder, Ladies and Gentlemen: It is 
with a sort of sober pleasure that I find myself here to-day. It 
was my privilege as Governor of New Jersey to assemble the 
group of men who have so admirably discharged the duty im- 
posed upon them of preparing a fitting memorial statue of General 
Phil Kearny. I feel that it was a privilege to play some part in 
accomplishing this result. 

I, of course, never knew General Kearny, but every story I 
have heard told about him makes me realize the charm and the 
power which the man exercised. There is no charm in a human 
being who does not make his fellow-men feel the touch of com- 
radeship and sympathy. I take it that General Phil Kearny at 
once made you feel that he was a likeable and trustworthy man 
to begin with, and that his power consisted in the performance of 
his duty in such fashion that he knew that if you were in his 
position you would perform the duty in the same way. Soldiers do 
not resent severity if that severity wears the handsome garb of 
duty. A good disciplinarian is not hateful if he be an admirable 
man. And I take it that these qualities were combined in Phil 
Kearny. 

It is always a good sign if a man's comrades abbreviate his 
first name. There is almost the touch of the hand in the mere 
familiarity of the designation. If soldiers speak of their chief as 
"Phil," you may know that they feel that he is of the same stuff 
as they are, and that he feels this in his own heart, and moves 
among them as one of themselves. 

I know that the quality of this man b constantly revealed in 
all the things that are told about him. There is nothing noble or 
admirable in war in itself; but there is something very noble and 
admirable, occasionally, in the causes for which war is undertaken, 
and there is something very noble and admirable in some of the 
characters which war develops. If a man's character can go 
through the fire and come out resplendent, then you know that 
it is of the true quality of the best human stuff. This is a char- 
acter that was evidently tested by fire. It apparently coveted the 



GEKERAL PHTL KRARNY. 1)9 

test of fire. There was no need that Kearny should fight in the 
French army, but when there was sacrifice at hand, and gallantry 
to be indulged in, he wanted to be in the game. I take it that he 
had nothing against the Algerians; I take it that he had nothing 
against the Italians; I take it, for that matter, that he had nothing 
against the Mexicans; but when there was this challenge to a 
^rit that felt the zest of that kind of service, he could not resist 
the challenge. 

I feel a touch of pride that this man should have been identified 
with New Jersey. New Jersey is not a big state, but it is filled 
as full of the heroic qualities of human nature as its territory will 
permit. Every inch of it counts. And I like to think that it rec- 
ognized the quality of this man and took hold of him and said, 
''This is the kind of stu£F we need to lead the first New Jersey 
brigade." Governor Fielder has told you how prompt, not to say 
premature, the Jerseymen were in arriving at the field of action, 
and it was the promptness, the directness, the militant thrust of 
this man that tied his comrades to him, even when he set a pace 
which they, perhaps, with reluctance followed. It is very awk- 
ward to have a conunander that enjoys the front position; but 
after the fight is over you have a solid satisfaction, if you are in 
a condition to enjoy the satisfaction, that you stood alongside of 
so gallant a figure and dhared in so notable a service. 

In accepting this statue for the Government of the United 
States, perhaps I may express for all of you our pride that there 
have been so many gifts (speaking of such qualities) for the 
Government of the United States to accept. Much as we admire 
General Phil Kearny, unstinted as our praise of him is and should 
be, there has been many another man who has stood alongside of 
him with the same qualities and the same distinction of service. 
His was not a single or isolated or singular gift to the Government 
of the United States. The government of a great pet^le can al- 
ways count upon great services; and the beauty of our govern- 
ment, the pride that we all feel in it is as a government of a great 
people, prodigal in their gift of service, always ready to provide 
those things which constitute the stuff of heroism and elevate a 
nation in the annals of mankind. 



140 AMERICAN IRISH HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 

JAMES H. SHIELDS: AN APPRECIATION. 

BY GENERAL JOHN B. O'MBASA. 

ViU'PresidetU of the American Irish Historical Society for Missouri. 

Read at the Seventeenth Annual Meeting of the Society by the President- 
General. 

Truly has it been said that truth is stranger than fiction, for 
even the tnythicsA lore of Greece and Rome, the Sagas of the 
Northern heroes, the stories of the Nibelungenlied, the graphic 
tales of Shakespeare, of Scott and Dumas, have been eclipsed 
by the heroic deeds of an humble child of Erin, General James 
H. Shields. 

The glorious history of our own United States has produced 
many heroes but where can they match his meteoric career? 
As he was one of those whose memory we are endeavoring to 
perpetuate, it seems to me this Society should record the facts 
of his life. 

He left the sorrowful shores of Hibemia — ^in the days of the 
infamous Lord Norbury when English tyranny was exhausting 
all means of destroying the Irish people. The light of freedom, 
enkindled by the great leaders of American independence on our 
shores and so happily crystalized in the law by the immortal 
Jefferson to the end that "Life, liberty and the pursuit of happi- 
ness were the inalienable rights of mankind," fired the young 
man's soul and led him to our land. 

After hardships and trials on land and sea and adventures that 
rivalled those of Monte Cristo, he by degrees perfected his educa- 
tion in legal and military matters, little dreaming the part he 
was to play in the history of his adopted country. Little by little, 
as schoolmaster, as lawyer, as member of the Legislature, he 
grew upon the hearts of his new countrymen, until the heights 
the poor young Irishman reached would have dazzled- one less 
modest, one less religious, for, strange to say, through his life 
of tremendous activity he always retained these qualities. With 
patience and without arrogance he builded his achievements so 
that their memories have reached beyond the horizon of his own 
life and the generation in which he lived. Of all the great men 
of the great races who have aided in upbuilding this Republic 
few have equalled the late James Shields, lawyer, orator, jurist. 



^iO • AMhRXi'': IFISH illFTORICAL M'CfEPY. 

J.VM S H, SMIELDS. AN APPKECIA T:' )\ . 

]:Y GKNFRAL jmN B. 0*ML\IiA. 

Vuf'^r.s.^^ni t,i the Ameru^m irish ihJofiaU '^^ri'fy fir A tr ot**'*. 
RcwJ at (be St-'.viucf Tuh Annual Vt,*et rt o: the StX'»:t^ b^ f^** t^'o&ident- 

Truly hA.s it bt^'ii .^ini t' i ^ I* i-' st';iii.;ci than ;vii.>n, for 
*'ven tho r.n'tiiK,ul k)re ol ^a. vi' au<"i Ron-e, t^ v* S.v. is of the 
Northern hero<^?. the s?.<):vr> ' \ *^je \ 'x^luri peril it "1, the ^aphic 
tales of Shakes{>eare, of S.oM jucI Dum^is, have l>een eclipsed 
by the heroic dectls of m iUirKl.- '. h I'J of Erin, (loneral J.ines 
H. Shields. 

The glorious hintor^ i • o\^x ov^i; Inued States has produced 
many heroes but wmv w.'i t^Kv in :tch his meteoric caree: '^ 
Ashe was one of tb; e wi.uv n »Muory we are endeavoring to 
perpetuate, it stems t*** mv u.ih '^< iety should rc'^ord the fac^s 
of his liiV. 

He left *hc sor;oAtul -'iOit s ol Fli'K^nua— in the days of the 
infamou> I *^rd N( rbury w'len EniLji-^h tyranny H.is exhausting 
all meai).-. *n dt^^trf- ii:jc the frish people. The ligiit of freedom, 
enkindled hy tln» k- J* L iders ^>f American indejx ndenre on our 
shores dn^l *> h.to; ly ervstalize'd in the law bv the immortal 
Jefferton to c''t-. «.ryi\ ^h,\i "Life, liberty and the pursuit of happi- 
ness ^\'*re tii^ ■r..'.ii*^r.ab:t^ rights of mankind," hred the young 
man*^ soul .ui 1 W hiui to our land. 

Ai*'Xr fard h'ps and trl.tls on land and sea and adventures that 
rivared x}.''^" oi "^to, te rn^to, he h\ degrees perfected his educa* 
tK,'i in It'g li a.. J ^^Hi:;;*iy matters, little dreaminj? the part he 
was to ^.." f. i;i rSe 'i 'story of his adopted countrv. Li i tic by liLtio, 
a^ s<h'<'iiT .:b i=^r. «> ii.vy-r, as member of the LepTislature, he 
grew u;-on i ». '»e ;^, *•/ [»ib new rount.'>Tnen, untrl the hoi^-hts 
the p<K>r }'Our,v, J: .f. ^lan rer.ched would iinvc d r./Iefl one le^^s 
modest, (»ae k -.- n';f;:'njs, for, strange to sa^. t'lnui^h his life 
of tr'^menduDS . I'^i* / he always retained hcsc ».' alities. With 
patienoe and without arrogance he builded hi.-, :t* iiievements so 
that their memorurs have rea' bed beyv>»nf! *^he h( M/'^n of his own 
life and tho generation in which he lived. ( *f ail tnr i;reat n^er) 
of the great races who have aidt^i in upbi.; ling this Rep iii\. 
f<:w \\Ave e()ualltjd the late James Shields, UiN^ytn', orator, juriit, 



STATUE OF GENERAL JAMES SHIELDS. 
CarrolUon. Miuoiiti. 

RiprodiHlion by Anna 



GENERAL JAMES H. SHIELDS. I41 

soldier, statesman — an Irishman, casting his fortunes with heart 
and soul for the upholding of the rights of man. 

At the age of sixteen James Shields landed in America, adopting 
for a while the life of a sailor. He came in the morning of his un- 
conquered youth with a mother's kiss imprinted on his brow. 
Vfith no capital but his brain and hands, no guide but his con- 
science and his God, he threw himself amongst us and asked for 
the opportunity which he knew he would master. The golden 
thread of his splendid life is woven with the web and woof of 
Illinois, Minnesota, Missouri, CalifcMnia and Or^;on. In the 
Senate Chamber of the United States he was the colleague of 
Douglas, Webster, Clay, Calhoun and Benton. As a patriot and 
soldier he gave his blood in the swamps of the Seminole at the 
fortresses of the Montezumas and in the bullet-scarred valley of 
the Shenandoah, always for the defense of old Glory, for he 
could have said of the United States what Marshall Ney said to 
his executioners, " I have fought a hundred battles for my coun- 
try, not one against her." 

General Shields was bom in the County of T3rrone, Ireland, 
of a family which had an honorable career in the military annals 
of Ireland and France and his uncle, from whom he received his 
military education, had received honorable wounds fighting his 
hereditary foes under that other son of Erin, Andrew Jackson. 

God bless Ireland and the American-Irish! They have con- 
tributed a glorious chapter to American history which can well 
be placed side by side with the history of the Pilgrim Puritan, the 
Knickerbocker and the Huguenot. In the veins of all the races 
that make up the manhood of America there flows no drop of 
blood more loyal to our country than pulses through the heart 
of our people. From the moment he beholds the burning light 
upon the Goddess of Liberty until he sleeps in an American grave 
he is for the United States against the world. 

Young Shields studied law, located at Kaskaskia, Illinois, was 
admitted to practice in 1832, and for a time was a teacher in the 
public schools. In 1835 he was elected to the State Legislature 
from Randolph County, serving in that body witii Stephen A. 
Douglas and Abraham Lincoln. In 1839 he was elected by the 
people of the commonwealth Auditor of the State, a position he 
held for two terms. In 1843 he was appointed a Justice of the 



142 AMERICAN IRISH HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 

Sxipreme Court by the Governor, and in 1845 was appmnted by 
President Polk as Commissioner of the General Land Office. At 
the close of the Mexican war President Polk, for valuable military 
service rendered, appointed him Governor of the new territory 
of Oregon. However, before he could accept the office the Legis- 
lature of the State of Illinois added to his laurels by electing him 
to the United States Senate for a term of six years from March 4, 
1849. He entered the United States Senate a conspicuous figure. 
The cc^league of Douglas, he became a star in the great constella- 
tion of Senators — Webster, Clay, Calhoun and Benton — ^all 
premiers in American statesmanship, with Chase, Everett and 
Sumner. 

He retired as Senator from the State of Illinois in 1855 and 
turned his face to the State oi Minnesota, the rising young empire 
of the North, where he owned lands awarded for military service, 
and became interested in the development of the commonwealth 
and in titling the soil. He entered Minnesota as a great national 
character, and was received with open arms. He was easily its 
first and most eminent citizen, and in December of 1857 was 
chosen by the Legislature as United States Senator for a term 
ending in 1859. At the close of his term he turned toward the 
setting sun and became a citizen of California, where in 1861 he 
married a sweet Irish girl, Miss Mary Carr. 

In 1866 General Shields moved to Missouri and settled on a 
farm near CarroUton in Carroll county. In 1868, after a citizen- 
ship of two years, the Democrats elected him to Congress, but 
although fairly elected he was never seated. In 1874 he was 
elected Representative to the Legislature from Carroll county 
and in 1878 was elected United States Senator from Missouri, 
thus three times honored as a United States Senator and from 
three different states. 

Thus far it is simply a record of his civil service. Bright as it is, 
it is no more glorious than his service as a soldier. He began his 
military career as a lieutenant in the campaign against the Semi- 
ncde Indians and in which he received his first wound in battle. 
In the Mexican War he rendered splendid service. He was 
appointed and commissioned Brigadier-General by President 
Polk in July, 1846. He distinguished himself at Vera Cruz, 
Cerro Gordo, Churubusco and Chapultepec. At Cerro Gordo, 



GENERAL JAMBS H. SHIELDS, 143 

whik fighting in the front, a grape-shot pierced hie breast and he 
was reported dead, but his time had not come. For gallant serv- 
ice upon this field he was brevetted Major-General. At Chuni- 
busco he led the troops of South Carolina and New York in one 
of the most celebrated charges of the war, practically annihilat- 
ing the Mesdcan army. At Chapultepec his plume waved where 
the fight was thickest. It is said that after his horse was shot 
from under him he fought on foot, bareheaded and coatless, and 
that his command unfurled the stars and stripes above the great 
citadel. Here again he was severely wounded. 

In this battle there fought with him men who afterwards be- 
came prominent in the history of the republic, among them being 
Meade, Johnson, Pickett, "Stonewall" Jackson and Robert E. 
Lee. In civil life his compeers were the most eminent statesmen of 
the age, and in military life he fought with masters in the line. 
For his military service Illinois gave him a sword valued at $3»ooo, 
and South Carolina presented him with a diamond-hilted sword 
valued at $5,000, both priceless treasures as gifts from his 
countrymen. 

When the storm of the Civil War swept fair America, paralyz- 
ing progress and commerce and rending the nation in twain. 
General shields tendered his service to President Lincoln, his 
friend in the Illinois Legislature in the earlier days, and was ap- 
pointed by him a brigadier-general of volunteers in August of 
1861 and assigned to the Shenandoah Valley. In 1862 he as- 
sumed command of the division of General Lander, and twenty- 
five days later was fighting ''Stonewall" Jackson's command at 
Kemstown — the same ** Stonewall" who had fought with him at 
Chapultepec. Here again General Shields was wounded, having 
an arm and shoulder shattered and torn, but continued to give 
orders until the day was won. In appreciation of his service in 
the valley President Lincoln promoted him to Major-General 
of volunteers and appointed him a brigadier general in the regular 
army. In 1863 he resigned from the army and returned to Cali- 
fornia. 

Thus his civil and martial record, his statues and monuments 
give testimony to the way in which the nation loves and reveres 
the memory of its illustrious men. Shields was truly a great man, 
eke he could not have distinguished himself among the most 



144 AMERICAN IRISH HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 

eminent statesmen and the greatest soldiers of the republic. 
The mere narrative of his public service reads like some sweet 
memory dream. Missouri, ever generous to her son, vies with 
Illinois and Minnesota in paying tribute to the illustrious dead. 

G^eral Shields was a brave a^d coiA^geous soldier. His 
military career was crowned with [honors and distinction which, 
as a great man, he wore with becoming modesty. He labored for 
governmental policies which will live when the people of this 
generation shall have pabssed away. He was a man of the people 
and labored for the people. He taught the principle that the 
nation prospered most and was firmer upon its foundation when 
it based its prosperity upon its toiling millions rather than upon 
the colossal fortunes of a few. He was faithful and incorruptible, 
intelligent and aggressive. He saw and builded far in advance of 
his day and assisted in shaping and controlling our national 
policies. While others labored in the business marts and the 
forum, he builded a greater structure, one more lasting and en- 
during. His life was chaste and his character spotless, while his 
achievements begirthed the nation. He was a masterful spirit 
in the life, jurisprudence and history of America, and his reputa- 
tion was as broad as the republic itself. 

Gallant in military service and assiduous in civil life and the 
victories of peace, he was a character which any state or nation 
would delight to honor. He was modest and unassuming, yet 
forceful, resolute, determined and not easily swayed. True to his 
splendid manhood, he discharged his duties according to the 
dictates of his own conscience and' his official oath, and has not 
yet received his full heritage but, like the memory of Abraham 
Lincoln, his name will grow as the years roll by and the children 
of the next generation will give him due credit. As a Missourian, 
native-bom, I am glad his statue stands in the Hall of Fame side 
by side with Benton and Blair of my State and glad that Missouri 
welcomed him, honored him in the evening of his eventful life 
and finally gave him his last earthly resting place in the peaceful 
beautiful valley of Carrollton. He has left a name which heads 
the procession of heroes of Irish line^e who in this splendid land 
of opportunity to all the downtrodden children of men has given 
the lie to our Anglo-Saxon traducers of the past and present that 
the Irish race is untrustworthy and incapable of self-government. 



AMERICAN IRISH GOVERNORS OF PENNSYLVANIA. 145 

His martial form and genial presence have left us forever. His 
work is done, no more will he respond to the bugle call, no more 
will he lead armies to battie and victory, no more will his fearless 
voice be heard in the legislative halls of our country, fighting 
oppression and defending the right. 

He has gone to the land of eternal happiness, where peace 
reigns and strife, injustice and wars are unknown; his sword is 
rust and his bones are dust — 

what matter where they lie? 
What matter that his sword is rust 
Or where? now dark his eagle eye. 
No foe need fear his arm again, 
Nor love, nor praise can make him whole. 
But o'er the farthest sons of men 
Will brood the glory of his soul. 



AMERICAN IRISH GOVERNORS OF PENNSYLVANIA. 

BY DR. JOHN G. COYLE. 

Read at the Seventeenth Annual Meeting of the Amerkan Irish Historical 
Society. 

When the colonies declared independence, Pennsylvania 
formed a Council of Safety in July 1776, and in August chose 
Thomas Wharton, Jr., President of the Council. This body con- 
ducted the government of the new state until a State Constitu- 
tion was agreed upon. By this dociunent a Supreme Executive 
Council was formed, the President of whidi was to act as Gov- 
ernor. Thomas Wharton, Jr., became President or Governor 
on March 5, 1777, with George Bryan as Vice-President or Dep- 
uty-Governor. By Wharton's death, George Bryan became 
President or Governor on May 23, 1778. 

George Bryan was bom in 1731 at Dublin, Ireland. He came 
to America at an early age and failed to win success in mercantile 
life. His talents fitted him for public service. This fact was rec- 
ognized by his neighbors and Bryan was made a member of the 
Colonial Congress, which met in New York in 1765. He served 
repeatedly as a member of the Pennsylvania Assembly under the 
Proprietary Government. 

Bryan served as a member of the Supreme Executive Coimdl 
10 



ii 

n 



146 AMERICAN IRISH HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 

the full term permitted by law. When he succeeded to the office 
of President he conducted the affairs of the state with wisdom 
and dignity. When President he sought to abolish slavery. In 
his message to the Assembly on Nov. 9» 1778, he asked that body 
to abrogate slavery, the opprobrium of America," saying that 
no period seems more happy for the attempt than the present. 
In divesting the state of slaves, you will equally serve the cause 
of humanity and policy and offer to God one of the most proper 
and best returns of gratitude for His great deliverance of us and 
our posterity from thraldom." He added that the people of 
Europe ''are astonished to see a people es^r for liberty holding 
negroes in bondage." 

After his term as President or Governor was ended, he again 
was elected as Vice-President, which office he held until I779» 
when he resigned. He was elected a member of the Assembly 
and there brought forward a bill providing that no child in 
Pennsylvania could be bom a slave; that children of slaves could 
be held as servants only until the age of 28 and should then be 
free; that slaves should be registered and unless registered should 
be declared free; that slaves should receive the benefits of court 
and jury trials like free persons. This bill passed and became 
a law in 1780. 

In 1780 he was appointed Judge of the Supreme Court of the 
State and served in that office for eleven years, until his death, 
which occurred on January 27, I79i» at the age of sixty years. 
In the eulogy upon him made by Dr. Ewing, Provost of the 
University, it was said that Bryan's care in taking up all views of 
a subject, his research and his clear, penetrating judgment, made 
his decisions always mature and wise. He was ready to forgive, 
of inflexible integrity, filled with sympathy for distress and of 
most unusual qualifications and virtues. 

James Logan, assuredly one of the greatest men of colonial 
times, was bom at Lurgan, County Tyrone, Ireland, in 1674. 
He was the son of Patrick Logan, a Scotchman, who had become 
a Quaker and had settled in Ireland. 

James was well educated and always displayed an interest in 
the sciences. He went to England in his early twenties, and re- 
moved to Pennsylvania with William Penn. In 1701 he was made 



AMERICAN IRISH GOVERNORS OF PENNSYLVANIA. 147 

Secretary of the Province of Pennsylvania and clerk to the Coun- 
cil. From the time of his arrival in the colony and for more than 
forty years he was the ruling power behind all those who held the 
office of Governor. He filled numerous offices and distinguished 
himself in each by his fidelity, learning, scrupulous attention and 
wisdom. During the life of William Penn he had exclusive 
management of all of Penn's private affairs in the Province and 
after Penn's death exercised the same duties for Penn's children. 
This work in itself was one of vast detail, requiring considera- 
tion of many and varied matters, dealing with the purchase and 
sale of lands, collections, and a multitude of large and small mat- 
ters arising through the dual capacity of Penn, namely that of 
proprietary and of administrator as well. 

At various times Logan was Chief Commissioner of Property, 
Member of the Governor's Council, President of the Council, 
that is. Governor, and Chief-Justice. He was Governor from 
1736 to 1738. During his administration a question of sover- 
eignty, arising out of disputed tax claims and unwillingness of 
certain settlers to pay in Pennsylvania, although within Pennsyl- 
vania's boundaries, led to disturbances, involving force of arms. 
Logan displayed much firmness and determination in handling 
these difficulties. He was so just and so forbearing, withal, in 
his treatment of the Indians that a chief named his son after the 
great Irishman. The famous speech uttered by the Indian Logan 
is quoted in many school readers. The Indian was named for the 
celebrated Irish Quaker Governor of Pennsylvania. 

After his retirement from public affairs, Logan lived at Sten- 
ton, near Germantown and enjoyed his books. He was versed 
in Latin, Greek, French, Italian and some of the Oriental lan- 
gu^es. Several of his essays upon plant generation and some 
discussions of mathematical questions written by Logan in 
Latin, were printed and circulated throughout learned Europe. 
His translation of Cicero's De Senectute, done in his own old age, 
was printed with a preface by Benjamin Franklin, in Philadelphia, 
in 1744. 

He died in 1751, leaving to the people of Pennsylvania a fine 
library, the result of a lifetime of collecting. The library was 
called the Loganian Library. 



148 AMERICAN IRISH HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 

Joseph Reed succeeded George Bryan as President and George 
Bryan took the Mce-Presidency. 

Joseph Reed, President from December i, 1778, to October 8, 
1 781 , is one of the great figures of the American Revolution. He 
was bom at Trenton, N. J., on August 27, 1741, the son of Andrew 
Reed, a native of Ireland. The Reeds removed to Philadelphia 
shortly after the birth of Joseph. Young Reed was educated at 
Princeton, graduating in 1757, and studied law at the Temple, 
having as fellow-students Richard Stockton and Charles Carroll, 
both signers of the Declaration of Independence. 

Reed practiced law in Philadelphia and joined in the general 
movements resisting British misgovemment. He became Presi- 
dent of the second Provincial Convention. When war broke out 
Reed joined Washington's staff, becoming Secretary. In 1776 
he was made Adjutant-General, having in the meantime been 
Chairman of the Committee of Safety of Pennsylvania and a 
member of the Assembly. While Adjutant-General, the British 
General Howe, attempting to communicate with Washington as 
to possible peace, addressed Washington as "George Washington, 
Esq." Reed refused to receive or transmit the letter thus ad- 
dressed, saying that Washington, in his private capacity, had 
no right to hold communication with the enemy. This act was 
approved all over the country and by none more than Washington 
himself. An attempt to ignore Washington's rank as Commander- 
in-Chief was frustrated in this direct way by Reed. 

General Reed declined an offer to assume command of the 
cavalry with the rank of Brigadier-General and also declined the 
post of Chief -Justice of Pennsylvania in 1777. He attached him- 
self to Washington's staff without rank or pay as pure volunteer. 
Pennsylvania elected him to Congress in 1777. He served in 
Congress with diligence and fidelity. In 1778 Philadelphia chose 
him a member of the Assembly but he declined, preferring to 
serve as a member of the County Council of Philadelphia. He 
became President of the Executive Council by unanimous elec- 
tion in December 1778. 

Reed strove to secure the abolition of slavery, saying in his 
message to the Assembly, "Honored will be that State, in the 
annals of history, which shall first abolish this violation of the 
rights of mankind and the memories of those will be held in grate- 



AMERICAN IRISH GOVERNORS OF PENNSYLVANIA. 149 

ful and everlasting remembrance who shall pass the law to restore 
and establish the rights of human nature in Pennsylvania." By 
his recommendation, this bill became a law and slavery was duly 
abolished in Pennsylvania. 

Reed's influence and position were high. A British agent, seek- 
ing terms of pe^ure with Congress, which refused to deal, with him, 
sought to bribe Governor Reed to secure a pacification, offering, 
through the emissary, 10,000 guineas for Reed's services. Reed's 
answer was "I am not worth purchasing, but, such as I am, the 
King of Great Britain has nothing in his gift that would tempt 
me. 

This noble answer is a part of American history of which every 
American feels proud. 

During Reed's term the Academy and College of Philadelphia, 
whose charter required an oath of allegiance to the King of Great 
Britain, was completely reconstituted, its charter abrogated, its 
instructors and officers removed, an endowment established and 
its name changed to the University of the State of Pennsylvania. 

When Washington's soldiers mutinied and started to march to 
Philadelphia, bearing arms, to seek redress from Congress, 
Governor Reed, despite warnings, resolved to meet them. He 
wrote to the Executive Council, '* I have but one life to lose and 
my country has first claim to it." The mutineers halted when 
they met him and soon arranged with him for terms pleasing to 
them and just to them and to the country. 

After Reed's term as President had ended, he resumed the 
practice of law in Philadelphia, arguing for Pennsylvania the 
great case concerning the ownership of the Wyoming Territory 
in Pennsylvania, which was claimed by Connecticut. Reed won 
this case for Pennsylvania. 

At the early age of forty-four years. Reed died in 1785. His life 
was full of honors, labor, high service and great deeds for his 
state and his country. 

Among the Governors of Pennsylvania, among the men of the 
Revolution, among all the figures of public men in the early 
period of the United States of America, the fame of Thomas 
McKean, Governor from 1799 till 1808, looms like a mountain 
peak. 



150 AMERICAN IRISH HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 

He was born at Londonderry, Chester County, Pa., on March 
I9f I734> the son of William McKean of Dublin and Laetitia 
Finney, an Irishwoman. He was educated under the great 
Irish divine and educator. Dr. Francis Allison. He began the 
study of law at Newcastle, Delaware, with a kinsman. Here he 
served and studied with diligence and attention. He was ad- 
mitted to the bar before he was twenty-one. He became Deputy 
Attorney-General for Sussex County, Delaware, at the age of 
twenty-two, and clerk of the Delaware Assembly in 1757. He 
became a member of the Assembly in Delaware and served for 
seventeen years. For the last six years he lived in Philadelphia 
and asked his Delaware constituents to elect someone else. 
They refused to do so, until he peremptorily declined further 
election in 1779. They then asked him to name the candidates 
for the Assembly from New Castle County. When he did so, 
these candidates were all elected. 

He attended the Colonial Congress in New York in 1765, 
which denounced the Stamp Act. Through his influence each 
colony had but one vote, placing all colonies on an equal footing. 
He vigorously rebuked the President when that officer refused to 
sign the proceedings, pointing out that the President had made 
no objection to anything done. The President hurriedly left 
New York after McKean's denunciation of him. 

As a Justice of the Quarter Sessions of New Castle County, 
he issued an order to use unstamped paper, defying thereby the 
Stamp Act provisions. His was the first Court to take this 
action. 

In the first Continental Congress he represented Delaware 
and throughout the life of the Congress in the Revolution he 
represented Delaware in that body, although residing in Penn- 
sylvania. He was a voter for Independence and one of the 
signers of the Declaration. He helped largely to draw up the 
Articles of Confederation. He was for Independence, George 
Read, a fellow Congressman, was against it and Caesar Rodney, 
the third Delaware representative, absent. McKean hastily sent 
for Rodney at his own expense and Rodney came and casting 
his vote for Independence made Delaware take the side of the 
majority of the Colonies in that respect. 



AMERICAN IRISH GOVERNORS OF PENNSYLVANIA. I51 

McKean was Colonel of the Philadelphia Assodators and 
served at Perth Amboy in support of Washington. He passed 
through a heavy fire of cannon in reaching Washington and 
again in returning to his command. When he returned to 
Philadelphia he found he was wanted at Dover, Delaware, to 
serve as one of the Committee to draw up a Constitution for 
Delaware. McKean rode on horseback to Dover, and upon 
request of the committee, to prepare the Constitution, he sat 
up all night and without a book or other assistance, wrote a 
Constitution for the State of Delaware, which was presented to 
the Assembly at 10 the next morning and unanimously adopted. 

He was made President or Governor of Delaware and Chief- 
Justice of Pennsylvania besides being delegate in Congress from 
Delaware. He filled the duties of these offices with marvellous 
fidelity and ability. In 1781 he was made President of Congress 
and served for several months. For twenty-two years he was 
Chief- Justice of Pennsylvania, handling grave and important 
matters during the Revolutionary period and settling a great 
many questions of complicated nature. 

McKean took a leading part in the Pennsylvania Convention 
favoring the adoption of the United States Constitution. 

He said the constitution was ''the best that the world has 
yet seen." He predicted that under it the country would have 
"a salutary permanence in magistracy and stability in the laws." 
Elected Governor in 1799 ^^ resigned the Chief- Justiceship. 
He served for nine years. He had caused to be placed in the 
Pennsylvania Constitution a clause directing the Legislature to 
provide free schools for the poor. He urged the Legislature to 
do this when he was Governor, but political di£Ferences and 
enmities prevented this proper course from being then followed. 

He lived for years after his retirement from the Governorship, 
dying in 18 17 at the age of eighty-three years. 

There is no example in the history of our country, I think, 
where one man filled so many offices, or occupied so many posts 
at one time and performed the duties of each of the offices with 
such signal skill and ability as did the Irishman's son in Dela- 
ware and Pennsylvania, Thomas McKean. 



152 AMERICAN IRISH HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 

William Findlay, Governor from 1 817 to 1820, was descended 
through his mother from Adjutant Brown, who participated in 
the defence of Deny during its famous siege. 

Findlay was bom on June 20, 1768, and was largely self- 
educated. He wished to study law but did not have the means. 
He became a farmer. In 1797 he was elected to the Legislature. 
Through Findlay the capital of Pennsylvania was placed at 
Hanisburg and in his services in the House of Representatives 
of the State he performed many notable acts. 

He offered a bill to provide that a plaintiff might file a state- 
ment of his cause of action instead of a declaration; one pro- 
viding that matters in dispute could be arbitrated ; that pleadings 
should not be set aside for informality and that they might be 
amended ; also that actions and judgments might be entered with- 
out the agency of an attorney. 

The intention was, of course, to facilitate the trial or handling 
of cases without attorneys. Although his provisions were not 
then adopted, they were subsequently passed and many lawyers 
have had reason to be thankful for the right to amend pleadings 
and to prevent dismissals for informalities. 

In 1807 he was elected State Treasurer and served through re- 
peated elections for eleven years. In several instances he was 
strongly supported by members who were politically opposed 
to him. 

After he was elected Governor a committee was appointed 
to examine his accounts as State Treasurer. The motive was 
one of hostility. He offered no witnesses and made no appear- 
ance, either in person or by attorney. The Committee reported 
that his conduct as State Treasurer "had not only been faithful 
but meritorious and beneficial to the State and entitled him to 
the thanks and gratitude of his fellow-citizens." 

After his retirement from the Governorship he was elected to 
the United States Senate and served from 1822 to 1828. While 
he was in the Senate, two of his brothers, Colonel John Findlay of 
Chambersburg, Pa., and General James Findlay of Cincinnati, 
were members of the House of Representatives. 

After his term in the Senate had expired, he became Treasurer 
of the United States Mint, which he resigned when General 
Harrison became President. He died at Harrisburg in the 



AMERICAN IRISH GOVERNORS OF PENNSYLVANIA, 153 

family of Governor Francis R. Shunk, who was his son-in-law, 
on Nov. 12, 1846. The only slave he ever owned he gave free- 
dom to in 181 7, saying that "the principles of slavery are repug- 
nant to those of justice and are totally irreconcilable with that 
rule which requires us to do unto others as we would wish to be 
done by." 

David Rittenhouse Porter was the grandson of Robert Porter, 
a native of Ireland. He was born on October 31, 1788, near 
Norristown, Pa. His father, Andrew Porter, was a Revolution- 
ary soldier. Andrew Porter served as Captain under Dr. David 
Rittenhouse, a noted educator who was his Colonel. In memory 
of this Dr. Rittenhouse, Porter named his son, the future Gov- 
ernor of Pennsylvania. 

The sons of Andrew Porter, the brother of the Governor, were 
a famous family. One son, Robert, was a soldier in the Revo- 
lution, practiced law in Philadelphia and became President- 
Judge of Berks, Lehigh and Northampton District. William 
and Andrew, twin brothers, were merchants, one in Baltimore, 
the other in New Orleans. John E. Porter was a great lawyer^ 
who gave up law for medicine and practiced with great success 
in North Carolina. George B. Porter was a lawyer of note in 
Pennsylvania. He was made Governor of Michigan, then a 
territory, by President Jackson. James M. Porter was an emi- 
nent lawyer in Pennsylvania, a member and for a time President 
of the Constitutional Convention of 1838, afterwards President- 
Judge of Dauphin, Lebanon and Schuylkill District and under 
President Tyler was Secretary of War. 

David R. Porter was well educated. He studied law but found 
the confinement affected his health. He gave it up and went into 
the manufacture of iron. 

In 1810, he became a member of the Legislature. After a few 
years in that office, he became Clerk of the Courts in Huntingdon 
County and also Recorder of Deeds and Wills. 

In 1836 he was elected to the State Senate. His addresses, 
his clear judgment upon public matters and his evident fitness 
for high office led to his being chosen Governor in 1838. He 
advised the construction of a continuous railroad from Pittsburgh 
through Ohio, Indiana, and Illinois to the Mississippi River and 



154 AMERICAN IRISH HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 

also complete removal of steamboat obstruction to steamboat 
navigation in the Allegheny, Ohio and Mississippi Rivers, 
that conunerce might have free entrance and access. He was, 
therefore, largely responsible for the great development of the 
railroad which has carried the name of the State of Pennsylvania 
and is one of the foremost railroad systems in the world. 

Governor Porter was a firm, courageous executive. He sup- 
pressed the riots in Philadelphia in 1844, taking personal com- 
mand of the military. He caused debts to be paid in specie. 
He served as Governor for six years. He encouraged the Union 
soldiers during the great Civil War. In 1867 he died. 

\^^iam Freame Johnston, Governor from July 9, 1848, to 
January 20, 1852, was bom at Greensburg, Pa., on November 
29, 1808. He was the son of Alexander Johnston, a native 
of County Fermanagh, Ireland, whose parents were of Scotch 
descent. 

Alexander Johnston emigrated to Pennsylvania in 1796. He 
soon became prominent and, in turn, held many offices, serving as 
sheriff, magistrate, register and recorder. From the issue of his 
marriage with Elizabeth Freame came eight sons and two 
daughters. Several of these sons rose to prominence. One son, 
Richard, was killed serving as a lieutenant in the Mexican War, 
at the storming of Chapultepec. Another son, Edward, became 
well known in politics in Iowa. Yet another, John W. Johnston, 
became Colonel in the Mexican War and again served in the 
Civil War as Colonel of the 93rd Pennsylvania during its three 
years at the front. Alexander Johnston, father of this interesting 
family, died in 1872, at the age of 100 years. 

\^^lliam Johnston was educated as a lawyer and became Dis- 
trict Attorney of Armstrong County at an early age. He became 
a member of the lower house of the Legislature and after serving 
some years was chosen State Senator in 1847. ^ great financial 
disturbance swept over the country in that year. Pennsylvania 
was unable to pay the interest on its $40,000,000 debts. Senator 
Johnston suggested a plan, namely, to issue relief notes for the 
moneys due by the state, pledging the credit of the State as secur- 
ity for the notes. The expedient was adopted. The State's debts 
were not repudiated or dishonored. In time the notes were met 



AMERICAN IRISH GOVERNORS OF PENNSYLVANIA, 155 

and Pennsylvania's credit remained unimpaired. This sound 
financial and patrioidc solution of the financial difficulty won a 
great reputation for Senator Johnston. He became President 
of the Senate. 

When Governor Shunk died in 1848, Johnston became acting 
Governor under the provisions of the Pennsylvania Constitu- 
tion. At the election to fill the vacancy caused by the death of 
Governor Shunk, \^^iam Freame Johnston was chosen for the 
full term of three years. As Governor, he advocated a protective 
tariff. He found the colcmial and state records of Pennsylvania 
in great disorder, existing as but a single manuscript copy. He 
caused them to be carefully compiled, edited and published, 
thereby making the records permanent and furnishing much 
valuable material for historians. 

After his retirement he engaged in many active business enter- 
prises and was president of the All^^eny Valley Railroad. He 
died at Pittsburgh, on October 25, 1872. 

James Pollock, who was Governor from January 16, 1855, 
to January 19, 1858, was bom at Milton, Pa., on September 11, 
1 8 10. His progenitors on both the paternal and maternal sides 
were from the north of Ireland. They came to America about 
1760, and settled in Chester County, Pa. Other Pollocks of the 
same family settled in North Carolina. The North Carolina 
Pollocks took a prominent part in the early movement for inde- 
pendence from Great Britain and participated in the Mecklen- 
burg Declaration of Independence. Later Pollocks changed 
their name to Polk. Their descendants have been well known, 
and some of them are famous in American history. 

James Pollock graduated from Princeton College with the 
highest honors in 1831 . He took up the law and at the age of 24 
was District Attorney for Northumberland County. In 1844 
he was elected to Congress and served six years. He was chair- 
man of the first committee to make a favorable report on the 
construction of a railroad to the Pacific Coast. After six years 
in Congress he became President-Judge of the Eighth Judicial 
District and in 1854 was elected Governor of Pennsylvania. 

He signalized his administration as Governor by several strong 
declarations against any extension of slavery. In his message 



156 AMERICAN IRISH HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 

of 1857, he said: "Freedom is the great center-truth of Ameri- 
can republicanism — the great law of nationality; slavery is the 
exception. It is local and sectional; and its extension beyond 
the jurisdiction creating it, or the free territories of the Union, 
was never designed or contemplated by the patriot founders of 
the republic.*' 

He reduced the public debt of Pennsylvania. He exhibited 
acimnien and administrative ability in the financial panic of 1857. 
He showed such constructive statesmanship and such fairness 
towards members of all parties that when he left Harrisburg for 
his home, both houses of the legislature adjourned as a mark of 
respect, and headed by their officers, the members accompanied 
him to the train. 

Under Lincoln he served as Director of the United States 
Mint from 1861 to 1866. He resigned this office in the latter 
year. He again accepted the office from President Grant and 
held it until 1879. From 1880 to 1884 he was Naval Officer of 
the Port of Philadelphia. He died on April 20, 1890. 

Andrew Gregg Curtin, the great "war governor" of Pennsyl- 
vania, who held the post of chief executive from January 15, 1861 
to January 15, 1867, was the son of Roland Curtin, a native of 
Ireland, who settled in Pennsylvania in the year 1800. Roland 
Curtin's second wife was a daughter of Andrew Gregg, who 
was a famous man in Pennsylvania, serving as United States 
Senator and in other prominent capacities. 

Andrew Gregg Curtin was bom near Bellefonte, Pa., on Ajpril 22, 
1817. His father was a prosperous iron manufacturer and gave 
the boy a good education. After finishing at a good academy, 
young Curtin decided to study law and entered Dickinson College, 
which then had a law department. He was admitted to the bar 
in 1839, and took up practice with John Blanchard. 

Curtin soon won a reputation as a lawyer and as an orator and 
student of public affairs. He supported General \A^lliam Harri- 
son for the presidency, attracting much attention by his speeches. 
In the campaign for Zachary Taylor, Curtin was a most vigorous 
advocate of the Mexican War hero and served as a presidential 
elector. In the following campaign he was again a candidate 
for elector, this time for General Winfield Scott, who was de- 
feated. 



AMERICAN IRISH GOVERNORS OF PENNSYLVANIA. 157 

Under Governor Pollock, Curtin was Secretary of State, an 
office in which he quickly demonstrated his abilities. The 
Secretary of State was, ex-officio, Superintendent of 
Conunon Schools of the State. Much laxity existed, with 
lack of standards both as to requirements on the part 
of the pupils and teachers, as well as marked irregularity 
in discipline throughout the school system. Secretary Cur- 
tin went into the problem with great care and thoroughness. 
He studied the matter with such diligence that when his remedies 
were prepared, he promptly convinced the legislature of the 
wisdom of his plans. Throughout the State he caused County 
Superintendents to be appointed, each directly responsible for 
the conditions in the county and each in direct relation with the 
Secretary of State. Seeing that the teachers themselves were 
in need of improvement, Secretary Curtin caused the Legislature 
to establish ten Normal School Districts, in which candidates 
for teachers could be suitably trained. As a result of his extraor- 
dinary improvement of the public school system of the state, 
Pennsylvania in a few years became noted for the efficiency of its 
common schools. 

In i860 Curtin was elected Governor of Pennsylvania. His 
inaugural address was a piece of sublime and solemn eloquence. 
The country was on the verge of war. Reviewing the institutions 
of the republic and announcing the critical state of the country. 
Governor Curtin declared that "the people mean to maintain 
the integrity of the Union at every hazard.'' When Sumter 
was fired on and war became a fact. Governor Curtin summoned 
the legislature for a special session. His message was a great 
patriotic document. He voiced the sentiment of the state in 
ringing terms when he said, "a quarter of a million of Pennsyl- 
vania's sons will answer the call to arms, if need be, to wrest us 
from a reign of anarchy and plunder and to secure the perpetuity 
of this government. " 

The prediction was more than verified. Pennsylvania's quota 
of the 75,000 volunteers asked for by President Lincoln, 
was not over 14,000. But 28,000 answered the call. The first 
companies to reach Washington were from Pennsylvania. Dur- 
ing the war Pennsylvania sent 270 regiments, besides several 
detached companies, and furnished to the Union cause 387,284 
men. 



158 AMERICAN IRISH HISTORICAL SOCIETY, 

Governor Curtin, realking that Pennsylvania was separated 
from the South by merely a map boundary line, determined to 
keep Pennsylvania troops on the southern border. The number 
raised in excess of the first call, by the Governor's recommenda- 
tion and by legislative authority, was formed into the Pennsyl- 
vania Reserve Corps. The Washington military authorities 
discouraged this movement. But when the tremendous disaster 
of Bull Run occurred in July 1861, the relief offered by the 
Pennsylvania Reserve Corps was very much welcomed, indeed. 

Governor Curtin visited the soldiers in the camp and the sick 
in the hospitals. He was unsparing in his labors for the govern- 
ment, and for the soldier and the soldier's family. Through his 
benevolent spirit and the support of the loyal Pennsylvanians, the 
orphans of the soldiers were cared for in homes by the state. He 
also caused provision to be made for the soldiers' widows. 

Of Governor Curtin, it has been well and truly said: "He was 
the first Governor to reinforce the defeated and demoralized army 
of the Union after Bull Run ; the first to have the state officially 
represented at the Capitol to care for the interests of soldiers in 
the field ; the first to have the officers of the state with every army 
where the Pennsylvania warrior was in service, to feed the 
hungry, minister to the sick and wounded, and return the dead 
for burial with their kindred, and he was the first to gather the 
orphans of the fallen soldiers into homes and schools as The 
Children of the State.'* 

After his second term as Governor had expired, he was ap- 
pointed Minister to Russia, where he remained for some years. 
After his retirement, in ill health, he lived quietly at Belief ontc, 
until his death, which occurred on October 7, 1894. 

John W. Geary, Governor from January 15, 1867, to January 
21, 1873, had the most romantic and diversified career of any 
man ever occupying the post of chief executive of Pennsylvania. 

Geary's father, Richard Geary, of Irish descent, was an iron 
manufacturer, who failed in business, and then became a school- 
master. John White Geary, named for his mother, who was 
Margaret White, was the youngest of four sons and was bom on 
December 30, 18 19. He was studying at JeflFerson College, 
Canonsburg, Pennsylvania, when his father died insolvent. 



AMERICAN IRISH GOVERNORS OF PENNSYLVANIA, 1 59 

Young Geary left coU^;e to protect and provide for his mother, 
opening a school on his own account. 

Geary's mother, a noble woman, who had inherited many 
slaves, each of whom she had first educated and then set free, 
was made comfortable. John Geary returned to college and 
graduated. He studied civil engineering and also law and was 
admitted to the bar. 

Learning of an opening in Kentucky he went to that State 
where he found employment as an engineer and, aided by a land 
speculation, returned to Pennsylvania with sufficient money to 
discharge all of his father's debts. He then announced that he 
would confine himself to engineering. 

While engaged as assistant superintendent and engineer of 
the Allegheny Portage Railroad, the Mexican War broke out. 
Young Geary was one of the first to respond and raised a company 
in Cambria County, which he called the American Highlanders. 
When the company was assigned' to the Second Pennsylvania 
Regiment, Geary was chosen Lieutenant-Colonel, under Colonel 
Roberts. 

The regiment received its baptism of fire at the Pass of La 
Hoya, took part in the storming of Chapultepec, where Geary was 
wounded and also joined in the assault upon the city of Mexico. 
Owing to the illness of Colonel Roberts, Geary conmianded the 
regiment. Roberts died shortly after Mexico City surrendered 
and Geary became Colonel. 

After the war, President Polk appointed Geary Postmaster of 
San Francisco, with authority to create post offices, appoint 
postmasters and make contracts for mail carrying. He promptly 
took up his duties, brought order and system into op>eration and 
made the mail service excellent. 

The people of San Francisco elected him First Alcalde eight 
days after he ended his career as postmaster. The military 
governor of California, then a territory, appointed Geary Judge 
of First Instance. As Alcalde, Geary was sheriff, judge of 
probate, recorder, notary public and coroner. As Judge of the 
Court of First Instance, he had admiralty cases as well as civil 
and criminal jurisdiction throughout San Francisco. For some 
time he was the only magistrate. 

He was very successful in his extraordinary duties. He tried 



l6o AMERICAN IRISH HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 

over 2,500 cases. Not more than a dozen appeals were taken from 
his decisions and none was sustained. When his term as Alcalde 
ended he was re-elected, receiving all the votes in the city but four. 
When the first city charter of San Francisco went into operation, 
replacing the Mexican institutions and titles, Geary was elected 
first Mayor of San Francisco. He served here with diligence 
and skill, making an excellent official. He declined re-election, 
but became President of the Commissioners who had charge 
of the city debt. 

When the Constitutional Convention of California met, 
Geary was chairman of the Democratic Territorial Committee. 
He was instrumental, through his personal and political influence 
in inserting in the State Constitution the clause which made 
California a free state and prevented slavery within its borders. 

President Pierce offered Geary the Governorship of Utah 
Territory, but he declined. When Kansas, with its big problem 
of the New England conscience battling with the slaveholders' 
efforts to put and to keep slavery in the state, had made a 
bloody civil war exist in that great state, President Pierce asked 
Geary to take the Governorship. Geary accepted. 

In September, 1856, he arrived at Leavenworth, Kansas. He 
found Missouri's people heartily assisting the pro-slavery ele- 
ments in Kansas, and the United States Judges on the same side. 
In the conflict between the anti-slavery and the pro-slavery par- 
ties, houses had been burned, crops destroyed, men murdered, 
battles fought. 

Governor Geary enforced the laws with the strictest impartial- 
ity. He declared he would ''administer equal and exact justice 
to all men." He kept his word. Order was restored. The 
courts convened. The laws were enforced. Property and 
life were protected. In one month after he had arrived, he 
reported to the Secretary of State for the United States, ** Peace 
now reigns in Kansas. " 

When James Buchanan took office in March, 1857, Governor 
Geary, who knew Buchanan's pro-slavery sentiments, resigned. 
He returned to his farm in Westmoreland County, Pennsylvania. 
He was there when the news of Fort Sumter came. In one hour 
after reading the telegram, he had opened an office for the enlist- 
ment of volunteers. He was promptly commissioned Colonel of 
Volunteers and raised a regiment of sixteen companies with one 
battery, numbering 1,551 officers and men. 



AMERICAN IRISH GOVERNORS OF PENNSYLVANIA. l6l 

He joined General Banks at Harper's Ferry and was attacked 
by a Confederate force outnumbering his command five to one. 
But he repulsed the Confederates, in the first fight of hi^ regi- 
ment, known as the Battle of Bolivar, October i6, 1861. Geary 
was wounded in the knee during the engagement. He fought 
throughout the war, becoming Brigadier-General on April 25, 
1862. Geary fought in sixty-four battles during the Civil War, 
including Gettysburg and Chickamauga. At Wauhatchie, in the 
Chattanooga campaign, he fought a seven hours' battle, in which 
his son. Captain Edward R. Geary, was killed in his father's 
presence. General Hooker said of Geary in this action: "At one 
time they (the enemy) had him enveloped on three sides under 
circumstances that would have dismayed any officer except one 
endowed with an iron will and the most exalted courage." 

On January 12, 1865, he was made Brevet-Major General of 
Volunteers. His commission said that some of the reasons for 
his promotion were ''fitness to command and promptness to 
execute." Geary was always popular with his men. No regi- 
ment ever assigned to his brigade left his command until mustered 
out of the service. 

He was elected Governor, taking his seat January 15, 1867, He 
made a vigorous and energetic Governor and was re-elected. He 
put the Governor's office and administration upon a very system- 
atic basis. Governor Geary died less than three weeks after 
the expiration of his second term, the date being February 8, 1873. 

His was a wonderful, crowded, extraordinary career. Colonel 
in the Mexican War, after having been schoolteacher; lawyer 
and engineer; postmaster of San Francisco, First Alcalde of that 
city, with its manifold duties ; Judge of the Court of First Instance ; 
first Mayor of the city; refusing the Governorship of Utah; 
Governor of Kansas; volunteer Colonel, and Brigadier-General 
and Brevet-Major General in the Civil War; fighting sixty-four 
battles, wounded four times; then Governor of Pennsylvania for 
two terms; dying when but 53 years of age, John White Geary's 
life is one ever to be remembered for its multitudinous activities, 
its romance and its accomplishments. 

Note: — ^John K. Tcner, who retired as Governor of Pennsylvania in 
January, 191 5, is a native of Ireland. It was found impossible to include 
his biography here. 
11 



IMMIGRATION, LAND, PROBATE, ADMINISTRATION, 
BAPTISMAL, MARRIAGE, BURIAL, TRADE, MILI- 
TARY AND OTHER RECORDS OF THE IRISH IN 
AMERICA IN THE SEVENTEENTH AND EIGHT- 
EENTH CENTURY. 

BY 

Michael J. O'Brien. 



DERMOT, OR DIARMUID, O'MAHONY, PIONEER IRISH- 

MAN OF NEW ENGLAND. 

BY BflCHAEL J. O'BRIEN. 

One who examines the Colonial records of New England, the 
genealogies of the early families, or the publications of the his- 
torical societies, will notice occasional references to people bearing 
unmistakably Celtic names who resided in that section during 
the last half of the seventeenth century. When we consider the 
antipathy to the Irish that existed among the English of that 
period and when we study the works of some New England his- 
torians, who assert that the Colonies were settled exclusively 
by Englishmen, it becomes a matter of much interest to find 
records of people of Irish name, not only among the ''servant" 
or "redemptioner" class, but as "Freemen" — farmers, traders, 
artisans. Colonial soldiers and others, who contributed their 
part to the settlement and development of the colony and brought 
up their families in the midst of the most Puritanical communities. 
Their names are found in sundry Colonial documents, almost from 
the beginning of the English colonization, but especially in the 
church records and as grantees of land from the Colonial govern- 
ment. True, in most cases, their names are not recorded in such 
a way as to be easily recognized at first glance, but, even in the 
crude attempts at spelling the Irish names the original sound was 
usually retained, so that it is not a very difficult matter to recog- 
nize them, especially when we trace their origin or compare the 
names with other records. 

On this matter of Irish names in early American history, I was 
very much amused on one occasion, when examining the Mary- 
land Land Records at Annapolis, to come across the name of 
"Deer O Dennis," who "proved his rights" to a grant of land in 
Talbot County, Maryland, in the year 1667. At first, I was 
puzzled at the name, although satisfied it must have been of 
Irish origin, but could not find any such person on the "Lists of 
Early Settlers" in Maryland or Virginia, which are on file at the 
Land Commissioner's office at Annapolis. However, some time 
later, on looking up the "Rent Roll of Talbot County," I ascer- 
tained that "Dennis O'Deeve" was the real name of the person 

165 



I66 AMERICAN IRISH HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 

who received the grant and I also found that he signed his will, 
"Dennis O Deave." On tracing further for his descendants 
through the will books and records of deeds and conveyances of 
Talbot County, I found them for several successive generations 
under the surname of ''E>ennis/' In recording the Maryland 
land patents, it was customary for the clerks in the Secretary's 
office to enter in the margin of the record the surname of the 
grantee, followed by his given name, but in some cases they got 
the names twisted round as in the case of Dennis 0'E>eave. I 
assume that when his descendants found the title recorded under 
the name of " Deer O Dennis," and probably having no real pride 
of ancestry and not understanding the s^;nificance of the ''O," 
they dropped the prefix and adopted the name of ''Dennis." 
The original Gaelic rendering of this name was O Dubhuidhe or 
O Duibidhe, the phonetics of which would be "O Doo-ee" or 
"O De-wee." The present generally accepted forms of the name 
are Devoy and Deevey. 

Another similar example is that of Roger O'Cane, whose name 
is written down in the ''Records of Certificates and Patents" of 
the Colony of Maryland in two different ways, viz: "Roger 
O'Keeno" and "Kaine O Roger." O'Cane's will is recorded in 
the office of the Register of Wills of Somerset County, Mary- 
land, under the date of February i6th, 1688. His personal estate 
he left to his wife and daughters and he named his son, " Donough 
Denis O'Cane," as the sole legatee of his real property. Still 
another example is found in the case of Roger 0*E>ewe, which is 
really the same name as O'Deeve. Roger O'Dewe came to 
Somerset County about the year 1665 and his descendants after 
the second generation were named, some "Roger," and others 
"Dewe" and "Dewey." It would have been difficult to recog- 
nize " Brian Orsone " as an Irishman, were it not that I also found 
him recorded as "Brian Oroone" or "O'Rooney." "Donnoch 
Ossoulla," who came from Ireland to Maryland in the year 1654, 
originally bore the historic patronymic "O'Sullivan." Many 
other examples of similar changes in Irish names can be quoted 
and I have in course of preparation an interesting monograph on 
the subject, having for its groundwork the American Colonial 
records. These will be sufficient, however, for the purpose of the 
present paper. 



DERMOT, OR DIARMUID, O'MAHONY, 167 

In The Pioneers of Massachusetts, by the noted New England 
genealogist and historian, Reverend Charles Henry Pope, there 
are some references (at p. 298) to "Dermont Mahoon" or **May- 
hoone," whose "son. Teg, 9 years old, was apprenticed on the 
9th of May, 1640, to George Strange and transferred to Mr. 
Brown of Salem." The author states that Mahoon or Mayhoone 
was a "servant, " that "his affairs with his Master were adjusted 
by the General Court on 14 June, 1642," and that "he resided at 
Boston, where he owned a house and garden." "Dermin or 
Dorman Mahoone of Boston" seems also to have been important 
enough to receive mention from Savage in his Genealogical Die- 
Honary of the First Settlers of New England, although the only 
reference to his family is as to the birth of his children and the 
death of his wife. These statements attracted my attention and 
I have been at some pains to find some further information con- 
cerning the career of this early New Englander, and, while the 
result is not as satisfactory as I would wish, I have been able to 
obtain some interesting data which, I think, stamps this "pioneer 
of Massachusetts" as an Irishman named Dermot or Diarmuid 
O'Mahony. 

The historical collections of the E^ssex Institute at Salem, Mass., 
constitute one of the most authoritative sources of information 
published in New England on the early history of Essex Coimty. 
They comprise fifty volumes, all of which I have examined and 
have taken from them many items of much interest concerning 
the Irish settlers in that part of Massachusetts in the seventeenth 
and eighteenth centuries. In Voliune 4 (p. 123) of these collec- 
tions, there is an entry taken from the records of the Quarterly 
Court at Salem under date of "27 : 10 : 1642," in these words: 
"Mr. Ad. Ottley, Mr. Walton and Dearman Mathew alias 
Mahony, Commissioners with power to produce witnesses, 
Farmer Dexter to undertake it." This is followed by an entry 
at page 153, dated "27 14 : 1643," reading: "Petition of Dear- 
man Qmahonie. Thomas Dexter confessed judgment in favour 
of Dearman Mathew alias Mahowne. Execution to Constable 
at Lynn." At page 185 of the same volume we are told that 
"John Poole and Joseph Armetag gave bond that Tege OMohoine, 
son to Dierman OMahoine, shall be taught to read the English 
tongue, which indenture was delivered again to Joseph Armetage 



I68 AMERICAN IRISH HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 

on 27 : 10 : 1643." Volume 5 (p. 27) contains an extract from 
the records of the Salem Quarterly Court under date of 
"9 :5mo. : 1644/' to this effect: ''Goodman Wm Harker and 
Dearman O'Mahone undertake to pay Mr. Raph Woory some 
money." 

It is evident that at this period Mahony — or, as he is called in 
the Court records of the years 1643 and 1644 — OMahonie or 
O'Mahone, was a resident of Salem or some part of Essex County, 
but, within the next few years I find him at Boston. The Town 
Books of Boston contain the following entries: 

"Daniel, sonne to Dermin and Dinah Mahoone, borne 4 (10) 
1646." 

"Honour, daughter to Dermin and EHnah Mahoone, borne 29 
(8) 1648." 

"dinah, wife of Dorman Mahoon, dyed 8:11: 1656." 

Mahoone seems to have remarried, for I find in the same records 
that "Margaret Mahocme, ye Daughter of Dorman Mahoone and 
of Margaret, his wife, was borne 3rd June, 1661." Evidently, 
Margaret was a posthumous child, for there is a record that 
"Dorman Mahoone died 2 Aprill, i66i,"and the Probate Records 
of Suffolk County show that "Letters of Administration to the 
estate of Dorman Mahoon (^ Mahoone were granted to his Late 
(?) Wife, 17 May, 1661," and according to the "Inventory" 
filed in Court "12th Aprill, 1661," the estate was valued at 
£112 IS. In the Town Books of Boston, City Document No. 
130 (In Vol. 9, p. 82), I find an entry reading: "Bryan Morfrey, 
an Irishman, and Margaret Mayhoone Widow were married 20th 
July, 1661, by John Endecott Govemour." Savage spells the 
name of the bridegroom "Bryan Murphey." 

I am unable to determine positively the meaning of the refer- 
ence to "Dearman Mathew alias Mahony," quoted above from 
the Salem records of October 27th, 1642, but it may be that the 
Clerk of the Court got him confused with his cousin, Mathew 
Colane, who seems to have been in New England at that time, 
as appears from certsun entries in the Court records of Suffolk 
County. In some Court proceedings before Recorder William 
Aspinwall, the nature of which is not stated, appears some testi- 
mony regarding Dermin Mahoone and his "cosen," Mathew 
Colane, in the month of June, 1650. One volume of the Town 



DERMOT, OR DIARMUID, (TMAHONY. 1 69 

Books contains "The Notarial Records (from November 13th, 
1644, to October 23rd, 1661) of Recorder William Aspinwall of 
Suffolk County Court," from which I have copied these entries: 

"Richard Sandford aged about fifty-six yeares deposed saith 
that he heard Matthew Colane say that Dermin Mahoone of 
Boston was his Cosen and only Cousen and that he had no more 
kinsmen in the land 

Taken upon oath the 6 (i) 1650 

before me William Hibbins." 

"Samuel Carwithe saith that he had heard Mathew Colane 
say that Dermin Mahoone was his owne Cosin and that he had no 
kinsman in the Country but him 

Taken uppon oath this 6 (12) 1650 

before me William Hibbins." 

"Matthew Dove saith that Matthew Colane and Dermin 
Mahoone had dealing together and the sd Colane both in the 
presence of the sd Mahoone and at other times owned the sd 
Mahone as his Cosin with whom also he used to lodge. By all 
wch this attestant understood that theire was some affinity 
betwixt them 

Taken uppon oath by Matthew Dove 

the 6 (i) 1650 before me William Hibbins." 

The only other reference I find to this pioneer Irishman is in 
The Memorial History of Boston, by Justin Winsor. In a chapter 
on "The Charities of Boston" (Vol. 4, p. 653), Winsor says that 
in the month of July, 1654, " Derman Mahoone is fined twenty 
shillings for intertaining two Irish women contrary to an order of 
ye towne in yt case provided and is to quitt his house of them 
forthwth att his perill." Winsor quotes this from the Town 
Records, although I cannot find any mention of it in the "Min- 
utes of the Selectmen," as published by the Board of Record 
Commissioners of the City of Boston. In the early days of the 
Colony of Massachusetts Bay, stringent laws were enacted to 
I»x>tect the towns against what were called "undesirable inhabi- 
tants." Any one who rented a house or entertained a stranger at 
his home was required to notify the selectmen of his tenant's or 
guest's name, his last residence and his financial condition. If the 



I70 AMERICAN IRISH HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 

stranger remained in a town three months without being ''warned 
out," he or she became an "inhabitant," as a matter of course. 
Unless the new-comer was the holder of taxable property he was 
usually " warned out " of town. It was no disgrace to be ** warned 
out," unless there was danger of one becoming a town charge. 
If a person did not leave town within fourteen days after the 
date of warning, the local constable was instructed to escort him 
to the town line where he was met by the constable of the next 
town. In this way he was passed from town to town until he 
reached his last place of residence. How they managed in the 
case of inmiigrants who had only just arrived and had no friends 
to guarantee their ''desirability," does not appear in any records 
that I have been able to examine, but, in the case of Derman 
Mahoone, it is clear that he failed to comply with the law above 
referred to, and was fined for his dereliction. 

A careful search fails to reveal any trace of the career of the 
youthful student of the English tongue, "Teige OMahoine," 
and there is nothing to indicate that he left any descendants. 
In searching through New England records for traces of the 
family, none but fleeting glimpses of the name appear, and, with 
the exception of Pope and Savage, none of the genealogical au- 
thorities make any reference to it at all. 

While there is no scarcity of the name on New England records, 
I am unable to find any way of identifying these various people 
with the original "Dearman" or "Dermin" of Salem and Boston. 
The family has never been "written up" by historian or genealo- 
gist and if the Irish exile left any descendants it is probable that, 
lacking knowledge of their Irish forebears, they did not have 
sufficient pride in their family history to place it on record. 
(That, in fact, is the main trouble in tracing the descendants of 
the Irish exiles in American history.) The baptism of "Ellis, 
son of James and Eliza Mahoone," at the First Church at Salem 
on January 25th, 1725, is the nearest approach to a possible 
descendant of the Salem pioneer I have been able to find. There 
was a Cane Mahony at Beverly in 17 10 who may have been of 
this family. His name appears among the Massachusetts troops 
which captured Port Royal, N. S., on October 5th in that year, 
and on the records of the Second Congregational Church at 
Beverly, under date of September 23rd, 1723, there is a record of 
the death of "Elizabeth Mahony, widow of Cain Mahorny." 



DERMOT, OR DIARMUID, O'MAHONY. 



171 



Date 
June I, 1725 



Boston 



Boston 



Boston 



Boston 



In various New England towns I find traces of people of this 

name, although their names are spelled in several different ways, 

as is to be expected after the lapse of so many years. In Rhode 

Island and New Hampshire I find it in such peculiar forms as 

"Mawney," *'Maughany," '*Merhoony" and **Mehoney." 

From the Vital Records of New England towns I have copied the 

following data, covering marriages of people of this name: 

Place Contracting Parties 

ThcHnas Mahone and Dorathy 

Jones 
Cornelius Mahony and Katharine 

Johnson 
Florence Mohony and Susanna 

Freeman 
Philip Mahoney and Friswith 

Lambert 
Jeremiah Mahony and Ann Wey- 

min 
John Mahoney and Margaret Law- 
son 
Nancy Mahony and James Ford 
Peter Mahony and Betsey Trevoy 
Michael Mahoney and Sally 

Englesby 
Cain Mahony and Sara Meroe 
Mary Mehoney and Thomas Tip- 
pin 
Margaret Mahony and John Ryan 
George Mehoney and Sarah Bixby 
John Mahony and Mary Game- 
well 
James Mahony and Jemima Tem- 
ple 
Mary Mahonie and John Russell 
John Mahaney and Lydia Kelcey 
** Dan " Mehane and Betsey Atkin- 
son 
Hampton Falls, N. H. Timothy Mahony and Mary Tabb 
Newport, R. I. Bridget Mehany and Thomas 

Chadwick 
Georgetown, Me. Patrick Mehanney and Jane Grace 

Georgetown, Me. Jane Mehanney and John Clary 



April 21, 1 731 

March 13, 1743 

October 28, 1753 

December 30, 1777 Boston 

October 17, 1779 Boston 

May 29, 1780 Boston 

June II, 1792 Boston 

December 10, 1794 Boston 

December 31, 1724 Marblehead 

August 29, 1743 Marblehead 



July 16, 1769 
October 19, 1773 
November i, 1755 



Marblehead 
Marblehead 
Westborough 



February 20, 1766 Worcester 



1772 Charlestown 
Worcester 



July 9, 1 77 1 

December 30, 1780 Salem 



December 3, 1745 
December i, 1743 



January 7, 1743 
January 24, 1756 

On the birth records of the Second Congregational Church at Marblehead 
there are entries showing that William, Sarah, Mary, Elizabeth, Anna, John 
and James Mehoney, children of Cain and Sarah Mehoney, were baptized in 



172 AMERICAN IRISH HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 

that church between 1726 and 1733, and on the Vital Recocxls of Chester, Blaas., 
there are people named Mahanna and Mahanny recorded. "Michael Ma- 
hoaney, tailor/' is mentioned as of Marblehead in 1768. 

There were others al the name in Massachusetts during the 
eighteenth century, for the Probate Records of Suffolk County 
show diat Letters of AdministraticMi were granted to the estate 
of one John Mahony <rf Boston in the year 1733, as well as to the 
estate of another John Mahony in the year 1757. The will of 
Darby Mahony of Boston is on record in the year 1742 and one 
Philip Mahony is mentioned in the Probate Records of the year 
1759. I fiiKl ^U four under the headings of ''Mahoone/' "Ma- 
hone*' and ''Mahony" in the "Index to the Probate Records of 
Suffolk County/' as compiled in 1896 by Elijah George, Register 
of Probate. 

Several soldiers of the name may be found on the rosters of the 
Massachusetts regiments in the war of the Revolution, and from 
the (^cial publication of these rosters I take the following: 

John Mahoon, served as a private in Captain Daniel Sullivan's . 
company of Colonel Benjamin Foster's regiment from Lincoln 
County. 

Jeremiah Mahoney of Boston has a long record as a Sergeant in 
Colonel Thomas Marshall's regiment from January ist, 1777, the 
date of his enlistment, to the close of the war. 

Patrick Mahony from Marlborough enlisted at Boston in 
Colonel Crane's regiment on December 21st, 1777. 

Philip Mahony joined the same regiment at Boston on April 
13th, 1777. 

Timothy Mahony served in Captain Sprague's "Massachusetts 
Division" in the same year. 

John Mahany of Boston served as a "boy" on the privateer. 
General Wayne, commanded by Captain John Leech. 

Patrick Mahan, private in Captain Henry Tiebout's company 
of Colonel Van Schaick's New York regiment, on whose muster 
rolb I find his name in January and April, 1781. He was from 
Massachusetts. 

Jeremiah Mohony served as a marine on the ship, Alfred^ 
commanded by Captain John Paul Jones. He was from Boston. 

Jeremiah Mohany was a sergeant in Colonel Benjamin Tupper's 
tenth regiment in 1781. 



DERMOT, OR DIARMUID, O'MAHONY. 1 73 

Patrick Mehane, or Mahany enlisted as a private in Captain 
John Lane's company on November nth, 1775, and served at 
Gloucester in defence of the seacoast. 

Thomas Mehaney, private in Captain Samuel Leighton's 
company of .Colonel James Scanmion's regiment, enlisted on 
July 4th, 1775. 

Patrick Mehany, matross in Captain Jackson's company of 
Colonel Crane's artillery regiment. 

John Mehoney, private in Captain Samuel Cobb's company of 
Minute-Men. Date of enlistment is recorded as April 24th, 1775, 
but he is supposed to have served in the Lexington Alarm of April 
19th, 1775. 

Owen Mahoney of Boston. The record says "he was reported 
deserted" on March ist, 1778, yet his name appears in the mus- 
ter rolls of other Massachusetts regiments after that date. In 
1779 and 1780 he served at Morristown. He was in Colonel Lee's, 
Colonel Henley's, Colonel Jackson's and Colonel Sherburne's 
regiments at different times. He first enlisted "for the war" 
at Boston on February 21st, 1778. 

Jeremiah Mehony, private in Captain Stephen Perkin's com- 
pany of Colonel Cogswell's regiment, enlisted September 12th, 

1776. 

Thomas Mahny served in Captain Daniel Pilsbury's company 
of Colonel James Scammon's regiment. Enlisted at Cambridge, 
October 28th, 1775. 

Daniel Mehaney of Boston. His name appears among the 
crew of the privateer, Junius Brutus^ of Salem, captured by the 
British in October, 1782. 

Thomas Mahaun, private in Captain Spooner's company of 
Colonel Cushing's regiment, enlisted on August 23d, 1777. 

Patrick Mahaney, corporal in a company commanded by 
Lieut. Andrew Gilman, entered the service on October 12th, 

1776. 

Among other Massachusetts soldiers I notice Philip Mahane, 
Phillip Mahain, John Mahana, Patrick Mahan, William Mahan, 
and Jeremiah, Samuel and John Mahon. 

It is difficult to interpret the confusing entries in the Court 
records above quoted, especially as to the name, "Mathew," 
sometimes given to "Dearman Mahoone." However, the Gaelic 



174 AMERICAN IRISH HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 

form of the name O'Mahony is O'Mathghamhna (pronounced 
OMahowna), and if our hero spelled his name in the original form, 
as was likely in those days, we can readily understand how the 
name, "Dearman Mathew alias Mahowne," suggested itself to 
the Clerk of the Salem Court. I find in **The Apostasy of Myler 
Magrath, Archbishop of Cashel," a poetical satire written in 
Gaelic by Revd. Eoghan O'DuflFy about the year 1577, that the 
author refers to an O'Mahony as "Matthew," and John O'Daly, 
the translator of the poem, explains in his "Notes" that "Math- 
ghamhum (or O Mathghamhna) is the Irish for Matthew." 

We learn from authentic history that in the year 1639, when 
the Scotch took up arms against Charles the First, the latter 
called upon the Earl of Strafford, then his Deputy in Ireland, to 
secure the fidelity of the Irish, as the king was apprehensive that 
the rebels might derive aid from Ireland. Strafford imposed on 
the Irish an oath of allegiance which they generally refused to 
take, and in the attempt to enforce it numerous arrests were 
made and in many cases the captives were sent over to England, 
whence they were transported to the West Indies or the Ameri- 
can plantations as bond servants to their English masters. We 
find in the genealogies how some of those Irish bond-servants in 
time rose above their lowly position and became the progenitors 
of American families who are mentioned in Colonial history. To 
succeed in this way, of course, they had to renounce their faith 
and all ties of nationality, but in those days the transition seems 
to have been an easy matter. A few instances that I now recall 
are the Crehore, Dexter and Kelly families of New England, 
descended respectively from Teague Crehore, Richard Dexter 
and an O'Kelly, who were transported from Ireland to Massa- 
chusetts about the time of the rebellion under Owen Roe O'Neill 
in the year 1641. It is entirely probable that the O'Mahonys 
and their son, Teige, were among the victims who, at this time, 
were transported to New England. In that case. Pope would be 
correct in assuming from the entries in the Massachusetts records 
that "Dearman Mahoone" began as a servant to some Puritan 
family, although it is evident that when his term of service had 
expired, he was able to branch out for himself, which would 
explain his independent ownership of "a house and garden" in 
the Town of Boston. 



DERMOT, OR DIARMUID, O'MAHONY, 1 75 

Whatever was the story of "Dearman O'Mahone," it is prob- 
ably lost for all time. As to his christian name, I have found a 
number of instances where persons named Dermot are recorded 
in Colonial history as "Dermin" and "Dearman," and in the 
case of O'Mahone there can be no doubt that his given name was 
Dermot or Diarmuid. In fact, the genealogies show that the 
name Dermot, and Jeremiah which is its anglicised form, was 
quite common among the Irish families of O'Mahony. 

As to his nationality, ever3^ing points to his having been an 
Irishman, and indeed, when we consider the accumulation of 
evidence supporting this theory, the question may be said to be 
at once removed from the realms of conjectiure. (i) He baptized 
two of his children Teague and Honour, christian names that may 
be said to be exclusively Irish; (2) The Selectmen of the Town of 
Boston charged him with '* inter taining two Irish women" at his 
home without the notification required by law; (3) His widow 
married Bryan Murphy, an Irishman; (4) His cousin was Mathew 
Colane, doubtless O'Cullane, an old Irish name anglicised to 
Colane, Cullen and Collins, and (5) We have the evidence of the 
Notarial Records of Recorder William Aspinwall of Suffolk 
County that "he had no kinsman in the country" but Mathew 
Colane. The fact that his son, Tiege, was placed under the 
tutorage of John Poole and Joseph Armetage, who "gave bond" 
that the boy "shall be taught the English tongue," also seems to 
bear out the assumption as to his nationality, for it is probable 
that Tiege had none of the " Bearla" on his tongue, for most Irish 
boys in those days spoke none but the ancient language of their 
fathers. The number of Irish who could speak or read English 
at that period was exceedingly small and, without doubt, 
Gaelic was the language of the O'Mahony fireside, for the 
interest manifested in the boy by the Salem authorities would 
hardly be evident if the family spoke English. Nor is it at all 
surprising to find a family bearing such a distinctive Irish name 
as O'Mahony residing among the English Puritans in those early 
days, for other similar names are to be found in New England 
seventeenth century records, and indeed, some of them only a 
comparatively few years after the "landing of the Pilgrims of the 
Mayflower." Although some American historians are unwilling 
to admit this, I shall, in another article, quote some examples 
from the records in support of this assertion. 



IRISH PIONEERS IN THE CONNECTICUT VALLEY. 

Traces of the Rileys and Other Irish Families Who Settled 
IN New England in the Seventeenth Century. 

BY MICHAEL J. O'bRIEN. 

The Irish have been among the earliest settlers in the Connec- 
ticut Valley. Ample justification may be found for this asser- 
tion, for in order to verify its truth, one has only to examine the 
genealogies of the pioneer families of this section, the rosters of 
Colonial and Revolutionary troops, and the Land, Court, Church 
and other records published by historical societies. From these 
unquestionable sources of information we learn the names of 
some of those Irish pioneers, although we know that the majority 
never found a place in the official records, having come to New 
England as "poor redemptioners.** While it is surprising to 
find Irishmen in a largely Puritanical community at such an early 
period, and where they were not welcome, the fact that any at all 
appear indicates that they must have been an enterprising, 
daring and self-reliant class, for none but brave hearts and stout 
arms could have wrested success from the wilderness under the 
conditions with which they had to contend . Here they prospered , 
took root and put forth branches, and some of their descendants 
are to-day in New England, although perhaps bearing names that 
are very different in appearance and sound from those of their 
Irish progenitors, and of whose history they are entirely ignorant. 
They are not to be blamed for this, for our prominent historians 
have for years misrepresented the facts of history and have sought 
to relegate the Irish to a place of no importance in the American 
body-politic. New England historians, such as Lodge and Pal- 
frey, and other glorifiers of the so-called "Anglo-Saxons" have 
totally ignored the Irish element and have denied them and their 
descendants a place either in the settlement or progress of the 
colonies, or any participation in that glorious conflict which put 
an end to English tyranny in the Colonies. But, all this is grad- 
ually changing, thanks to the work of our historical societies and 
individuals who are devoting themselves to the examination of 
the authentic records of the country. 

176 



IRISH PIONEERS IN THE CONNECTICUT VALLEY. 1 77 

The Valley of the Connecticut River, which stretches from 
Long Island Sound north through Middletown and Hartford 
Counties, Conn., and Hampden, Hampshire and Franklin 
Counties, Mass., into Vermont, was settled by English colonists 
between 1634 and 1660, although for many years the only settle- 
ments of any importance from the standpoint of population, 
were those located on the** Great River" at what are now Hart- 
ford, Middletown, Wethersfield and Wndsor. When we con- 
sider the antipathy which the Puritans had always exhibited 
toward any but their own kind, one would scarcely expect to find 
Irishmen among those pioneer settlers, yet, the records of the 
locality during the last half of the seventeenth century indicate a 
goodly sprinkling of Irish names, and for many years thereafter 
the Irish continued to come and contributed to the beginnings of 
several of the enterprising and progressive communities of the 
Valley. 

The Town Books of Hartford of the period, 1640 to 1660, 
contain such names as John Kelly, William Gibbons, Gabriel 
Lynch, John Halley, John and Richard Keeney, George Sexton, 
Edmund O'Neal, and ** Peter Hogan, Dutchman," who came 
over in 1657. How Peter Hogan came to be so described is some- 
thing of a mystery, for I assume that all of those mentioned were 
natives of Ireland. In **A Digest of the Probate Records of 
Hartford," compiled by Charles William Manwaring of the 
Connecticut Historical Society, and published at Hartford in 
1904, 1 also find a number of old Celtic names. We are indebted 
to John Camden Hotten's "Original Lists of Immigrants," com- 
piled from the manuscripts in the Public Record Office at London, 
for the names of those Irishmen who accompanied the English 
Puritans in the years 1634 and 1635 to colonize in America, and 
in the current issue of the Journal of this Society will be found a 
list of the names, indicating that many of those Irish pioneers 
sprang from the oldest Milesian families. 

Among the ** Passengers for New England" mentioned in 
Hotten's ''Original Lists" who sailed in the Bonaventure from 
the port of London on January 2nd, 1634, were two Rileys, Gar- 
rett and Miles, and I find that this is the first Irish name men- 
tioned in the Probate Records of Hartford. In Volume II, under 

date of January 6th, 1644, appears the last will and testament of 
12 



178 AMERICAN IRISH HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 

William Frost, and among the legatees he named " Mary Rylie 
and hur children." There were a number of Rileys in the Connec- 
ticut Valley about this time, and among them are mentioned 
Garrett and Miles, doubtless the passengers of the Bonaventure. 
John Riley, who appears in Wethersfield records of the year 1643 
aa a landowner at that place, is thought to have been a brother 
of Garrett and Miles and at a later period there is also mention 
of John's nephews, Patrick, Richard and John Riley. The origi- 
nal John Riley's wife's maiden name is said to have been Grace 
O'Dea. who undoubtedly came with him from Ireland. 

The will of John Riley of Wethersfield appears in the Hartford 
Probate Records under date of May 13th, 1674. He divided his 
landti among his sons, John, Joseph, Jonathan, Jacob and Isaac; 
to hit daughters, Grace, Mary and Sarah he left cash bequests, 
and he appointed his wife, Grace, his executrix. According to the 
Inventory filed in Court, his estate was valued at £688 4s. od., 
indicating that he was one of the substantial men of the com- 
munity. Although he signed his will "John Riley," the name 
ap|H*ar8 all through the records as "Ryley." A great many 
Ril(>y», Rylees, Ryleys and Righleys are mentioned in historical 
records of Connecticut and Massachusetts, especially those 
rt*lttting to the Connecticut Valley, for a period of more than 
two hundred years after the first of the family came to America, 
and I find that descendants of this pioneer Irish family have had 
honorable records in the patriot ranks during the war of the 
Revolution. Edmund Rylee is described as "one of the earliest 
settlers of Old Windsor"; Roger Riley was a Justice of the Peace 
in Hartford County; Roger Ryley, possibly the same, commanded 
a battalion of Connecticut troops in 1778; Jacob Riley was ap- 
pointed Lieutenant of the fourth company of the sixth Militia 
regiment in May, 1781 ; Ackley Riley was in the Lexington Alarm; 
Simon Riley is mentioned in 1777 as a "conductor of teams," and 
Reuben Riley also fought in the Revolution. John Riley was a 
Captain in Colonel Webb's regiment and another John, whose 
name is spelled Reiley, was a Lieutenant in Burrall's State regi- 
ment. He was wounded and taken prisoner at the battle of Long 
Island on July 27th, 1776, and was exchanged, but the blood of 
the fighting O'Reillys of Cavan was in his veins and would not 
"down," for I find him later in the Third Connecticut regiment, 



IRISH PIONEERS IN THE CONNECTICUT VALLEY. 1 79 

battling against the enemies of his ancient race. He was a 
member of the Society of the Cincinnati. Another Riley was in 
a company from Glastonbury and a Captain Richard Riley is 
mentioned in 1794. 

General Ashbel W. Riley, son of the Glastonbury patriot, had 
a distinguished career. When eighteen years old (1813) he 
taught school at Preston, Chenango County, N. Y., having been 
"the first person who passed a teacher's examination under the 
laws of the State." He was a very prominent citizen of Rochester 
and in 1825 he was Brigadier-General of the State Militia. More 
than eighty years ago he was a famous temperance advocate and 
lectured on that topic all over the United States and Europe, 
attracting vast audiences and gaining thousands of signatures to 
a total abstinence pledge. Another of the Rileys, Robert H., 
was a prominent merchant in New York, having been connectecf 
with Claflin and Company for over forty years, and was a member 
of several scientific societies. 

The Rile}^ were one of the most noted sea-faring families on 
the Connecticut River during the last half of the eighteenth cen- 
tury, nearly all of the American stock of mariners of the name 
having been descendants of the Irish settler. Dr. Henry R. 
Stiles, in his ''History of Ancient Wethersfield" (Vol. I, p. 498), 
says: "Probably there have been more sea captains of this sur- 
name in Wethersfield, Rocky Hill and Middletown, all descend- 
ants of John the Wethersfield settler, than of any other sur- 
name." Several of them were engaged in the West Indian trade, 
and there are many stories told of their adventures and of their 
successful preying on British commerce in the two wars of 
Independence. In 1778, Captain Riley commanded the sloop. 
Hero, and in 1780 he was engaged in the general export trade and 
as a ship-builder on the Connecticut River. In 1776, there was a 
privateer brig named the Ranger commanded by Captain Ashbel 
Riley, and in 1778 he appears as the commander of the privateer 
sloop. Snake. In an account published in the Hartford Courant 
of August 26th, 1793, it is related that during the Revolutionary 
war Captain Riley brought the Ranger into the harbor of Charles- 
ton, S. C, where he and his men were seized by the crews of two 
British warships and all put in irons aboard the Nancy. A prize 
crew was put aboard the Ranger and the vessel ordered to pro- 



l8o AMERICAN IRISH HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 

ceed to New Providence. But the bold American had other plans, 
for only a few days after his capture he and his men seized the 
arms, recaptured the British convoy and brought her into Charles- 
ton, to the great astonishment and joy of the people. Another 
of the family, Captain James Riley, is the hero of a thrilling story 
of adventiu'e, shipwreck and capture on the coast of Africa in the 
year 1813. 

The nephews of John, the original settler, located in various 
places in the Connecticut Valley. Patrick Riley and his wife, 
Bridget, are found at Middletown, Richard in Hartford and their 
brother John further up the Connecticut River at Springfield. 
I have found a statement by a local historian that all three "were 
the sons of an Irish father and an Indian mother" and that from 
the latter they inherited their love for the chase, for they are 
mentioned in Colonial history as daring hunters and trappers. 
However, this statement is practically contradicted by all other 
historians of the Valley, who say that "John Riley came from 
Ireland," and it can hardly be supposed that their father could 
have married an Indian woman in Ireland. The Town Books of 
Springfield contain several references to John Riley. This I be- 
lieve to have been the nephew of the original Wethersfield settler, 
although, from the fact that the latter had two sons bom at 
Springfield, it appears certain that both John Rileys at one period 
lived at that place. The earliest mention of John Riley, Junior, 
at Springfield, is on December 23rd, 1659, when he was assigned 
to a "Seate in ye Meeting House." He had then been a resident 
there for three years and was united in marriage at that place in 
1660 to Margaret O'Dea, sister of Grace O'Dea who married his 
uncle. At a "Genii Town Meeting," held on "ffebr 3 (62)," he 
was granted a plantation " lying on ye west side of ye great River 
by the great hill yt is by the way to the playn called Chickuppe 
playne, this Lott thus granntted on Condition 3rt he build and 
Settle yt upon wthn five yeeres from this tyme." Evidently, he 
complied with this condition, for on May 5th, 1664, the Town 
Committee granted to him "flFoure acres of meddow lying neere 
the great pond on ye back side of Chicuppe playne." (Town 
Records, Book III, p. 165.) On February 4th, 1678, he was fined 
two shillings "for absenting himself from Town Meeting." 

In 1683 he purchased from Henry Chapin sixteen acres of land 



IRISH PIONEERS IN THE CONNECTICUT VALLEY. l8l 

at West Springfield, at a place that is now part of the City of 
Holyoke, and in the "Annals of Chicopee Street," published at 
Springfield in 1909, Clara Skeele Palmer, in referring to this pur- 
chase, states: ''It is said that Riley was an Irishman and with 
other settlers who came to that vicinity gave the name of Ire- 
land Parish to that part of the town. Before this it was known as 
'The Upper Wigwames,' showing that an Indian settlement was 
near." Charles H. Barrows, historian of Springfield, also says 
that "John Riley was from Ireland," and I find it stated in a 
series of historical articles on the Connecticut Valley, published 
by the Springfield Union on June 30th, 1905, that: "the terri- 
tory now comprising Holyoke was originally a part of the town 
of West Springfield and in the early days of the settlement was 
styled Ireland Parish. Prior to 1745, an Irish family named 
Riley had located in the vicinity. Several other families of the 
same nationality came soon afterward and it was from this little 
colony that the community took its early title." The name of 
"Ireland Parish" continued in local use until 1850, when it was 
changed to "New City." 

Sergeant Daniel Riley is mentioned in Wethersfield records of 
1703 in connection with threatened raids by the Indians. He 
was selected with a number of others "to fortify the place." 
David Riley was in the assault on Port Royal, Nova Scotia, in 
1 710 and Lieutenant Isaac Riley is mentioned in 17 12. 

Among the passengers for New England who came over with 
Garrett and Miles Riley on the Bonaventure in 1634, were Thomas 
Murfie, John Dunn and Christopher Carroll. It is possible that 
these also came to the Connecticut Valley, although there seems 
to be no mention of their names in Connecticut records. 

The historic name of Sullivan is the second of the Irish to appear 
on the Hartford Probate Records. The Land Books at the office 
of the Secretary of State (Vol. II), show that: "On the 17th day 
of August, 1650, Andrew Monroe of Appamaticke, mariner, bar- 
gained, sold and delivered to Robert Lord and Daniel Sullivane, 
and on the 25th of August, 1652, Daniel Sullivane of Hartford 
makes Mr. William Gibbons his lawfull Attorney." Sullivan 
married Abigail Coale, daughter of James Coale, who, in his will, 
bequeathed his "dwelling howse in Hartford, with all other 
howses, orchards, gardens, home lott, with all aptenances there- 



l82 AMERICAN IRISH HISTORICAL SOCIETY, 

unto belonging," etc. to ''danyell Sullivane and his wife Abigail." 
The will appears without date, but the inventory of the testator's 
estate was taken in November, 1652, and is spread out in detail 
on pages 36 and 37 of the record. Sullivan was a sea-faring man, 
trading with the West Indies and Virginia, and in 1655 he died in 
Virginia. His will was testified to upon oath before Obediance 
Robbins, a magistrate of Northampton County, Va., on June 
4th, 1655. 

John Kelly figures in the Hartford Probate Records of the year 
1663. At ps^ 135 the following entry appears: "Know all men 
that I, John Kelly, have received of my father in lawe Nathl 
Willett the full just somme of moneys that was due from him to 
my wife as the portion which was allowed her and doe by these 
Presents give unto my aforesaid father a discharge from all and 
whatsoever from the beginning of the world to this day, as wit- 
ness my hand June 10, 1663 

his 
John X Kelly 
mark 
Witnesses, Joseph Smith, Ezekell Sanford." 

An inventory of the estate of Richard Sexton of Windsor was 
filed in Court on June 3rd, 1662. Letters of Administration were 
granted to his widow. 

Letters of Administration to the estate of Florence DriscoU of 
Wethersfield appear at page 12 of the Probate Records under date 
of March 6th, 1678. The Court ordered, "£15. for the Widow's 
support," and directed the administrators, Nathaniel Bissell and 
John Marsh, ** to collect and settle debts." In "The Genealogies 
and Biographies of Ancient Windsor," by Dr. Henry Stiles (Hart- 
ford, 1892), appears an exact copy of the entry covering the mar- 
riage of Florence Driscoll, taken from the Colonial Land Records 
(Vol. I, fol. 46). It is as follows: ''ffluranc Driscoll & mary 
Webster both of Windsor ware maried by capten Newbery aprel 
24, 1674." 

The death of Alice Keeney of Wethersfield, on February 23rd, 
1682, is entered on page 70. Her estate, which was appraised 
at £50. 14s. 6d., she bequeathed to her children. 

"John O'Neil warned out of town, as not a lawful inhabi- 



IRISH PIONEERS IN THE CONNECTICUT VALLEY. 1 83 

tant," appears in December, 1682. (Geneal. Records, Vol. 2, 
p. 524, Stiles' History.) 

Hugh MacCoy of Wethersfield died on July 31st, 1683. Let- 
ters of Administration were granted to Alice MacCoy, and by his 
will he directed that his lands were •* to remain in John MacCoy 's 
hands at 20/- per annum rent." 

Edward Mahone is mentioned in connection with the nuncu- 
pative will of Daniel Bowen of Wethersfield, who died on Sep- 
tember 15th, 1683. 

William MackCranney married Margaret Riley at Springfield 
on July 8th, 1685, and at a Town Meeting on May loth, 171 1, 
MackCranney was granted **four or five acres of Land to Ly 
Westerly of the Land he bought of Nathll Dumbleton." 

John MacMan (probably MacMahon), married Elizabeth 
Stoughton at Windsor on November 27th, 1690. He died on 
December i8th, 1698, and according to the inventory, his estate 
was valued at £2798. 3s. od. 

"John King an Irishman was dr. (drowned) in the Great 
River by Ry -H. (Rocky Hill) about the 16 of May 1702 as he was 
going over the River when he first loosed the canoe it is conjec- 
tured he fell into the River." (Wethersfield Town Records.) 

In *'An Account of the Second Tier of Lotts Beginning at 
Windsor Bounds," dated July 5th, 1731, appearing in the Hart- 
ford Land Records (Vol. 5, pp. 690-699), Edmund O'Neal is 
recorded as the owner of "Lott No. 99." 

Sarah Riley was appointed administratrix of the estate of her 
husband, Jonathan Riley, on January 29th, 1712. The inven- 
tory placed the value at £467. 12s. lod. and the widow was or- 
dered by the Court *'to distribute the estate." 

Among the names entered in the Probate Records between 
1720 and 1736 are Mary Corbett, Jeremiah and Edward Diggins, 
Elizabeth Haley, Joseph Keeney, Joseph and James Righley, 
Robert and Elizabeth MacKell, and Mary and Robert Nevins, 
and among the marriages performed at Wethersfield was that of 

James Hogen and Mary . There is no date, but they 

had a son, John, born there on March 14th, 1734. 

The inventory of the estate of Patrick Macklarren of Middle- 
town was filed in Court on March 13th, 1732. His widow, 
Dorothy, ''declined to take out Letters of Administration" and 



1 84 AMERICAN IRISH HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 

on April 4th, 1732, the Court appointed John Buckley and 
Ephraim Welles of Colchester to administer the estate and ad- 
just the claims of creditors. 

The estate of Bryan Shields of Glastonbury was administered 
by the Court at Hartford on December 6th, 1743. His "son, 
Daniel, a minor, 16 years of age, chose his brother-in-law, Al- 
pheus Gustin, to be his Guardian." 

William McCarty appears on the records (Vol. XV, p. 42), 
under date of July 6th, 1747, as witness to an agreement fqr 
settlement of the estate of Joseph Thompson. 

The will of John McMoran of Windsor was dated April 4th, 
1746, John and Elizabeth McMoran having been among the 
beneficiaries. (Court Records, p. 10.) 

Mary Sweeney, Widow of Simsbury, died on May 26th, 1748. 
Probate of her will was granted on June 17th, following. She 
divided her property among her son, Benjamin Sweeney, her 
daughters, Sarah Sweeney and Mary LiUey, and her grandchil- 
dren. Patience Alderman and Amey Johnson. 

Thomas Gleason of Simsbury died on May 8th, 1745. The 
Court issued Letters of Administration to his widow, Elizabeth 
Gleason. (Court Records, Vol. XV, p. 61.) 

Katherine Glesson of Simsbury took out Letters of Administra- 
tion to the estate of David Gleason on August 5th, 1746. She 
"gave bond with Thomas Glesson for £500." (Court Records, 
Vol. XIV, p. 20.) 

On October loth, 1745, the Court appointed Exlward Higbee 
administrator of the estate of John Dowd of Middletown. His 
property was valued at £563. 19s. 3d. and was divided among the 
children of the deceased, John, Elizabeth, Rebeccah and Mary 
Dowd. There are a great many Dowds and Douds mentioned in 
these records. 

Daniel Higgins of Middletown died on October 8th, 1749, 
and administration was granted to his widow, Ruth Higgins. 

Joseph Dailey died intestate and Letters of Administration 
were granted to Joseph Dailey of Middletown on January 28th, 
1748. 

On March ist, 1747, Ruth Burk, a minor, chose Daniel Gris- 
wold of Bolton guardian of her interests in the estate of her 
father, John Burk of Hatfield. 



IRISH PIONEERS IN THE CONNECTICUT VALLEY. 1 85 

On June 14th, 1748, Timothy Brennon, a minor, fifteen years 
of age, chose William Rockwell of Middletown to be bis guardian 
under the will of his father, Timothy Brennon. 

Patrick Barmingham and his wife, Abigail, received the sum 
of £283. i6s. 6d. as heirs to the estate of Joseph Bunce of Hart- 
ford, whose will was dated July nth, 1750. 

Among the soldiers from Wethersfield who fought in the 
French-Ertglish War, 1755 to 1757, are mentioned Abram Dayley, 
John Meehall, Thomas and John Buckley, Thomas McCleane, 
Timothy McKeough, James Murphy, James Murphey, James 
Welsh, Jesse Sexton, David Collins, Daniel McCloud, James and 
Joseph Keeney, Robert Barrett, Captain Stephen Riley, Corporal 
Stephen Riley, and Charles, Elisha, Jacob and John Riley, all 
from the neighborhood of Wethersfield. 

The subscription list of a fund raised in Wethersfield in June 
1774, to relieve the distress at Boston, caused by the closing of 
the port after the destruction of the cargo of tea in December, 
1773, contains the names of James Barrett, Joseph Butler, 
Samuel Gleason, Nicholas Nevins, Samuel, Simeon, Levi, Ashbel 
and Justus Riley and Patrick O'Coneley. 

Among the Revolutionary soldiers from Wethersfield, I notice 
the following: 

James Murphy, who enlisted in Captain Chester's company of 
the Second regiment on May 3rd, 1775. He was discharged on 
December 17th, 1775, and joined Captain Welles' company of 
Colonel Belden's regiment in March, 1777. On April nth, 1777, 
he enlisted in the Sixth Troop of Colonel Sheldon's Light Dra- 
goons. 

Another James Murphy served as matross in Colonel Crane's 
regiment in 1777 and 1778 and again in 1780 and 1781. 

Stiles, in his "History of Wethersfield," refers to "an Irish 
contingent" who were sent in September, 1782, from Wethers- 
field to join Colonel Canfield's Militia regiment at West Point. 
In the company I notice the names of Henry McNally, Barnabas 
Flannagan and James Hogan. 

Lawrence Sullivan enlisted in Captain Chester's company of 
the Second Connecticut on May 13th, 1775. In that year he 
was made prisoner in the Quebec expedition. 

Other Revolutionary soldiers from this neighborhood were 



I86 AMERICAN IRISH HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 

John Grogan, Charles Butler, Captain Eldward Butler, John and 

Joseph Butler, Croly, Robert and John Collins, Alvin 

McDowell, William Gillespie, John Doyle, Jeremiah Connell, 
Jeremiah Daly, and John Larkin. Patrick O'Conely also served 
in the Revolution, but in what regiment does not appear. His 
name appears in the "Genealogical Records of Wethersfield" as 
O'Colomy and O'Conoland. He died on October ist, 1792. 

Other Irish names found on the Marriage and Birth records 
of the town prior to 1800, are Henry and Timothy Sullivan, 
A^liam McCarty, Charles Lyons, John Larkin, Rosanna McFee, 
Christopher McCormick, Joseph Higgins, Peggy Glyn and Dennis 
Dugan. 

Thus we see that there was a liberal infusion of Irish blood into 
that of the earliest English settlers of the Connecticut Valley. 
As but comparatively few names appear in public records, it is 
fair to assume that there must have been many others in the 
Valley of the same nationality during the eighteenth century. 



EXTRACTS FROM THE PROBATE RECORDS OF 
NEWCASTLE COUNTY, DELAWARE. 

BY MICHAEL J. O'BRIEK. 

These items have been abstracted from the entries covering 
the original wills (as far as they exist) in the Register's office at 
Wilmington, and from the Probate Records where the wills are 
missing. Distinctive Celtic names only have been copied, al- 
though there are many other entries of wills by persons bearing 
names that are common to Ireland, but as there is nothing to indi- 
cate the nationality of the testators, they have not been included. 

John McKony made his will on November 30th, 1690 — ^pro- 
bated on December 6th, 1690. His wife, Mabel McKony, was 
the sole beneficiary. 

John Murphy was made executor under the will of Vincent 
Lowe, dated December 14th, 1691. 

John McKarta (McCarty) of Black Creek Hundred, made his 
will on December ist, 1694. His wife, Mary McKarta, was the 
sole beneficiary and executrix. 

The will of Bryan McDonnell, formerly of County Wicklow, 
was probated on March 19th, 1707. He named his wife, Mary 
(nte Doyle), his sons, Bryan, William, John, James and Richard, 
and his daughters, Mary and Annable McDonnell, legatees of his 
real and personal estate and appointed his wife and his sons, 
Bryan and William executors. 

The nuncupative will of Katharine Flaherty was attested by 
John Healy on December 28th, 1708. She mentioned her two 
children, "boy, John Flaherty, she left unto John Healy of 
Appoquinimink Hundred, girl, Margaret Flaherty, she left unto 
Martha Williams." 

James Middleton, "late of the Kingdom of Ireland and late 
dweller in Chester in the Province of Pennsylvania," executed 
his will on the " loth month ist 1710," and named a large number 
of legatees, among them his "cousins William and Jc4in Davis, 
sons to James Davis of Ireland." 

Robert Hayes, in his will dated October 9th, 1713, named his 
wife, Hannah, and his daughter, Isabella Hayes. 

187 



I88 AMERICAN IRISH HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 

Patrick Fitzgerald, husbandman, by his will dated July loth, 
1 7 14, named Rowland Fitzgerald his sole beneficiary and ex- 
ecutor. 

Mary Marrarty, widow, divided her estate among her children. 
Will dated March 28th, 1717. 

Matthew Corbett's will is on record under date of the " loth 
of the I2th Month called February 1719." He named his son, 
James, and his daughters, Jane and Mary Corbett. 

Neal O'Neal, planter, made his will on June 6th, 1720. Pro- 
bated on October ist, 1723. He divided his property among his 
wife, Mary, and two children and Mary, widow of Richard Cant- 
well, and her two children. 

John Wallace, yeoman, in his will dated November 13th, 1720, 
named his "son-in-law John Dixon in Ireland and Robert Lang- 
ham of Bellmanagonaugh in the County of Down, Ireland." 
His executors were John Brian and Thomas Reed. 

James Haley or Healy of Black Creek Hundred, made his will 
on February 14th, 1729, naming his son-in-law, Will. Harraway. 
Mrs. Ann Haley and Thomas Noxan were appointed executors. 

In the will of Samuel Shennan, "taylor," April 2nd, 1723, he 
named his mother, Agnes Shennan; his sons, Jeremiah, Samuel 
and John Shennan ; his brothers, Hugh, John, Edward and Roger; 
his sister, Katharine; and his "cusen," Mary Shennan, legatees. 

Moses Kenny, yeoman, made his will on December i8th, 1732, 
dividing his property among his wife, his brothers, John and 
Robert, and others. 

Jeane Moore, in her will dated February ist, 1735, named her 
son-in-law, Samuel Moor, her sons, Robert and John, her brother, 
John Shields, and appointed her cousin, Patrick Porter, executor. 

Samuel A^son, ''lately from Ireland," named his "brother, 
William, of Lisbum, County Antrim, Ireland," in hils will dated 
August 1 8th, 1737. 

Patrick Cannon of Mill Creek Hundred, "taylor," made his 
will on March 15th, 1738, and mentioned his "brother, Daniel 
Cannon in Parish of Temple Moor, in Barony of Gusowen, in ye 
County Donegal," and appointed William McGaughey executor. 

Hugh Creagan of Mill Creek Hundred, dealer, by his will dated 
October 17th, 1739, left his property to his "sister Catharine 
Creagan (alias Divine) wife of Patrick Divine in Ireland." 



PROBATE RECORDS OF NEWCASTLE COUNTY, 



189 



Owen O'Sbaveling named his "brother in Ireland" among the 
I^;atee8 and appointed as executor his "brother Forlagh in Ire- 
land ' ' and Alexander Moor. Will dated September 24th , 1 74 1 . 

The nuncupative will of Dennis O'Bryan, dated December 
i6th, 1753, was probated on January 27th, 1754. He named as 
legatees his "brothers and sister, Richard, Eldward and Mary 
O'Bryan, living in Racannon, about 24 miles from Cork, Ireland." 

The following table shows other wills recorded in the Regis- 
ter's office at Wilmington: 



DaU 

1744. Auguat 90 

1747. J«nV 30 

1747. June 2 
Z747i February 33 

Z748, Biay ao 

Z74S* April 24 

Z740* Fcbruaiy — 
Z740. June 7th 

1745. Sept, 27 
Z749, Dec. 28 
Z750, April I 



Z750. Oct. 26 
Z748, Feb'y 27 



1751. Oct. 6 
1747. Not. 1 
I7S3. July 29 



X7S7. Sept. 24 

Z757. Ansust 3 
Z762, Oct. Z5 

Z764. Feb'y. Z2 

Z763, Not. 7 



Mattbew Kenaey 

William Mcdearn 

Daniel Makkary 
Gcocie Moocc 

James Leanord 

Daniel McAliflter 

John Meldrom 
Roger .Shannon 

John Shannon 

Archibald Murphy 

James Hanna 



Owen Ryan 
iMbel Norman 



Margaret McMuUen 
WniiamKeUy 



John Toland 



Wife Rebecca, 3 

daui^tefB 

Father. Matthew. 

and fietert 

Wife Elizabeth, son Richard 

Wife, eona and daughteia Elisabeth Moore 



tout, a 



orouiert 



Sooa Mark and Clement, 
James Dunnahoue. 
Saa Daniel and nephew Dan- 
iel McAlister 
Saa Robert and others 
Mother and nephew John 
FltsiMtrick 
Daughter Mary 



and dan. 



Patrick Flinn 



John Dunnahooe. 



Richard Malone 
Lawrence Hahan 



William Murphy 



Son William 

Mary Locloy 

Wife Agnes, uncle Hugh 

McWhorter and bros. and 

sisters in Ireland 

Son, John Ryan 

Brothers Thomas and John 

Flynn. child of Patrick Patrick Flynn 

Flynn and Mary Flynn 

Son John and daus. Jane 

and Barbery McMullen 

Wife and four daus. 



Rebecca Kenney 

Exemy Kelly 
James Louchran 

Martha Loughran 

Patrick Lyons 



Wife Mary, sons Patrick 
and Edmund, daus. Ann, 
Mary and Sarah. Wm. Mc- 
Nichol and Edward Mc- 
Gonnigal 
Her Children 

5 sons and 3 daus. 
Wife Martha and four chil- 
dren 

Husband Joseph and stepson 
James Loughran 
Son Patrick and daus. 
Catharine. Sarah and Ann 
Lyons 



James McDonou^ 
and John Towland 
Mary Toland 
Edward McGuire 



Moses Kenny and 
Hugh Ryan 



190 



AMERICAN IRISH HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 



Dti§ 

1764. Sept. 24 



Ttttofor 
Patrick Knu 



1765, Nov. I5tli. Putrick Fortcr 



1766. April lit. 



1760, Nov. z6 
1766, Sept. 8 



1766, April 30tb. 

1767. Jany. 8 
I77x> Augnst 33 



1773. Peby. 10 
177a. April 4 

1772, June — 

1773. Angnrt 5 



1773, Sept. 14 



1772. Feby. 28 

I77S, May 24 
1775. Jnne 20 



I77S. Auguft s 



Z775f JoiK 10 
1777. January 16 



Jeremiah SoIUvan 



HnghKeUy 



Margaret Kelly 



Samael Gflleapie 
Jamea Gille«>ie 
Samuel League 



LMgategs 

Wife Bridget, ton Patrick 
and dau. Catherine Sueran 
Soa Daniel and daui. Mary 
and Jannet 

Uncle Timothy Morris in 
Ireland, Patrick Fitnim- 
nxms, iKother Daniel and 
•later Margaret SoUivan in 
Ireland 

Brother John Kelly, daters 
Grace and Elizabeth Kear- 
ney, and mother Mary Kdly 
Son Tobjras. dau. Jane 
Dennlaon and grandson 
Thomat Dennlaon 
Brothen and siaterB 
Wife, brothen and daters 
Wife Mary, brother-hi4aw 
David Sollvan, oouaint 
Mary and David Sulivan 
and others 

John Reed and Robert Mc- 
Creery 

His friend. Wmiam Cum- 
niings 

Wife Sarah, sod John, 
cousin ThcMnas Murphy 
Jacob Tobin son of Thomas 
Tobin. cousin William 
King and sister Sarah In Ire- 
land and the children of 
John and William King hi 
Ireland 

Nephew Robert McCalley of 
Parish of Donaghedy. 
County Tyrone, niece Isa- 
bella McCalley ''now mar- 
ried to Charles McGlaugfa- 
lin, Parish of Baldory 
Ireland." 

Wife, daughter and various 
relatives 
Margaret McDonnally Two granddaughters 



Bmcmlori 



NickkM Donnogho 
Patrick CoonoUy 
Thomas Murphy 
Margaret Houstcm 



Robert McCalley 



William Donally 



Rachel Tobin 



Elisabeth McLaugh- 
lan 



John 



Patrick Conner 



Sons John, Thomas. Peter 

and Jacob, daughter and 

others 

"Pather-hi-hiw. Daniel Mc- 

Loren"; three children of 

her late husband. James 

McLaughlin and Agnes 

McLoren 

Wife Margaret; brother 

Timothy, and parents In 

Ireland 

Wife Mary; son Patrick; 

five unmarried children 

and two married daughters 



Philemon 
McLoughUa 
Cornelltts 
Hotohan 



Sarah Murphy 



PROBATE RECORDS OF NEWCASTLE COUNTY. 



191 



DaU 
1777* May ix 

I774> March 3 

1778, March 26 



Tistaior 
Michael Kdley 

Pete Connor 

PeteT Leonard 



X777 December aSt Robert Kenny 



X77S, October 6 Philip Morrow 

X777f February X5 John Dougherty 

X778, November 30 Peter Moore 

1779* January 9, Michael Mardoch 

1778* February 23 Ann Britahan 



1776, September 7 William McCoole 



1780, April 6 James Dougherty 

178X, January 23 Margaret Laferty 



178 X, April X4 



William Grimei 



X783, January a, William McEean 

X78a, September 2 Thomas Drugan 
X778. .^>ril X James Laughran 



X783t September 9i Neill Dougherty 

X78a, January 30 Catherine Collins 

1784. Aprfl xo William McKinney 

I773t February x Joshua Donoho 

X777t March X3 Robert McMurphy 



X785» August 31 
X786, March 4 



1786. May ap 



X787. August xa 



Jolm McMorris 
Thomas Fitzgerald 



Catherine MitcheU 



Robert Miller 



X787> October 5* John Moore 
1785, December 15 William Gallaher 
X788, October a6 Cornelius Hollahan 



X789, April X 



Lawrence Higgins 



Lsgatets 

Hui^ Marin and Patrick 
McCue 

Wife Catren; son Ptete Con- 
nor and John Calahan 



Matthew. Robert, Dean, 
Rebecka and Mary Kenny 
and sister Mary Wilson 



Children John and Mary 
Moore 

Wife Bridget Mardoch; son 
and three daughters 
Dau. Hannah McClerey; 
son Andrew and William 
Heffeman 

Wife Elizabeth; father-in- 
law John McBride and 
brother John McCoole 
Elinor Hendrixson 
Catherine and Nancy 
Laferty 

Wife and son, living in Ire- 
land 

Brother Thomas, sod 
Thomas and dau. Letitia 
Nephew Patrick Drugan 
Brother James; three sisters 
and three children of Wil- 
liam Fixmey 
Ann McConnell, 
Her six grandchildren 
Wife and daughter 
Wife Cornelia Donoho 
Wife, two sons and three 
grandchildren; brother and 
two sisters in Ireland, and 
several others 
Father and mother and sis- 
ter Mary McMonis 
Son Philip; brodier James 
and Thomas Coimer 
Sister Mary Cowgill. Cath- 
erine Bruff and Charlotta 
Carney 

Brothers Samuel and Hugh 
MiUer. living in Ireland 
James McLammon ai>d 
others 

Wife Sarah and sons 
Thomas.WilUam and James 
Children John, Mary and 
Margaret HoUahan 
Wife Susannah, three sons 
and sewal grandchildren 



Bxtettfors 



Andrew Rainey and 
James McCormick 



Barney McDermott 
Patrick Hughs 



Thomas Kcan 



James Crossan 



192 



AMERICAN IRISH HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 



Dcti 
793. February 3 

793. Majri 
791* O cto ber 6 

794. Januaiy 9 Caleb Byraet 



Alennder McMorphy Children, Agnea, Robert Robert IdcMorphjr 

and Elisabeth and Robert Hangher 

Catharine Manm Nieoet Mary Reed and 

Sarah Ryland and othert 
Daiu. Abigafl and Rebecca Tbomaa and Andrew 



794. Mays 

794. Sept. 24 
793. Nor. la 

79X. April IS 



796, March 11 
794. Jonas 

797. Angiiit4 
797. December s 



DaridMcMeben 

Rebecca Kearney 
Jamea Adams 



McDononch 



Wife Mary , sons Daniel and 

Jonathan, daua. Margaret 

and Rachel 

Two brothers, five eiateri 

and othert 

Variout relativea 

Samuel and John 0*F1inn Captain Patrick 



Jamea McMechen 



794.May6 



Thomas Connor 
Samuel Kelly 

Hugh Dougherty 
Archibald McMuri>hy 

Rachel Flaherty 



and others. 

Sons Thomas, Patrick and 

Michael, grandsons Jamea 

and Joseph Anderson 

Joseph Mills 

Wife and 6 chOdxen and 

other relativca 



0*FUnn 
ThomasMcDonough 



William KeOey 



799. December aa William McGarvey 



Sons Thomas and Joseph 

McMurphy 

Daus. Deborah and BUsa> 

beth Flaherty 

Son David, sister Margaret John McGarvey 

McGarvey and others 



Among other Irish names which appear in the Probate Records 
of Newcastle County, between 1697 and 1797, are: 

Donnol McDonnold, Mary McDonnell, Mary and Elizabeth 
Dohorty, Patrick Lyons, Esther Mangin, John McCormick, 
John Sheridan, Dennis Nowland, Sarah McGraugh, Elizabeth 
and Mary McGinnis, Ann Fitzgerald, Joseph and Rachel Condon, 
James Bym, William Byrnes, Joseph and Martha Breslin, 
Thomas and Jane Barry, Matthew McKinnie, Thomas McGee, 
William McMeehan, Miriam Daly, James Conway, Mary Mc- 
Grandy, James and Elizabeth Kelly, William McKennan, David 
Higgins, Daniel Brynes, Henry O'Harra and James O'Donnel. 



THE O'BRIENS IN THE COLONY OF GEORGIA— KEN- 
NEDY O'BRIEN LAID OUT THE SITE OF THE 
CITY OF AUGUSTA* 

BY MICHAEL J. O'BRIEN. 

The early records of Georgia, which are preserved in the ar- 
chives of the secretary of state and of the Umd office, indicate 
tjiat, irom the very beg^ning of the colony, men of Irish blood 
oontributed a share to the building of its foundations, as the 
descendants ot some of them have since taken part in the devel- 
c^unent and maintenance of its institutions. Their names are 
found in the records of land grants; the conveyances of lots and 
holdings in the very first towns and settlenients established in 
the colony; in the court records; the birth, baptismal, marriage 
and death records, on the rosters of the colonial militia and of the 
army of the Revolution, and in sundry records and documents 
that are preserved by historical societies. 

The first permanent settlements in Georgia were established 
by a number of colonists brought over from England in the year 
^733 by Oglethorpe, the first governor of the colony. A few 
years later, there followed a number of Germans and some Jews 
and Italians. In the year 1768, it is recorded the largest single 
colony which, up to that time, had come from any European 
country, arrived from Ireland. The historians of Georgia make 
very little reference to the Irish immigrants to that section pre- 
vious to the year 1768. This omission is rather strange, in 
view of the fact that the colonial records contain a goodly number 
of Irish names at much earlier dates than this period. For 
example, in a ''List of persons who received allotments of town 
lots, gardens and farms at Savannah under a general conveyance 
signed by the trustees of Georgia, dated July 7, 1733," the orig- 
inal of which may be seen at the office of the secretary of state, 
I find such names as John Grady, William Horan, John Kelly, 
Anthony McBride, Pierce Butler, William Gough, Pat Grahame, 
John Deam and Joseph Ryan, all believed to have been natives 
of Ireland. 

*The Augusta Ckfonicle, Sunday, May 16, 1915. 
18 193 



194 AMERICAN IRISH HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 

The mo6t prominent Irish name mentioned in the early records 
of Georgia is O'Brien. In Colonel Charles C. Jones' "History 
of Augusta" (p. 27), he gives a ''List of the whole inhabitants of 
the township of Augusta in Georgia," copied from the original 
record. This list is headed by the name of Kennedy O'Brien. 
At pages 28-29, there is reproduced a "Deposition of Kennedy 
O'Brien, of Augusta, in the Colony of Georgia, merdiant, erne 
of the first inhabitants of said township and a constant resident 
therein ever since the first settlement thereof." This deposition 
is dated July 9th, 1741. The historian further states (p. 30): 
"O'Brien b^^an the settlement of the town largely at his individ- 
ual charge, and by him was the first conmiodious storehouse there 
erected. As a reward for his energy and enterprise. General 
Oglethorpe, on the 8th of March, 1739, reconmiended the trustees 
grant to him and the heirs male of his body 500 acres of land. 
Roger deLacy, a noted Indian trader, was another prominent 
pioneer who materially assisted in the development of the little 



town." 



If the date named by Colonel Jones, viz., "the 8th of March, 
1739," is correct, it must refer to a second land grant to Kennedy 
O'Brien, for in the "Colonial Records of Georgia" (vol. 5, p. 199), 
I find recorded the "Minutes of a meeting of the council held cm 
June 27, 1738," at which there was read a "letter from Kennedy 
Obryan, Esq., to our secretary, Mr. Martin, date 8th June, 1738, 
setting forth that he had been two years at Augusta and laid 
out £300, but having no grant of land he fixt on he desired one 
might be past him for 500 acres." This letter was accompanied 
by another from General Oglethorpe "recommending the affair" 
and informing the trustees that "he is a very industrious man 
and kept a storehouse to supply the Indian traders with goods." 
A grant of 500 acres was ordered as he desired and a memorial 
thereof to be registered with the auditor of the plantations. 
It bein^ improbable there were two people of the name at Fort 
Augusta at this time, I assume Kennedy O'Brien and Kennedy 
Obryan to have been the same identical person. In the "Co- 
lonial Records of Georgia" (Vol. 3, p. 206), there appears: "A 
general accompt of all monies and effects received and expended 
by the trustees for establishing the colony of Georgia in America." 
The very first item of receipts entered in this "accompt" was 



If 



THE 0*BRIENS IN THE COLONY OF GEORGIA. 1 95 

under date of " 1739, 5 July," reading: ** Kennedy O'Brien, Esq., 
one guinea, being the consideration mony mentioned in his 
grant." 

In "A True and Historical Narrative of the Colony of Georgia 
in America," by Tailer, Anderson, Douglas and others (Charles- 
town, S. C, MDCCXLI), as well as in "A Brief Account of the 
Causes Which Have Retarded the Progress of the Colony of 
Georgia in America," etc. (London, MDCCXLHI), there is a 
''List of the inhabitants of the township of Augusta in Georgia, 
and at the head of this list is the name of *' Mr. Kennedy O'Brien. 

During a recent visit to Georgia, I examined many old records 
relating principally to the period when the settlement of Augusta 
was begun, for the purpose of tracing, if possible, the career of 
Kennedy O'Brien. Although there are several references to him, 
indicating that he must have occupied a position of some influ- 
ence among his fellow colonists, there is very little on record 
relative to his career in Georgia and nothing to indicate that he 
was an Irishman by birth, although I assume there can be no 
doubt on that score. As he was in the province as early as 1735^ 
it is probable that he was one of those that came over with 
Oglethorpe in 1733 with the first white men who settled that 
section. However, in The South Carolina Gazette of June 8th, 
1734, I find an announcement of appointments made by the 
governor of the province of South Carolina of justices of the peace 
for Berkeley County, and among them was " Kennedy O'Brian, 
justice of the peace for New Windsor and parts adjacent." 
This may have been the same Kennedy O'Brien who laid out 
the site of Augusta one year later, for the latter followed the 
occupation of Indian trader and, as he may have found on the 
Savannah River business opportunities not afforded him in South 
Carolina, it is possible that he may have removed to Fort Augusta 
with the intention of establishing there permanently. On the 
registers of St. Philip's Church at Charleston, however, I find 
entries that do not quite "fit in" with this theory. These rec- 
ords show that on November i6th, 1738, "Kennedy Obryan 
married Mary Wigg," and the death of "Kennedy Obrien" at 
Charleston is also recorded under date of January 17th, 1742. 

A son of Colonel Jones, Mr. Charles Edgeworth Jones, of 
Augusta, wrote me under date of May 19th, 191 1, as follows: 
"In the same year in which New Inverness had its birth (1735) 



196 AMERICAN IRISH HISTORICAL SOCIETY, 

the town of Augusta was also founded. Originally designed as a 
trading post and supplied with well-stocked warehouses, for a 
number of years it continued to be a power in the whole r^on, 
being famous for its extensive business transactions and for the 
crowds which flocked annually to this popular trysting-piace. 
From the zeal of Kennedy O'Brien the settlement received its 
first impetus, for when it was primarily marked out, he had 
the credit of erecting the first storehouse and thereby paving the 
way for its subsequent prosperity." Like his father, Mr. Charles 
E. Jones is also the author of a ''History of Georgia," published 
in 1899, and is a recognized authority on the early history of 
Augusta. As far as I am able to ascertain, there is no further 
mention of Kennedy O'Brien in Geoi^a records after the year 
1742. Other O'Briens, O'Bryans and Bryans are mentioned 
at later periods, but whether or not any of them were descendants 
of the pioneer and founder of Augusta does not appear. The 
Bryans are found in the greatest number in the later records, 
lowing that the descendants of the Clan Ua Briain dropped from 
the name the historic prefix **0," the distinctive badge of the 
nationality of their fathers and of their descent from the kings 
and princes of Eire. 

Among Kennedy O'Brien's associates as Indian traders at 
Fort Augusta, William Callahan is mentioned, as well as others 
named McQueen, Gilmore and McGillevray in 1735, and one 
Charles Dempeey is referred to in 1736. A few years later, Peter 
McHugh, Patrick and Daniel Clarke, Daniel McNeal and 
Michael Garvey are mentioned. In 1901, the Colonial Dames of 
Georgia erected a memorial cross to mark the site of old Fort 
Augusta. Appropriately enough, it is a Celtic cross of rough- 
hewn granite, typifying the old homes of the people who first 
located in Georgia and of the original homes in far-off Ireland of 
some of those with whom they were associated. In its very 
roughness, it seems to symbolize the condition of life in those days 
when the pioneer Irishman, O'Brien, first came to this spot. 

That the clan was well represented in Georgia in its early days 
is evident from the number of petitions filed by O'Briens and 
O'Bryans for grants of land. David O'Bryan appeared before 
the council on April 3d, 1767, and made application for 100 acres, 
and four days later Patrick O'Bryan petitioned for "150 acres of 
land within five miles of Augusta." Timothy O'Bryan applied 



THE O'BRIENS IN THE COLONY OF GEORGIA. 197 

on April 7, 1767, "for 400 acres in Saint George's Parish." 
Thomas O'Bryan's petition came up on May 5th, 1767, stating 
that he ''was four months in the province from South Carolina, 
has a wife and three children and asked for 100 acres of land in 
Saint George's Parish." Action was postponed "on account of 
tiie non-attendance of the petitioner," but at a later meeting of 
the council, the grant was signed by the Governor. On October 
6th, 1767, William O'Bryan presented a petition in which he 
said: that he "has seventeen negroes and no land, that being 
desirous of settling in die province and having no lands previously 
allotted to him, he asked for 600 acres adjoining lands granted 
Matthew Roche and John Patten about thirty miles up Savannah 
River." 

Among those to whom "head rights" were granted by the 
colonial government (dates not copied) were David O'Bryan^ 
Henry O'Bryan and Frederick O'Brien. These lands were 
located in what are now Burke and Jefferson Counties. Patrick 
O'Brien asked for 150 acres in Saint Paul's Paridi on April 3d, 
1770, and the grant was signed by the Governor on June 5th 
following. William O'Brien appeared on August 7th, 1770, 
saying that "he was three years in the province, has a wife and 
child and seven negroes, and wanted 400 acres of land in the 
back swamp on Briar Creek." Another of the name, William 
O'Bryan, petitioned on October loth, 1770, for 400 acres in the 
same locality. Others of the clan who received land grants in 
Georgia were: James O'Brien, who appeared before the council 
on September 3d, 1771, saying he "had served four years of his 
majesty's Sixtieth Regiment of Foot, doing duty in America, 
and was discharged in the year 1768, that he now desired to settle 
down in Georgia and asked for fifty acres of land," and on the 
same day his namesake, James O'Bryan, presented a petition 
in which he set forth "tiiat he had been two years in the province 
but had never had any land granted to him, and now being 
desirous of obtaining land for cultivation, asked for 100 acres on 
the Big Kioka Creek in Saint Paul's Parish." On February nth, 
1772, William O'Bryan appeared, saying "he had been many 
years resident in the province, had a wife and child and six 
slaves, in right of whom he never had any land, and asked for 
500 acres in Saint Andrew's Parish." On July 4th, 1772, William 
O'Brien received a grant of 200 acres in "Christ Church Paridi 



198 AMERICAN IRISH HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 

in Button's Branch." James O'Brien served as a soldier of the 
Revolution and after the war, under a resolution of Congress 
dated September i6th, 1776, he made application ''for land due 
him for his services during the last war with Great Britain in 
what was called the Geoi^ Continental Establishment/' 
All of these applications were favorably acted upon by the Gover- 
nor and Council, as may be seen from the "Colonial Records of 
Georgia," published by authority of the legislature, from which 
I have extracted these items. 

One of the prominent men in Georgia about the beginning of 
the Revolution was William O'Bryan, whose name I find on a 
list of del^:ates to the provincial congress which met at Savan- 
nah on July 4th, 1775. Among his associates in this l^slative 
body were John McClure, William and Hugh Bryan, Joseph 
Butler, Colonel Pierce Butler, Joseph Gibbons, Mathew Roach 
and Daniel Ryan. On July i8th, 1776, William O'Bryan quali- 
fied before the council as "justice of the peace of Christ Church 
Parish." His name appears on several important Revolutionary 
conunittees of the town and district of Savannah and, as I should 
expect from one of his name and race, he was one of the most 
active patriots in Savannah. By an act of the general assembly 
dated September i6th, 1777, he was appointed "conunissioner 
of roads," and on February 21st, 1785, under an "act for better 
regulating the town of Savannah and the hamlets thereof," he 
was appointed one of five "commissioners of the town of Savan- 
nah vested with full power and authority to carry all and every 
clause, matter and thing relative to this act into execution and 
full effect" (Colonial Records, Vol. 15). On the same date he 
was named by the general assembly one of five "commissioners 
for erecting and establishing a hospital near the town of Savan- 
nah." On August 13th, 1786, he was appointed one of nine 
"conmiissioners with full power and authority to appoint any 
number of pilots they may think necessary for the port of Savan- 
nah and prescribe and establish such rules and regulations as they 
may deem expedient" (Colonial Records, Vol. 14). On the 
same date, "William O'Bryan, Junior," was permitted to "prac- 
tice law as an attorney in the several courts of law in this state." 

On January 17th, 1778, O'Bryan was elected to the important 
post of treasurer of Georgia by the general assembly, and in May, 
1780, his name appears in a list of "persons attainted of high 



THE O'BRIENS IN THE COLONY OF GEORGIA. 1 99 

treason by the general assembly of Georgia for being in a state 
of rebellion against his majesty, the king." Among his brother 
"rebels" were "John McClure, rebel major"; "John White, 
rebel colonel"; "Pierce Butler, rebel oflScer"; "John Dooley, 
rebel colonel"; "John Bryan and William Gibbcms, rebel coun- 
selors"; "Hugh McGee and John Bradley, rebel assembly- 
men"; "David Bradie, rebel surgeon"; "John and Joseph 
Gibbons and S. Butler, rebel assemblymen," and others named 
Reynolds and Swiney. Some of these were natives of Ireland, 
as I have found their names in a list of Irish immigrants to 
Georgia in the year 1768. 

William O'Bryan, "rebel treasurer of Georgia," practiced law 
at Savannah, and in the "Journal of the House," under date of 
August i8th, 1781, which appears in the "Revolutionary Records 
of Georgia" (Vol. 3, p. 15), I find "William O'Brien appointed 
Assistant Judge for Chatham County," and on the same date 
Daniel McMurphy was appointed "assistant judge for Burke 
County." On April 21st, 1782, William O'Brian quaUfied as a 
member of the house from Chatham County. He seems also to 
have been a lai^ landholder. On June 3d, 1782, he is on record 
as the purchaser of a tract of "500 acres of land late Thomas 
Young's, adjoining Kilkanny" (Kilkenny); 500 acres known as 
"The Ship Yard" and "500 acres late Griffith William's, British 
property." The purchase price of all three tracts was £2,200. 
On June 13th, 1782, the firm of "O'Bryen and Stirk" bought 
various houses and lots at Savannah, for which they paid 
£3,465. All of these transactions appear in the "Revolutionary 
Records of Georgia" (Vol. i, p. 436). 

In The Georgia Gazette, under date of Thursday, October nth, 
1787, there appears this announcement of his death: "Died, the 
Honorable William O'Brien Snr., one of the assistant judges of the 
County of Chatham." He had a son named William, whose name 
is spelled "O'Bryen." He lived at Savannah, where he married 
Henrietta Ann Netherclift on December 9th, 1786, and died there 
without issue on October 23d, 1788 (Georgia Gazette, October 30th, 
1788). 

Many other Irish immigrants are also mentioned in the Colonial 
Records of Georgia as applicants for land grants during the period 
1765 to 1775, and among them I find such representative Irish 



200 AMERICAN IRISH HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 

names as CyCain, (yDaniel, O'CanncMi, O'Freel, O'Neal, Mc- 
Carty, McCormack, McGuire, McDonald, McGee, McMahon, 
McMurphy, McKennan, McNeill, McRory, McGowan, McGarry 
McKenney; Burke and Brady; Connolly and Carney; Clancy 
and Callahan; Casey and Carroll; Donnelly and Dunnagan; 
Dooley and Doyle; Dougherty and Daly; Donovan and Dowlingf; 
Egian and Earley; Fitzgerald and Flanagan; Farrell and Flynn; 
Garvey and Geary; Grady and Gillespie; Hogan and Hurley; 
Harrigan ami Halligan; Kelly and Keating; Lynch aoid Logan; 
Madden and Mooney; Moroney and Mulligan; Malone and 
Maloney; Moran and Murphy; Nolan and Nugent; Hielan and 
Piggdt; Powers and Prendergast; Quinn and Querns; Ryan and 
Reilly; Rafferty and Roach; Skelly and Shields; Sullivan and 
Sweeney; Toole and Tobin; Walsh and Ward, and numerous 
others of Irish name and race. The lands allotted to these 
settlers were in various parts of the province, but chiefly 
along the Savannah and Altamaha Rivers and their tribu- 
taries. There is nothing on the records to indicate where these 
people came from, but it may be assumed that the majority, if 
not all, were natives of Ireland. There is hardly cme of the 
many volumes comprising these early records, as published by 
the state, that does not contain Irish names, and when we 
bear in mind that only grantees of lands are here referred to, and 
that many Irish ^'redemptioners'' and servants also came to 
Georgia, we may safely say that the percentage of Irish in 
Georgia's early days was quite large. The pioneer settlers thus 
briefly alluded to found the lands allotted to them an unbroken 
wilderness and they had to set themselves with energy to the 
task of clearing them for cultivation. The country was then 
heavily timbered, which was, in itself, a boon, for the sale of 
lumber then aff^orded one of the few resources from which the 
settlers could obtain ready money. Their axes rang through the 
forests, great rafts of logs and sawed timber were constructed and 
an almost constant procession of self-propelled craft wafted 
down the Savannah and Altamaha Rivers, principally to Savan- 
nah and Brunswick, where it was used in the construction of 
^ips, houses, mills and bridges. In another article will be found 
more detsdled references to these people, taken fnMn the Colonial 
Records of Georgia. 



MARK CARNEY, COLONIAL AND REVOLUTIONARY 

SOLDIER. 

BY MICHAEL J. O'BRIEK. 

In a little wayside cemetery in the Town of Dresden, Lincoln 
County, Maine, may be seen a number of tombstones erected to 
the memory of a score or more of Carneys, one of which bears 
this simple but interesting inscription: 

"Mark Carney 

Died at Halifax, October 17th, 1782 

Taken prisoner while defending his Country for Liberty/' 

If a visitor to that neighborhood should enquire as to who 
Mark Carney was, or what part he played in "defending his 
Country for Liberty,** he would have considerable difficulty in 
obtaining information, for the people seem to know little or 
nothing of his career, although he was one of the earliest settlers 
in that vicinity and his family for many years was one of the best 
known in that part of the country. The available data concern- 
ing him is meagre, but there is sufficient to show that he was one 
of the sturdiest of the many Irish pioneers who settled on the 
banks of the Kennebec River about the middle of the eighteenth 
century, and when his adopted country called for volunteers to 
defend her liberties, Mark Carney willingly threw in his lot with 
the patriot forces and finally gave up his life on board a prison 
ship of the enemy. 

The precise time of his coming to the Colonies is unknown, 
and the first appearance of his name in official records is as a 
private soldier in the command of Captain Charles Leissner, 
serving from April loth, 1759, to October 30th of the same year. 
(Mass. Archives, Vol. 97, folios 252 and 273.) .In the "Register 
of the Officers of the Society of Colonial Wars," published by the 
Society of Colonial Wars in the State of Maine, I also find this 
simple reference to his services: "Carney, Mark; 1740-1782; in 
French and Indian wars, 1759-1760; sentinel in Captain Leiss- 
ner's company, 1760.*' This indicates that he was born in the 
year 1740, so that he was only nineteen years old when he joined 
the Colonial forces for service in the French and Indian Wars. 

201 



202 AMERICAN IRISH HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 

In all likelihood, he first located at Pownalborough, Me. 
From 1756 to 1758 Revd. William McClennahan, an Irish Prot- 
estant clergyman who is described as "a brilliant and attractive 
man/' ministered at Pownalborough, and, as an example of the 
conditions under which he labored, it is related that when he made 
the journey to the settlement at Georgetown every third Sunday, 
he was accompanied by a file of soldiers from Fort Richmond, 
so great was the danger from the hostile Indians prowling in the 
woods. (Me. Hist. Soc. Collections, 2nd. Ser., Vol. 7.) Mr. 
McClennahan left there in 1758 and on January 24th, 1759, the 
settlers sent a petition to the "Society for Propagating the 
Gospel in Foreign Parts," in which they asked **to have a Mis- 
sionary sent to this truly necessitous place, without the assistance 
of whose compassion we and our posterity are in danger of losing 
all sense of religion." In response to this request, Revd. Jacob 
Bailey came to Pownalborough in July, 1760. Mark Carney at 
this time evidently resided at Pownalborough, for his name ap- 
pears among the signers to this petition. He also appears among 
the signers to a petition to the Governor in February, 1760, to 
establish the present County of Lincoln. 

In 1751, there came to this neighborhood a number of French 
and German settlers and among the former were Daniel Goux 
and his family, whose name subsequently was changed to Goud. 
In 1760, after his return from the war, Mark Carney married 
Susanna, daughter of Daniel Goud, and on May 8th following he 
is on record as purchasing 100 acres of land for £10. from John 
and Hannah Andrews, and I have no doubt that the shrewdness 
of the young Irishman in negotiating this purchase would excite 
the admiration of our real estate men of the present day, for on 
the 29th of May, 1761, Mark Carney executed a mortgage for 
£30. on portion of these lands to one James Patterson. (Land 
Records, Lincoln County.) In ** Lincoln County Wills" (Vol. 
I» P- 49) » niay be seen a copy of the will of Daniel Goud of Pownal- 
borough under date of April 27th, 1767, in which he named among 
the beneficiaries his two daughters, Susanna, wife of Mark 
Carney, and Elizabeth, wife of David Clancy. The records 
of St. John's Episcopal Church kept by Revd. Jacob Bailey, 
contain entries of the births of Catherine, Mary, Elizabeth, Daniel 
and Mai^aret, children of Mark and Susanna Carney, the first 
of whom was born on December 13th, 1761. The Probate 



MARK CARNEY, 203 

Records of Suffolk County at Boston show that he had nine other 
children, Joseph, Ruth, Jane, Joanna, James, William, Susannah 
and Nancy, all bom at Dresden, Maine, and Abigail at Boston. 
The eldest daughter, Catherine, married Edward Kelley at 
Trinity Church, Boston, on January i8th, 1780. 

In course of time, Mark Carney purchased other parcels of 
land at Dresden and seems to have resided there for twenty years 
after his marriage. There are indications that he disposed of 
these lands and in 1779 he removed to Boston with his family. 
Here all trace of him is lost, although his name appears on the 
baptismal records of Trinity Church as the parent of Abigail 
Carney, who was born in that city on May 5th, 1780. For some 
time he served as a soldier in the army of the Revolution, al- 
though in what command or in what capacity I am yet unable to 
ascertain from the published records. It is certain, however, 
that he served on board the privateersman. Protector^ until the 
vessel was captured by the British, and Carney and his compa- 
triots were taken prisoners to Halifax, where he died on October 
17th, 1782. Those of his comrades who survived the rigors of 
the British prison-ship related, on their return home, that he 
*'died from grief of heart thinking of his family." In the official 
lists of ''Massachusetts Soldiers and Sailors in the War of the 
Revolution" (Vol. 3), published by the State, there appears the 
name of ** Edmund" Carney, who, on November 25th, 1780, en- 
listed as a "seaman on the ship Protector commanded by Captain 
John F. Williams." His length of service is given as "5 months 
and 10 days" and the date of the capture as May 5th, 1781. 
The name of Mark Carney is not found on these lists, but, it is 
reasonable to suppose that "Edmund" was Mark Carney and 
that the prenomen was written down in error, which was not an 
uncommon occurrence, for it is unlikely that there were two 
Carneys on board the Protector at the same time, both of whom 
were captured. After his death, his widow conducted a store at 
Boston, where she died in 1799, and according to the Probate 
Records of Suffolk County their son, Daniel Carney, was granted 
Letters of Administration to the estate on March 12th in that 
year. 

In 1905, one of Mark Carney's descendants, a New York 
physician named Sydney Howard Carney, published a gene- 



204 AMERICAN IRISH HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 

alogy of the family, and it is very amusing to note the efforts of 
die author to prove that his ancestor was not an Irishman, but a 
Frenchman ! Doctor Carney shows that Mark Carney first located 
at the little French settlement at Pownalborough prior to 1757; 
that he fought in a company of Colonial soldiers on whose roster are 
several French names; that there are no "Patricks," ''Michaels" 
or ''Bridgets" in the family; and that they "have no Irish char- 
acteristics," and on this basis he proceeds to construct for the 
Carney family a French ancestry! Unable to explain the other- 
wise indubitable Irish origin of the name of his ancestor, he ex- 
presses the belief that originally he may have been a Marconnet 
or Marconnay, from which he formed the name of "Mark 
Carney," and, with this idea uppermost in his mind, the author 
made a journey to France for the pur[x>se of examining the 
vital records of the home town of the Goux family at Mont- 
belliard in the Department of Haut Sonne, on the supposition 
that he may have come from that place with the French emigrants 
of 1751. There he admits he was entirely unsuccessful in loca- 
ting the Marconnets, and while still asserting that the nationality 
of his ancestor is "in doubt," he adheres to the belief that he 
was more likely to have been a Frenchman than an Irishman. 

However, he quotes in full a letter dated at Newcastle, Maine, 
October 28th, 1829, from Mark Carney's son, Daniel, to his son, 
James G. Carney, evidently in reply to an enquiry from the latter 
as to the antecedents of the pioneer. In this letter Daniel 
Carney informed his son: "I have understood that my father, 
Mark Carney, with David Clancy, William O'Brian and Richard 
Whaling came to this part of the country when very young by 
way of Newfoundland," and, that his father came from Ireland 
ai>d undoubtedly was an Irishman, is seen from Daniel Carney's 
further statement that "there are many of our name in the 
County of Kilkenny, but whether my father was an orphan or 
had parents living when he left Ireland, I do not recollect to have 
heard him or my mother say." The original of this letter is in 
possession of the family, but the author of the Carney genealogy 
is unwilling to accept this first-hand information as to the na- 
tionality of his ancestor. 

Daniel Carney, son of Mark, was a very prominent citizen of 
Boston, and in the "New England Historical and Genealogical 



MARK CARNEY, a05 

Regista-" (Vdl. 6, p. 306), he is thus recorded: ''Daniel Carney 
of Newcastle, Me., died March nth, 1852, aged 87. Bora in 
Dresden, Me. Afterwards removed to Boston; became a dis- 
tinguished merchant and w€is elected a member of the Board of 
Aldermen. In 1830, he removed with his family to Newcastle. 
Was the father of 22 children, 18 of whom survive him. He also 
left 4 sisters and one brother, whose united ages amount to 390 
years, and several grandchildren. His remains were brought to 
Boston and deposited in the family tomb under Trinity Church." 
It was in 1825 that Daniel Carney was named as one of ''the 
Select Council of Eight Persons" who then constituted the 
Aldermanic Board of the City of Boston, and in the next year 
I find that he received an appointment from the Governor as 
"Justice of the Peace for Suffolk County." His descendants 
and those of other members of the family are mentioned in 
local histories of several New England towns. 

There were several Carney families in Maine in Colonial days, 
although it does not appear that any of them were immediately 
related to Mark Carney. In Cyrus Eaton's " History of Thomas- 
ton, Me." (Vol. 2), Thomas Carney and his wife, n6e Nellie 
O'Murphy, both natives of Cork, Ireland, are mentioned without 
date. They had three children, all born at Thomaston, one of 
whom, James Carney, married Mary McLellan at that place on 
December 5th, 1778. In the Bangor Historical Magazine (Vol. 
I), I find Michael Carney recorded as the first settler on Deer 
Island in the year 1752, and in volume 8 of the same publication 
this Michael Carney is described as "an Irishman. " 

Referring again to Doctor Carney's family history, I have no- 
ticed occasionally in examining American genealogies and town 
histories, a strange perverseness on the part of certain successful 
Americans to admit that they are of Irish origin, and in some cases 
they claim either an English or a "Scotch-Irish " ancestry for the 
founder of the family. The work referred to is a striking example 
of this, for on the most flimsy pretext. Doctor Carney disclaims 
his Irish origin. Mark Carney left Ireland at a time when the 
Irish and the French people were on terms of the most friendly 
intercourse, and only a few years after the battle of Fontenoy 
was fought, in which the Irish Brigade so greatly distinguished 
itself. It would have been entirely natural, therefore, for an 



206 AMERICAN IRISH HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 

Irishman to locate with a French colony and I see nothing 
strange in the fact that Mark Carney selected the French maiden, 
Susanna Goux, for his wife, and I find in the Colonial records 
thousands of instances whereby Irish men and Irish Women 
married into French, Dutch, German, English and other families. 
On the other hand, if Mark Carney were a Frenchman, he would 
naturally have given his children French names. 

But, however that may be, there was plenty of attraction for 
an Irishman to cast his lot in this vicinity at this time, for the 
French were not the only settlers at that place. As a matter 
of fact, as stated by Charles E. Allen of Dresden in an address 
before the Maine Historical Society on November 22d, 1895, 
" the early settlers on the Kennebec plantations were a very much 
mixed company, both as to race and religion. Some of them were 
Irish and others French, two peoples which Puritans, with 
Englishmen, misrepresented and misunderstood.'' (Maine Hist. 
Soc. Collections, 2nd Ser. vol. 7.) In corroboration of this, I 
find on the early records of Lincoln County many English, Scotch 
and German names, as well as such Irish names as Fitzgerald, 
Walsh, Kenny, McKenny, McMahon, McFadden, McGowan, 
McKeown, McGuire, McCarty, McGra, Quinnan, Hickey, 
Tynan, Kelley,Leary,Melony, Ryan, Prendergast, Foley, Hurley, 
Doyle, Barry, Murphy, Phelan,Riordan, Rourke, Cleary, Caffrey, 
Hayley, Tobin, Farrell, Madden, Fogarty, Clancy, Conners, 
Condon, Dailey, Costagan, Molloy, Kelliher, Lynch, Quinn. 
O'Brien, O'Neil, as well as many others of unquestionable Irish 
origin. These names I have taken from rosters of Colonial and 
Revolutionary soldiers; from published records of wills and deeds; 
from authentic transcripts of public documents published by 
New England historical societies; from baptismal, marriage and 
death records of various churches, and especially from records 
concerning the eighteenth century settlements adjacent to the 
Kennebec river and its tributaries. The author of the Carney 
genealogy seems also to be unmindful of the fact that one of 
the first settlements of white men in the vicinity of Dresden and 
Pownalborough was that established by emigrants from Ire- 
land brought over by Robert Temple from Cork in the year 1720, 
in which year the ill-fated Town of Cork was begun at the junc- 
tion of the Kennebec and Eastern Rivers in what is now Lincoln 
County, Maine. 



IRISH PIONEERS IN MARYLAND. 

Testimony of the Land Office Records — Philip Conner, an 
Irishman, was the Last Commander of Old Kent — the 
De Courcys of Cork. 

BY MICHAEL J. O'BRIEN. 

The first Irish settlement m Maryland, as far as I have been able 
to ascertain from a careful examination of the records of the 
Land Office at Annapolis, was made in 1635, in which year one 
Brian Kelly is recorded as arriving in the Province, and while 
the exact place where he settled is not mentioned, there is no 
doubt that he located in St. Mary's County. 

In the ** Court and Testamentary Business*' of the Colony for 
the year 1642, 1 find under date of June 28th in that year a refer- 
ence to the case of several complainants ''versus Brian Kelly, 
Baltasar Codd, and Cornelius O'SuUivant, Irishmen, late of St. 
Marie's, Planters, showing that the said Irishmen, being indebted 
to the Petitioners in divers quantities of tobaccos," etc., it was 
ordered by the Court "that all the estate of the said Irishmen 
found within ye Province be delivered in execution to the said 
parties." 

The statistics of trade of the Colony about this period exhibit 
a very small list of exports, and among these tobaccos held the 
chief place and was almost the only article cultivated for foreign 
markets, and was the principal medium of exchange. The three 
Irishmen are mentioned as having been in "mateship," or co- 
partnership, in the growth and exportation of tobacco. I find 
some difficulty in tracing the name of "Baltasar Codd" to any 
Irish source, but that he is described as an "Irishman" is seen 
from the extract above quoted from the records of the Court. 
In the Land Office records (Liber i, fol. 19), his name is given as 
" Baltasar Coddan," and in the "Landholders' Assistant and Land 
Office Guide," published in 1808 by John Kilty, then Register 
of the Land Office for the Western Shore of Maryland, I find this 
extract from the entries in the Secretary's office, relating to per- 
sons entitled to lands: "Came into the Province in October, 
1638, Balteasar Codd, an Irishman." 

207 



208 AMERICAN IRISH HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 

In the same records may be found the name of Thomas Keane, 
who took up lands at Piney Point on the Potomac, with a number 
of other settlers, on April 3, 1638. Samuel Barrett and William 
Harrington came over in 1633 ; John Brian in 1634 >* John Harriog- 
ton and Oliver Gibbons in 1635; John Machem in 1636; Richard 
Darcy and John Mackin in 1637; Samuel Barret and James 
Courtney in 1638; Walter Cottrell and John Kelly in 1640; 
another John Kelly and Thomas Marley in 1641 ; John Murphew 
in 1648; William McLaughlin ''prior to 1648," and Miles Dorell 
in 1649. There can hardly be much doubt as to the nationality 
of those early settlers. 

From the ''Proceedings of the Council" we learn that David 
O-dougfaorty sued William Lewis on November 15, 1649, "for 
recovery of 1,000 lbs. of tobacco and casks and 2 bbls. of come." 
The name of the plaintiff in this action appears several times on 
the records. I find such entries as: "David Doughorty vs. 
William Lewis, warrant for appear"; "David O'Dehorty agst. 
Wm. Lewis, Judgmt.," and "David Dohocty demands 100 
acres of land." In the records of land grants (Liber A, B and H), 
I find his name as the grantee of a tract of land in the year 1658. 
In the same record may be seen such names as Burke, Bolane, 
Dunn, Foy, Joyce, Keene, Keating, Carroll, Carey, Cotrell, 
Connell, Mackerel, Macdowall, Mulligan, Power, Gill, Newgent 
and O'Bryan. 

One Hugh O'Neile received a warrant for lands in 1659, and 
Hugh O'Neale of Charles County — ^who may have been the 
same — ^was granted a patent for 400 acres on January 20, 1667, 
for transporting eight persons to the Province. On the previous 
2 1 St of October, Captain Hugh O'Neale of Patuxent is described 
as receiving 700 acres of land for transporting himself and thirteen 
other persons. (Liber 11, fol. 104.) Among the latter were 
Peggy O'Moore and Jane McCartoe. The "humble petition of 
Maurice Murffee" was read to the Council on April 10, 1662. 
It appears that the Irish immigrant's clothes and all his worldly 
possessions were stolen by the captain of the ship that brought 
him over, and being destitute and without friends, he applied 
to the Council for aid, which was granted. 

In "Old Kent, the Eastern Shore of Maryland" — an authori^ 
tative historical collection by G. A. Hanson — I find the 



IRISH PIONEERS IN MARYLAND. 209 

names of Edward Cummins and Edmond Lannin among the in- 
habitants of Kent Island, who, in 1647, took the oath of fealty 
to Governor Calvert. Edmund Lennen, who, on October 22, 
1643, "demandeth 50 acres of land due him by Conditions of 
Plantation for transporting himself into the Province this last 
month of September,'' may have been identical with Edmond 
Lannin. One William Ryley was "Master at Arms" in 1650, 
and William Nugent was "Standard Bearer of the Province" 
in 1658. The name of Philip Conner appears as a member of 
the Assembly at its sixth session held at St. Mary's in the month 
of March, 1642. He and Nicholas Browne were Justices of the 
Peace for Kent County in 1651. 

Conner is described as "a man of great moral intrepidity and 
decision of character," and was in the service of the Province 
continuously for many years. He was one of the leading men in 
the Province and is known in history as "The Last Commander 
of Old Kent." We are told he was chosen Commander of Kent 
"in order to give the prestige and dignity of respectability among 
the gentlemen of Kent County to the administration of the Pro- 
vincial Commission which ruled the County." (Hanson.) His 
name appears in a list of nine Commissioners appointed by the 
Provincial Council, and who had power to call Courts, appoint 
Sheriffs, and "to act in a judicial manner in the settlement of 
all differences in Kent Island." In an attempt to trace his de- 
scendants, I find references to several of them whose names were 
spelled "Conier," "Conyer" and "Comer." 

I was informed by one of his descendants, the late Philip S. P. 
Conner of Rowlandsville, Md., that Philip Conner established 
himself as a merchant at London some time before the close of 
the sixteenth century, and is shown by deeds of record at Dublin 
to have been acknowledged relative of the chieftains of the 
O'Connors of Kerry. In the " Annals of the Kingdom of Ireland" 
(O'Donovan's translation. Vol. 2, p. 774, 2nd edition) he is thus 
referred to: "Philip Conner, merchant of London, to whom his 
relative, John O'Connor-Kerry conveyed Ardee (Castle in Kerry) 
by deed dated August, 1598." 

In Hotten's "List of Original Immigrants" the name of Philip 
Conner appears among the passengers on the Bonaveniure, from 
London to Virginia, January 2, 1634. Among those who ac- 

14 



210 AMERICAN IRISH HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 

companied him I find colonists named Riley, Bryan, Murfie, 
Redding, Dunn, Kennedy and Carroll. There is no proof, as far 
as I am able to find, that the immigrant of 1634 was identical 
with the Kerry^ian who settled in London. If the same person 
is referred to, the merchant must have been rather advanced in 
years, when he was chosen "Commander of Kent," although it 
may be that the Commander was a son of the Irish settler. 

In the "Index of the Early Settlers" (Vol. i), on file in the 
Land Commissioner's office at Annapolis, appears the name of 
Philip Conner, as an emigrant from Virginia to Isle of Kent 
"prior to 1640." It is probable that he settled on Kent Island 
very soon after his arrival in the Colony, but, there are so many 
of the name mentioned in the records as to make it difficult to 
distinguish them. In 1648, one Philip Conner, with his wife, 
Mary, came to the Colony and in 1666 his daughter, Sarah. 
Others of the name who appear in the records were Philip Connor, 
Sr., and Philip Connor, Jr., who were "transported as servants" 
in 1665. Sarah Connor received a warrant for 600 acres of land 
in the year 1666, location not given. (Liber 10, Land Office 
Records.) 

Kent Island, where the Irish merchant settled, is one of the 
most interesting spots in old Maryland. It is situated in Chesa- 
peake Bay, at the extreme southwestern part of Queen Anne 
County and is separated from the mainland by a branch of the 
Chester River. It is the richest of the entire group of islands in 
the bay, in the fertility of its soil and for the great quantities of 
sea food which it produces. Historians say the Island was first 
settled by William Claiborne, an English adventurer from Vir- 
ginia, in 1649. This does not quite harmonize with the records, 
which show that Philip Conner, the Irishman, settled there 
"prior to 1640." 

There is an interesting legend extant among the Kent Islanders 
that the Island was the Paradise or Garden of Eden spoken of in 
the Bible, and that it was here our forefather and foremother, 
Adam and Eve, lived and died ! They have never been successful 
in locating the exact spot where the two distinguished original 
sinners are buried but, to feel that their dust is part of Kent 
Island, seems to be honor and glory enough for them. 

The will of Philip Conner of Kent Island, supposed to have 



IRISH PIONEERS IN MARYLAND. 211 

been a son of the first of the name in Maryland, is recorded on 
Will Book No. I, p. 350, under date of May 26, 1701. He left 
to his son, William, a plantation known as "Conner's Neck," 
on Broad Creek, and other property to his wife and two sons. 
Ellice Burke signed as one of the witnesses. According to the 
marriage records of Kent County, Conner married Elinor Flana- 
gan on January ist, 1705, and in the same liber there is recorded 
the marriage of Elizabeth Burke of Kent Island to Charies 
Ringgold, on January 17, 1705. The will of another Philip Con- 
ner, of Somerset County is on file under date of February 21, 

1703. 

Mr. Philip S. P. Conner was a son of Conmiodore Philip Con- 
ner, who distinguished himself as the commander of the Home 
Squadron of the American Navy at the siege of Vera Cruz in the 
Mexican War. He was descended on both sides from Irish im- 
migrants. He was a historian of repute, having been a member 
of the American Historical Association, the Pennsylvania Histori- 
cal and Genealogical Society, as well as of the American Catholic 
Historical Society of Philadelphia. Although a Protestant, he 
was Vice-President of the latter body. I am glad to say that he 
took a lively interest in Irish history, of which he displayed a 
surprising knowledge, and his suggestions have been very helpful 
to the writer in his historical researches. 

Among the "Freemen" in the Province in 1642, mentioned 
in the Assembly Proceedings, 1637 to 1648 (p. 248), I find the 
name of Edward Connory. His name also appears as a juryman 
who served at a "Court Leet," held at St. Clement's Manor 
on October 20, 1661. One of the boundary lines of St. Clement's 
Manor, given in "the surveyor's report of November 2, 1639," 
was named St. Patrick's creek. This was one of the earliest land 
grants in St. Mary^s County. 

Thomas Casey also appears as a resident on the Manor lands 
in 1670, as well as Maurice Miles and Darby Dollavan in 1672. 

In the Land Office at Annapolis, the following entry appears 
(Book A. B. H., fol. 213) : " Mr. Henry Coursey demands rights 
for himself, Mr. John Coursey, Mr. William Coursey, his brothers, 
and Catherine Coursey, his sister, April 18, 1653." The records 
further indicate that in 1658 the three brothers took up 800 acres 
of land, granted under the name of Cheston, situated on the Wye 



ftI2 AMERICAN IRISH HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 

River, in what is now Queen Anne's County. There are many 
Courseys and Courcys mentioned in Maryland history. The 
family estates covered many thousands of acres, and '' Cheston- 
on-Wye" is still spoken of as one of the ideal country homes in 
Maryland. Many distinguished men have sprung from those 
early Irish immigrants, and even to this day the family is one of 
the most prominent along the Eastern Shore and in the City of 
Baltimore. 

The three Couraey brothers, with their sister, Catherine, came 
to the Colony in or about the year 1658, from their ancestral 
home near the City of Cork. Between 1653 and 1677, according 
to the "Lists of the E^rly Settlers," twelve Courseys came to 
Maryland. From the Irish annals we learn that the founder of 
this ancient Franco-Irish family was John De Courcy, the Nor- 
man, who, in 1 181, was created E^l of Ulster and Lord Con- 
naught, and whose son, Myles, was created Baron of Kinsale in 
the County of Cork, which title has since been maintained in the 
family, with unbroken succession. 

Nearly five centuries in Ireland before the foundation of Mary- 
land, the family became thoroughly Hibemidzed, and yet I 
find an American historian describing the Maryland Courseys 
as of English stock. English blood they may have, for several of 
the De Courcys married into English families, but, that they are 
an Irish family, of Norman descent, is beyond question. From 
the History of Ireland by the famous scholar, Geoffrey Keating, 
we learn that among the Norman settlers in Ireland who adopted 
Gaelic surnames were some of the De Courcys of Cork, who took 
the name of Mac Patrick. (Keating, translated by O'Mahony, 
topographical appendix, p. 739.) 

Most of the Maryland descendants of the Irish emigres of 
1658 seem to spell the name 'Xoursey." In his will. Captain 
Henry "Courcy" thus addressed his sons regarding their name: 
"As from the respectable and public manner in which my an- 
cestors emigrated from Ireland to this country, it cannot be be- 
lieved that any necessity of concealment induced them to alter 
the original spelling of the family name. I am led to believe 
that the change took place from the antipathy whidi sometimes 
existed betwixt the subjects of Great Britain and France," etc. 
He then requested his sons to resume the ancient name, as the 
family had spelled it in Ireland, namely "De Courcy." 



IRISH PIONEERS IN MARYLAND, 21$ 

Among the "Freemen" in Kent County bearing Irish names 
between 1693 and 1726, mentioned by Hanson, were Daniel 
Duffy, Robert and William Dunn, Daniel Farrell, James Murphy, 
John Fanning, John Moore, Michael Hacket, William Haley, 
and Richard, Nicholas, John and Benjamin Riley. Dr. William 
Murray, son of John Murray, whose estate in Ireland had been 
confiscated by the Crown, in consequence of which he fled to 
Barbadoes in 1716, was a physician at Chestertown, Kent County, 
previous to 1740. He left a long line of descendants in Maryland 
and Delaware, several of whom are seen to have followed the 
medical profession. His granddaughter married the celebrated 
Richard Rush of Philadelphia. 

Joshua Howard, who came from England in 1667, and settled 
in Baltimore County, married " Joanna O'CarroU from Ireland." 
Concerning this venerable lady a remarkable statement appears 
in the family annals. It is that she lived on the plantation until 
1763, or 106 years after her marriage! The land where they 
settled, known as Howard Square, one of the ''show places" of 
Baltimore County, is said to be still in possession of a Howard. 

In a biographical sketch of the distinguished Howard family, 
published in the Baltimore Sun a few years ago, it was said that 
Mrs. Howard's father was one of the O'Carrolls of Ely O'CarroU 
in County Tipperary, progenitors of Charles Carroll of Carroll- 
ton, and that he too settled in Maryland. Joshua Howard and 
Joanna O'Carroll were the ancestors of General John Eager 
Howard, one of the most brilliant men of his day in the State of 
Maryland. He achieved great distinction in the War of the 
Revolution, was three times Governor of his native State, and 
was selected at one time by Washington for the post of Secretary 
of War, but which appointment he declined. In 1796, he was 
elected United States Senator. He gave Baltimore many lavish 
gifts, in commemoration of which and of his splendid services 
to his country the principal thoroughfare of that city was named 
for him. 

Among those who are mentioned in the records as early as 
1667, and who may have been natives of Ireland, are found Wil- 
liam McFinnin, John Macrinnon, Francis Dougherty, William 
Kennedy, Thomas Joyce, John Clifford, William Bradley, 
Michael Higgins, Richard Hayes, William and John Harrington, 



214 AMERICAN IRISH HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 

Patrick Dew, Robert Dunn, Teague Collett, William Bourck, 
Thomas Carey, Christopher Carroll, Peter Mackarell, Hugh 
Dunne, John Brian, John Dellahey, David Dougherty, Edward 
Gibbons, Thomas Hart, Geoffrey Power, John Rutledge, Richard 
Burke, James Caine, Thomas Carleton, ^HJliam and Thomas 
Barrett. 

In the Land Office records I find the names of Denis Odeere, 
Thomas Sheill and Michael Tawney, who "proved their rights" 
in the year 1667. The last named is believed to have been 
Michael Taney, the original American ancestor of the distin- 
guished Chief Justice Taney of the U. S. Supreme Court. The 
correct name of "Odeere" was Denis O'Deave, for that is how 
he ^signed his will. He is also down with his name reversed, 
" Deer O'Dennis," and some of his descendants called themselves 
" Dennis." Other patentees of lands appearing in the same rec- 
ords are Thomas and Daniel Carroll, Michael Barron, Joseph 
and Cornelius Connell, Philip Cannaday, Thomas Carleton, 
Thomas Casey, John Kelee, Richard Moy, John Makeil, Philip 
Connough, Daniel Denah, John Deery, Patrick Dew, Daniel 
and Ann Devine, John Dalton, Daniel Dennahoe, James Connor, 
John Dunavan, John Dounovan, John Dougherty, Roger Kelly, 
Darby Keen, Michael Coffey, Thomas Larky, John Mackfarrall, 
Owen Mauraugh, Joseph Mackeele, Tim Macknemara, Anthony 
Male, Mary O'Dorant, John and James Moore, James Maccall, 
Nicholas Brady, John Quigley, Walter Quinlane, Daniel Quilane 
and John Welsh. 



IRISH STATESMEN IN MARYLAND. 

Story of an Historic Oontroversy Among Three Colo- 
nial Irishmen, John Hart, Charles Carroll and 

Thomas MacNamara. 

BY MICHAEL J. O'BRISN. 

In 1 714, John Hart was appointed ''Captain-General and 
Govemor-in-Chief" of the Province of Maryland. The his- 
torian, Steiner, intimates that Hart was a native of Crobert, 
County Cavan, and that he was a nephew of John Vesey, Epis- 
copal Archbishop of Tuam, who was born at Cobrannel, County 
Deny. Rev. Mr. Vesey, we are told, was successively Arch- 
deacon of Armagh and Bbhop of Limerick before reaching his 
highest dignity. 

The six years that Hart governed the Province resolved them- 
selves into one continual struggle for supremacy among three 
Irishmen, Governor Hart representing the Protestant element, 
and Charles Carroll and Thomas MacNamara the Roman 
Catholics. Carroll was Colonial agent for the Proprietary, and 
MacNamara was a prominent attorney and Clerk of the Lower 
House of Assembly. In all probability, MacNamara was a na- 
tive of County Galway, as he called his home plantation "Gall- 
way." Some of the sessions of the Legislature were occupied 
wholly by the differences among these three Colonial statesmen, 
and the noted quarrel ended only with the removal of Hart from 
office and the death of MacNamara, both of which events took 
place in 1720. 

On June 22, 1714, according to the records, Governor Hart 
summoned his first meeting of the Provincial Assembly, on which 
occasion MacNamara was chosen Clerk. In a discussion in the 
Assembly in 1715 over a bill designed by the Governor to relieve 
the planters of the Province whose tobacco cargoes had been 
seized on the high seas, we first learn of the friction between Hart 
and his two countrymen. Carroll claimed that some of the pro- 
visions of the bill infringed on his prerogatives as agent of the 
Proprietary, and MacNamara's clash with the Governor began 

215 



2l6 AMERICAN IRISH HISTORICAL SOCIETY, 

with the latter's failure to insert a clause pertaining to attorneys' 
fees. From that hour, it became a constant " battle of the wits," 
in which the Protestant Assembly and Protestant Proprietary, 
eventually obtained the upper hand. 

McMahon (History of Maryland) says that under Governor 
Hart's careful guidance and wise reconmiendations, ''a body of 
permanent laws was adopted, which, for their comprehensiveness 
and arrangement, are almost entitled to the name of 'code.' 
They formed the substratum of the statute law of the Province 
even down to the Revolution, and the subsequent legislation of 
the Colony effected no very material alterations in the system of 
general laws then established." "Such an achievement as this*" 
adds Steiner, "sheds splendid lustre on Hart's administration 
and he is entitled to a fair share of the praise." 

We have seen how the Irish Catholics in Maryland sympathized 
with their countrymen in the Old Land who sided with King 
James in the War of 1688, and when the "Pretender" sought 
to renew hostilities in 17 16, they unqualifiedly favcM-ed his 
cause. In June of that year, we are told, " some wicked, didoyal 
and traitorous persons loaded four of the great guns on Court- 
house Hill in Annapolis and fired two of them in honor of the 
Pretender." William Fitz-Redmond, a nephew of Charles 
Carroll, and Edward Coyle were arrested on suspicion. Both 
were convicted "of drinking the Pretender's health and speak- 
ing contemptibly of the King," and were heavily fined and im- 
prisoned until the fines were paid. "This trial," says Steiner, 
"was the beginning of the struggle between the Anglican and the 
Romanist parties. Thomas MacNamara appeared as attorney 
for the defence. He was a relation of Carroll and a man of stub- 
born disposition and fiery temper. In Philadelphia, where he 
had lived before coming to Maryland, he had been presented by 
the Grand Jury for his insolent behavior in court, especially 
for appearing there at one time with his sword drawn, and had 
been disbarred upon this presentiment." 

"Let me see," cried MacNamara before the trial, "who dares 
try Fitz-Redmond and Coyle by this Commission." This as- 
sumption of authority was bitterly resented by the Governor, 
and thenceforward the feud between the two Irishmen was un- 
relenting. Carroll also came forward and said he "had a com- 



IRISH STATESMEN IN MARYLAND. 217 

mission from the Proprietary which gave him such power that he 
could and would discharge the fines imposed upon the prisoners." 
Hart, however, refused to recognize Carroll as a public officer un- 
less he recorded his conmiission in the Secretary's office, wiiich 
he refused to do. On July 17th, 1716, Hart addressed the Assem- 
bly, telling them that the grant of such powers to another, and 
"especially to a Papist, is such a lessening of his power and dis- 
honor to his character that he has desired to be recalled, unless 
he can be restored to the full authority he held under the Crown." 
Thereupon, Carroll was summoned before the Assembly to ex- 
plain his conduct in exercising powers of office without having 
taken the abjuration oath required by the laws of the Province. 
He answered that he ''did not believe that the act of abjuration 
is in force in the Province, that his faithful services and the just- 
ness of his accounts were the only inducements which led the 
Proprietary to appoint him." 

All through the controversy it is seen that Hart was opposed 
to the Cathcdics and ''advised against the employment of any 
Papist in the public affairs of the Province." In addition to 
his differences with Carroll, there was constant friction over 
perquisites and the control of certain revenues, the question being 
whether they accrued to the Governor or to Carroll, as agent of 
the Lord Proprietary. • 

When the Governor announced his purpose to resign, both 
houses prepared an address condemning "the late audacious, 
wicked and rebellious practices of many disaffected persons," 
and praising Hart's "zeal and exact discbarge of duty." The 
address expressed regret that " the artifices of every evil-designing 
person should influence the Proprietary to lop off so many 
branches " of Hart's power, and especially because the " branches"^ 
were given to the Papists. The Assembly also sent an address to 
Lord Baltimore, in which they thanked him for retaining the 
Protestant Irishman in office, but complaining that his power had 
been reduced by placing part of it in the hands of "a profest 
Papist (Carroll) who will not take the oath." They asked that 
Hart's full powers be restored, that he be induced to remain as 
Governor and "continue to foil the plans of those Papists who 
have very lately soared to that height of impudence as to threaten 
his person and undervalue his power." 



2l8 AMERICAN IRISH HISTORICAL SOCIETY, 

The manner in which Carroll handled Hart all throt^h the 
controversy was worthy of some of our adroit political fencers of 
the present day. Either Carroll had an abnormally strong men- 
tality, or Hart was a weakling. Steiner's estimate of Hart, is, 
however, the contrary. He describes him as "a strong, zealous, 
impetuous man. He was probably overbearing and exacting 
and had many of the defects of his times and of his Irish blood, 
but with it all, his conscientious devotion to duty, his single 
purpose to have his province well governed, and his painstaking 
care of the details of administration, make him a man who should 
not be forgotten. The code of laws which Maryland adopted 
under his influence remained his best monument, and was in 
force more than half a century after his departure." 

The quarrel between Hart and MacNamara again broke out in 
1717. On this occasion, being supported by the Legislature, 
the Governor took a resolute stand, for he suspended his trouble- 
some countryman from practicing before the Provincial Court. 
In the minutes of the proceedings of the Assembly, we.find refer- 
ences to the "plotting" of MacNamara against the Governor, 
to his "proud and turbulent behavior," and approving of Hart's 
drastic action as necessary to preserve proper decorum. "We 
will no longer hold our places," said the delegates, " if so turbulent 
and insolent a person be allowed to practice." Lord Baltimore, 
in a letter to MacNamara, advised him to submit to Hart, and 
added, "we are willing the people of our Province should reap 
the benefit of that capacity and abilities your enemies allow 3rou 
have, to serve your clients." But MacNamara would not bend. 
The Upper House sent for him, but although he appeared, he 
refused to submit to its demands. Consequently, they passed a 
bill preventing him altogether from practicing law. 

MacNamara immediately appealed to Lord Baltimore, and 
so skillfully did he present his side of the controversy, that Bal- 
timore was impelled to seek advice from three of the most dis- 
tinguished lawyers of the day in England. They advised him to 
veto the law, which he did, and the irrepressible Irishman was 
soon restored to the practice of his profession. Three years after- 
wards he died, and with his death the quarrel ended. On Hart's 
removal from ofiice in 1720 he was appointed Governor of the 
I^eeward Islands. His career in the West Indies, we are told. 



IRISH STATESMEN IN MARYLAND. 219 

was fully as stormy as in Maryland, being constantly at variance 
with the Assembly. 

In Ridgeky's "Annals of Annapolis" there are several refer- 
ences to the MacNamara family. The author says, "the first 
Roman Catholic chapel in Annapfolis, built by Charles Carroll, 
was near a row of buildings then known as MacNamara's Row, 
among the oldest houses in the city." MacNamara had a son, 
named Michael, who also followed the profession of the law, and 
I find a Michael Macnamara "Clerk of the Lower House of 
Assembly" in 1747. In 1751, his appointment as "Clerk to the 
Court of Delagates" is referred to in the min^ites of the Council 
for September 19th in that year. In a letter from Governor 
Sharpe to Calvert on December 22, 1760 (Maryland Archives), 
he speaks of Michael Macnamara as "many years clerk of the 
Lower Houjse," and who "many years acted uhder Daniel 
Dulaney and his father in the Commissary's office, being de- 
scended, as was the latter, from Irish parents." According to 
the Maryland Gazette, Michael McNamara was elected Mayor of 
Annapolis on September 29th, 1746, again in 1753, and for a third 
time in 1760. On the rosters of the Maryland troops in the War 
of the Revolution, I find the name of Michael McNamara, who 
received his commission as Lieutenant of Artillery on January 
1st, 1778. 



MEMORIALS TO THE DEAD IN BOSTON, MASS. 

Being Copies op some Tombstone Inscriptions in Coff's 
Hull and Kings Chapel Burying Grounds. 

communicated by MICHAEL J. O'bRIEN. 

Here lies interred the Body of 

Capt Patrick Connel 
who was bom in the countey of 

Kilcaneyin 

Ireland who departed this life 

June the ii*** 1763 

aged 

59 years 

Also is buried here 4 of his children 

Here lyes y* Body of 

Mr. Joseph Crowlley 

who died March 6*** 

Anno Dom 1738- 

aged 69 years 

Here lyes the body of 

Mrs. Margaret Maccarty 

aged 46 years 

who dec** Jan'y 2* 

1739 

Here lyes buried the body of 

Mr. William Maccarty 

who died Jan^ the 29*^ 1756 

aged 67 years 

Lydia Logan 

dau' to 

Mr. Robert and Mrs. Mercy Logan 

aged I year 

died y* 2«* Sept. 1745 

220 



MEMORIALS TO THE DEAD IN BOSTON. 



Here lyes buried the body of 

Mrs. Elizabeth Kenney 

died May 6*** 

1753 aged 65 years 

Here lyes buried the Body of 

Mr Thomas Lawlor 

aged 61 years died Feb''^ y* 26*^ 

1743 

John M^Neh. 

son to Mr William 

& Mrs Catherine M*Neil 

died August i8**» 1753 

Here lies buried the body of 

James Ferriter jun' 

aged 14 years & 8 months 

died Dec' 7*"* 1753 

Here lies y* Body of 
Capt James Dennben 
aged 40 years 4 months & 3 days 
died August 11*^ 

1757 



THOMAS SULLIV * * 
JOHN BARBER 

and 

JOHN SULLIVAN 



Here lies buried 

the body of 

Mr Hugh M^Daniel 

who 

departed this life 

March 29*** 1770 

aged 64 years 



In Memory of 

Mrs. 

Sarah McDaniel 

Widdow of 

Capt Hugh McDaniel 

died Jan'^ 27**' 1795 

aged 89 years 



222 AMERICAN IRISH HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 

Here lies buried the body of 

Mr. Dennis OBrine 

who departed this life 

April the 14*^ 1781 

aged 25 years 

• 

In Memory of 

Miss Mary Fitzgerald 

Daug' of Mr Michael & Mrs. Honnour Fitzgerald 

who died Sept 30*** 

1787 
aged 19 years 
Virtue and youth just in the morning bloom 
With the fair Mary find an early tomb 

This Stone is in Memory of 

Mrs. Elizabeth M«Kean 

Wil^ to Mr. WUliam M^Kean 

who died 8*** of July 1792 in the 44*** year 

of her age 

This stone is sacred to the Memory of 

Capt And of 

William Burke Mrs. Mary Burke 

who died wife of 

May 24*** 1787 Capt William Burke 

MtaX 40 who died Jan'^^ 15**^ 1787 

iEtat38 

In Memory of 
Mrs Millesent Connor 

wife of 

Capt Edmund Connor 

who died April 2* 

1783 
aged 39 years 

also 

Daniel Connor 

son of the above Parents 

who died Sept 27*** 1789 



MEMORIALS TO THE DEAD IN BOSTON. 223 

In Memory of 
Thomas Barry 
who was drowned in Boston Harbour 
August 30*** 1807 

In Memory of 

James G 

Son of John and Emely Sullivan 

died 
February io**» 1807 

This Monument is erected 

In Memory of Mrs. Sarah Mulvana 

who died July 4 1805 aged 

68 years 

Capt Richard Whelen 

Died Nov* 25*»» 1803 

M 46 

Gravestone Inscriptions in "The Anoent Cemetery" at 

Yarmouth, Mass. 

"Margery, wife of John Joyce, died 12 April 1705 aged 30 years 

I month." 
"Jeremiah Joyce died 25 March 1755 in his 35*** year." 
" Mercy, widow of Thomas Joyce, died 18 April 1759, in her 69**» 

year." 



SOME EARLY MARRIAGES IN WORCESTER COUNTY. 

MASS. 

CX)MMUNICATED BY MICHAEL J. o'BRIEN. 

These items are copied from the "official records of Worcester 
County," edited by Frederic W. Bailey and published by the 
Bureau of American Ancestry at New Haven, Conn., in 1897. 

Dau. 

May 4, 1741 
Aug:u8t 5, 1742 
May I, 1742 
April 28, 1744 
May 27, 1745 
December 27, 1747 
January 24, 1749 
August 24, 1749 
February 22, 1749 
May 25, 1750 
June 7, 1750 
December 25, 1751 
November 13, 1751 
May 9, 1751 
May 26, 1752 
April 30, 1753 
IDecember 25, 1754 
December 4, 1753 
November 21, 1754 
January 16, 1755 
April 9. 1756 
September 5, 1756 
January 10, 1757 
October 25, 1757 
November i, 1759 
March 20, 1760 
May 21, 1760 
January 31, 1760 
October 21, 1761 
March 24, 1761 
March 16, 1761 
January 27, 1762 
April 14, 1762 
November 17, 1763 



Bridegroom, 

James Clansey 
William Gilmore 
Darby Fits Patrick 
Eleazer Donham 
Nathaniel White 
Jonathan Caton 
William Harris 
Robert Blair 
Thomas Lapham 
Stephen Barrett 
John Boyle 
Joseph Powers 
Samuel Temple 
Joseph Gleason 
Robert Powers 
Thomas Gill 
James Cariyle 
William Mahan 
Joseph Lafflin (Laugfalin) 
John M«Bride 
George Tracy 
John Joyce 
James Trowbridge 
John Anderson 
John Hyland 
Daniel Finn 
Edmund Larkin 
Adam Walker 
Michael Heffron 
Simon GrilFen 
John M«»Carty 
Daniel Gleason 
William Gibbs 
Nathaniel Clark 



Bride. 

Ruth Ballaney 
Margaret Stewart 
Joanna Rogers 
Elizabeth Conner 
Susanna Cronnan 
Ruth Gleason 
Patience Gleason 
Margaret M«Clewain 
Abia Joyce 
Elizabeth Howe 
Mary Hinkins 
Abigail Benjamin 
Hannah Gleason 
Lydia Whitney 
Anna Wetherbee 
Margaret Heffron 
Mary Mahan 
Mary Kennedy 
Martha Cummins 
Jane Willson 
Elizabeth Hull 
Faith Stevens 
Mary Kelley 
Elizabeth M^Cracken 
Rebecca White 
Mary Samson 
Abigail Albert 
Rosanna M^Fadden 
Mary Stevenson 
Abigail Higgins 
Margaret McFarling 
Patience Stow 
Joanna Gleason 
Alice Healy 

224 



BAIULY MARRIAGES IN WORCESTER COUNTY. 



225 



Brideffroam. 

Robert M^Carthen 
Theophflus Kenny 
James M*Bride 
Timothy Sullivan 
Philip Mahon 
Edward Higgins 
Thomas Gkason 
Hezekiah Bunker 
Timothy Farley 
John Sweeney 
James Mahoney 
Charles Dugan 
John Dorrittrey 
Jonathan Gleason 
James Brophey 
John Shay 
Henry Higgins 
Dominus Record 
Thomas Mullens 
John Burnham 
John Gleason 
Thomas M«Bride 
Benjamin Benson 
Josiah Chapin 
Lawrence Kelly 
John Keley 
Ephraim Willard 
Thomas Magown 
Michael Fitchgerald 
John Mahanay 
Joseph Holland 
Nathaniel Carrel 
WUliam Kelley 
Philip Boyn 
Reuben Geary 
Richard Gleason 
William Gleason 
Thomas M*Doniel 
Samuel Harwood 
Thomas Macghlan 
Reuben Chamberlain 
John M«Bride 
Daniel Duggan 
Paul Gates 
Benjamin Powers 



Bnde. 

Mary Keen 
Abigail Gibbs 
Ljrdia Willson 
Eleanor Rice 
Ruth Rion 
Thankful Rice 
Hannah Walker 
Margaret Fitz Gerald 
Sarah Colbum 
Abigail Jackson 
Jemima Temple 
Sarah Chubb 
Mary Murphrey 
Lucretta Moore 
Martha HoU 
Thankful Walker 
Mary Fisk 
Martha Dailey 
Elizabeth Rickey 
Mary O' Brian 
Eunice French 
Sarah Snow 
Margaret M^Nammara 
Mary Corbett 
Mary Lovis 
Molly Park 
Lob Geary 
Mary Wales 
Maigaret Mattison 
Lydia Kelcey 
Elizabeth Gleason 
Bridget Prime 
Lucy Caruth 
Mary M^Clanahan 
Lucy Brooks 
Beulah Swan 
Mary Kidder 
Desire Sherman 
Lydia Kenney 
Sabra Eames 
Rebecca Healey 
Phebe Wheeler 
Sarah Leath 
Phebe Mahon 
Lydia Melandy 



DaU. 

October 13, 1763 
October 13, 1763 
Decembers, 1763 
June 6, 1763 
February 28, 1764 
October 17, 1764 
March 39, 1764 
April 7, 1765 
November 19, 1765 
February 3i, 1765 
February so, 1766 
May 14, 1767 
August II, 1766 
December i, 1767 
August 23, 1768 
September 21, 1768 
November 9, 1768 
August 19, 1768 
March 16, 1769 
June 25, 1769 
February 2, 1769 
April 19, 1769 
February 15, 1769 
February 7, 1770 
March 12, 1770 
September 11, 1770 
November 29, 1770 
April 24, 1770 
July 9, 1771 
July 9, 1771 
December 29, 1772 
December 29, 1772 
October 14, 1772 
March 6, 1772 
November 17, 1773 
September 23, 1773 
May 31, 1774 
May 2, 1774 
January 5, 1775 
March 2, 1775 
April 25, 1776 
September 17, 1776 
January 30, 1776 
January 23, 1777 
April 16, 1777 



226 



AMERICAN IRISH HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 



Bridegroom. 

Rkhanl KeUey 
James Kennedy 
Joseph M«Laughlen 
Benjamin Higgins 
John M*Mullen 
Daniel Barrett 
Samuel Ryan 
William Quigley' 
Phineas Gleason 
John Hamilton 
Samuel Green 
John Mahan 
Benjamin West 
Thomas M*Clanathan 
WUiiam M«Bnde 
Oliver Samson 
Lewis Dailey 
William O'brine 
James MK^len 
James Donnahue 



Bride. 

Hannah Caldwell 
Margaret Thompson 
Jenny West 
Mary Drury 
Mary Smith 
Mary Dodge 
Mary Stoddard 
Thankful Moore 
Margaret Keho 
Katharine Quigley 
Hannah Kenny 
Sarah Hemingway 
Mary MacCarty 
Dolly Dalrymple 
Hannah Smith 
Sarah McLaughlin 
Mary Willis 
Anna Albee 
Beulah Bacon 
Molly Nash 



DaU. 

November 20, 1777 
March 18, 1777 
July 24, 1777 
January 14, 1777 
March 5, 1777 
September 18, 1777 
July 18. 1778 
January 16, 1778 
March 31, 1779 
January 27, 1779 
April 4. 1779 
April 27, 1780 
January 18, 1781 
November 22, 1781 
May 15, 1782 
November 21, 1782 
August 8, 1782 
June 17, 1784 
November 23, 1784 
October 13, 1786 



SOME ANCIENT RECORDS IN THE PROVINCIAL 

PAPERS OF NEW HAMPSHIRE. 

COPIED BY MICHAEL J. O'bRIEN. 

1645, March 29. — ^John Duffy of Exeter signed a petition in 
relation to "disputed bounds." (Vol. 24, p. 847.) 

1660, March 11. — ^Thomas Foley and other inhabitants of 
the Province signed a petition to the "Council for Foreign Plan- 
tations." (Vol. 23, p. 24.) 

1680. — Names of "Persons who paid Rates in Exeter" this 
year: Cornelius Larey, Teage Drisco (probably DriscoU), Jeremy 
Canaugh, Philip Cartey, James Higgins. (Vol. i, p. 426.) 

1682, February 27. — William Healy presented a petition to 
the Governor, stating "that he being a servant of Gove (who is 
condemned to death), was taken up with him though he knew 
nothing of Gove's intentions." (Vol. 23.) 

1685. — Daniel Duggen of Portsmouth and Joseph Kennedy of 
Dover, among others, signed petitions this year. 

1683, October i. — Thaddeus M«Carty was surety on a bond 
of £100. given by Robert Mason and William Barefoote for the 
proper administration of the estate of Sylvester Herbert of Great 
Island. (Will Recoitls.) 

1686, April 15. — Thaddeus M^Carty was party to a deed con- 
cerning "lands between the rivers Namkeage and Piscataqua.** 
(Vol. 29, p. 138.) 

1689, February 20. — Roger Kelley, Phillip Cotter, William 
Moore, Anthony Hem, John and James Derry and Nicholas 
Dunn, among others, signed an "address of the Inhabitants and 
Train Soldiers of the Province of New Hampshire.'^ (Vol. 2, p. 

34-) 

1696. — "Captain Kinsley Hall's Payroll, 1696, — Present men 

in Exeter who served in Exeter and Oyster River from November 

ye 4, 1695," contain the names of Edward Dwyer and Jeremy 

Conner, and in "Exeter's Account of Soldiers," under date of 

227 



Q28 AMERICAN IRISH HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 

April 13, 1696, appears the name of Roger Kelly. (Vol. 11, pp. 
662 and 643.) 

1 7 15. — Petitioners at Dover and Oyster River, \\^liam Clary, 
William Duly and Cornelius Drisco (?). 

1709, April 4. — ^Administration to the estate of Andrew Kelly 
granted this date to his father, Roger Kelly of Newcastie. (Vol. 
7. p. 158.) 

1703, April 28. — ^\\^iam Kelley was witness to the will of 
James Weymouth of Newcastie. He is referred to in other 
records as "William Kelley, mariner of Newcastle." (Vol. 5, p. 
86.) 

1701. — Cornelius Lary and Cornelius La}^^ mentioned as of 
Exeter. 

1714, February 18. — ^Humphrey Sullivan s^ed as witness to 
the will of \\^iam Fifield of Hampton. (Vol. 31, p. 754.) Sul- 
livan was then Schoolmaster at Hampton. 

1715, June 20. — Will of Daniel O'Shaw of Newcastle recorded 
this date. His son, John O'Shaw, gave bond as surety to ad- 
minister the estate. Catherine and James O'Shaw mentioned 
as beneficiaries. (Vol. 31, p. 764.) 

1716, July 15. — ^Administration to the estate of James O'Shaw 
of Great Island granted to his brother, John. (Probate records, 
Vol. 9, p. 14.) 

1716, January 10. — ^Esther Maccarty signed as witness to 
articles of apprenticeship of Richard Whitehom. 

1722, September 4. — ^Samuel M^Nemara signed as witness to 
a deed on this date. (Vol. 31 , p. 678.) 

1728. — ^Tax payers at Newcastie this year: William Kelly, 
Samuel Hickey, Morris Shannon, John O'Shaw and John Mur- 
phey. (Vol. 4, p. 503.) 



ITEMS CULLED FROM THE RECORDS OF THE FIRST 
PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH AT MORRISTOWN, N. J. 

BY MICHAEL J. O'BRIEN 



Bridegroom, 
Timothy Dimnin 
John Kenny 
John O'Harrah 
Matthew M«Colle8ter 
Peter Dickeraon 
Constant Cooper 
Patrick M«Gm 
Philip Lindsley 
Jacob Frase 
John Laferty 
John Crane 

Kenny 

William M«Cormick * 
Hugh M«Connel 
Joseph Simmons 
Michael Conner * 
Patrick Rogers * 
WiUiam M«MuUen* 
John M«Carral ♦ 
Abraham Hudson 
Daniel Lewis 
Robert Gillespie 
John Ryley 
Ezekiel Day 
Joseph Ryly 
John Bolton 
Nathaniel Carr 
John Devens 



Maakiagbs 

Bride. 
Elisabeth Smith 
Sarah Ford 
Sarah Armstrong 
Elizabeth Fauger 
Sarah O Harrow 
Abigail Kenny 
Lucretia Harmon 
Mary M*Feran 
Elizabeth M«Feran 
Elizabeth Johnes 
Mary O'Harrah 
Mancy M^Gowen 
Dianna Cramer 
Susanna Dalrymple 
Elizabeth Kenny 
Sarah Hamilton 
"Peggy" O'Brien 
Jemima Guerin 
Kezia Clark 
Sarah O Harrow 
Elizabeth M^Calvey 
Abigail Charlotte 
Salome Coe 
Elizabeth Mooney 
Jane Doty 
Catherine Devens 
Hannah Dunn 
Eunice Wood 



DaU. 
April 25, 1745 
August 30, 1749 
October 19, 1752 
February 11, 1761 
November 7, 1763 
December 7, 1758 
December I3, 177 1 
February 8, 1763 
November 33, 1763 
May II, 1767 
September 19, 1774 
December 3, 1778 
February 6, 1777 
May 26, 1776 
April II, 1777 
April 9, 1780 
May 20, 1780 
July 28, 1780 
May 14, 1780 
February 5, 1782 
December 26, 1784 
October 30, 1799 
June 6, 1801 
September 3, 1803 
September 11, 1806 
January 24, 1781 
February 2, 1783 
June 16, 1806 



Baptisms 

Mary, daughter of James M*Mahon, July 29, 1764. 
Hannah, daughter of "Dan" M«Kenne, October 18, 1761. 
Mary, daughter of Timothy Conner, January i, 1749. 
Sarah, daughter of Stephen Hagerty, November 20, 1770. 
Jane, daughter of James M*Mullen, July 1 1, 1775. 



* Soldicn of the Continental Anny. 



229 



a30 AMERICAN IRISH HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 

Dbaths 

Mre. M'Biide, March 5, 1775. 

James M«Bride, February 2, 1776. 
"A child of James Kearney/' June i, 1772. 
Susanna, wife of John Magee, July 19, 1777. 
Rachel, wife of Francis M«Carty, June 19, 1798. 
Thomas Kenny, April 3, 1793. 

Dooly, wife of Benjamin Dooly, December 14, 1797. 

Patrick Dadey, September 10, 1799. 
James O'Hara, February 7, 1797. 
John O 'Neil, April 1 1, 1800. 
Michael Conner, March 7, 1801. 
George O 'Hara, October 26, 1806. 

Pbrsoms Rbcosdbd as "Joining thb Church. 

Daniel Kenny and his wife, Rhoda, July 14, 1771. 
Phebe M«Canlin, widow of John M«Canlin, October 30, 1777. 
Phebe M*Glochlin, wife of John M«Glochlin, October 30, 1777. 
Sarah O'Connor, June 6, 1803. 



WILLIAM GILLILAND, IRISH SCHOOLMASTER AND 
PIONEER OF THE CHAMPLAIN VALLEY. 

BY MICHAEL J. O'bRIEN. 

William Gilliland, whose romantic career is closely identified 
with the early history of the Champlain Valley, was born at a 
place called Caddy, near Armagh, Ireland, in the year 1734. 
According to a tradition in his family, having been disappointed 
in love with a lady of noble ancestry, whose parents refused to 
permit their marriage, he joined an English regiment which was 
about to sail for America and served for some time in the French- 
English War. In 1758 he was discharged in Philadelphia and 
immediately came to New York. 

In casting about for something to do, he discovered there was 
a dearth of trained teachers in New York at the time, and while 
he was not a professional schoolmaster, his early training and 
education in Ireland qualified him for that kind of work. By the 
aid of some Irish friends he took advantage of the opportunity and 
set up a private school on Golden Hill, at what is now the neigh- 
borhood of John and William Streets, and later was engaged as 
tutor in the family of a wealthy merchant of the island of Ja- 
maica, named Phagan, who was then residing in New York for the 
purpose of educating his children. Scarcely a year had elapsed 
before the young tutor had secured the affections of one of his 
pupils, the handsome and accomplished daughter of his employer, 
and received her hand in marriage with a large dowry. He gave 
up his school, and entering into partnership with his father-in-law, 
who had established a branch in New York, his energy and intel- 
ligence brought him instant success, and being a person of highly 
cultivated mind and polished manners, he soon occupied an 
elevated position in the society of the City. This, however, did 
not satisfy his ambitions. From his recollection of the magnifi- 
cent estates in his native land and his observation of the colonial 
manors in America, he conceived the idea of securing to himself 
a large landed estate in the northern part of the Province of 
New York and settling it with people from Ireland. In his 
visions of the future, he doubtless contemplated the status of a 

231 



232 AMERICAN IRISH HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 

great landed proprietor and in 1764 he purchased several thou- 
sand acres of land near Lake Champlain from British officers 
who had received grants of these lands for military services, but 
which they were unwilling to occupy, preferring to sell their 
claims at an exceedingly low rate. 

In the ''Land Papers" (Vol. 17, p. 11), compiled for the State 
of New York by the eminent historian, Edmund B. O'Callaghan, 
I find under date of August 15th, 1763, the "Petition of William 
Gilliland of the City of New York, praying for a grant of 60,000 
acres of land lying either near South Bay or between Ticonderoga 
and Crown Point on the west side of Lake Champlain, or, if a 
sufficient quantity cannot be granted at either of these places, 
the residue to be on a smaller tract adjoining the river Boquet, 
for the settlement of a number of families who are daily expected 
from Ireland." His Memorial for a grant of 7,350 acres at what is 
now Willsboro, near Lake Champlain, "together with part of a 
creek on which he has erected some mills," is also recorded in 
the "Land Papers" (Vol. 40, p. 56), under date of January 8th, 
1771. 

On May 5th, 1765, Gilliland set out from New York on the 
long journey to Lake Champlain, with a large assortment of 
supplies and farming implements, carpenters, woodsmen, boat- 
men and laborers, and reached what is now Westport in one 
month. He induced several families to try their fortunes with 
him in the new settlement, and among these are mentioned 
Robert and John McAuley, John McElrea, Michael McDermott, 
John Megaphy, Archibald McLaughlin, James Logan, Daniel 
Moriarty, Christopher Dougan, Cornelius Hays, Peter and 
John Sullivan, Dennis Hall, John McCarty, John Welsh, Anthony 
Garret, Michael Keough, Patrick McMullen, James and Henry 
Moore and "the Olivers from Ireland," all stout, hardy, resolute 
men, some of whom had seen service in the French-English War, 
for which they had received grants of land in this territory. 

Gilliland left a remarkably interesting journal, from which 
much of the early history of the Lake Champlain r^on has 
been obtained. It embraces the period from May loth, 1765, 
down to the year of his death (1796), and relates in the most 
minute details from day to day the incidents of the journey to 
the northern wilderness, the doings of the settlers, and other 



WILLI AU GILLILAND, 233 

valuable data relating to the first permanent settlement of the re- 
gion on the west bank of the lake. The Colony at that time was 
too remote to be reached by the protecting arm of the Govern- 
ment, and it is remarkable to find that on Saint Patrick's Day in 
the year 1775 the settlers convened in solemn assembly and con- 
stituted themselves, in effect, a pure democracy. Local govern- 
ment was instituted at this assembly in the backwoods, a system 
of social regulations was adopted and afterwards formally ratified 
by the individual signatures of the settlers. This impressive 
and singular incident is related in ''The Journal of William 
Gilliland," which can be found in the ''Pioneer History of the 
Champlain Valley," by Winslow G. Watson, published at Albany 
in 1863, and in "Three Centuries in Champlain Valley," a col- 
lection of historical facts and incidents published by the Saranac 
Chapter of the Daughters of the American Revolution. 

Before Mr. Watson began his investigations in this region, the 
original journal of William Gilliland was placed in his possession 
by the grandsons of the pioneer, William and Henry P. Gilliland, 
who resided on the patrimonial estate at Salmon River near the 
present Catholic Summer School at Bluff Point. In referring to 
the journal in the preface of his work, Watson says: "The mental 
and moral qualities of William Gilliland were of a remarkable 
character. Endowed with extraordinary energies and high 
intellectual powers which were burnished and invigorated by 
culture, his enterprise, his sagacity and forecast would have im- 
pressed a powerful influence wherever his capacities were exer- 
cised. His life was a romance — basking in brilliancy and hope — 
steeped in adversity — culminating in the highest prosperity, it 
closed its infinite vicissitudes in darkness and gloom and by a 
tragic end." 

This copious journal is given in full in Watson's work. It 
indicates that Gilliland examined the territory with the science 
of an engineer, that he named various localities in the region 
about the lakes and explored along the Ausable and Salmon 
Rivers through the pathless forest north as far as the Canadian 
line. In Gilliland 's own words: "this region was a howling wil- 
derness, more than 100 miles removed from any Christian settle- 
ment except the military posts of Ticonderoga and Crown Point." 
He laid out 4,500 acres in what is now Westport — which he orig- 



234 AMERICAN IRISH HISTORICAL SOCIETY, 

inally named Bessboro — several thousand acres on both sides 
of Salmon River, which he named Janesboro and another large 
tract at Cumberland Head called Charlottesboro — all these places 
being named for his daughters. He also named the present 
town of Elizabethtown on the Boquet River for his wife, Eliza- 
beth. This was his home plantation. Two of his neighbors 
also named their tracts Enniskillen and Killeen after their native 
homes in Ireland. 

As Watson relates, "the character of Gilliland; his intimate 
knowledge of the frontier; his great influence, created by his 
intellectual superiority; the extent of his possessions and the 
number of dependent tenants, rendered him by far the most 
prominent individual upon the shores of the lake." Although he 
was an ardent and avowed patriot, the British military authori- 
ties were extremely solicitous to control his influence or else cap- 
ture and imprison him. ''His zeal and activity marked him in 
the early stages of the Revolution as a victim to be pursued by 
the special vengeance of the Government and he enjoyed with a 
very limited number of patriots the distinction of being by name 
proscribed and outlawed." In June, 1775, a proclamation was 
issued by the Governor of Canada offering a reward of £500 for 
the arrest of Gilliland. The allurement of this reward seems to 
have overcome the scruples of some of his neighbors, who en- 
gaged in unsuccessful efforts to seize and convey him across the 
frontier. Various other efforts were made to effect his capture, 
one of the most formidable of which was nearly accomplished by 
the Sheriff of Tryon County, who secretly penetrated into the 
settlement with a number of tories and savages. Gilliland not 
alone escaped the peril with great adroitness, but, as he relates 
in his journal, ''succeeded in effecting the surprise and capture 
of the whole party with their arms." 

Not alone was Gilliland a sincere patriot, but he was an active 
one as well, for it seems certain that he had a hand in the capture 
of Fort Ticonderoga, or, at any rate, that he was the first to sug- 
gest that daring enterprise. 

Prior to the organization of the forces under Colonel Ethan 
Allen, Bendict Arnold had received authority from the Massa- 
chusetts Committee of Safety to raise and command a body of 
troops in that Colony for the purpose of capturing Ticonderoga. 



WILLIAM GILLILAND. 335 

Arnold, however, did not carry out his undertaking and when he 
learned of the expedition organized by Allen he hurried to the 
rendezvous at Castleton (Vt.) and immediately on his arrival 
demanded that the command of the force be turned over to him, 
asserting that he alone had authority. Thereupon, a dispute 
arose between Arnold and Allen, and the pioneers who had 
assembled in haste under Allen for the serious business of cap- 
turing the King's forts, were in no mood to yield to Arnold's 
insolent demand. They indignantly refused to follow the leader- 
ship of any but Allen and threatened to abandon the expedition 
entirely and return to their homes. At this junctiu'e, it was 
necessary for a strong man to step in between the principal dis- 
putants, and William Gilliland, who was friendly with both, 
was equal to the occasion. In a Memorial which he addressed to 
Congress in 1777, he said: "Your Memorialist has reason to 
think that he was the first person who laid a plan for and deter> 
mined upon seizing Ticonderoga and Crown Point and the King's 
armed vessels and therewith the entire command of Lakes George 
and Champlain. That by means of your Memorialist, an un- 
happy dispute which subsisted between Mr. Allen and Mr. 
Arnold (then rival heads of our handful of people on Lake Cham- 
plain) — was composed, in consequence of which your Memorialist 
(besides several other matters) took the liberty of recommending 
to your Honours the embodying of the Green Mountain Boys," 
etc. In this document also, Gilliland spoke of his ''known at- 
tachment to the glorious cause of American independence" and 
showed that because of it his property and family were in con- 
stant peril and that he was being persecuted by the tones and 
Canadians. In a schedule attached to his Memorial he showed 
that, up to that time, his losses aggregated the then large sum of 

£3»943- 
Through this action, Gilliland seemed to have incurred the 

enmity of the unsavory Arnold, who afterwards visited his 
rapacity particularly upon him. Unfortunately, it must be said 
the American troops were not always averse to seizing or des- 
troying the property of even the friends of the patriot cause. 
On one occasion, Arnold's troops raided the Gilliland homestead 
on the Boquet River, overran his estate, drove off large herds of 
cattle and horses and almost destroyed his crops. The oppres- 



236 AMERICAN IRISH HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 

sion and rapacity of Arnold and some of his subalterns and their 
injustice in withholding remuneration for property that had been 
seized arbitrarily was made the subject of a complaint in a letter 
from Gilliland to Arnold, dated September ist, 1776, which may 
be found in "American Archives" (5th Series, 11, p. 112). In 
this letter, Gilliland demanded an immediate enquiry into the 
outrage, but which Arnold never set on foot and never made any 
attempt to justify his conduct. On the contrary, he seems to 
have instigated against the unfortunate Gilliland charges of dis- 
loyalty to the American cause, for which he was arrested and 
confined in the fort at Albany in the year 1777. His protest to 
the Conunittee of Safety at Albany against his imprisonment 
is dated January 15th, 1778, and resulted in his immediate release 
when the Committee's investigation proved the falsity of the 
charges. 

When the American troops retreated from Canada, the envi- 
rons of the Lake became exposed to the incursions of the British 
forces and the sanguinary ravages of their tory and savage allies. 
Gilliland's estate on the Boquet River was particularly liable 
to these assaults, alike from its comparative wealth and promi- 
nence and by its exposed position. Most of his tenants hastily 
abandoned their farms and improvements, the result of years of 
toil and expenditure, and fled with the little property they could 
take with them within the American lines, while others sought 
and obtained amnesty from the British commander. Few ever 
returned to their homes. The Colony, smiling in beauty and 
wealth, was swept by the troops as if by a tornado; dwellings, 
barns and mills were burned down, crops destroyed and valuable 
machinery and equipment sunk in the river or lake and every- 
thing portable seized and carried away. According to Gilliland's 
Memorial to Congress, when his home settlement was broken up 
and abandoned it contained: ''28 dwelling houses, about 40 other 
buildings, two grist mills, two saw mills, gardens, orchards, etc.," 
and that he "enjoyed an annual income from the property of 
more than £1,000." Besides, his tenants were indebted to him 
in a large amount, for money advanced to them, but their crops 
and improvements, his only security, were suddenly extinguished, 
aU having been overwhelmed in the common ruin. 

During the late years of the war, his residence and occupation 



WILLIAM GILLILAND. 237 

are involved in much doubt. His petitions to Congress indicate 
the most necessitous circumstances and on one occasion he ten- 
dered his services to the Government in any capacity they would 
care to use them — said he was then ''entirely divested of all em- 
ployment and had a numerous family of motherless children/' 
In his journal he shows how his slaves, suborned by his enemies 
and inflamed by the hope of emancipation, had been used to sus- 
tain unjust imputations upon him and betray his interests, and 
in the most decided language he imputed to General Gates and 
his subordinates complicity in the secreting and deportation of 
these slaves and effecting their escape. He seems to have re- 
moved to Orange County, where he had a small piece of property, 
in the vicinity of Newburgh. After six years' absence, he re- 
turned to find his estates even more desolate than when he first 
penetrated the wilderness, only charred and blackened ruins 
marking the sites of his and his tenants' and employes' former 
homes. About this time, heavy debts which had accumulated 
under the paralysis of the times, began to press upon him; 
money was scarcely obtainable; what pecuniary means he had 
saved were either sunk in the wreck of a lumber speculation or 
diverted by those to whom the funds had been entrusted ; suits — 
some unfounded and iniquitous — ^were commenced against him 
and heavy judgments obtained, as a result of all of which his 
mind gave way. In February, 1796, while traveling in the woods, 
on foot and alone, he wandered from the trail, where he perished 
from cold and exposure. When he was found, his bleeding hands 
and knees were evidence of his unavailing struggle against death. 



GRANTS OF LAND TO IRISH SETTLERS IN THE 

PROVINCE OF NEW YORK. 

An Important Collection taken From Tee Calendar 
OF New York Colonial Manuscripts. 

BY MICHAEL J. O'bRIEN. 

With the "Land Papers" at the office of the Secretary of State 
at Albany are filed all applications made by residents of the 
Province of New York for grants of land, beginning with the 
year 1643 and ending with the year 1803. The "Calendar of 
New York Colonial Manuscripts" was published by the State in 
1864, and although it is a large volume of over 1,000 pages, it is 
nothing more than an index or compendium of the original 
grants, containing only the names, dates, number of acres and 
location and the petitioners' claims for recognition. Although 
the information is meagre and is confined to the barest facts, it 
is a highly interesting collection from an American-Irish point 
of view, containing as it does a long list of names of people of 
Irish birth or descent who applied for or received grants of public 
lands in various parts of the Province of New York. It is an- 
other item of proof in support of a fact which we have already 
shown, namely, that all through the last half of the eighteenth 
century there was a constant stream of emigration flowing west- 
ward from Ireland to the American Colonies. 

The first entry referring to an Irishman was a draft of a war- 
rant drawn in the year 1675 "for granting to Bryan O'Mella 
letters patent of a tract of land called Diason, lying on the west 
side of Delaware Bay and on the north side of Drawyer's Creek, 
containing 200 acres." The lands were situated in what is now 
the State of Delaware, which, at that period, was in the jurisdic- 
tion of the Province of New York. The grantee was Bryan 
O'Mealy or O'Malley, who came from the west of Ireland to 
Talbot County, Maryland, prior to the year 1664, and who is 
mentioned frequently in the Maryland land records of the last 
half of the seventeenth century. In my examination of the 
Maryland records at the Land Commissioner's Office at Annap- 

238 



GRANTS OF LAND TO IRISH SETTLERS, 239 

olis, I have found his name no less than twenty-two times as the 
patentee of lands in Talbot and Cecil Counties between 1664 
and 1683. One of the tracts patented by him on September 7th, 
1675, was situated on King's Creek in Talbot County, and which 
he named "Galway.'* This is described as "the home planta- 
tion" in his will (dated January 2nd, 1684, and probated March 
24th, 1685), from which fact I assume he was a native of County 
Galway. One of his Cecil County plantations was situated on a 
branch of the Sassfras River, which is now called "Scotchman's 
Creek," but which Johnston in his "History of Cecil County" 
says was formerly known as "O'Malley's Creek." 

I note that some of the petitioners were Irish lawyers and 
merchants of the city of New York, for I find many advertise- 
ments by and references to them in the New York newspapers 
of the day. These people, as a rule, were members of land com- 
panies and very few of them ever located on their lands, but 
sublet them to tenants or sold them outright. It was after the 
close of the French and Indian Wars that the Irish names occur 
in the Land Records with greatest frequency. A number of the 
petitioners at that period were ex-soldiers of the army or of the 
Colonial militia, who, after disbandment, settled down in the 
Province of New York. The claims of these ex-soldiers were 
generally based upon certificates of their commanding ofiicers 
testifying to their having served during the war, which fact 
qualified a soldier for a grant of bounty lands, each in accordance 
with his rank. This certificate was made part of the petition 
to the Land Board, which passed upon the application, had the 
lands surveyed and in due course issued a "Return of Survey" 
or Warrant granting title to the tract applied for, or to so much 
of it as was alloted by the Board. These allotments were made 
in what were known as the "Military Tracts," which were 
situated generally along the upper Hudson and in the unsettled 
region around Lake George and the lower end of Lake Cham- 
plain in what are now Warren and Essex Counties, New York, 
and the western part of the State of Vermont. 

During the campaigns of the French and Indian Wars, the 
troops passed over this section of the country very frequently 
and thus became acquainted with the fertility and value of the 
lands in the region about the lakes, so that, after the war these 



240 AMERICAN IRISH HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 

lands were eagerly sought out and settled upon. The lands north 
of Crown Point, although equally fertile, were more remote and 
did not as early attract the attention of the pioneers. They, 
however, came into notice gradually, so that several permanent 
settlements were made along the borders of Lake Champlain 
during the fifteen years that intervened between the expulsion 
of the French and the commencement of the Revolutionary War. 
There is nothing that I can find to indicate what number of the 
grantees settled on the tracts allotted to them, but it appears 
certain that some of the former soldiers did not settle on their 
lands, but disposed of their rights for a money consideration to 
land companies, merchants and others who were eager to obtain 
them for future speculation. I have also observed on comparing 
the Land Records with the Revolutionary rosters a remarkable 
similarity between the names of a number of the grantees and 
those who served in the New York and New Hampshire regi- 
ments in the war of the Revolution. The names of the grantees 
prior to the Revolution, who probably were of Irish birth or 
descent, with a concise description of each entry, here follow, 
in the same order as they appear in the Calendar of New York 
Colonial Manuscripts: 

April 5, 1682. — Description of survey of 160 acres of land on 
Staten Island for John Magan, or MK^ann. 

July 29, 1683. — Petition of Richard Hayes of Esopus praying 
for a tract of land. 

July 30,. 1685. — Description of a survey of 80 acres of woodland 
at the east end of Staten Island, laid out for Daniel Kelly. 

, 1 7 12. — Petition of Thomas and Walter Dongan for a 

warrant to the Surveyor-General to survey and lay out several 
tracts of land on Staten Island, ''formerly the estate of the Earl 
of Limerick." 

November 2, 1714. — Petition of John Collins of Albany for a 
warrant of survey for 2000 acres on the west side of the Maquas 
river, two miles above Fort Hunter. 



GRANTS OF LAND TO IRISH SETTLERS. 241 

April 9, 1 7 19. — Petition of Patrick M^Night praying for a 
certain tract of land in Albany County. 

January 3, 1720. — Caveat of Anthony Duane and other in- 
habitants of Queen Street, New York, "against the granting of 
any patents to ye owners of lots on said street until the said 
Duane and others shall be heard in relation thereto." Duane 
was a native of Cong, County Galway, and was the father of 
James Duane, a member of the Continental Congress and who 
was the first Mayor of the City of New York after the Revolution. 

June 19, 1 73 1. — ^Warrant for a patent to Charles Boyle for 
seven tracts of land in Queens County, on Nassau Island and at 
Oyster Bay. 

September 22, 1732. — Petition of John Kelly and Simon 
Johnson, Attorneys at Law, in relation to a clause in the Letters 
Patent granted to the City of New York, which "debarred them 
from practicing in the Mayor's Court of said City." 

August 17, 1738. — ^Warrant for a patent to Patrick M^Claghry 
and Andrew M*Dowal for lands near Schenectady. 

October 17, 1738. — Petition of Jrfin M^Neall for 1,000 acres 
of land near Wood creek, Albany County. 

May 20, 1739. — ^Warrant for a patent to Edward Collins and 
others for a tract in Albany County. 

August 14, 1739. — Petition of Charles O'Neill for lands at 
Catts kill. 

April 3, 1740. — Petition of Peter Winne and James Dillon for 
license to purchase lands from the Indians on the south side of 
the Mohawk river. 

July 28, 1 741. — Return of survey of 4,000 acres of these lands 
for Peter Winne and James Dillon. 



16 



242 AMERICAN IRISH HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 

November 21, 1752. — t^etition of Matthew Ferrall, on behalf 
of himself and company, asking for license to complete the pur- 
chase, from the Six Nations of Indians, of 130,000 acres of land 
in Albany County. 

July 5, 1754. — Indian deed to Teady Magin for a tract of land 
on the north side of Mohawk river, between Garoge and Canada 
creeks, in Albany County. 

August 24, 1754. — Deed of Margaret Mahon of the Island of 
St. Christophers, conveying in fee to her son, John Mahon, "all 
her land in the Province of New York and the Jerseys." 

May 9, 1760. — Petition of Sarah Magin, widow of Teddy 
M2^;in, William Fox, and eleven others praying "for Letters 
Patent for 26,000 acres of land purchased by Teddy Magin 
pursuant to a license granted by Governor Clinton. " 

February 8, 1763. — Certificates of discharge of John M*Cann 
from the army qualif3dng him for a land grant. 

January 9, 1763. — Petition of Robert Harper, showing "that 
having transmitted some favourable descriptions of this Province 
to his friends in Ireland, he was in consequence applied to by 
between 70 and 100 families there, with their minister and school- 
master, all Protestants, and in order to encours^ them to this 
Province he prays a grant of 1000 acres of land, free from quit 
rents for the first eight or ten years, for the accommodation of each 
family." On April 12th, 1763, Harper wrote Governor Monck- 
ton asking for information "concerning the fate of the memorial 
or petition, as his friends in Ireland had intimated to him that 
no less than 200 or 300 families, instead of the number mentioned 
in the petition, would probably come if they could be assured of a 
grant somewhere along the Hudson river." H. P. Smith, the 
historian of Broome County, says that Harper was bom in Ire- 
land in the year 1733 and came to New York in 1 761 , where he was 
engaged as a Professor in King's College, now Columbia. He 
was a tutor at the College for fifteen years, and was a member of 



GRANTS OF LAND TO IRISH SETTLERS, 34J 

the State Convention in 1776 and also of the Convention whidi 
formed the first Constitution of the State of New York. In 1780, 
he was appointed Deputy Secretary of State, which office he 
held until 1795. 

February i, 1763. — Petition of John Embury and 24 othem 
"natives of the Kingdom of Ireland/' praying letters patent for 
25,000 acres of land in Albany County, west of Qwensbury. 
All of these people were from Limerick. 

August 15, 1763.— Petition of William Gilliland of the City of 
New York, "praying for a grant of 60,000 acres of land lying 
either near South Bay or between Ticonderoga and Crown 
Point on the west side of Lake Champlain, for the settlement of 
a number of families who are daily expected from Ireland." 
The interesting career of this pioneer Irishman, William Gilliland, 
is the subject of a separate paper in this issue of the Journal. 

December 28, 1763. — Petition of James M«Bride, late ser- 
geant in the 47*** regiment of Foot, praying for a grant of 200 
acres of land on the west side of Lake Champlain. 

February 6, 1764. — Petition of Cain Callahan, a reduced 
soldier, praying for a grant of land, and certificate of Captain 
Gavin Cochrane that Callahan served during the war. 

February 29, 1764. — Memorial of Bamaby Byrne, a reduced 
lieutenant, praying for a grant of land in what is now Granville, 
Washington County. In the New York Genealc^cal and Bio- 
graphical Record (Vol. 35, p. 272), there is a description of the 
will of Bamaby Bym, from which it appears that he was a resi- 
dent of the Township of Jamaica, Long Island. The will is 
dated May 6, 1771. He directed his executor "to sell all his 
estate and pay £1000. current money of New York to his wife, 
Jane Byrn," and also bequeathed to her several articles of per- 
sonal property; to Captain Robert McGinnis of New York he 
gave £5, and the remainder of his property to his two brothers, 
James and Christopher Bym, and his four sisters, Judith Carey, 
Ann and Elizabeth Bym and Bridget Dunn. One of the three 



044 AMERICAN IRISH HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 

executors appointed in the will was "Terence Kerin, Attorney 
of the City of New York." 

February 2, 1764. — Petition of David Mooney for a grant of 
2000 acres on the east side of Wood creek in the County of 
Albany (now Hampton, Washington County). 

April 16, 1764. — Petition of John ConoUy, for a grant of 2,000 
acres situated at Cumberland on the west side of Lake Cham- 
plain, and certificate of General Gs^ that ConoUy served during 
the war as surgeon's mate. 

November 2, 1764. — ^Return of survey for Thomas Dunn, late 
matross in Royal Artillery, of 100 acres of land at what is now 
Rupert, Vt. 

November 19, 1764. — Return of survey for David M^Conkey, 
late corporal 7*^ regiment, of 200 acres at Rupert, Vt. 

December 6, 1764. — Petition of James Duane of the City of 
New York, praying that a certain tract of land in the County of 
Albany be erected into a Township (now Duanesburgh, Schenec- 
tady County). 

April 26, 1764. — Petition of Daniel Moriarty for 200 acres on 
the west side of Lake Champlain. 

August 15, 1764. — Petition of John Connolly for a grant of 
2,000 acres on the west side of Lake Champlain, between the 
river Boquet and the lake. 

October 26, 1764. — Power of Attorney from ^lliam Gilliland, 
Peter Sullivan and Michael Keogh to Thomas Carrol to procure 
for them a grant of 150 acres of land on the west side of Lake 
Champlain. 

January 19, 1765. — Certificate of Captain James Grant that 
John McCarthy served as Corporal in the 40**^ regiment, and, 
on the same date, certificates that Cornelius Hays, Patrick M*- 



GRANTS OF LAND TO IRISH SETTLERS, 245 

Mullen, James Moore and Dennis Hall had served during the 
war, qualifying them for grants of County lands. 

January 19, 1765. — Petition of Patrick Stone, late sergeant 
in the First Royal regiment, for 200 acres on the east side of 
Hudson river in Albany County. 

March 4, 1765. — Return of survey to James M^Bride, and 
same to John Connolly, of 200 acres each at what is now Wills- 
borough, Essex County. 

April 16, 1765. — Petition of John O'Neil, late corporal 60*^ 
regiment, praying for a grant of 200 acres on the east side of the 
Hudson river and west side of Connecticut river. 

April 19, 1765. — Petition of Kennedy Farrell, a reduced officeri 
praying for a grant of 3,000 acres, and certificate of General 
Gag^ that '' Kennedy Farrell waggon-master general in America, 
served during the war." 

May 9, 1765. — Return of survey for John O'Neil of 200 acres 
in the County of Albany (now Charlotte, Vt.). 

July 20, 1765. — Return of survey for Charles M^Carty, J<rfin 
Drummond, Patrick M*Fall, John M^Ekron and others, late 
privates in 80*^ regiment, of a tract of 800 acres on the east side 
of Lake Champlain, in Albany County (now Shelbume, Vt.). 

July 20, 1765. — Return of survey for Daniel ConoUy, Michael 
Garvey and others, for 1,000 acres in the same location. 

July 25, 1765. — Returns of survey for Thomas MKJuire, 
Garret Keating, Walter Sweeney and others for tracts comprising 
1,800 acres on the east side of Lake Champlain (now ^elbume 
and Burlington, Vt.). 

July 26, 1765. — Return of survey for Patrick M^MuUen, late 
private 55*** regiment, for 100 acres on east side of Lake Cham- 
plain (Shelburne, Vt.). 



846 AMERICAN IRISH HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 

August 8, 1765. — Return of survey iot Edward Roche, late 
private 47*^ regiment, for 100 acres on east side of Lake Cham- 
plain (Charlotte, Vt.). 

September 13, 1765. — Return of survey for Bartholomew 
M-Shane, Timothy Callahan, VWUiam MK>>llum, Robert Piggot, 
Robert Milligan and five others, late of 55**^ regiment, for 600 
acres on east side of Lake Champlain (Ferrisburg, Vt.). 

October 3, 1765. — Return of survey for John Maccadoo, late 
private 47**^ regiment, for 50 acres in Albany County (Charlotte, 
Vt.). 

October 25, 1765. — Return of survey for Dennis Marra, James 
McLaren, John McDonald and others, late of 48^ regiment, for 
800 acres on east side of Lake Champlain (Charlotte, Vt.). 

October 26, 1765. — Return of survey for Charles Doyle, Hector 
McNeil, Thomas Moore and others, late of 55*"* regiment, for 
700 acres on east side of Lake Champlain (Charlotte, Vt.) . 

October 26, 1765. — Return of survey for David Mooney, late 
lieutenant 60^ regiment, for 2,000 acres in County of Albany 
(Hampton, Washn. County). 

October 28, 1765. — Return of survey for James Murphy and 
Thomas Hunt for 400 acres on east side of Lake Champlain, in 
Albany County. 

October 29, 1765. — ^Return of survey for Michael Dowd, 
Dennis Dugan and eight others for 550 acres on west side of Lake 
Champlain, in Albany County (now Willsborough, Essex 
County). 

November 25, 1765. — Petition of James Tuite, late Captain 
of an Independent Company, for a tract of 3,000 acres of land. 

December 30, 1765. — Petition of a number of ex-ofiicers of 
the troops raised in the Province of New York "for a grant of 



GRANTS OP LAND TO IRISH SETTLERS. 247 

land to each, pursuant to the royal proclamation," among them 
James Fitzpatrick, Cornelius Duane, Michael McLaughlin, 
Robert Maginnis, Bamaby Bym and V^liam Hogan. 

March 3, 1766. — Petition of Jdin MOarty and Jdin Sullivan, 
late sergeants 40^ regiment, and others, for a grant of 750 acres 
of land on east side of Lake Champlain in Albany County. 

April I, 1766. — Petitions of Thomas Lynch, V^lUam Cain 
and others "fen- 1,000 acres of certain lands and islands in the 
Coimty of Albany purchased by them from the Katskill Indians." 

February 3, 1766. — ^Petition of John Keating and 18 others 
for a grant of 19,360 acres of land on west side of the Connecticut 
river. 

May 16, 1766. — Petition of James Duane of the City of New 
York, for himself and 25 others, praying leave to purchase from 
the Indians a certain tract of land in Albany County northwest 
of the Township of Duanesburgh. 

May 27, 1766. — Petition of Kennedy Farrel for a grant of 3,000 
acres in Albany County. 

June 28, 1766. — Return of survey for John Curtin, late ser- 
geant 48^^ regiment, of 200 acres in Albany County (now Char- 
lotte, Vt.). 

August II, 1766. — Caveat of, William O'Brien "against grant- 
ing any lands by Walter Patterson on tracts granted the Eatl 
of Ilchester and Lord Holland until he be first heard," and on 
November 25, 1766, petition of William O'Brien praying for 
"further delay for the hearing of the merits of his caveat." 

August 15, 1766. — Return of survey for John Allman, John 
M^Cann, John Dannavon, Peter M^Growder and two others, 
for 400 acres on east side of Hudson river in Albany County 
(now Hebron, Wash'n County). 



248 AMERICAN IRISH HISTORICAL SOCIETY, 

August 19, 1766. — Petitions of Thomas M^Carty, John Duggin 
and four others, late soldiers, for 800 acres of land in the west side 
of Hudson River in Ulster County. 

June 4, 1766. — Return of survey for Thomas Martin and 
Terence Connolly, late privates 80** regiment, for 100 acres on 
east side of Lake Champlain in Albany County. 

October 3, 1766. — Indian deed to Michael Byrne and others 
for 10,000 acres of land at Schoharie in the County of Albany, 
and on October 18, 1766, petition of same persons for a warrant 
of siuvey and letters patent for these lands. 

October 22, 1766 — Petition of Daniel Curry, Patrick Ellis and 
Daniel Callow praying for a grant of land. 

September 30, 1766. — Petition of Robert M^Gennis and 
Richard Esselstyn, on behalf of themselves and 16 others, for 
a grant of 1000 acres in the Township of Dorset. 

October 17, 1766. — Return of survey for Lawrence Regan, 
late corporal 43'*^ regiment, for 200 acres on east side of Lake 
Champlain (Charlotte, Vt.). 

October 18, 1766. — Return of survey for Hugh M^Bride and 
Robert Belsier for 100 acres on east side of Lake Champlain in 
Albany County. 

October 23, 1766. — Petition of John Kelly, on behalf of himself 
and associates, praying for a grant of certain lands on west side 
of Connecticut river. 

October 28, 1766. — Petition of William Kelly and 23 others 
praying for a grant of 24,000 acres of certain described lands on 
west side of Connecticut river. 

November 5, 1766. — Petition of Caesar M^Cormac, late En- 
sign, for 2,000 acres in the Township of Marlborough, Ulster 
County. 



GRANTS OF LAND TO IRISH SETTLERS. 249 

November 13, 1766. — Petition of Thomas Carroll and two 
others, on behalf of their associates, for a grant of land in the 
Township of Topsham. 

November 28, 1766. — Petition of Francis M^Dermott for a 
warrant of survey or letters patent for certain lands east of 
Kater's creek in Albany County. 

November 20, and December 13, 1766. — Certificates that 
Brian M^Kenly, Patrick Quin, Cornelius Brown, Jerry Dough-^ 
erty, William Sheels, Dennis Connell, Stephen GafFen, John 
Keary, Peter Crotty, Philip Daulton, Edward Carney, James 
Keavey, James Moffat, Robert Hasty, John Callaghan, William 
McDonald, Barney Maily, William Bums, Patrick Kelly, 
Patrick Fitzsinmions and John Donnelly had served during the 
war, entitling them to land grants. 

January and February, 1767. — Certificates that Terrence 
Killpatrick, James Barrett, John Keating, Daniel Carter, John 
Joyce, John Dunn, James Conner, John Newgan, John Bogan 
and Edward Burke served during the war and were entitled to 
lands. 

April 13, 1767. — Petition of John Dougherty and six others 
for 7,000 acres of land on west side of Connecticut river. 

April 20, 1767. — Petition of John Fitzgerald, Matthew Doyl 
and Roger Smyth praying for a warrant of survey or letters 
patent for 2,400 acres of land on west side of Connecticut river. 

May 20, 1767. — Assignment from William Brady, Edward 
Burke and six others of their rights to land granted to them pur- 
suant to the royal proclamation. 

June 23, 1767. — Return of survey for John M^Kenney and 
three others for lands on west side of Hudson river in Albany 
County, opposite Coxhachie (now Cairo, Greene County). 

December 14, 1767. — Return of survey for Michael Byrne 



2S0 AMERICAN IRISH HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 

and his associates "for a tract of 18,000 acres, lying between 
Breeckabeen Creek and Stony Creek, on north side of Schohary 
Creek" (Bymville and Fulton, Schoharie County). Byrne was 
a native of County Wicklow, Ireland. 

January 24, 1768. — Petition of Edward Quinn for 200 acres 
of land in Albany County. 

February 2, 1768. — Petition of George Croghan and his asso- 
ciates for a warrant of survey of lands which they are entitled to 
purchase from the Indians. Croghan was the famous Indian 
Agent of the Provinces of New Yoiic and Pennsylvania. He 
was a native of County Sligo, Ireland. 

April 4, 1768. — Petition of John McGinnis and four others for 
1,000 acres on west side of Lake Champlain and certificate that 
they served during the war. 

April 4, 1768. — Petition of John Burke and three others for 
1,000 acres on the west side of South Bay, Lake Champlain. 

April 4, 1768. — Certificates that John Buckley, James Dough- 
erty and William Burke served during the war. 

April 14, 1768. — Petition of John McCarter for 200 acres on 
west side of Hudson river at the foot of the " Blew " mountains. 

May 18, 1768. — Petition of John Kiely and three others for 
4,000 acres on west side of Lake George, at head of Northwest 
Bay. 

July 4, 1768. — Return of survey for Edward Quinn and six 
others for a tract of 350 acres on east side of Hudson river in 
Albany County (Luzerne, Warren County). 

August 3, 1768. — Petition of James Malloy and 8 others pray- 
ing for license to purchase from the Conejockery Indians a tract 
of 9,000 acres of land on south side of Mohawk river in Albany 
County. 



GRANTS OF LAND TO IRISH SETTLERS, 2Sl 

October i, 1768. — Return of survey for John McNeil, Daniel 
M^Cormick and three others, for a tract of 5928 acres on south 
side of Mohawk river in Albany County (Springfield, Otsego 
County). 

November 11, 1768. — Petition of John M«Carty for 200 acres 
on the east side of Hudson river in Albany County, and certi- 
ficate that he served as a drununer in the 80^ regiment. 

February 24, 1769. — Certificate that Jeremiah Heaphy served 
during the war. 

February 8, 1768. — Indian deed to Michael Byrne and 8 asso- 
ciates "for about 20,000 acres of land, beginning at a heap of 
stones near the Schohare path north of a tract surveyed for 
Lawyer and others, near Schohary Creek." 

April 12, 1769. — Return of surveys for Thomas Moore, Abra- 
ham Gallagher, Thomas Thalley, Matthew Holland, John 
Downie and A^liam Carroll for lands on the west side of Hudson 
river (now Catskill). 

April 24, 1769. — Certificate that Thomas Donally served dur- 
ing the war. 

July 5, 1769. — Petition of John Fitzpatrick and 14 others for a 
grant of 14,000 acres on south side of Mohawk river in Albany 
County. Among Fitzpatrick's associates were Peter Stuyvesant, 
several of the Lispenards and Stephen deLancey, men famous in 
the history of Colonial New York. 

August 2, 1769. — Petition of John Davan and 24 others for a 
grant of ** 25,000 acres of land in a vacant tract formerly prayed 
for.'* 

November 16, 1769. — Return of survey for Patrick M*Davitt 
for lands on west side of Schohary Creek in Albany County. 

December 18, 1769. — Petition of Thomas Ryan, William Ken- 



252 AMERICAN IRISH HISTORICAL SOCIETY, 

nedy and lo others for a grant of 13,000 acres on west side of 
Schohary Creek. 

March 26, 1770. — Petition of Thomas Murphy and Edward 
Ford for a grant of 400 acres about four miles west of Hudson 
river, in Ulster Coimty. 

April 3, 1770. — Return of surveys for John Donolly, Charles 
Dougherty, John M*Neal and several others for 1200 acres on 
the west side of Connecticut river in the County of Gloucester 
(now Danville, Vt.). 

April 16, 1770. — Petition of Phelix Dougherty, James Realy, 
Daniel Crean and two others for 1000 acres on west side of the 
Hudson river. On May 17, 1770, a warrant was issued to the 
petitioners for 1000 acres of land at what is now Durham, Greene 
County. 

May 8, 1770. — Return of survey for Thomas Donolly and 
Joseph Moimtfort for 400 acres at what is now Granville, Wash* 
ington County. 

May 16, 1770. — Petition of James M^Gowen and Price Roach 
for lands on Lake George or Lake Champlain. 

May 29, 1770. — Petition of Hugh M«Bride "for a grant of 
land east of the waters running from Wood Creek into Lake 
Champlain." 



July 4, 1770. — Petition of Peter Kelly, A^lliam Gill and others 
for 1000 acres in the tract formerly granted to Robert Harpur. 

June 30, 1770. — Return of siu^ey for James M^Gowan and 
George Underwood for a certain island in Lake George called 
Long Island, containing 100 acres of land. 

November 24, 1770. — Petition of Patrick Smyth for certain 
vacant lands in the patent of Hoosick, in Albany County. 



GRANTS OP LAND TO IRISH SETTLERS. 2$$ 

May 20, 1771. — Petition of Charles Dempsey, Timothy Ragon 
and 4 others, formerly of the 48**^ regiment, pra3dng for a grant 
of a certain tract of land settled by them, in Hoosack Patent. 

September 24, 1771. — Return of survey for John M^Carty for 
200 acres on west side of the Hudson river in Albany County, 
near the Cater 's kill (Catsldll). 

January 27, 1772. — Certificate that John M*Garry, John 
M^arrah, John Dunn and William Magee served during the 
war. 

April 7, 1772. — Petition of Daniel M*Keowen and Lowrens 
L. Van Allen "for a tract of 15,000 acres of land lying on both 
sides of Wallomschak Creek." 

April 29, 1772. — Petition of John Keating "for Letters Patent 
for the Township of Fulham." 

May 19, 1772. — Petition of John Kelly, Edmund Fanning, 
William Kennedy and others "for a tract of 6,000 acres on the 
east side of Hudson river in the Coimty of Charlotte and west 
of Princetown." 

June 19, 1772. — Petition of Patrick M'Koy and John, David, 
William and Thomas Sheenan and John Sheenan, Junior, for a 
tract of 9000 acres on Onion river in the Township of Berlin. 

September i, 1772. — Petition of Edward Donellan, James 
Cotter, James Darly, John Friel, John Lxx)ny and others "for 
a grant of 1,120 acres on the north side of the Mohawk river 
beginning at the northwest comer of a tract granted to Achilles 
Preston." 

September 21, 1773. — Petition of Richard Kelly and others for 
a grant of 1300 acres on southwest side of Lake George. 

March i, 1774. — Petition of Susanna Reilly, widow, "for 3,000 
acres of land granted her late husband, lying on the east side of 
Hudson river, between said river and Lake George." 



ft54 AMERICAN IRISH HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 

November 2, 1774. — Assignment from William Sheehan to 
Robert L. Hooper of 2»ooo acres of land — location not stated. 
On March 5*^, 1776, William Sheehan, probably the same, re- 
ceived a grant of 2,000 acres in Tryon County, at what is now 
Vestal, Broome County. 

January 28, 1775. — Petition of Robert Collins, Patrick Stewart 
and five others "for letters patent for 5,000 acres of land at the 
most westerly comer of a tract granted to Luke Knoulton, 
called Kelly Brook," and on February 3'**, return of survey in 
favor of these petitioners for lands situated at what is now 
Fairfield, Vt. 

February 18, 1775. — Return of survey for John M*Garrah, 
William M*Gee, John M*Garry and 12 others of a tract of 3,000 
acres on the south-westerly side of the Hudson river, in Albany 
County (now Corinth, Saratoga County). 

1775. — ^Undated petition of Luke Murphy, Charles 

MHTlarron and others for a grant of vacant land, described as 
near Schenectady. On September 28, 1775, they petitioned "for 
leave to alter the location of the lands granted them on a former 
petition for a warrant of lands in the County of Charlotte." 
On October i8th, 1775, warrants were issued granting each peti- 
tioner 250 acres in Charlotte County at what is now Chester, 
Warren County. 

April 15, 1775. — ^Assignment from Charles Doyle to Samuel 
Harris of 200 acres of land. 



ADVERTISEMENTS BY IRISH BUSINESS MEN AND OF 

IRISH-MANUFACTURED GOODS, IN THE N. Y. 

GAZETTE AND WEEKLY POST-BOY. 

Extracted from Original Issues of the Newspaper. 

BY MICHAEL J. o'BRIEN. 

1751, June 3d. — "Just imported, to be sold, wholesale or 
retail, by Patrick Carryl at the Sign of the Unicom and Mortar 
in Hanover Square, a Compleat Assortment of Drugs and Medi- 
cines," etc. Patrick Carryl kept a standing "ad." in every issue 
of the paper between 1753 and 1756 saying that "he always kept 
on hand a fresh supply of medicines." He was the most exten- 
sive advertiser in New York during this period. 

1753, February 19th. — By William Kelly, "an assortment of 
goods at his shop opposite the Old Slip Market." 

1753, February 26th. — By S. Hainsworth, "a large asscx-tment 
of Irish Linnens," among other goods. 

1753, May 7th. — "Robert Gilleland, Taylor, lately from Bel- 
fast, living in King street," announced the opening of his shop. 

1753, December 3d. — "Patrick Audley, taylor, who for several 
years past has worked in shops in Great Britain and Ireland," 
advertised his sartorial accomplishments, and on the same date 
John Kelly, merchant of New York, advertised his goods. 

1754, April 4th. — By John Smith, "Irish linnen and Irish 
camblets." 

1754, April 22d. — By David Beekman, "Irish linnen and Irish 
camblet." 

1754, May 20th. — Robert Magrah, Taylor, Francis McNamee 
and Robert Boyle advertised. 

1754, November 25th. — ^John and Mary Ryan advertised "a 
dwelling-house and lot of land in Pearl Street." 

1755 — "House in Maiden Lane for sale by Richard Coffey and 
James White." 

I755> December 29th. — "A choice parcel of Irish Linens just 
imported, for sale by James McEvers." 

255 



256 AMERICAN IRISH HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 

1756, September 13th. — "Irish Linnens/' by George Spencer 
"at his House in the Broad Way." 

1756, November 15th. — "John Hickey, Silk Dyer and Scowerer 
from Dublin," asked "for custom from the public." This "ad." 
appeared in the six succeeding issues of the paper. 

1756, December 6th. — "Choice Irish Butter," for sale by Wil- 
liam Bayard in Dock Street. 

1757, April 4th. — ^Thomas Kearny advertised sale of lands in 
Monmouth County, N. J. 

1757, May 2d. — Charles and James Carroll advertised their 
goods. 

Miscellaneous Advertisements. 

1753, September 24th. — Daniel O'Brien announced that his 
"commodious stage- boat, well fitted for the purpose, will attend 
at the White-Hall Slip near the Half-Moon Battery to receive 
goods and passengers and proceed with them to Perth Amboy, 
where he kept a good stage-waggon ready to receive them, whence 
they would proceed to the house of John Predmore in Cranberry, 
whence by fresh horses and a fresh coach they were conveyed to 
Burlington, thence across the Delaware on a commodious stage- 
boat waiting for their reception, Patrick Cowan, Master, who 
immediately sets out and proceeds with them to Philadelphia." 

O'Brien's business evidently was successful, for on July 8th, 
1754, he announced in a long advertisement that he "was now 
provided with two good boats exceeding well-fitted with very 
good accommodations for Passengers, ready to transport them to 
Bordentown, Burlington and Philadelphia." This "ad." ap- 
peared in each issue of the paper during the two following months. 

On February 23d, 1756, under the caption " Burlington Stage," 
he announced: "Notice is hereby given that Daniel O'Brien, 
who some years ago first began, and ever since with great success, 
carried on a Stage-Boat between this city and Amboy; one of 
which boats commanded by James Magee, is to give constant 
Attendance at the White-Hall Stairs, every Monday, and the 
other, being a commodious Sloop, commanded by Daniel O'Brien 
himself, will be kept ready to go off with Goods and Passengers 
from the same Place, every Thursday. The said O'Brien thanks 



ADVERTISEMENTS BY IRISH BUSINESS MEN. 257 

those Persons who heretofore have favour'd him with their 
Custom, and doubts not of their Favours for the future." This 
"ad." appeared during the succeeding five issues. 

He probably disposed of the Burlington Sts^, for on Decem- 
ber nth, 1758, the following advertisement, signed by Daniel 
Carson, James McGee, Patrick Hanlon, Ralph Smith and Daniel 
Harrison appeared in the Gazette: "The Burlington Stage still 
continues to proceed from the Crooked- Billet Wharf in Phila- 
delphia on Wednesdays and Saturdays in a good Boat conunanded 
by Ralf Smith and John Ferguson, and also another boat com- 
manded by Daniel Harrison and proceed to Mr. Patrick Hanlon's 
in Burlington," etc. "A boat sails Tuesdays and Frydays com- 
manded by James Magee," etc. 

Advertisements by the New York Postmaster. 

"Lists of Letters remaining in the Post Office at New York, 
Saturday August loth. 1754, before the Posts came in." 

Patrick Bowler Margaret Kemaghan 

Roger Blake Patrick Martin 

Aaron Boylan Edward Murphy 

Timothy Gavan James McHugh 

Thomas Dongan Ann McCarty 

James Carty Thomas McNeill 

Frances Healey Mary Ronan 

^milar advertisement of July 7th, 1755. 

Agnes Connely WilKam Joyce 

Thomas Conner Elizabeth Logan 

John Gill Mary McCarty 

John Healy John McGar 

Martin Hughes William Coniham 
Elizabeth Joyce 

Same, October 6th, 1755. 

Captain Hoggan Patrick Hurley 

Daniel Burk Silvester McElroy 

Martin Coyne 

17 



258 



AMERICAN IRISH HISTORICAL SOCIETY, 



Same, March 29th, 1756. 

Dennis Bryan 
Dan. Burk 
Robert Boyle 
James Cain 
Richard Collins 
John Collins 
Nicholas Collins 
James Downey 

Same, January 3d, 1757. 

James Coughran 
Michael Deady 
James Deyereux 
Catherine Hayly 



Michael Deady 
David Kennin 
William McKinly 
William Kennedy 
Betty McGowan 
Martin McUwee 
Agnes Maccoy 
James Macevelin 



John Hayly 
Thomas Hays 
Finley McCaghan 



Advertisements for "runaway servants," all described as 
"natives of Ireland." In Colonial da3rs, farmers, artisans, ap- 
prentices, laborers, domestic servants and all who labored with 
their hands, were classed as "servants." These servants came 
over as "redemptioners" and served their "time" to the farmers 
and planters to pay their passage-money. In many cases, they 
were badly treated and took the first opportunity to sever their 
unpleasant relations with their masters to seek some more con- 
genial employment in some other part of the Colonies. These 
advertisements appeared in The New York Gautte and Weekly 
PosU-Boy in the years 1750 to 1757. 



Mary Kelly 
William Davis 
Timothy Lane 
Richard Brown 
Patrick Wall 
Bryan Dome 
John Hanley 
Ruth Orr 
George Tate 
Matthew Steward 



William Jones 
Garret Berry 
William Waffen 
George Kelley 
Mary Fitzgerald 
Catherine Lefferty 
Mary Sullivan 
John Pagan 
Michael Reynold 
"Paddy Joe" 



ADVERTISEMENTS BY IRISH BUSINESS MEN, 



259 



John Elmor 
^A^am Dobbin 
John Cavenaugh 
John Bourk 
Arthur Harvey 
John Robinson 
John Mackguire 
Catherine Carrell 
Richard Crawford 
John Gover 
John Duggan 
Valentine Strong 
Bartly Logan 
Edward Rubie 
Peter Garragan 
John Conlin 
Peter Walsh 



"BiUy" Boyle 
John Murphy 
Joseph Moore 
George Brooks 
Daniel Miller 
Matthew Mclntire 
Neil McFaU 
Joseph Thompson 
William Bamber 
Nicholas McDaniel 
Michael Hibbets 
Robert Lloyd 
John Parrel 
Richard Malone 
William Davis 
Mary Kelley 
Timothy Sheeb 



SOME EARLY MURPHYS IN NORTH CAROLINA. 

Extracted from the Records of the Land Office, Will 
Books and Other Official Records of the ''Old 

North State." 

BY MICHAEL J. O'bRIBN. 

The Colonial Records of North Carolina are a mine of historical 
wealth for the careful searcher. Irish names are found in these 
records in great profusion, in every conceivable connection, and 
as far back as the authentic history of the Colony reaches. They 
are not the so-called "Scotch-Irish" names, but patronymics 
like ** Kelley, Burke and Shea/' denoting an ancient Irish origin. 

The Murphys have been in North Carolina from an early date 
and traces of people of this name can be found all over the Colony, 
from the city of Murfreesboro in Hertford County, in the eastern 
part of the State, to the town of Murphy, Cherokee County, in 
the extreme northwestern part, on the border line of Tennessee. 

In almost every Parish Register that has been preserved there 
is an entry of a Murphy. In the judicial records I find the name, 
as well as in the land and will books. The First Census of the 
State (1790) contains 72 "Heads of Families" named Murphy, 
Murf, Murfree, Murfry, Murphree, and a few named Morphew, 
who I have no doubt sprang from the same clan. 

The earliest seems to have been Michael Murphy, whose name 
is appended to the attestation clause of the will of Solomon 
Hendricks of Perquimans County. The will is undated, but that 
of the testator's son, Francis, is on record under date of May sth 

1714. 
In the will book of Pasquotank County, there is a record of the 

last will and testament of Edward James, dated February Sth, 

1720, in which he mentions his "cousins, John Murphy and Mary 

Murfey," among the beneficiaries. 

On November 2d, 1720, William Murphy signed as witness to 

a deed from John Anderson to John Sims covering the conveyance 

of lands on Cypress Swamp. 

260 



SOME EARLY MURPHYS IN NORTH CASOUNA. 261 

According to a deed registered in the Land Office of Chowan 
County, William Murphy conveyed to Barny McKinney on 
March 27th, 1722, ''530 acres on the north side of Morattuck 
River." 

John and Elinor Murfree were witnesses to a will filed in Ons- 
low County Court in 1728. 

Thomas Murphy is mentioned as having been the owner of a 
ferry at Edenton in 1732. This was an important ferry crossing 
on Albemarle Sound, connecting the town of Edenton with the 
settlements to the west along and adjacent to the estuary of the 
Roanoke and Chowan Rivers. It was established "by order of 
the County Court," and was known for many years as " Murphy's 
Ferry." 

On the south side of Albemarle Sound was McKee's Ferry. 
The cumbrous boats used by these pioneer ferrymen were pro- 
pelled by oars and were the only means of transportation for 
stage wagons, carrying passengers and merchandise to the settle- 
ments on either side of the Sound. The pioneers in this primitive 
system of transportation have been altogether forgotten and 
receive no mention from the historians, although it is known that 
their efforts were the only agencies at that time in uniting these 
widely separated portions of the Province. 

Murphy, the fenyman, was also a planter, as appears from a 
record in the Craven County Court, whereby he received a grant 
of land from the Governor and Council on June 27th, 1738. 

John Murphy received a patent for 627 acres in the same 
County on September 27th, 1735, ^^^ Thomas Murphy patented 
264 acres of an adjoining plantation on October isth, 1736, and 
Thomas Murphy, Jr., 300 acres on July 3d following. 

A Mr. Murfey is referred to in the Colonial Records of the year 
1736 as the owner of a large tract of valuable lands on the River 
May. 

John Murphy patented 150 acres in Craven County on April 
loth, 1745, and within the space of one week from that date I find 
the following names on the records of the land office, as well as on 
the minutes of the Council meetings held at New Bern, showing 
that the grants for which they applied were approved : Mary Mc- 
Laughlin, William McGowan, William and John Moore, Charles 
Cavenah, Robert Ryley, John Doyle, Thomas and Edmond 



262 AMERICAN IRISH HISTORICAL SOCIETY, 

Kearney, John Gillam, John Oneal, Thomas Kerby, Robert Cala- 
hone, David Dunn and Jeremiah Vail. 

Jere. Murphy received a grant of lands in Craven County on 
August 3d, 1737, and another on June 27th, 1738. 

The last will and testament of William Murphy was proven in 
the Court of Edgecombe County on May ist, 1737. The legatees 
were his wife Ann, and daughters Mary, Martha and Esther 
Murphy. 

Michael Murphy was one of the beneficiaries under the will of 
Zachary Nixon, proved in the Perquimans County Court for 
October, 1739. 

Jeremiah Murphy patented 200 acres of land in Craven County 
on November i8th, 1738. 

Edmund Murphy received a grant of 300 acres in the same 
county on November 17th, 1743. 

The following entry appears on the minutes of a meeting of the 
Council, under date of November 20, 1744: "John Murfey of 
Craven County admitted to prove his rights," and further on in 
the same record I find the name of John McHphie, whose "rights" 
were proved by one John Forbes. The latter also appeared on 
behalf of William and James McLeroy. On the same date Robert 
Clarey, William Kendrick, Martin Pender, James Castelloe 
"proved their rights," and two daj^ later John Murfey and John 
Murphy received grants of land in Craven County of 150 and 100 
acres respectively. 

Edmond Murphy made his will in Craven County on March 
1st, 1746, leaving his estate to his wife and sons. William Flood 
was one of the witnesses. 

Timothy Murphy patented 200 acres in New Hanover County 
on December 4th, 1744. 

Thomas Murphy's will was admitted to probate in the Craven 
County Court on February 27th, 1747. He bequeathed his 
estate to his sons, Thomas and Jeremiah, and his daughter, 
Bridget. 

William Murfree witnesfsed the will of Thomas Core on October 
6th, 1 751. 

Jeremiah Murphy's will was proven in the Craven County 
Court for May, 1752. He named his son Thomas, executor, 
John Murphy signing as one of the witnesses. 



SOME EARLY MURPHYS IN NORTH CAROLINA 263 

The same John Murphy witnessed the will of Michael Higgins 
of Craven County on April 8th, 1753. Higgins left his plantation 
and other property to his wife and six children. 

John Murphue witnessed a will in Edgecombe County in 1756. 

One Judge Murphy is mentioned in Vol. 4 of the North Carolina 
Colonial Records, having been appointed from the Sugar Creek 
District in Mecklenburg County in the year 1766. Another 
Judge from that district about the same period was named Mc- 
Coy. 

Under date of September 29th, 1749, I find an entry of "the 
petition of John Murfree, John Maxwell and Thomas McClendon, 
on behalf of themselves and sundry other inhabitants of Johnston 
County, complaining that Gilbert Kerr, tax collector, had exacted, 
demanded and taken from them exorbitant and larger taxes for 
the year 1748 than they ought to have paid." 

John Murphee was a witness to the will of Charles Cavenal or 
Cavenah of Edgecombe County, which was probated in the 
February Court of 1757. 

In the minutes of the General Assembly of May nth, 1759, 
William Murphue is recorded as taking his seat as one of the 
representatives of Northampton County. William Murphee, 
who was a member of the General Assembly in 1760, was, I have 
no doubt, the same. Among his fellow-members are found such 
names as James Connor, John Starkey, Edward Vail, John Dunn, 
Hector McNeill, George Moore, Francis Ward, William McGee, 
Felix Keran, Thomas McGuire, William Farely, John Walsh, 
William Jordan, John Dawson, Edmund Fanning, Cornelius 
Harnett and Hugh Waddell. 

Starkey was a Colonel of Militia, and as Treasurer of the 
Province wielded great local influence. He is thought to have 
been a native of Ireland and to have come to the Colony with 
Governor Arthur Dobbs, who was himself born in Carrickfergus. 
McGuire was an extensive planter, and was successively Sur- 
veyor-General and Attorney-General. He was born in Ireland. 

Fanning was the son of an Irishman and was bom on Long 
Island. He was, for many years, one of the central figures in the 
Colonial politics of North Carolina. Harnett was, perhaps, the 
best known man of his time in that section, and his name appears 
in the Journals of the Assembly more often than that of any other 



264 AMERICAN IRISH HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 

member of the House, showing him to have been one of the most 
active participants in the politics of the day. He was a native of 
Dublin, according to the ofiicial records. He was a wealthy 
merchant at Cape Fear and owned his own sailing ships. He 
was a patriot of the Revolution and one of the delegaites from 
North Carolina to the Continental Congress in 1778. 

Waddell was born in lisbum, County Down, and was Ccmi- 
mander-in-Chief of the North CaroUna MiUtia, when he won 
a most decisive victory over the Indians at Fort Duquesne in 
1758. At Fort Dobbs, two years later, we are told, "he finally 
broke the power of the Cherokees and restored peace to the 
frontiers." Major Robert Rowan, Captain Thomas McManus 
and Captain Edward Vail were some of the officers who served 
under him. 

William Murphree, who may have been identical with Vl^lliam 
Murphue and William Murphee, was on the "Committee on 
Propositions and Grievances" of the Lower House of the North 
Carolina Legislature in 1760. Maurice and James Moore, James 
Mackilwean, Thomas McGuire, and one Cummings, were some 
of his fellow-members of the committee. James Dunlevy was 
Sergeant-at-Arms of the House, while Henry Delon (also spelled 
Dilon) was Assistant Clerk. 

On May isth, 1760, William Murphee cast his vote on a bill 
passed by the Assembly, empowering the Justices of Dobbs 
County to adjudicate on a lawsuit between Edward Vail and a 
"Mr. Murphy of St. Patrick's Parish" in that County. 

Barry Murphy was one of the legatees under the will of John 
Barry, "late of Edenton, but now of Portsmouth, Va.," which 
was probated at a court held at Bath, N. C, on August 4th, 1786. 
The testator appointed his "friend Barry Murphy, friend Robert 
Fagan, friend Betsey Whedbee, friend Michael Fulvery, friends 
Redmond Hackett, Robert Egan and Richard Blackledge, Execu- 
tor9," and named as his principal legatee his "brother, Edward 
Barry of Killanny, (Killamey?) County Kerry, Kingdom of Ire- 
land." 

The marriage records at Edenton show that William Murphy 
was married to Lydia Elliott on October 2d, 1797. 

John Murphy was a Revolutionary soldier of North Carolina, 
and Hardy Murfree was commissioned Captain in the Second 



SOME EARLY MURPHYS IN NORTH CAROUNA. 265 

N. C. Regiment on September ist, 1775, and became Lieutenant- 
Colonel of the same regiment on April ist, 1778. The town of 
Murfreesboro was named for him. 

The name of Murphy is found in the First Census of 27 separate 
and distinct counties of North Carolina, the largest number of 
families of that name having been in Caswell, Rockingham, Samp- 
son, Cumberland, Robeson, Surry, Franklin and Burke Counties. 
The first three counties are adjacent to Cape Fear River. 

The Colonial Records show that in 1738 and 1739 Irish settle- 
ments began to spring up through this territory, and it is probable 
that the ancestors of some of the Murphys enumerated on the 
census returns from those counties came over with the immigrants 
of that period. In Cumberland and Robeson Counties, along 
the Lumber River, there were twelve distinct families of the 
name. 

The historian Lossing also tells us that between 1730 and 1740 
Irish settlements were planted along and adjacent to the Great 
Pedee River, through South and North Carolina. The Murphys 
are also found in this territory, principally in Anson, Mecklen- 
burg, Richmond, Iredell, Surry and Wilkes Counties. Burke 
County, in which there were several families of Murphj^, was 
named in honor of Thomas Burke, delegate to the Continental 
Congress and first Governor of the State of North Carolina. 
Burke was a native of Galway. 

As an indication of the initial step taken by the Murphys and 
other descendants of Irish settlers in the American Colonies, 
whereby they eventually lost all traces of their distinctiveness as 
Celts, I will quote from "An Account of the Origin and Progress 
of the Yadkin Association," the oldest church institution in that 
part of the Carolinas, which appears in Vol. 5 of the Colonial 
Records: 

"Among the noted ministers in that section was James Murphy, 
pastor of a church on Deep Creek in Surrey County. He has 
been in many respects the most distinguished minister among the 
churches in this body. He and William Murphy, whose name 
frequently occurs in the history of the Virginia Baptists, were 
brothers. They began to preach when very young and were 
called by way of derision, * Murphy's Bb)^.' William, who had 
the most conspicuous talents, removed to Tennessee in 1780, 



266 AMERICAN IRISH HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 

and was one of the most active ministers in the Hobton Associa- 
tion." The "Anglo-Saxons" now claim them as their own. 

This statement needs no comment further than to say, that 
after many years of research through the Colonial Records, the 
writer has concluded that there were just two reasons why the 
Irish settlers became so completely engulfed with the "Anglo- 
Saxon/' and those were the loss or discontinuance of their native 
tongue and their defection from the ancient faith of their fathers. 
One cannot find as much excuse for the loss of the language as for 
the loss of the faith, but however that may be, all competent 
observers now agree that the anomalous position of the descend- 
ants of the early Irish settlers in American life to-day is trace- 
able mainly to those two causes. 



SOME REVOLUTIONARY PATRIOTS IN VERMONT. 



Copied from the Revolutionary War Rolls of 

THE State. 



Agan, Patrick 
Burke, John 
Burke, Simeon 
Barret, Thomas 
Brady, David 
Barrett, Oliver 
Burk, John 
Barret, Daniel 
Barret, Edmund 
Barret, Peter 
Barret, Thomas 
Buckley, Timothy 
Bullen, James 
Creshen, Danid 
Cashman, Patrick 
Collins, Charles 
Coffee, Anthony 
Collins, John 
Condon, Job 
Cochran, Robert 
Carey, Christopher 
Cartee, William 
Costello, Robert 
Cassy, Anthony 
Connely, John 
Condon, Joseph 
Conner, Eliphalet 
Cotter, Enos 
Cottrel, H. 
Coughran, John 
Curtin, Timothy 
Dwire, John 
Dunfee, James 
Dayley, Benjamin 
Dailey, David 
Dailey, Elijah 
Dailey, Joshua 
Dailey, Benjamin 



BY MICHAEL J. O'BRIBN. 

Devine, Thomas 
Doran, Richard 
Dorfy, Sergeant 
Dougherty, Charles 
Duffin, Daniel 
Dunphee, Thomas 
Dimning, Mkhad 
Dwier, Jeremy 
Dwyer, Jeremiah 
Fahigh, William 
Farrell, Asa 
FitzSinunons, Edward 
Farrell, Isaac 
Farrell, John 
Farrell, Oliver 
FarreU, William 
Ferrell, Simeon 
Ferrin, Andrew 
Flood, Timothy 
Flood, Moses 
Flynn, Adonijah 
Ford, Andrew 
Ford, Timothy 
Fox, William 
Gibben, Edward 
Gibbjon, John 
Gannon, Hugh 
Garey, Edward 
Garvin, Ephraim 
Gilmore, David 
Gilmore, James 
Gleason, Benjamifi 
Googins, William 
Higgins, Elijah 
Hogin, David 
Hcaly, John 
Headdy, Daniel 
Higgins, Benjamin 
267 



Harrington, Theophilus 
Haling, Jol^ 
Hanley, James 
Hayden, Joseph 
Hayse, John 
Healy, Comfort 
Healy, John 
Hennesy, James 
Hennesy, Richard 
Hennen, James 
Hendren, Edward 
Heeling, Jc^n 
Kelly, Moses 
Kannady, Patrick 
Kennedy, Robert 
Kennedy* Patrick 
KeUy, John 
Kelley, Alexander 
Kelley, Abraham 
Kdley, Elias 
Kelley, John 
Kelley, Moses 
Kelley, Samuel 
Kdley, William 
Kellon, Samud 
Kennady, John 
Kennady, Patrick 
Kennady, Robert 
Kenrick, William 
Kerry, John 
Kerr, Joseph 
Kenney, Daniel 
Kenney, Jesse 
Kenney, Jacob 
Lacy, Thaddeus 
Larkins, Joseph 
Loggan, Robert 
Loggan, John 



268 



AMERICAN IRISH HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 



IxxJdin, Dennis 
Lyons, Joeq}h 
Larkuw, Lorin 
Larkin, Lawrence 
Lyon, Thomas 
Logahan, Robert 
T^rkins, Joseph 
McConid, Stephen 
McClure, Thomas 
Moore, William 
McNeal, John 
McNeal, Nicholas 
McLaughlin, James 
McClarin, John 
Mclntyre, Peter 
Mclntyre, Benjamin 
Mclntyre, Joseph 
Mclntyre, Richard 
Mead, PhOip 
Mead, Stephen 
Mead, Timothy 
McLaughlin, Joseph 
McLaughlin, William 
McClellan, William 
McCune, William 
McConnell, John 
McClary, David 
McDonel, Alexr. 
McGee, John 
McCartey, Hugh 
McCabe, Michael 
McCann, Henry 
McCann, Thomas 
McClallen, John 
McClarren, James 



McClarren, John 
McClarren, David 
McClarren, William 
McCoUister, Andrew 
McConnell, John 
McConndl, Samuel 
McConnell, Moses 
McCormick, Archibald 
McCune, David 
McFarlin, Daniel 
McFarren, William 
McFarren, John 

• 

McGee, John 
McKeen, David 
McKown, Captain 
Manley, William 
McLaughlin, James 
McLaughlin, William 
McLawler, William 
McManus, Patrick 
McMaster, John 
McMullen, John 
McNeel, John 
McCormack, John 
McQuivy, James 
McRobert, John 
Magee, William 
Mellen, Anthony 
Mellen, Richard 
Milroy, John 
Neil, John 
Noonan, Thomas 
O'Brian, John 
O'Bryne, John 
Powers, David 



Powers, William 
Powers, Jeramiah 
Powers, Peter 
Powers, Joseph 
Powers, Stephen 
Powers, Thomas 
Powers, Benjamin 
Powers, Andrew 
Powers, Charles 
Powers, David 
Powers, Jeremiah 
Powers, Joseph 
Powers, John 
Powers, Moses 
Powers, Nidiolas 
Powers, Phineas 
Powers, Thomas 
Powers, William 
Quin, Michael 
Ryon, John 
Russell, John 
Reynolds, Philip 
Sexton, William 
Sexton, George 
Tracy, William 
Tracy, Thomas 
Tracy, David 
Tracy, James 
Tracy, Stephen 
Tracy, Thomas 
Tracy, William 
Welsh, Daniel 
Welch, John 



In the Council Records under date of November 13th, 1781,. 
appears this entry: "The Treasurer is directed to pay to Hugh 
McCartey or bearer ten pounds, which money was granted him 
by the General Assembly at their session in October last on 
account of his being a prisoner among the British in Canada 
the year past. 

"By Order of the Governor and Council 

"Thomas Tolman, Deputy Secy'' 

McCartey*s receipt for the money, bearing the same date,, 
immediately follows this entry. 



SOME EXAMPLES OF THE "SCOTCH-IRISH" IN 

AMERICA. 

Among them axr Sullivans, Murphys, Barrys, Donavans, 

Kellbys, O'Kanes, Molloys, McCartys, McGinnis, 

McSherrys, McGuires, McKeowns, McMahons 

AND OTHERS OF SIMILAR AnCIENT IrISH NaMES. 

BY MICHAEL J. O'BRIEN. 

Some American historians, whether through ignorance or preju- 
dice, or both, refer to the eariy Irish immigrants to the American 
Colonies as "Scotch-Irish." Notwithstanding that all public 
documents of the day, immigration lists, newspapers, etc. invari- 
ably refer to those colonists as "Irish"; that they called them- 
selves "Irish" — as they were in fact — ^that the English and their 
descendants in America called them "Irish" and in many places 
ostracized them as such; that they called their settlements by 
Irish names; that they founded societies which they called 
"Irish" and celebrated the national festival of Ireland, writers 
on Colonial history exhibit great anxiety in the fear that it might 
be understood those immigrants were of the same race and blood 
as the Irish Catholics. In some instances they have gone to 
great pains to impress on the American public the so-called 
"Scotch-Irish" ancestry of these people and insist that, because 
some of them were of the Protestant faith and from the north of 
Ireland, they were, as a matter of course, entirely un-Irish. One 
would suppose from the statements of these writers that it is 
religion alone that makes nationality, and in the case of natives 
of Ireland or their descendants, unless they professed the Catholic 
faith they were not Irish, but of a hybrid nationality that is only 
half Irish. The truth is, however, that while many Protestants 
and Presb3rterians came over in the eariy Irish immigrations to 
the American Colonies, and indeed, several of those bodies of 
immigrants were comprised almost wholly of non-Catholic Irish, 
by far the largest proportion of these people were Roman Catho- 
lics and descendants of the old Gaelic families of the Provinces of 
Munster, Leinster and Connacht. I do not believe that this state- 

369 



270 AMERICAN IRISH HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 

ment can be successfully contradicted, and it is strongly sup- 
ported by the circumstantial evidence of the names inscribed on 
the Colonial records, which are so readily accessible to even 
the most superficial investigator. 

Recently, in reading Daniel Lancaster's '' History of the Town 
of Gilmanton, N. H./' I was surprised to find (p. 105) the follow- 
ing description of Major-General John Sullivan: "Honorable 
John Sullivan was a son of John Sullivan and was bom at Ber- 
wick, Maine, in 1741. He was of Scottish extraction and his 
family were in indigent circumstances. He was brought up in 
the family of Samuel Livermore, an eminent lawyer in Ports- 
mouth, entered his office and became himself a lawyer of emi- 
nence in Durham. He was a distinguished general in the Revo- 
lutionary War, was a member of Congress, and for three years 
President of the State of New Hampshire, and was subsequently 
Judge of the United States District Court, in all of which stations 
he exhibited ability and commanded respect. He deserves a 
high rank among the Revolutionary patriots." 

Readers will note the portion of the above statement which I 
have italicised. The "historian" of Gilmanton did not even 
have the excuse for saying that the Sullivans werc from the North 
of Ireland and he could very easily have ascertained — ^for the 
history of the family has been fully written up — that John Sulli- 
van's father was a native of Limerick and hb mother a native of 
Cork, and that John Sullivan, Senior, was a son of I^iilip O'Sulli- 
van and Joan McCarthy, both of ancient Irish families of the 
Counties of Kerry and Cork. In his history of the town of Gil- 
manton, Lancaster shows that he is well acquainted with the 
r^on about Durham, N. H., and doubtless, the monument 
which Governor James Sullivan erected at that place to the mem- 
ory of his parents many years before the publication of the Lan- 
caster book, could hardly have escaped his notice. The inscrip- 
tion on the stone reads: "Here are buried the bodies of John 
Sullivan and Marjery, his wife. He was bom in Limerick in 
Ireland in the year 1692 and died in the year 1796. She was bom 
in Cork in Ireland in the year 1714 and died in the year 1801. 
This marble is placed to their memory by their son, James 
Sullivan." 

The statement of Mr. Lancaster needs but little comment, for 



EXAMPLES OP THE " SCOTCH-IRISW IN AMERICA. 271 

its purpose is obvious. It is of equal historical value with another 
assertion which I find in the same book, in which he refers to 
'*the Scotch founders of Londonderry, New Hampshire." The 
founders of Lx>ndondeny, as is well known, were all, without 
exception, natives of Ireland, and if the genealogists are correct, 
their ancestors for several successive generations were bom and 
brought up in that country, and many of them intermarried with 
members of old Irish families. True, in many cases the first of 
the male line in Ireland came over from Scotland during the 
''Plantation of Ulster," but, as the natural result of intermar- 
riages and their Irish environment, in course of time they became 
completely Hibernidzed. But, to say that their Irish-bom de- 
scendants are "Scotch-Irish" when they do something com- 
mendable, while, on the other hand, that they are "Irish," only 
when they do something condemnatory, is altogether too ridicu- 
lous, and it would be just as logical to say that a native of the 
United States whose ancestors for several generations were bom 
in this country, although of original English descent, is an 
"Englishman" or an "English-American," instead of referring 
to him by his proper racial designation — ^viz. an "American." 

A few years ago I criticized Henry Cabot Lodge's "History of 
the English Colonies in America," and having sent a copy of the 
article to Senator Lodge, I received a long letter from him in 
which, in an endeavor to justify certain statements of his as to 
the character and racial composition of the early Irish immi- 
grants, he told me, among other things, that "General John 
Sullivan was a Scotch-Irishman!" Senator Lodge certainly 
knows better than that, but why he made this bold assertion is 
altogether beyond my comprehension. 

I have noted many similar examples of this method of 
race perversion. For instance, in a history of Butler County, 
Ohio, one Peter Murphy, a native of Ireland, who emigrated to 
America some time in the eighteenth century, is mentioned as 
one of the pioneers of that section, and one who was closely 
identified with its early history. He located first in Pennsyl- 
vania and after the Revolutionary War removed to Ohio with 
his family, settling in Butler County, where he took up a large 
tract of Government land. Some of his descendants became 
prominent and wealthy people and were active in the affairs of 



272 AMERICAN IRISH HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 

the county, and I aMume it was because of that fact, and abo 
that they were members of the Methodist Church, that the 
County historian describes Peter Murphy, the immigrant, as a 
''Scotch-Irishman/' 

Some time ago I wrote an article on the McCarty family of 
Virginia. A copy of it reached a Miss Naomi McCarty of 
Romney, in the Shenandoah mountains in West \^ginia, and 
I received a letter from this lady, in which she expressed a desire 
for further information as to the history of her family in Ire- 
land and America. One of her paternal ancestors, she says, 
was "the first white settler at White Post, Virginia, about the 
time of the Revolutionary War. He located there with people 
named Meade and Psfs^. The rest of his people settled East 
of the Blue Ridge Mountains. From a child I have been told 
that we are Scotch-Irish but that we are descended from the best 
people in Ireland. Now, however, I am iMt>ud to learn that I 
am a descendant of the real Irish. Father says, as far back as 
he can remember, that our great-grandfather's religion was 
Methodist or Scotch Presbyterian." Her own uncle, a McCarty, 
is a Methodist minister. After relating some interesting family 
history, she shows that even time's vicissitudes have not en- 
tirely washed out her Irish blood, for she naively remarks: 
"We MacCartys are of the Fighting races." Two of her family 
fought with the American army in the Philippines during the 
Spanish-American War. If testimony were wanted in support 
of our conclusions, here is a living witness. This young woman, 
a descendant of the iMt>ud old Eugenian race of MacCarthaigh, 
who were Princes in the Emerald Isle long before the English 
connection blasted the future of that unhappy country and 
scattered her sons far and wide, has always been under the 
impression that she came of the "Scotch-Irish," and now for 
the first time learns that she is of the old Irish race! 

Historians of Saratoga County, N. Y., say that "the first 
settlement of the Town of Galway was made by a Scotch-Irish- 
man named William Kelly, who came to what is now the Village 
of Galway in October, 1774." Here he made a clearing in the 
forest, erected a cabin and soon omquered the trials and diffi- 
culties of pioneer Ufe and lived there to a great age. This place 
is only a few miles east of Johnstown, where Sir William Johnson 



EXAMPLES OF TEE ** SCOTCH-IRISH" IN AMERICA. 273 

then resided with a number of Irish retainers and tenants. 
Among these, I find one William Kelley referred to in the year 
1770, and I should not be surprised if this were the pioneer of 
Galway, and that he was a native of County Galway, the home 
of the Kelly clan in Ireland. 

About fifty years ago, one Francis Murphy, a native of Hills- 
boro, Ohio, was a noted temf)erance advocate in the Western 
States, and in a magazine article I find him described as ''of 
Scotch-Irish descent." Now, this Francis Murphy was a grand- 
son of Hugh Murphy, who was bom in County Down, Ireland, 
in the year 1748. He came to Frederick County, Va., in 1782, 
where his son, Daniel, the father of Francis, was bom. Hugh 
was a son of John Murphy, a native of Dublin, where he was 
educated for the priesthood, but, having joined the Church of 
England, and being disinherited by hb parents, he located in 
County Down where he received a grant of land from Lord 
Hillsborough. Here again, we find that because of a change in 
religion on the part of his great-grandfather, Francis Murphy was, 
as a matter of course, "of Scotch-Irish descent"! 

The signers of the famous Mecklenburg E>eclaration of Inde- 
pendence are all, without exception, described by every historian 
of North Carolina as "Scotch-Irish." One of the signers was 
Richard Barry, a son of A\^lliam Barry, who in 1720 emigrated 
from County Louth, Ireland, to Lunenburg County, Va., where 
Richard was bom in the year 1726. The genealogy of the family 
shows that William Barry was a descendant of Robert de Barry, 
who, with his brother Philip and Robert FitzStephen, came into 
Ireland from Normandy in the year 1169. The family located 
in Cork and resided there for more than 500 years. After 
Cromwell's ruthless successes, sixteen estates owned by Barrys 
were confiscated and the family scattered all over Ireland and 
Continental Europe, and the Virginia Barrys were direct descend- 
ants of a branch which located in the neighborhood of Dublin 
about the year 1627. During the Revolution, Richard Barry of 
Mecklenburg served with distinction with the North Carolina 
troops and later was a mling elder in the Scotch Presbyterian 
Church at Hopewell, and this is the only apparent reason why 
the historians of North Carolina refer to him as a "Scotch- 
Irishman"! Another branch of the family came from Ireland to 

18 



a74 AMBRICAN IRISa HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 

Pennsylvaiiia early in the eighteenth century, and about 176a 
Andrew, Richard, John and James Barry, brotheiB, lemoved 
to Spartanburg, S. C. Dr. J. B. O. Landrum, the historian of 
Spartanburg County, tells us that "the Barrys were originally 
from Scotland." Andrew Barry was an officer of South Carolma 
troops in the war of the Revolution and attended the only 
church then at Spartanburg, namely the Presbyterian. He mar- 
ried Margaret Mooiie, a daughter of Charles Moore, a native of 
Ireland, who, according to some veracious historians of that sec- 
tion, was also ''a Scotch-Irishman"! 

In a ** Memorial Record of the Counties of Delaware, Union, 
and Morrow, (%io" (page 365), published at Chicago in 1895, 
1 find a sketch of Tullius C. O'Kane of Cincinnati, who was a 
noted educator and musical composer there sixty or more years 
ago. His life has been described by newspapers in that section 
as one of continuous devotion to the idea of educating the people 
to acquire a taste for religious songs^ it being said that "his 
music has cheered and comforted the hearts of Christian people 
all over the world." He was in ev^y way a conspicuous man 
and much beloved by the people. The historian says: "James 
O'Kane, the honored father of this noted man, was born in Vir- 
ginia in 1805 and about 1825 he came to Fairfield County, Ohio. 
His parents were Scotch-Irish and both were bom in the North 
of Ireland." And yet the compilers of this elaborate work lay 
great claims to its historical and genealogical accuracy! 

In the same book (pages i to 6) I find a sketch of the Donavan 
and McConnell families who were prominent people in Dela- 
ware County. The first of the Donavans was a fugitive from Ire- 
land in 1798, having taken part in the Rebellion in that year, 
and the McCcmnells \vere descended from one David McCon- 
nell who came from Ireland to Pennsylvania as early as 1713, set- 
tling on the Susquehanna River, where he founded a prosperous 
settlement. The histcxian of Delaware County tells us tiiat 
"the settlement was made up principally of Scotch-Irish, of 
which the head of this branch of the McConnell family, David 
McConnell, was a prominent and devoted member." John W. 
Donavan married Mary McConnell, one of his descendants, and 
in referring to John Donavan, the Irish rebel, the veracious his- 
torian says: "It was from this sterling stock that John W. 



EXAMPLES OF TME " SC07X:H'IRISH" IN AMERICA. aJS 

Donavan sprang. He had all the characteristics, strcmg qiialif> 
ties and peculiar traits which distinguish the Scotch-Irish race"! 

In a work entitled "The Hbtory of the Upper Ohio Valley," 
published at Madison, Wis., there is a sketch of the McGinnis 
family ^dio figured prominently in the early settlement of CabeU* 
and Wayne Counties, Va., and the contiguous territory of Weat 
Vii^nia. We are told by the author: "The ancestry of thia 
extensive connection was originally Scotch, but settled in ti)^ 
north of Ireland and emigrated from there to America, thus con* 
stituting what is famous in American annals as the Scotch-Irish' 
population." As a matter of fact, the McGinnis*s are one of the 
most ancient Gaelic families in Ireland, as the author of the work 
referred to would have readily found out by consulting their 
genealogy published by the noted Pennsylvania historian, Jphn 
F. McGiness of Williamsport. 

In reading the Town and County histories, I notice a tendency 
on the part of local historians to designate as "Scotch-Irish" 
all persons whose names bear the prefix "Mac," and some go so 
far as to say that "the 'Mac' is distinctively Scotch" and that- 
people so named are invariably of original Scotch descent, their 
place of birth, origin, or habitation making no difference what- 
ever. For example, McMahon, the noted historian of Mary/- 
land, who was one of the leading American lawyers of his time» 
is referred to by one of his biographers as "Scotch-Irish," and 
I have seen a reference to "the Scotch-Irish ancestry of Patrick 
McSherry," a native of Ireland, the founder of McSherrystown^ 
Pa., and who was the grandfather of another Maryland historian. 
Recently, in examining some town histories of Maine, I be- 
came interested in tracing the origin of the names of "McGuire's 
Point" on the Damariscotta river and "McKeown's Point" in 
Boothbay harbor. From various sources I learned that the foi^ 
mer was named to perpetuate the memory of Patrick McGuire 
who came from Ireland in the year 1730 with a number of other 
Irish families, and that the latter was named in honor of Patrick 
McKeown. Now, McGuire hailed originally from the ancestral 
home of the family in County Fermanagh and McKeown from* 
Glenarm, County Antrim. They are both mentioned among 
the most prominent and substantial men in this section of Maine 
and in many ways contributed a large share toward the develop- 



276 AMERICAN IRISH HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 

ment of the settlements. Yet, although both were natives of 
Ireland and sprang from families who have been in Ireland since 
time immemorial, they are described by local historians as 
"Scotch-Irish," and so effective has been this perver^on of their 
family history that to-day the descendants of Patrick McGuire 
in Maine and New Hampshire call themselves "Megquier" and 
they themselves think that they are really of Scotch descent! 
All of this is very amusing to one acquainted with Irish pat- 
ronymics and their origins, and while there is no doubt that in 
many cases it springs from ignorance rather than from preju- 
dice, the great trouble is that such histories have had a wide cir- 
culation, witA the result that Ireland has been robbed of much of 
the credit that is due her in the making of American history. 

In tracing the career of one Dennis MoUoy, who came from 
Ireland to Albany County, New York, and thence to the District 
of Maine in the eighteenth century, I find that he also is described 
as a "Scotch-Irishman." A son of the immigrant, Hugh Mulloy, 
was a Lieutenant in the Continental army, having enlisted as a 
private from Georgetown, Me., ancT marched to Cambridge with 
his company immediately after the news from Bunker Hill had 
reached the little backwoods settlement. Lieutenant MuUoy 
fought at Ticonderoga, Monmouth, Saratoga and several other 
engagements and passed through the rigors of Valley Forge 
during the winter of 1777. In the Genealogy of the Thompson 
Family of Maine and New Hampshire (pp. 190 to 193) I find long 
sketches of Lieutenant MuUoy and his descendants. It is said 
he had the personal friendship of Washington and Lafayette and 
at the time of his death in 1845 was the last commissioned officer 
of the Continental army. The compiler of the Thompson- 
Mulloy genealogy informs us that the father of the Revolutionary 
officer was "a native of the north of Ireland, but of Scotch-Irish 
extraction"! On account of his wounds. Lieutenant MuUoy 
was incapacitated from duty and after being discharged from 
the service he removed to Monmouth, Maine, where he is re- 
ferred to as one of the earliest settlers. Thence, he removed to 
Litchfield, Me., and in 1817 went with his family to Ohio. In 
an old cemetery on the road between Mount Hygiene and New 
Richmond, Ohio, his grave may be seen. The inscription on his 
tombstone reads: "In memory of Hugh MuUoy, a Lieutenant 



EXAMPLES OF THE '* SCOTCH-IRISH'' IN AMERICA. 277 

in the Revolutionary war. Bom Albany, N. Y. — married one 
of great worth — joined the army at Cambridge, 1775 — he was 
personally acquainted with Washington and Lafayette — ^was in 
the retreat from Ticonderoga, in both battles at Saratoga — ^lay 
at Valley Forge — was at Monmouth and was thrice woimded — 
was at Hubbardstown in 1780. Among the bravest, he was 
brave. He came to Ohio in 1817 and died July nth, 1845, in 
the 94th year of his age." With a record like that it would 
never do to admit that he was Irish. 

Another example is that of the Hugheys, a numerous family 
in Pennsylvania, descended from Joseph Hughey who came from 
County Down, Ireland, to Lancaster Coimty about the year 
1730. According to O'Hart ("Irish Pedigrees ")i the Hugheys 
of Ulster are descended from the O'Haedha (O'Hea) family, 
chiefs of the Feammhoighe or Femmoy district in the Barony 
of Lower Iveagh, County Down, who were a dominant family 
in Ulster as far back as the twelfth century. As in the case of 
many other ancient Irish families, the name became anglicized, 
the northern branch having been changed to Hughes and Hughey 
and another branch in County Limerick to Hayes. This is 
admitted by the compiler of the Hughey genealogy, yet it Is 
8^<1 (P- 7S) that Joseph Hughey and his immediate descendants 
were "Scotch-Irish " ! In view of this it is difficult to imderstand 
why the genealogist invents for this family a perverted racial 
origin, unless it be because the original Irish immigrant was a 
Presbyterian and his sons were loyal patriots of the Revolution. 
Joseph Hughey married Jean Irwin in Lancaster County in 1737. 
She was a daughter of Robert Irwin who also was a native of 
County Down. He was a descendant of Robert Irwin, who 
is said to have come from Scotland to Lame, Ireland, in the year 
1584. Continuous residence in Ireland for 150 years must have 
come pretty nearly Hibemicizing the Irwins, yet they also are 
described by the Hughey genealogist as "Scotch-Irish." Joseph 
Hughey*s son, John, was an officer of Pennsylvania troops in the 
Revolutionary War. He married Elizabeth King, daughter of 
Robert King and Ann McLaughlin, both of whom came from 
Ireland about 17 17 to Lancaster County. Elizabeth King 
Hughey is referred to in Lancaster County history as a Matron 
of the Revolution and of her there is told a thrilling story of her 



«78 AMERICAN IRISH BISTORICAL SOCIETY, 

defetise of her home and children against the Indians during the 
absence of her husband at the front and while people were being 
murdered all around her. 

These ^camples could be quoted almost indefinitely. The 
bogus race distinction that has been manufactured for the 
North of Ireland Irish is a field that has been occupied by several 
American historical writers. Eadi setf-styled "authority" sim- 
ply repeats what his predecessors have had to say on the subject, 
to be echoed in turn by his successors. It is difficult to deter- 
mine who it was that first discovered the "Scotch-Iridi race." 
The term is altogether unknown in Ireland and its earliest use in 
this country seems to have been about thirty-five years before 
the Revolution and then only as a term of contempt or reproach. 
The late Martin I. J. Griffin, than whom there was no better 
authority, informed me that, according to an account published 
in a Philadelphia paper in 1740, the term was first used oa this 
side of the water in that year. According to Griffin, it appears 
that at a merchant's dub in the "Quaker City" an Irish member 
was taunted by a fellow-member by a sarcastic reference to the 
fact that "an Irish Paddy" was the first person to be convicted 
imder a then recent Pennsylvania statute. The Irishman could 
not deny it, tmt, mortified at the taunt, he petulantly exclaimed : 
"Yes, but he was only a Scotch Irishman," laying particular 
emphasis on the prefix and showing by the tone of his voice the 
utter scorn and contempt in which the criminal was held by his 
countrymen. In 1757, we find the term again used in Pennsyl- 
vania when an alleged "Popish plot" was reported to England 
as existing in that province. Little credence was given to the 
information and in attempting to discover who gave it, it was 
supposed that "it was some one of no account — some Scotch 
Irishman." 

In a school text-book entitled "Races and Immigrants in 
America," by John R. Commons, Professor of Political Economy 
in the University of Wisconsin, he quotes some statistics pre- 
pared by Senator Lodge purporting to assign to the different 
races the 14,000 or more Americans who were eminent enough 
to find a place in "Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biog- 
raphy." To the English he credits 70 per cent and the "Scotch- 
Irish" he places second with 10 per cent. The Germans, Dutch, 



EXAMPLES OF THE ''SCOTCH-IRISH" IN AMERICA. 279 

Huguenots, Scotch and Webh follow in the order named, and 
then come the Irish, to whom he credits only seven-tenths of 
one per cent in the scale of "eminent Americans" ! The methods 
adopted by Senator Lodge in preparii^ these statistics are a 
mystery to every student of American history and immigration 
but himself. Professor Commons, in referring to these figures, 
asserts: "The Irish and Scandinavians, inconspicuous in the gal- 
axy of notables, did not migrate in numbers imtil the middle of 
the nineteenth century," and later he says: "the Scotch-Irish 
made by far the largest contribution of any race to the popu- 
lation of America during the eighteenth century," and that "it 
has long been recognized that among the most virile and aggres- 
sive people who came to America in Colonial times and who have 
contributed a peculiar share to the American character are the 
Scotch-Irish." 

When the Charitable Irish Society was founded at Boston in 
I737f a Scotch Charitable Society had been in existence there for 
several years, and when the Society of the Friendly Sons of 
Saint Patrick was organized at Philadelphia in 1771, there ex- 
isted there a "Thistle Society." The membership of the Scotch 
societies was composed exclusively of Scotchm^i and their 
sons. How utterly illogical the "Scotch-Irishmen" must have 
been who did not join either of the Scotch societies, but pre- 
ferred to associate themselves with their own countrymen ! 



COMMODORE THOMAS MACDONOUGH AND THE 
CENTENARY OF THE BATTLE OF 
PLATTSBURGH. 

The one hundredth anniveraary of the Battle of Plattsburs^, 
which was crowned by the victory on Lake Champlain of Com- 
modore Thomas Macdonough and his American squadron over 
a superior British foe, was celebrated at Plattsburgh, New York, 
on September 6 to ii, 1914. 

This great naval battle of the War of 1812 was won by a 
force of probably fourteen vessels of 2,244 tons against sixteen 
vesseb of 2402 tons of the enemy. Its hero, Thomas Macdon- 
ough, was born in New Castle Coimty, Delaware, in 1783, the 
son of Thomas Macdonough, a physician who served in the War 
of the Revolution with regimental command, and held for many 
years the office of Associate Judge in the Court of Conunon Pleas. 
Thomas Macdonough enlisted as a midshipman in the Naval 
Service and was with Decatur in the Mediterranean. At the age 
of thirty-one he was Master Commandant. He was sent to Lake 
Champlain in 1 813 to conunand the flotilla destined to defend 
the mastery of the Lake. In the early part of September 18 14, 
a British force of about 14,000 regulars, under Sir George 
Prevost, Governor-General of Canada, was defeated and pre- 
vented from crossing the Saranac River by about i ,500 American 
regulars and 1,000 New York and Vermont militia and, on the 
last day of the battle, September 1 1 , the American squadron en- 
gaged the fleet of the enemy which had sailed down from the 
northerly end of Lake Champlain. The result was stated in the 
following official despatch : 



tt 



U. S. Ship Saratoga 

Off Plattsburgh, September 11, 1814. 
Sir: 
The Almighty has been pleased to grant us a signal victory 

280 



COMMODORE THOMAS MACDONOUGE. 281 

on Lake Chaxnplain in the capture of one Frigate, one Brig and 
two sloops of war of the enemy. 
I have the honor to be 

Very respectfully, 
Sir, your ob't Serv't 
T. Macdonough, Cam, 
Hon. W. Jones, 
Secretary of the Navy" 

Congress gave Macdonough the thanks of the nation and 
voted him a gold medal. The State of New York gave him 
2,000 acres of land and the State of Vermont 200 acres on Cum- 
berland Head. 

He died of consumption November 10, 1825, on the merchant 
brig Edwin on his way home from Gibraltar and was buried be- 
side his wife at Middletown, Connecticut. He was only forty- 
one years of age. 

The centenary celebration was opened by appropriate religious 
observances in all the churches of Plattsburgh and at the Catholic 
Summer School of America at Cliff Haven. Exercises were held 
at Vergennes, Vermont, commemorating the building there of 
Macdonough's fleet. An historical pageant was given during the 
several days at Plattsburgh, and there were parades and ad- 
dresses. 

The centennial celebration was conducted by the New York 
State Plattsburgh Centenary Commission. 

The State of New York has made an appropriation for a per- 
manent memorial to Macdonough. The University of the State 
of New York published (1914) "The Centenary of the Battle of 
Plattsburgh," and the Commission, an "Official Programme of 
the Celebration." 



ST. PATRICK'S DAY AT PANAMAPACIFIC INTER- 
NATIONAL EXPOSITION, SAN FRANCISCO, 

CALIFORNIA. 

The glory, the romance and the tragedy of Ireland were told 
yesterday by her sons to her sons and the world in Festival 
Hall of the Panama-Pacific Exposition at one of the most dis- 
tinctive trcilebradons of St. Patrick's day ever held in the United 
States. 

The work of the Irish committee, which for months held weekly 
conferences and semi-weekly executive sessions making plans for 
yesterday, was gloriously rewarded. Irish love of music, Irish 
patriotism, Irish oratory and Irish light-hearted play, all had 
their turn at the Panama-Pacific International Exposition 
yesterday. 

The day's festivities began with solemn high Mass and sermon 
at St. Mary's Catiiedral. A eulogy of St. Patrick was delivered 
and a special musical programme by Professor Achille Artigues 
was carried out. 

The dose of the high Mass marked the beginning of the march 
to the Exposition of thousands upon thousands of the sons of 
Erin, every one wearing something green, whether it was a 
shamrock, a badge or a green band about his hat. Cars were 
thronged. Jitney busses, flying green banners, were never more 
greatiy in demand. 

The representatives of the hosts of Irish men and women, the 
oflicers and delegates of Irish societies and delegations of com- 
mittees were met at the Scott Street entrance by Exposition 
officials and marched to Festival Hall. Here the serious aspect 
of the day's programme was carried out with great dignity. 

Former Mayor P. H. McCarthy presided and made the open- 
ing address. He said in part: 

"We are gathered here to-day to celebrate not only our national 
holiday, but to perpetuate the glory of our race, a race which has 
produced patriots, poets, theologians, writers, philosophers and 
men of great deeds in all times and in all kinds of human activities, 

283 



ST- PATRICKS DAY AT EXPOSITION. sSg 

a race which is and ahirays has been God-fearing, God-loving and 
God-serving wherever it may be. 

"Also this day is the feast day of our beloved St. Patrick, a 
saint whose work is reverenced and who is regarded with deepest 
love wherever Christianity is to be found. This is a <lay df fond 
remembrance and proud remembrance, a day dear to the hearts 
of the Iririi ; in fact, it is the most sacred day of the entire year. 
It is devoted not only to Christian doctrine but to the memory 
of the men who have tx>iled for their coimtry, who have redeemed 
it from pagan darkness. Its history bristles with heroism; ft is 
one long tear-stained, blood-stained tragedy." 

President C. C. Moore, in a brief address whidi preceded hk 
presentation of the bronze commemorative plaque to Ardibishc^ 
Edward J. Hanna, welcomed "the loyal Irish citizens." The 
Exposition, he said, was delighted to welcome the sons and 
daughters of the Celtic race and to acknowledge the great aid 
they had been in consummating this great world wonder, the 
Exposition. 

"The confidence and help kA the Irish, " President Mo(»e con- 
tinued, "have been great factors in all worth-while works. They 
are a nation well loved by the world. " 

An ovation was given Bishop Hanna* when he arose to speak. 
It was a unique hon(»-, the prelate b^an, to be privileged to 
receive the plaque for the purpose and for the people for whom it 
was int^ided. He characterized the Exposition as a "world 
work." 

*Tbe Right Reverend Edward J. Hanna, whose deep erudition and charming penonali^ 
enabled \dm as Auxiliary Bighop of the diocese of San Francisco to lighten the labors of the late 
Archbishop Riordan in his declining years in San Frandsoo, has been elevated by His Holiness 
Pope Benedict XV to the position of Archbishop of that diocese. 

As Father Hanna, a learned theologian, charitable priest and kind-hearted friend, he was one 
of the most important factors in the work of the Catholic church in the state of New Yoik. He 
had hardly assumed his duties in San Francisco before his great ability, charming urbanity and 
indefatigable energy were recognised by an appreciative flock, and almost Instantly their hearts 
and their hcnnes opened to receive him. 

When Archbishop Riordan's death created a vacancy in the highest office in the churdi in 
Califomia, the people with one acclaim, not only in his own church, but irrespective of religiocis 
coavictions. prayed that Bishop Hanna would be elevated to the hii^ber office for they felt that 
the West needed his co-operation and guidance. 

Archbishop Hanna is an enthusiastic and valued member of the Califomia Cliapter of The 
American Irish Historical Society. Its members were highly gratified, as were all the Call- 
fomians, when it was learned, just as this volume is going to press, that he was to become their 
beloved Archbitfiop. The sentiment of the community was well expressed by a member of the 
Chapter in extending congratulations to him, when he informed Archbishop Hanna that the 
community felt that the people should be the recipient of congratulations upon tlieir good 
fortune in being favored with his appointment as the leader of this great archdiocese of the West. 



284 AMERICAN IRISH HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 

The Bishop then passed over to the history of Ireland and what 
St. Patrick meant to the civilization of the Celtic race. He 
characterized St. Patrick's day not only as a feast of patriotism, 
but also a feast of religion. The bishop concluded : 

"The pulse of the Irish has been felt throughout the ages. It 
has attained this dynamic influence not because of any material 
triumi^iy but because the Irish nation has always stood for the 
bigger realities of life, the things of the mind and of the soul. 
Empires are built not because men seek after honor and riches, 
but because they seek truth, mercy and justice and love. " 

Miss Evelyn Pamell, the Irish prima donna, sang charmingly 
several selections, including the "Wearing of the Green" and 
Thomas Moore's "Sunflower." At the conclusion of her selec- 
tions she was presented with a beautiful bouquet of roses. 

Judge Frank J. Murasky read the ode, "Ireland at the Fair," 
written by Joseph I. C. Clarke, the Irish poet, especially for the 
occasion. 

Warren W. Shannon, the president of the associate committee 
for the celebration, gave a masterly interpretation of the spirit 
and purpose of the Irish citizen and a brief outline of his influence 
upon civilization. 

Sounding the keynote of the spirit of the great Irish celebra- 
tion, John J. Barrett, orator of the day, delivered an address 
that was the outstanding feature of an altogether exceptional 
occasion. Barrett had his vast audience under his spell from 
the start to the finish of his address, which was characterized 
by throbbing Irish emotion and Irish eloquence. 

There was hardly an Irishman in the big audience that could 
restrain his impulse to rise to his feet and cheer the eloquent 
Barrett when he talked of the patriotism of the Gael for his new 
adopted country. 

Father Philip O'Ryan presented Chairman McCarthy with a 
gold medal set with diamonds and emeralds in the design of the 
American and Irish flags, for his indefatigable work connected 
not only with the celebration but also with the Exposition itself. 
McCarthy responded with a brief expression of his gratitude. 

Miss Pamell sang the " Days of the Kerry Dances, " the " Low 
Back Car" and the "Star Spangled Banner." Seumas Brennan 
recited in the original Gaelic tongue. 



ST. PATRICKS S DAY AT EXPOSITION. 285 

A telegram was read from the Associated Irish Societies in St. 
Louis. 

On the platform were the following Exposition officials and 
prominent San Franciscans: 

Moore, President C. C. Murasky, Judge Frank 

Rolph, Mayor James, Jr. Fay, Postmaster Chas. S. 

Kahn, Congressman Julius Arlett, Arthur 

Hanna, Rt. Rev. Edward 0*Ryan, Father Philip 

Sloss, Leon Britton, John A. 

Brown, F. L. Fickett, District Attorney Charles S. 

Sullsmith, T. G. Fairall, Charles 

Mullaly, Thomwell Moran, Charles 

Crothers, Judge George Barrett, John J. 

Graham, Judge Thomas Bonnet, Theodore 

McCarthy, P. H. Woodward, Lt.-Com. Clark 

— From the San Francisco Examiner of March 18, 1915. 



The most brilliant and inspiring St. Patrick's Day celebration 
ever held in the West occurred in San Francisco, the Exposition 
City, on the 17th of March, 1915, writes Robert P. Troy, Vice- 
President of the American Irish Historical Society for Cali- 
fornia. 

Not only the whole State of California, but the entire Western 
country poured its masses of distinguished and patriotic Irishmen 
into San Francisco to participate in this great Irish celebration. 
Special trains from the North, South, E^t and special boats from 
the West — there are no trains running on the Pacific — all aimed 
at San Francisco and the Panama-Pacific International Exposi-' 
tion on this glorious occasion. 

The ceremonies naturally commenced in the Catholic churches 
in the morning. St. Mary's Cathedral and St. Patrick's Church 
attracted the largest crowds, where the services were most im- 
posing. 

The great celebration was then continued in the Exposition 
grounds during the day, and concluded in the evening at the St. 
Francis Hotel, where the Knights of St. Patrick entertained a 
distinguished company at the greatest of the many great St. 
Patrick's day banquets which it has been giving for the past forty 
years in San Francisco. 

A splendid arra}' of Irish athletes met upon the Athletic Field 



286 AMERICAN IRISH HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 

at the Exposition and made notable records embleaiAtic of the 
brain and brawn of the true Irishman. 

The Gaelic Adiletic Association of San Frandsoa piiesented 
crack teams who exemplified the science of Irish hurling and foot- 
ball to the delight of the audience. Lincoln Beachey, the great 
airman, who unfcntunately since met his doom, flew aloft and 
seemed to commune with the hidden stars, he and his magic 
steed decked in the Irish colors. Inspiring music of the Exposi- 
tion bands dwelt upon Irish airs, and aroused the Celtic spirit with 
their delightful contributions from the art and music of Ireland. 
At night the remarkable lighting triumph of the Exposition 
together with special illuminations and fireworks played in every 
shade of green apparently to the delight of the skies as well as of 
the patriotic mortals who enjoyed the scene in this cliff-covered 
niche of the Golden Gate. 

At eleven o'clock in the morning, the literary exercises were 
held in Festival Hall. The great gsem of this feature of the celebra- 
tion was the beautiful poem« especially written for thi^ occasion 
at the request oi all of the Irish societies in San Francisco, by 
Joseph L C* Clarke, the noted author of "The Fighting Race,*' 
and President-General of The American Irish Historical Society. 
This literary gem has en^rined itself, and its author, in the 
hearts of' the Irish, and indeed, all other people in the West. It 
mil serve to keep alive the memory of this great celebraticm for 
all time in San Francisco. It is idle to att^npt to praise Presi- 
dent Clarke's great effort. The highest compliment which can 
be paid to the poem is the poem itself. 

San Francisco was anxious to have President Clarke present 
as its guest, so that he might read his own notable contribution to 
the celebrationt but his engagements in New York did not 
permit him to attend, much to the regret of his many admirers 
in the West. The ode, however, was most eloquently read by 
Judge Frank Jy. Murasky. 

The honorary chairman of the day was the Right Reverend 
Edwcu'd J>. Hanna, D.D., now San Francisco's beloved Bishop, 
formerly of the State of New York, where he wa3 loved and 
honored as the Reverend Father Hanna. He is now one of the 
distinguished members of the California Chapter of The Ameri- 
can Irish Historical Society. 



ST. PATRICK'S DAY AT EXPOSITIONi 387 

Bisl^op Hanna*8 address was replete with the ^inoere and 
scholarly eloquence for which he is noted. Preceding tbfs Biphop, 
P. H. McCarthy, the president of the day, opened the exercises, 
after which C. C. Moore, the President of the PanamarPadfic 
Exposition, presented the Irish societies of San; Fraaci^cp with a 
bronze commemorative plaque. W. W. Shannon was the next 
speaker, and he was followed. by John J. Ban?ett, the oratiCMr of the 
day. He delivered a very eloquent addiiess which made a pro- 
found impression upon the enthusiastic audience. Miss Evelyn 
Pamellf the well-known opera singer, delighted the audience with, 
a number of Irish ballads, and Seumas Brennan. delivered a 
recitation, in Gaelic with telling effect. 

At seven o'clock in the evening, the guests of the Knights of 
St. Patrick gathered in the beautiful Colonial Ballroom of the 
St. Francis Hotel to completie the celebration with one of the 
most notable banquets in the history of the West. 

For forty years, the Knights of St. Patrick, the great Irish 
society of San Francisco, has entertained the people of Call*- 
fomia with a banquet on St. Patrick's night. This function is 
now recognized in that city as the great banquet of the year. It 
was attended, not only by the loyal Irish, but by men of all nation- 
alities, and it is rarely that the accommodati<Mis in the hall 
selected for the event, permit the society to issue sufficient 
tickets to meet the luiiversal demand from those who delight to 
attend this function. 

It is said that if you want to know and to meet Who is Who in. 
San Francisco, all that you have to do, is to attend the annual 
banquet of the Knights of St. Patrick. As the guests proceeded 
from the parlors into the famous banquet room, noted throughout 
the world for its art and architecture, the popular Irish airs, so 
impressive at a function of this character, proceeded from the 
musicians who were embanked in a mountain of flowers. The 
charming blending of the green banner of Ireland with the Amer- 
ican flag, noticeable everywhere, bore new testimony to the spirit 
of patriotism which pervaded the occa^ion. 

Robert P. Troy, the President of the Knight^ of St. Patrick, 
presided. Seated at the speakers' table were the following dis- 
tinguished men: 

Hon. Charles W. Fairbanks, ex- Vice-President of; the United 



288 AMERICAN IRISH HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 

States; Hon. F. M. Angellotti, Chief Justice of the Supreme 
Court of the State of California; Hon. James Rolph, Jr., Mayor of 
San Francisco; Hon. Thomas J. Lennon, Presiding Justice of 
the District Court of Appeals; Rear Admiral Charles F. Pond of 
the United States Navy; Hon. Henry F. Ashurst, United States 
Senator from Arizona; Mr. William Sproule, the President of the 
Southern Pacific Railroad Sjrstem; Captain E>ennis P. Quinlan 
of the United States Army; Robert M. Fitzgerald of Oakland, 
California; Hon. William Patrick Lawlor, Justice of the Supreme 
Court of the State of California; Doctor Benjamin Ide 
Wheeler, the President of the University of California; Hon. 
Raphael Weill, a French pioneer and merchant prince of Cali- 
fornia; Hon. James V. Coflfey, Judge of the Superior Court of 
California for almost forty years, and author of " Coffey's Probate 
Decisions"; Mr. J. A. McDonald, Chief of the Caledonian Club, 
the leading Scottish organization of San Francisco; Mr. R. C. 
O'Connor, the Vioe-President-General of The American Irish His- 
torical Society; Reverend Father Michael Murphy; Mr. Jeremiah 
Deasy, the Treasurer of the Knights of St. Patrick, and of the 
California Chapter of The American Irish Hbtorical Society; 
Captain Thomas F. McGrath, who fought under General Thomas 
Francis Meagher in the Irish Brigade in the Civil War, and now 
\^ce-President of the California Chapter of The American Irish 
Historical Society; Mr. J. H. McGinney, Second ^^ce-President 
of the Knights of St. Patrick; and Mr. John Mulhem, Corres- 
ponding Secretary of the Knights of St. Patrick, and the 
Secretary of the California Chapter of The American Irish His- 
torical Society. In the audience were many distinguished men, 
noted in the civil, commercial, political and religious life of Cal- 
ifornia and of the nation, who made up, with those just named, 
the most distinguished audience ever gathered in California at 
any banquet. 

At the conclusion of the dinner President Troy delivered the 
address of welcome and announced that the Knights of St. 
Patrick was a patriotic American organization as well as a pat- 
riotic Irish organization, proposing as the first toast of the 
evening, " Woodrow Wilson, the President of the United States." 
The entire assembl^^ responded to the patriotic sentiment with 
cheers and drank to it standing. 



ST. PATRICK'S DAY AT EXPOSITION. 389 

Mr. John Mulhem, the Corresponding Secretary of the Knights 
of St. Patrick, then read the following communications: 

The White House, Washington, 

February 8th, 1915. 
Mr. John Mulhern, 

Secretary Knights of St. Patrick, 
San Francisco, California. 
**My dear Sir: The President asks me to thank you warmly 
for the cordial invitation which you extend to him in your letter 
of February 3d and to assure you and all who are concerned that 
he deeply appreciates this courtesy. He regrets that he is not 
now able to give you a definite answer, though he is afraid it will 
not be possible for him to accept. However, he will be glad to 
give careful consideration to your wishes when he takes up the 
arrangements for his prospective trip. 

"Meanwhile, with renewed and very hearty thanks in the 
President's behalf, I am, Sincerely yours, 

J. P. Tumulty, 
Secretary to the President.*' 

AUGHAVANAGH, AUGHRIM, 

Co. Wicklow, February 24, 1915. 
^^Dear Mr. Muihem: I have your letter of the 6th February, 
and I am much obliged to the Knights of St. Patrick of San Fran- 
cisco for their kind invitation to be present at their fortieth an- 
nual banquet on St. Patrick's Day next, which I highly appre- 
ciate. I cannot be present with you, but I send you my warmest 
good wishes for a happy and enjoyable evening. It is a great 
satisfaction to me to know that the Knights of St. Patrick are 
now as always loyal to the Irish party and the national cause. 
I enclose you herewith a copy of the report of the standing com- 
mittee of the United Irish League, which will show what the party 
has accomplished for Ireland, and also a copy of extracts from 
speeches delivered by me on Ireland and the war, and which 
have been endorsed enthusiastically by a united Ireland. 
With best regards, believe me. 

Very truly, yours, 

J. E. Redmond.*' 
John Mulhern, Esq. 

19 



290 AMERICAN IRISH HISTORICAL SOCIETY, 

Dublin, March 3, 1915. 

"JIfy Dear Mr. Mulhem: Very many thanks for your kind 
invitation. I wish I could be at your banquet, but that is im- 
possible. Everything is upside down all over Europe with this 
dreadful war. Ireland, however, for once in this life, does not seem 
— so far — ^to be coming out of it second best. Indeed throughout 
the country except for a little rise in prices one would hardly 
know that there was a war. The farmers are getting good prices, 
but imported food is much dearer. 

"We are keeping the Gaelic League flag flying, and the Uni- 
versity and secondary colleges are doing excellent work. 

"With kind remembrances to all my friends, 

Douglas Hyde." 

Letters were also read from Right Reverend Bishop Hanna, 
D.D., Hon. Hiram W. Johnson, Governor of the State of Cali- 
fornia; Hon. James D. Phelan, United States Senator from Cal- 
ifornia ; T. P. O'Connor, Member of Parliament ; and Daniel Boyle, 
Member of Parliament. 

President Troy then introduced Hon. Thomas J. Lennon, 
the Presiding Justice of the First Appellate District of the Dis- 
trict Court of Appeal of the State of California, as an eloquent 
speaker, scholarly lawyer and an impartial judge, and above 
all, as a loyal Irishman of whom the Irish are proud. Justice 
Lennon responded to the principal toast of the evening, "The 
'Day We Celebrate." Judge Lennon's eloquent remarks were 
frequently interrupted by spontaneous bursts of applause, 
and when he concluded, he was given an ovation and showered 
with congratulations by the audience whom he had moved to a 
high pitch of enthusiasm. 

President Troy then introduced Mr. William Sproule, a native 
of Ireland and a life member of The American Irish Historical 
Society, well known throughout the United States as the Presi- 
dent of the Southern Pacific Transcontinental System of Rail- 
roads, and a distinguished citizen of our commonwealth, to re- 
spond to the toast, "The United States." 

Hon. Charles W. Fairbanks, ex- Vice-President of the United 
States, followed Mr. Sproule and spoke to the toast, "The Irish 
Element in America." 



ST. PATRICK'S DAY AT THE EXPOSITION 29I 

As ex- Vice-President Fairbanks concluded, the guests arose and 
drank a toast to his good health. His wit and eloquence put the 
audience in good humor and were generously applauded. 

President Troy then, in the order following, introduced the other 
speakers: 

Henry F. Ashurst, United States Senator from Arizona, who 
responded to the toast, " Irish Patriotism'* ; Captain Dennis P. 
Quinlan of the United States Army, who responded to the toast, 
"The Army'* ; Rear Admiral Charles F. Pond of the United States 
Navy, who responded to the toast, "The Navy"; and Mr. J. A. 
McDonald, Chief of the Caledonian Club, who spoke on the sub- 
ject of our "Sister Societies." |j| 

During the evening Judge Daniel C. Deasy of the Superior 
Court of the State of California delighted the banqueters, sing- 
ing in a beautiful and powerful baritone voice the Irish classics 
as only an artist of Irish blood can sing them. 

It was past midnight when the banquet concluded, and it was 
voted by all to be the most brilliant affair which has ever been given 
in the West on Ireland's anniversary. It was the great event of 
the day, and the speech of Presiding Justice Lennon on "The Day 
We Celebrate," was by all odds the most notable oration of the 
day. Coupled with the beautiful poetic masterpiece of Presi- 
dent-General Clarke, it formed a fitting climax to this remarkable 
event, and the history of Irish celebrations in America. The 
day had a beautiful commencement in the religious ceremonies 
in the various churches, and every hour seemed to lend intensity 
to the glory of the occasion until the time of the great banquet^ 
when the day's celebration was indeed complete and the cause 
of Ireland retold in wit and eloquence, song and story. 

The Knights of St. Patrick is a life member of The American 
Irish Historical Society, as are many of its members. Its officers 
are: President, Robert P. Troy; First Vice-President, J. B. Gal- 
lagher; Second Vice-President, John H. McGinney; Recording 
Secretary, Frank F. Cunneen; Financial Secretary, John J. 
O'Brien; Corresponding Secretary, John Mulhem; Treasurer, 
Jeremiah Deasy; Marshal, P. K. O'Keeffe; Sergeanf-at-Artns, 
Joseph P. O'Ryan. 



99* AMERICAN IRISH HISTORICAL SOCIBTY. 

IRELAND AT THE FAIR. 
Am Odb For St. Patrick's Day, March 17TH, 1915. 

BT JO6BPH I. C. CLARKB. 

Rsad ai Festival Hall, Panama-Pacific InlemaHanal ExposiUon. 

From £ar-off Holy Ireland by the right 

Of those who love this golden land; 

Who've shared the burden of the fight 

From snowy peak to ocean strand, 

That won for thee the crests of high estate. 

Here gathered, and with souls elate 

And harps of gladness, at thy feast we stand. 

Unto the winds we fling our banners gay. 

Amid the beauties of thy home of light, 

For all the world upbuilded and outspread 

In jeweled splendor by the matchless bay, 

Where thou dost grandly celebrate 

The making of the wondrous waterway 

Linking Piuific and Atkmtic seas. 

And in dear tones that no discordance mars, 

Forever to attest 

The peace-crowned wedding of the East and West 

Beneath our flag of stars. 

We bring the joy, the genial grace, 

The worth, the valor of our ancient race 

That here in root and blossom thrives: 

The clear glance of the Irish eye 

That gleams with life, and winces not to die. 

The warm tones of the Irish voice. 

In all that makes for glory to rejoice. 

The strong clasp of the Irish hand. 

Voting in service, weighty in command, 

Yea, lift we up, exalting thee, to-day 

The hands that toil, the hands that grip the sword 

The holy hands that raise to praise the Lord, 

The smooth white hands of woman fair and pure. 

Pledging to thee our Irish hearts, our lives, 

Long as the mountains and the sea endure, 

O golden California ! 

Hail to thee, free-limbed queen. 
Thy white feet on the mountains hoar. 
Thy gaze o*er valleys deep between 
That glow in harvest gold or silver green. 



IRELAND AT THE FAIR. ^90 

Around thee pinnacle and peak and dome 

Where the swift wind and eagle make their home» 

And the sheer rock falls in mile-deep sweep, 

Fall, too, glad waters in their shining leap. 

As 'neath the sun's enamored rays they flow 

From out the white breasts of the snow. 

Oh, the glory of thy wind-blown hair. 

The frolic brilliance of tiiy fearless eyes. 

The sun tan on thy forehead rounded fair, 

Wi^ one star-diamond shining there. 

Filleted, my queen, with virgin gold. 

Of pearl mist is tiiy flowing robe, I wist. 

That in thy stride, thro' i6id on fokl. 

Chaste beauties, fled as glimpsed, we may behold. 

Sierra queen, thus dost thou move at dawn 

On matin breexe wings swiftly drawn 

From crag to crag in aerial flights. 

Commanding the rock ramparts upward hurled, 

Foreofdained as thy fortress heights 

When broke the mad young mornings of the worid. 

Then, as the sun springs up the east. 

And ev'ry peak from out the mist defines, 

While the land breeae stirs 

To music all the silver firs, 

The tall sequoia and the sugar pines 

And forest harmonies thine anthem sing, 

Fair on a snowy shimmer of a doud, 

Thou sweepest to our noonday feast 

Adown thy broad rich valleys where thy sons, 

Of thee, their queen in joyance proud, 

Hail thee from the cities of the plain. 

Salute thee from the plough or growing grain, 

Or hardby streams whose water foaming runs. 

Or where the hardy miner digs for gold. 

Until in swelter of the deserts bare 

The heat-haze shimmering is uprolled. 

Save where the sage brush and the cactus share 

The blue-green patches in the stony glare. 

Swift now thy flight across the coastal chain. 
Lo, from their crests the glory of the main! 
The long waves breaking in a front of foam, 
Onilishing ever in an endless host. 
The deep blue dotted with the distant sails. 
Or smoke-plumes out upon the ocean trails. 
Now northward over fields and flow'rs 



094 AMERICAN IRISH HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 

Seamed tflver-bright with thining rails. 

Behold fair cities by the sea arise, 

Whose spires and gardens in the morning gleam. 

And on the broad-sloped land the blessing lies 

Of toil-won beauty under sun and show'rs: 

The scented shadows of the orange groves. 

With glimmer of fair faces thro' the leaves, 

The palm trees waving their wide silken plumes, 

The trembling grasses that the hillsides drape, 

The crimson roses, the white apple blooms 

And sunshine dropping golden to the grape 

And vales whose green they'll gild with wheaten sheaveti 

And mottled herds of cattle in long droves. 

Hark, on thine ear four sweet bells ring 
The Angelus from Mission shrines of old. 
That still among their groves show tiles of red. 
Where long the good Franciscan padres led 
The red man's choirs the praise of Christ to sing. 
So bendest thou in pray'r thy perfect head. 
For thou rememberest their far first call 
That lured thee from thy summits ice-enthroned, 
While canticles that pious lips intoned 
In laud of Mary and the Lord of all 
Gave strange new comfort to thy soul. 

But on thy flight 

To find thy goal 

And thy delight to-day 

By San Francisco bay. 

Fast by the ocean with the ocean's thrill 

Deep-pulsing and wide throbbing in her breast. 

Warm with the kindlings of her high desire. 

Firm in the posture of unshaken will. 

Triumphant risen over quake and fire. 

Thy golden daughter, virgin of the West. 

Miraculous, immaculate. 

In supple strength with outstretched arms she stands 

In welcome to the peoples of all lands 

Who've flocked in worship to her Goklen Gate. 

As thine, our hearts are with her in her pride, 

Our Irish hearts, our Celtic joy 

That nothing human can destroy. 

Mark you, my queen, 

Our flag of gold and green 

Its magic sheen outflaunting on the bay. 

The very breezes as its folds they toss 



IRELAND AT THE PAIR. 295 

Have blown from Irdand's shores, 
Thrilling an Irish rondelay 
From where the wild Atlantic roars, 
And gambolling the Continent across, 
Came o'er the mountains jauntily at play 
To kiss our harp-strung flag of green. 
Yea, this is Ireland's day. 

We come to thee, 

The grand, the free. 

Remembering, remembering, 

Old Ireland far away. 

Her hills and vales, 

Her olden tales, 

Her glories and her fate, 

And still the day of her arising wait. 

And for its lordly coming pray. 

Mother Ireland ! Mother Ireland ! 

From thy sainted isle. 

Smile on us, dear mother, smile. 

Incline thine ear 

This fair St. Patrick's morn 

To hear 

The wonder story, to thy glory born. 

Of sons who crossed the sea. 

And here by good St. Francis' bay. 

Two thousand stormy leagues away, 

Still love thee, and still k>ng to see thee free. 

What of thy sons. Mother Erin, in thousands 

Who came with their sinews, their thews and their brains? 

A tale worth the telling in numbers heroic 1 

The Argonauts, dust covered, crossing the plains, 

Seeking new empire far out to the sunset. 

Creaking of wagons and straining of reins. 

Fighting off red men and thirsting for water. 

Camping and singing by night 'round the fires. 

Sons of old Ireland, rough-bearded among them. 

From cold Donegal to the mouth of the Suir, 

Scholars and doctors and toilers from Dublin, 

Antrim and Kerry, Tyrone, Tipperary, 

Carlow and Wexford and Galway — galore. 

Chorusing songs of their land in the firelight 

Or chants of their rhymers new bom on the trail: 

E'en now we may hear the wild melody rising, 

Yet haunting as harps sounding far on the wind: 



I 



296 AMERICAN IRISH HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 

The prairie, lads, the Roddea, boys, 

The deaerta and the plaina, 
And rude and rough aa runa the road, 

There'a many a mile remains. 
It's only, lads, in moonlit dreams, 

We'll roam in Irish lanes. 
So up and top your saddlea, boys, 

Aa aoon as break of day. 
It's £ar we are from Ireland, 

But it's far to Monterey 
Hunah, hurrah for Ireland 1 

And slainthe, Monterey! 

The mad queen sure has hold of us, 

And bids us to behold 
New lands without a landlord, 

And streams on beds of gpid, 
A princess each to welcome ua. 

And a plough to break the mold. 

Says one, "I want no Indian queen: 

A Spanish dame for me." 
But cries my heart for my colleen. 

My life, my wife to be. 
Oh, what's the hnd, the goki without 

My maid of Killalee? 
So spring to your cayuaes, boys, 

Aa soon as chirps the day. 

The goklen land's ahead of us. 
The call's from Monterey: 

Hurrah, hurrah the Goklen land! 
And slainthe, Monterey I 

They came with the rest in the glamor of gold. 
Over the high mountain passes they struggled, 
Wi^ pkk and with shovel and rocker they toiled, 
And plucked the gold nuggeta and sifted the dust. 
Hardly they won it, and wildly they spent it; 
Then on by the streams till they yidded no more. 
Some from the Isthmus came, rocked on the ocean. 
Farmers for plough lands and priesta for devodoo, 
A pioneer Ireland that swarmed down the valleys. 
Breathing in freedom the air of the free. 
Some 'neath the starry flag over the mountains 
Marched with our Kearny for seizing and holding 
The land in the lap of the Union forever. 



ORATION BY JOHS J, BARRETT. 297 

Its outpost majePtK-, '.-op fronting th** sea. 
Hardy the nic* for i*s iKittle with natuix, 
Charming with L*dght(j- ir^ heaviest toil, 
St»jrciv \o buikl jj> 'h<; t,>wn« ami the cfttet., 
i 'rainy to plan th<;j aivi wt<K*iy tn rule, 
le^rnAd to tcaJ m rhe f^frum and school 
Nunieh t}v%r fthinc «Y)i. on the pe«ik» of eodeavor, 
)^w: iro^it our hum'nKis oi inousands in clusters 
iV'"t!";n, iit'servir.g iK-f; honon^ and trust: 
^^ :-'r",(U. Toltin. iA.mahue, Doyle. 
I K* -^j'S th*:t. f..theT and «>n, win our tribute, 
V ,' )u» V K tuid. Fair of the silver bonanzas; 
N .'t;'>:5 who rose on the red 6cld to glory 
^^ X. I'.ff *hesr hves that the Union migbt live, 
? .1 « ifog the ways that the patriots trod; 
i .^Xk\^ whose ministries flamed 'fore our altars, 
'.•('uttng man's road to the feet of our God. 
.^lKt rough-clad or silk-dad, the Celt, roan and woman, 
\n .i/Tn- hearted, loyal, enjoying and loving. 
Humble or boldh' upreaching for fame. 
Stands for the Commonwealth's safety and honor, 
\ > live and to strive or to die in her name. 
March \ 'v'A 

OR ViiON' DEIIVERED BY JOHN J. BARRETT 

At Pasam/v Paciktc I.^i:rnationai, Exposition. San Fran- 
iisio, (vLii-oHSiA, !>%• St. Fatricx's Day, 

Ma^ch 17, 191 5. 

With the ''Jfwel ( it) *' r.*t in emeralds, and its many-<X)lorfd 
robe (Ked green. I .ijn i-jnprev? to remark that to-day, at leaft. 
Ireland hns **a p!af> in i!i«» sun." 

The privilege of relchr ring this day amid all the beauty and 
glory that ha\e Uvi. lout to the occasion is one that we appre- 
ciate ami 'ickntm k tige. 1 1 adds another to the many obligations 
we v* tr jlready um'^; u^ those devoted citizens who have created 
h»'^ ' « - *JH M ^pI<*fjdor unsurpassed by human hands. 

J b 5 fcfv^^ jij!< l'A;>r^ ition, marvellous product of color and 
I'iiK'^. in ' cintr o tunsc't. which magic hands ha\e aiatdiei! from 
CAiUi^vs s *v and iMuhofjd at the Golden Ga^e to charm the 
«^ or 'd . 

I know that I tut give a tongue to every drop of Iriah bkxxl 
:h ' rtJTs in this vast audience when I de* lare that, the ugh ihe 



ORATION BY JOHN J, BARRETT. 297 

Its outpost majestic, confrontiiig the sea. 
Hardy the race for its battle with nature. 
Charming with laughter its heaviest toil, 
Sturdy to build up the towns and the cities, 
Brainy to plan them and wisely to rule, 
LeamM to lead in the forum and school. 
Names that shine still on the peaks of endeavor, 
Rise from our hundreds of thousands in dusters 
Winning, deserving live honors and trust: 
Broderick, Tobin, Donahue, Doyle. 
Phekms that, father and son, win our tribute, 
Mackay, Flood, Fair of the silver bonansas; 
Soldiers who rose on the red field to glory 
Pouring their lives that the Union might live, 
Treading the ways that the patriots trod; 
Prelates whose ministries flamed 'fore our altars, 
Lighting man's road to the feet of our God. 
And rough-dad or silk-dad, the Celt, man and woman, 
Warm-hearted, loyal, enjoying and loving. 
Humble or boldly upreaching for fame. 
Stands for the Commonwealth's safety and honor, 
To live and to strive or to die in her name. 
March 8, 1915. 

ORATION DELIVERED BY JOHN J. BARRETT 

At Panama-Pacific International Exposition, San Fran- 
cisco, California, on St. Patrick's Day, 

March 17, 1915. 

With the ''Jewel City" set in emeralds, and its many-colored 
robe dyed green, I am tempted to remark that to-day, at least, 
Ireland has ''a place in the sun." 

The privilege of celebrating this day amid all the beauty and 
glory that have been lent to the occasion is one that we appre- 
ciate and acknowledge. It adds another to the many obligations 
we were already under to those devoted citizens ^o have created 
here a scene of splendor unsurpassed by human hands. 

This gorgeous Exposition, marvellous product of color and 
light, is a captive sunset, which magic hands have snatched from 
California's sky and anchored at the Golden Gate to charm the 
world. 

I know that I but give a tongue to every drop of Irish blood 
that stirs in this vast audience when I declare that, though the 



298 AMERICAN IRISH HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 

emerald emblem of the new-bom nation across the sea is un- 
furled by us to-day in uncompromising homage, the flag that 
now as ever is next our heart and flutters in the breezes of its 
palpitating loyalty, is the Stars and Stripes. 

I know that I but voice the dominant sentiment of every one 
of you when I declare that, while we assemble here to proclaim 
our pride in the race from which we sprang, to commemorate its 
glories, to evince our love for the land of our forefathers, to ex- 
press our approval of her long fight for independent government, 
and to exult in the victory that has finally written the Ms^^na 
Charta of her freedom into the statute books of the empire, — 
that while we come for the day to do all that, and to do it out of 
the fulness of overflowing hearts, we first have this to say to the 
glorious Republic of the United States in this hour of her anxiety: 

Oh, land of heaven-bom freedom; ''sweet land of liberty"; 
land of our birth or our adoption ; mistress of our hearts and queen 
of our a£Fections; land, rescued to independence by the splendid 
aid of our Irish forefathers; land, redeemed from dissolution by 
the sterling help of our Irish kinsmen ; benevolent empire, spread- 
ing out the domain of your free institutions by the generous help 
of our brothers and sons; sacred land, hallowed by the blood of 
the Irish race on your every field of battie; land, consecrated with 
die graves of our loved ones who lived and died beneath your 
sheltering shield; land, dear to us by the benefactions you have 
lavidlied on every Irish exile who has come within your gates; 
land, good to us and ours and all, beyond the goodness of all the 
other nations of the world to men since time began; land of our 
first fealty and our best love, of our sworn allegiance and our un- 
divided loyalty; land of the free, beloved America: — In this day 
of difficulty, as in all your troubled days that have gone before, 
the Irishmen and sons of Irishmen within your borders will ask 
no questions but of your best interests, will shrink from aught 
that might embarrass or embroil you, and will know no flag but 
yours. 

We thank the God of nations and of battles to-day, first and 
foremost, that we are American citizens. Above our pride in our 
ancient lineage is our pride in our citizenship in the American 
Republic. In the still waters of the past it was a haven and a 
home without a rival to the wandering children of the Gael, and 



ORATION BY JOHN /. BARRETT. 299 

amid the hurricane that stirs the deeps to-day and drags the an- 
chor of the ages from their ocean beds, we are privileged passen- 
gers on the staunchest and proudest ship of state that was ever 
launched upon the waters. 

This is no alien land to the Irish race, and the Irish race is no 
alien element in this Republic. In every factor of her glory and 
greatness they had a part, — a part of importance and unsurpassed 
devotion. The adopted citizens of no government on earth have 
displayed a finer fidelity to the land of their adoption, than the 
Irish race to this Republic. The story is a long one. It begins on 
the first page of American history, and it mingles in the thrilling 
narrative to the last recorded line. To trace it out in all its reaches 
would be to unravel the web and woof of all our institutions, of all 
the events that have measured our progress, of all our swift and 
complex life. It is written all over the civil and social life of the 
nation. It is written all over the commercial and professional 
life of the nation. It is written all over the political life of the 
nation. It is written all over the history of the toilers of the na- 
tion, who have struggled in patient and intelligent endeavor * 
to improve their conditions, with notable respect for our consti- 
tution and laws. 

And in red letters of human life-blood, it is written on every 
battle-field of this Republic. The hosts of heaven never crowded 
round its battlements to look down in admiration upon a more 
devoted throng of patriots than the Irishmen and sons of Irishr 
men who, from Lexington to Yorktown, and from Sumter to 
Richmond, made a trail of blood and blasted bodies, to create 
and preserve us a nation. In our struggle for independence they • 
performed a conspicuous service in every engagement. It is a 
monumental fact, attested by history, that a large fraction of the 
Revolutionary army was of Irish blood. They organized brigade 
after brigade, composed exclusively of Irishmen. The "Father 
of the American Navy" was bom in Wexford — Conunodore John 
Barry. The Secretary of the Continental Congress was Charles 
Thompson, of Strabane. Brigadier-General Owen Sullivan, 
whom Washington and Congress publicly thanked, was bom in 
Limerick during the siege. 

In 1769 Franklin wrote from London that Ireland strongly 
favored the cause of the colonies. A special letter was addressed 



300 AMERICAN IRISH HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 

by Congress to the Irish people for their distinguished services. 
General Montgomery, ^o fell in glory at Quebec, was bom in 
Irdand. John Hancock was of Irish ancestry. John Rutledge, 
Conunander-in-Chief in South Carolina, was bom in Ireland ; and 
ei(^t of the signers of the Declaration of Independence brought 
their passionate love of liberty from that same stricken father- 
land across the sea. 

In numbers, in devotion, in distinction, Celts and the sons of 
Celts, supported the cause of the Unicm in our Civil War. From 
hovels of poverty and from homes of plenty, they went out in 
thousands, to preserve from dismemberment the land of their 
all^^iance. A few came back; but many stayed, and their hon- 
ored graves are a heritage and a pledge of Cdtic patriotism 
diat will stand recc»ded and uncontested as long as the Union 
shall endure. 

Shields, Kearny, Corcoran, Meager, Moore, Lx)gan, Sheridan, 
Sherman: the race from which you sprang, the blood that stirred 
your historic devotion, will stand acquitted of a lack of loyalty 
to this Republic until the battle-fields on which you snatdied her 
from destmction shall be obliterated and forgotten, and until the 
graves that hokl your treasured remains shall fling your unre- 
membered dust to the idle winds of a degenerated and ungrateful 
country. 

These are the credentials — ^that record of loyalty and that 
pledge of love — ^that the children of the Gael present to the Amer- 
ican people in this hour of uncertainty, as they enter its Expo- 
sition grounds to commemorate the patron saint of the land of 
their forefathers and the birth-right reclaimed of Ireland, "a 
nation once again." 

A^th all the other stirring reflections awakened by this anni- 
versary, Ireland and Irishmen everywhere have to-day the added 
and supreme one that their historic struggle for independent 
government has at last been crowned with complete success. I 
say deliberately, that that struggle has been crowned with com- 
plete success. For, in the first place, though the measure of 
Home Rule that has been granted is not in terms up to the full 
text of the demands made, their essential principles have all been 
conceded, and the more that now is sure to follow in the years to 
come will all be found dormant in what has just been given. And , 



ORATION BY JOHN J. BARRETT. 301 

in the next place, though the hour is postponed for the operation 
of the bill, no hand of man can now unwrite the decree that has 
given Ireland statehood, for the God of Battles has launched His 
thunderbolts to ordain its execution. 

We can, therefore, appropriately address to Ireland to-day, the 
memorable words of Grattan to the Volunteers in 1782, when 
their ancient parliament had just been freed from the crippling 
usurpations against which Molyneux had started the long cam- 
paign a himdred years before. The Volunteers were ranged be- 
fore the Parliament House in Dublin, and Grattan, standing in 
the midst of their crowded ranks, spoke these words, so apt to-day : 

** I am now to address a free people. Ages have passed away, 
and this is the first moment in which you could be distinguished 
by that appellation. Ireland is now a nation. In that character 
I hail her, and bowing in her august presence, I say esto perpetuar 

Gone forever is the bitter strife. Gone forever are the penal 
days. Gone forever are the persecution, the oppression and the 
foreign domination that for so many years have kept a free-bom 
people from their just inheritance. 

What a chapter of grief it is that closes. For a thousand years, 
century after century, Ireland has repeated in living reality, the 
Stations of the Cross. From Bethlehem to Calvary, with each 
succeeding generation, she had trodden her painful march — 
pressed beneath a crushing cross of sorrows; jeered at, battered 
and mutilated at every step; now staggering and now falling 
under the cruel burden; trailing the road with her blood; her fair 
form — ^model of beauty, vitality, life and strength — scourged with 
the whips of greed and hate; crowned with the thorns of the pur- 
chased perfidy of her own household; her lacerated body hoisted 
upon a tree of shame, taunted for its helplessness, and the world 
invited to rudely gaze upon its ebbing life. But out of her ig- 
nominious passion, Ireland too has issued to "glorious resurrec- 
tion." 

What a change has been wrought in the situation. The fact 
is, that we are living too close to-day to the event, to realize fully 
yet the colossal proportions of what the statesmanship of Ireland 
has done to the British Constitution. Why, here is what an 
historian said of the state of mind with which Ireland's represent- 
atives were admitted into the British Parliament a hundred 
years ago: 



302 AMERICAN IRISH HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 

''Chatham had feared that a hundred Irishmen would 
strengthen the democratic side of the English Parliament; 
. . . But it was held that a hundred members would be 
lost in the British Parliament, and that Irish doctrines would 
be sunk in the sea of British conunon sense." 

Imagine what must have been the condition of Ireland — im- 
agine the strangle-hold that poverty and terror and oppression 
must have had on her — when views like those could have been 
entertained. But consider the vitality of Irish nationality, con- 
sider the force and fund of Irish statesmanship, that were re- 
quired to falsify that dismal prophecy. 

It would be hard to find in Parliamentary history a more 
notable exhibition of statesmanship than that of the Irish rep- 
resentatives in the House of Commons. They changed the 
very Constitution of the British Government in its most fun- 
damental feature. The path of Ireland to freedom seemed ef- 
fectually blocked forever by the House of Lords. We have 
lived to see the representatives of Ireland, by constitutional 
means, and by the exercise of the rarest statesmanship, not 
only carry their country to freedom over the opposition of that 
ancient institution, but break its power forever, and m^e sure 
its abolition. 

They were patriots, they were statesmen — those men of Ire- 
land who reclaimed their country's freedom. As long as the 
grass grows green on her hills and valleys, and as long as she 
continues fit to breathe the gentle air of freedom given her by 
them, Ireland will bestow her blessings on their memories and 
hold them fast in her und3dng love. 

O'Connell, Redmond, and Pamell — ^trinity of Ireland's 
statesmen: You led your land through ways of peace from 
low estate to independence, and your shrines will bloom with 
fragrant flowers in every village of your grateful country till 
its garden fields go barren and its storied streams run dry. 

It does seem more than a mere coincidence, doesn't it, that 
Ireland receives the scepter of government just at the supreme 
hour of human history, when the civilization of the ages seems 
breaking up. For a thousand years her birth-right of freedom has 
been postponed; and now, in the midst of almost universal chaos, 
that higher Power that shapes the destinies of peoples as of men, 



ORATION BY JOHN J. BARRBTT. 303 

ushers in the new-bom nation. Is there no meaning in this junc- 
ture of events? 

What is the message that Ireland brings to the civilization of 
the world? What new spirit will she represent in the parliament 
of nations? What are the ideals that will dominate her national 
life? What will Ireland stand for in the brotherhood of states? 

As never before since the world began men to-day are recon- 
sidering the old accepted formulas for national security and na- 
tional stability, for the happiness of the citizen and the endurance 
of the state. With grave misgivings they are scrutinizing a 
civilization that one blast of angry breath can wither in a mo- 
ment. In confusion and chaos they are brought to suspect 
that their basic principles of national life are radically wron^. 

Even before the crisis came, wise men wrote books entitled 
"What Is Wrong With The World?" And by the lurid light of 
fire and flame on land and sea, and in the heavens, the answer now 
is being read, that not in the mastery of material things, is the 
sure and permanent foundation of a state; that territory, wealth 
and power are shifting sands on which to found a civilization ; that 
material ideals are false and fatal lights for a people to follow; 
that in the higher firmament of the heart, of the spirit, of the soul, 
are set the eternal and unfailing stars by which alone a nation, 
like a man, can track its way to abiding glory. It is from the 
soul of a people that destiny draws its inexorable decrees; and 
unless that soul be dominated by high ideals and noble aspirations 
a people may flourish and expand, grow proud and overbearing, 
but the seeds of death are in its vitals. 

If a man cannot find happiness under his hat, he cannot find 
it under the sun. If he cannot find peace in his spirit, he cannot 
find it in his purse. And the same thing is true of a people : it 
cannot hope for the genuine things of life unless it has laid their 
seed in the realm of its soul. 

That is the lesson that the God of nations is trumpeting to-day 
on the tongue of the hurricane. May not that be the lesson, too, 
that He is whispering on the soft lips of the new-bom nation- 
babe? 

The civilization that Ireland brings to the council-chamber of 
states out of her splendid and historic past, is a civilization that 
the world stands much in need of, and may well accept, even at 



304 AMERICAN IRISH HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 

such humble hands as hers. For it is a thing entirely of the 
spirit, of the mind, of the heart, of the emotions, of the afliec* 
tions, — ot all the deep stirrings, idealism, and higher a^irattons of 
the soul. And it reaches back in unbroken continuity to ancient 
days. And it has been tried in flame and fire and devastation. 
And it has met the shock of other civilizations and absorbed them 
into itself. And it has not succumbed to inva^ons, and it has 
not been disturbed by wars, and on its fair escutcheon there is not 
the blemish of a single wanton act against any other race. Well 
did the historian exclaim, in an outburst of admiration: ''Chiv- 
alric, intellectual, spiritual Ireland!" 

We cannot stop to dwell, within the limits of the hour, on more 
than a single feature of the many-sided character of Celtic dvi* 
lization. Every student and historian of the race has found 
written all over its annals a passionate love of justice, a keen 
sense of fair-play, exceptional devotion to home and fireside, 
unbounded sympathy for the oppressed of every land, benevo- 
lence, charity, fidelity, patriotism, religion. The Irish race, by 
universal testimony, has been the exponent, the champion, and 
the representative of all these virtues, through all its history. 
But let us take a moment's glimpse at just one other element. 

Ireland has always been the patron of learning, the mother of 
schools, one of the sovereigns of the empire of the higher life. 

Away back in the dim days, when the Roman Empire was still 
planting the ensign of the eagle over new lands, while Ireland 
was yet a tribal community, ruled by its Ardri, and served by its 
Brehons and its Druids, there was no sovereign who sat in higher 
state among its people than its bards, its poets, its chroniclers, 
and its teachers; and all these were endowed with land in perpe- 
tuity, to enable them the freer to pursue their work; and the tribes 
relied on no political compact to effect community of life and 
action, but on the spiritual bond of a common tradition, a com- 
mon heritage of great names, a common literature, and a com- 
moa interest in all the things of the spirit. 

They had a system of schools, with centers in every settlement, 
for the training of children to record and preserve their national 
traditions, their legends, their fireside tales and their folklore, 
to write down the stories of their ancient rulers and popular 
heroes, to interpret their aspirations and their spirit, — for the 



ORATION BY JOHN J. BARRETT. 305 

training of historians, poets and chroniclers. And they trained 
them all with exceeding care. 

The spirit of these schools was abroad among the people. The 
love of learning, and of every form of activity of the mind and 
the imagination, was a passion among them. Every land-holder 
was required to give the aptest of his children over to a school. 
Their pride in their literature was one of their strongest charac- 
teristics. Their language grew in richness, in melody, and flex- 
ibility. So inborn and inbred was that trait in the race, that it 
kept up that same passionate devotion to those things through 
all the vicissitudes of its history to the present day. 

The fame of it all went out to the continent, and Ireland became 
a center of learning and scholarship, and the recognized univer- 
sity of the times. 

It escaped the Roman invasion and barbarian invasions that 
overran almost every other land, and this immunity left it free 
to go on with its work. And it took rich advantage of the op- 
portunity. 

Over eight hundred years ago there was a university at Armagh, 
with a staff of teachers famous wherever learning was cherished, 
and three thousand students were on its rolls. 

Men of those schools found high places in the universities of 
Europe; and we have it on the testimony of credible historians 
that hardly a person knew Greek in the west of Europe in the 
seventh and eighth centuries who did not get it from an Irish 
teacher. 

"There was not a country in Europe," says a reliable authority, 
''and not an occupation, where Irishmen were not in the first 
rank, — ^as field-marshals, admirals, ambassadors, prime ministers, 
scholars and physicians." 

Her missionaries carried culture and religion to every nook 
and comer of the contine^^t. Columcille carried to England the 
qualities, not only of a great saint, but of a great scholar and 
poet as well. For four hundred years Ireland was the fountain- 
head of the missionaries of Europe. Their monasteries studded 
the highways of France and Germany and were the resting houses 
of all travellers through those lands. 

This soul of Ireland was not overlooked by those who sought 
to destroy her. Their fiercest assaults were directed against 

90 



306 AMERICAN IRISH HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 

those very things. Most violent measures were taken to break 
the people away from their past, with all of its ideak, its glorious 
memories, and its wealth of traditions. And nothing was left 
undone to cut them o£F from the future as well. 

It was made a crime to possess a book. It meant death to be 
an historian, a teacher or a poet. They buried their ancient 
manuscripts in the fields, to hide them from despoilers. De- 
prived of books and schools, the children were driven to study 
their alphabet from the letters on the tombstones of their ances- 
tors. 

Their religion was proscribed and penalized. There was a 
penalty on everything their souls thirsted for. To speak their 
native language made them outlaws, and "they were hanging 
men and women for the wearing of the green." 

But through exile, oppression, and dispersion, the Irish race 
always kept that flame alive. Every new torment that was tried 
upon their souls only awakened a new stirring of their spirits and 
fired them to record their new emotions in more musical numbers 
and more inspired strains. After every invasion, after every 
calamity, — plough-boys, herdsmen, peasants, burst into songs 
of richer melody and more mystic symbols. And their lamenta- 
tions were as sweet as their love-songs, and their hatred of oppres- 
sion was chanted in the same spiritual key as their hymns and 
prayers. 

Those are the ideals, that is the spirit, that is the soul, and that 
is the civilization, which Ireland has carried down the ages and 
which she brings with her to-day to her humble seat in the par- 
liament of nations. That is her message to the civilization of the 
world, and that is what she stands for in the brotherhood of states. 

Ireland claims no place and aspires to no position among the 
thrones that rest on wealth and power; and her territory is small; 
but as Wendell Phillips said of a smaller and poorer land: "She 
is as large as that Attica which, with Athens for its capital, has 
filled the earth with its fame for two thousand years.'* 



ADDRESS BY ROBERT P. TROY, ESQ. 

At the Banqubt of the Knights of St. Patrick, San Fran- 
cisco, March 17, 1915. 

There is no phrase that is more dear to the Irish heart than the 
words "Cead mille failthe," because it signifies the spirit of hos- 
pitality which animates every true Irishman and impels him to 
say, ''A hundred thousand welcomes," which on behalf of the 
Knights of St. Patrick, I gladly bid you tonight. 

It was forty years ago when this organization held its first 
banquet, and all through those years it has annually celebrated 
Irish patriotism and valor and love of liberty around the banquet 
board. To-night we hold the most unusual celebration in our 
history, for we not only meet to venerate the memories of the 
past, but to express our gratitude to the God of Battles for the 
present onward march which Ireland has made on the road to 
freedom, and to prophesy the glorious future which awaits this 
patient little isle in the welcoming years which promise her the 
same full measure of liberty which we enjoy to-day under 
the noblest emblem of liberty which ever fluttered its folds in 
the face of Heaven. 

"Shall we who meet and part tonight 

Remember not our sires? 
Shall we for^g^et their age-long fight. 

Their quenchless battle-fires? 
They handed us the freedom-flame 

That spreads from sea to sea. 
They bade it bum in Ireland's name. 

Till land and race are free." 

It has been said that a man should always love his native land 
whether he was bom there or not, and it is doubtless on this 
account, that having awakened one lovely May morning to find 
I was bom in the city of San Francisco, I love Ireland so dearly. 

I have walked in her valleys, I have climbed her hillsides, I 
have sailed on her beautiful lakes, but I have missed in her de- 
lightful atmosphere the actual liberty for which every Irishman 
and every American of Irish blood has ardently yearned. In 
the absence of that great element of human happiness on her 

307 



308 AMERICAN IRISH HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 

shores, I have been impressed with the beautiful and the pathetic 
wends of our beloved Moore: 

"Oft in the stiUy night, 

'Ere tlumber's chain has bound me, 
Fond memory brings the light 
Of other days around me. 

"I feel Hke one who treads alone, 
Some banquet hall deserted. 
Whose lights are fled, whose garlands dead, 
And all but him departed." 

But I will go anon to that new Ireland which we salute and 
venerate, to my family's hearthstone in Tipperary to feel the 
thrill of Irish liberty. Exuberant in her national integrity, every 
one of her beautiful flowers will yield a sweeter fragrance, every 
rippling stream will sing a lovelier songi every glorious hillside will 
reflect a more brilliant sheen under the sun of Heaven and all of 
her lovely valleys will vibrate with the lullabies of her grateful 
children lifting their music like hosannas to Heavan in gratitude 
for the blessings of liberty. 

There is a legend in Celtic m3^ology that Zenodorus, a famous 
sculptor, reared a wonderful monument of the god who originated 
the arts and sciences which was so exquisite that its cost was es- 
timated at forty million sesterda. I would suggest that the sons 
of Erin emulate this example of m3^ology by building a real 
monument in her capital to the great host of Irish patriots, who 
for centuries have devoted their lives to the cause of her ultimate 
freedom. It should be a monument which would sjonbolize the 
learning and the culture of its people which was an inspiring ex- 
ample to mankind long before the Christian era, and the insati- 
able hope for human liberty which through all ages has nestled 
close to the hearts of all of her sons, so that the Ireland of to-day 
might raise a monument which would stand throughout all time, 
not only as a tribute of love and veneration to her leaders who 
have passed away, but also as an inspiration to future ages to 
revere above all human blessings the God-given right of liberty. 



ADDRESS y\ - .\ r;;oMAS 
At the Banquet ^ ; • 



^i *» »■ 



\ > 



. * fi 



»*• 



I am proud of i f > 
goodly gathering of '.^ . 
devotion to the C ^^.^• 
retain in all of iff ini*r<; 
for the land of thy • ...rt*' 

It has t»eeii -. u 1 ♦?..*: ;> 
toward Metxa, ^^ on tln?i. **,' 
man turns bh U'^\' to-Aard * 
thou gem of the -< x - 

It has also Uti -^ - * 'h.j* 
are those who J 
will not be so r.tf, . 
who knows In la; 
fully told and »*i.- • 
Irish at heart a. -. r 

A due regard tot t\ 
instinct of self-pr*:*^ 
greater loyalty ar; i 
Irish soil. '^An^ixe v 
this and other oi\"' 
native land sour.iU .t^ .. 
Erin. 

Neverthek-ss, it < r » .. 
w-ere doubly fortuMu s : !.* 
protecting folds of r;^* S' . 
and faith of our fath* :^ :> 
the peq)etuity of In land a? 

It is a part of the heritiig^: ; . :. 
with our kinsmen at home an^ v ■.'..•. 
which rekindle the fire and the s' . 
power upon tarth. 

The call of tae blood likewise- ^^t *r 
Ireland's '-tri'kei patriots, and n^k'.*>; 

3(^ 



J. 



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W-r 



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). UANON 
Fatk^.k. San Fran- 

.^*"'%i u aiMrc^"** this 
>-. *.»x-.(ni:an iinttving 
.) •i.>i>tv>*i ii v1, stiU 



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i'M veufiiiton 


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■ -J"jtit'v> turnt 


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• % • . ' Oi^.' t n^h- 


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:e '** r "hail 


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hut \ 


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....-, .f ■^^•lge. 




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'•". * •• . 



ADDRESS BY HON. THOMAS J. LENNON 

At thb Banquet of the Knights. of St. Patrick, San Fran- 

asco, MarCr 17, 1915. 

I am proud of the privilege of being permitted to address this 
goodly gathering of Erin's sons who, notwithstanding an undying 
devotion to the Constitution and flag of their adopted land, still 
retain in all of its original fervor an inherited love and veneration 
for the land of their birth. 

It has been said that as the good Mohammedan always turns 
toward Mecca, so on this, the day we celebrate, every true Irish- 
man turns his face toward the Emerald Isle and bids her "hail 
thou gem of the seas." 

It has also been said that the most ardent of Mohammedans 
are those who have never been within sight of Mecca. But I 
will not be so rash as to say that the American of Irish parents^, 
who knows Ireland only from her story and her songs, as tear- 
fully told and sadly sung by an Irish mother, can be more ardently 
Irish at heart and in action than a native of the Emerald Isle. 

A due regard for the success of my speech, to say nothing of the 
instinct of self-preservation, prompts me to yield the palm for 
greater loyalty and devotion to the man who was bom upon 
Irish soil. "Absence makes the heart grow fonder"; and for 
this and other obvious reasons it must be conceded that love of 
native land sounds its deepest depth in the heart of the exile of 
Erin. 

Nevertheless, it may be truthfully and safely said that we, who 
were doubly fortunate in being bom of Irish parents beneath the 
protecting folds of the Stars and Stripes, lack none of the fervor 
and faith of our fathers in proclaiming the glory and preaching 
the perpetuity of Ireland and the Irish. 

It is a part of the herit^;e of our blood that we should rejoice 
with our kinsmen at home and abroad upon patriotic occasions 
which rekindle the fire and the spirit of the men who made us a 
power upon earth. 

The call of the blood likewise starts a tear for the memory of 
Ireland's stricken patriots, and makes us glory, despite our tears, 

309 



3IO AMERICAN IRISH HISTORICAL SOCIETY, 



in the tragedies of tyranny transformed by time into triumphs 
and crowned with the halo of martjrrdom. 

No pec^rfe ever attained and preserved a pride of place among 
the races of the earth unless it was endowed at birth with an un- 
dying love of native land and a religious reverence for those of 
its kind whose life and death served as milestones to mark the 
path and progress of human endeavor towards freedom of self 
and soul. 

Accordingly, this is the one day in all the year when we, the 
Irish and the sons of the Irish, turn aside from the turmoil of 
daily life to contribute our mite towards the perpetuation of the 
apostolic glory of Patrick the patron saint of Ireland and for the 
proud and patriotic purpose, as well, of preserving in the hearts 
and homes of men who know and prize liberty of self and soul 
the name and the fame of men who freely and feariessly ofiFered 
up their lives on the blood-bespattered altar of liberty in order 
that those who came after them might live and thrive in the l^^t 
and warmth of civil and religious freedom. 

In my recent readings relating to my subject of to-nig^t I 
stumbled upon a tribute to Ireland and the Irish by a one-time 
governor of Tennessee, who said : 

"If I were a painter, I would make the canvas eloquent with 
the deeds of the bravest people who ever lived ; whose proud spirit 
no power can conquer, and whose loyalty to the cause of free 
government no tyrant can ever crush ; and beneath that picture 
I would inscribe the name of Ireland. 

"If I were a poet, I would touch the heart of humanity and 
melt the world to tears with the mournful melody of Erin's woes. 
I would with words of wondroi^ rhythm and rhyme weave the 
diamrock into garlands of glory for the martyrs of the land of 
memories, the cradle of heroes and the nursery of liberty." 

My friends, that picture has been painted for posterity upon 
the crimson canvas of Ireland's history; and her songs of sorrow 
for ages bards have sung. 

That picture suggests the thought that the glory of a country 
is rarely reckoned from its material prosperity but rather is 
measured, and rightfully so, by its spiritual and intellectual 
advancement and the memory of its mighty men who consecrated 
their lives to the cause of Christianity and freedom. 



ADDRESS BY HON. THOMAS /. LENNON, 311 

So measured, the glory of Ireland's past illumines the history 
of humanity's progress in the path of spiritual and intellectual 
endeavor, and will forever brightly bum as a beacon light from 
the topmost towers of the temple of liberty. 

This is so because for more than three centuries the struggle 
of the Irish people for civil and religious liberty against the per- 
secutions of political prejudice and religious intolerance engaged 
the attention and challenged the admiration of the peoples of 
the earth. 

But the iron heel of tyranny never succeeded, even foramoment 
of time, in stamping out the God-given spiritual and intellectual 
life of a people which has made them not only a power for good 
among the liberty-loving and God-fearing nations of the earth, 
but a potent factor as well in shaping and sharpening the mental, 
moral and material destinies of empires and republics. 

Plundered by avarice, scourged by famine and hampered by 
the hatred of a one-time heartless and unrelenting foe, Erin's 
sons and daughters, "driven like autumn leaves before the winter 
winds," have scattered over the face of the earth; but it is an ill 
wind that blows no good; and to-day the Irish, homeless only in 
the land of their nativity, are landlords and leaders of men in 
every land where merit alone marks and measures the man. 

Despite the centuries of injustice and misrule, the Irish at 
home have remained mentally and morally an unconquered and 
unconquerable people. 

During all of those yellow years of hate and persecution Ireland 
was, as has been aptly said, in a state of chronic rebellion against 
British rule; and doubtless would to-day be manifesting the same 
symptoms of internal, or rather infernal injuries, if it were not 
for the fact that from time to time during the past century dear 
and substantial gains in the cause of civil and religious liberty 
have been made by her champions in the Halls of Parliament, on 
the hustings and in the world of literature. 

The pike and the hand grenade of '98 have been replaced by 
the wit and wisdom of Ireland's foremost men. 

The brain of Erin has accomplished that which her brawn could 
not do against the overwhelming force of British arms. 

The good fight for a free conscience has been won. The big- 
otry of a dark and brutal age has been dampened if not deadened 



312 AMERICAN IRISH HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 

by the ultimate outward establishment of the principles of re- 
ligious freedom for which united Ireland fought, bled and died 
more than a century ago; and, thanks to the insbtent, unceasing 
e£Fort at home and abroad by Irishmen of to-day, the sunshine 
of dvil freedom is slowly but surely brealdhg through the cloud 
of oppression which has so long hovered over the homes and hearts 
of a brave people who, by all the marks of their Maker and the 
measurements of men, deserve to be as free in fact as they are in 
^irit and in pride. 

The Irish impulse is first the achievement of liberty, and next 
an undying determination to gratify the impulse and retain the 
benefits of the achievement at all hazards. 

This impulse of Irish blood, ever and always beating in harmony 
with aspirations for the highest form of ^iritual and intellectual 
life, is the foundation and framework of a lengthy litany of orators, 
statesmen, poets and heroes, whose brilliancy and bravery have 
been perpetuated in the story and songs of the world, and will 
be forever crowned and consecrated with the love and the grat- 
itude of the Irish people. 

This irresistible impulse of Irish blood warmed the heart of 
Edmund Burke, inspired the spirit of Swift and Sheridan, sat* 
urated the souls of Goldsmith and Moore, awakened the lion in 
the breast of the inmiortal O'Connell, stimulated the endeavors 
of Dillon, Davitt, Pamell and Redmond, and fiercely fanned the 
fever of revolt which, having its source in the very heart of old 
Ireland, ran rampant in the veins of Patrick Sarsfield, Napper 
Tandy, Wolfe Tone, Lord Edward Fitzgerald and Robert Em- 
met. 

Wherever the flag of freedom, regardless of its colors, has 
fluttered in a fight for right, the undaunted spirit of Irish chiv- 
alry has ever been beneath its folds, eager for the fray and panting 
for the charge. 

It was the irresistible Irish impulse that fired the heart of Pat- 
rick Henry and prompted him to preach secession from English 
rule and defy the power of English arms. 

This same impulse of blood pointed the pens of the eight Irish- 
men who signed the Declaration of Independence. It impelled 
the dare-devil doings of Commodore Jack Barry, the father of 
the American Navy ; lent nerve to the courage of Andrew Jackson 



^^•i 



ADDRESS BY HON. THOMAS J. LBNNON. 313 

at New Orleans, and sent Phil Sheridan" riding like a god of war " 
into the thickest of the fight at Cedar Creek. 

These traits and trials of the Irish people point the assertion 
that in all ages and among all peoples, the inspirations of the 
present and the aspirations for the future have been fathered 
and fostered by the traditions, the triumphs and the tragedies 
of the past. 

While the history of Ireland presents a glorious galaxy of . 
martyred men who gave their talents and sacrificed their lives 
in the furtherance of Irish revolt against the aggression and op- 
pression of an alien despotism, beyond it all, over it all, and for 
it all, shines resplendent the name and the fame of Patrick the 
sanctified savior of the Irish people from the thralldom of pa- 
ganism. 

It is eminently fitting, therefore, that we of the Irish race, 
without regard to creed, in this glorious Christian land of free 
hearts and free homes, where religious freedom is the firmest 
foundation stone of our Constitution, should meet and make the 
date of St. Patrick's birth into eternal life "the day we cele- 
brate" — a day of general rejoicing that God in His infinite wis- 
dom gave so great and good a man to Christianity and permitted 
him to live to see his holy endeavors blossom into the spiritual 
regeneration and rejuvenation of the Irish people. 

May the lessons of the day we celebrate keep us strong in pri- 
vate virtue and public honor, great and strong in our devotion to 
God and to country ; may we ever and always upon each recurring 
anniversary re-echo Ireland's glories and bid defiance to British 
power and pride until such time as the sunburst of Erin shall 
once again wave triumphant over the historic halls of Tara with 
the harp of freedom, no longer mute, shedding its soul of music 
in unison with the songs of an independent and, please God, a 
united people. 



DR. THOMAS ADDIS EMMET; RESOLUTIONS TEN- 
DERED BY THE AMERICAN IRISH HISTORICAL 
SOCIETY AND ACKNOWLEDGMENT BY DOCTOR 
EMMET. 

Whereas, it has become known to the members of the 

Executive Council 

OF THE 

American Irish Historical Society 

at a meeting held on April 12, 1915, that their respected and 
beloved fellow-member 

Dr. Thomas Addis Emmet 

one of the Founders of the Society and a signer of the call for its 
formation issued at Boston on December 26, 1896, has in the 
ripeness of his eighty-seven years and at the acme of his intellect- 
ual vigor completed his great literary task, the final and authori- 
tative biographies of his glorious kinsmen — namely, that of his 
grandfather 

Thomas Addis Ebcmet, 

fearless Irish patriot, intellectual leader of the United Irishmen 
of 1798 who, refusing the office of Solicitor-General of Ireland 
offered to him as a bribe by the British Government, unshrink- 
ingly endured long imprisonment at the hands of his country's 
oppressors, terminating only in exile from the suffering land of his 
devotion, and 1^0, seeking the free shores of America and making 
New York City his home, won from the beginning, deserved 
honors in his profession of the law, becoming in time Attorney- 
General of the Commonwealth of New York and living on in the 
hig^ esteem of his fellow-citizens, passed away at length amid the 
mourning of his family and the grief of the community, carrying 
to the grave with him the heart-wringing sorrow that clouded his 
life in its brightest hours and made success seem shallow and 
honors hollow — ^the sorrow for his younger brother whose sacrifice 
is the legendary tragedy of Ireland's unhappy history, and whose 

314 



DR. THOMAS ADDIS EMMET. 315 

thrilling and inspiring words, as he faced his corrupt and ruthless 
judges on the verge of the grave, flame brighter than risen sun 
rays driving backward the darkness that then enshrouded Ireland, 
words living as ever to-day, the sacred evangel of Irish liberty and 
Ireland's determination to attain it; also the biography of that 
glorious brother, our fellow-member's granduncle, 

Robert Emmet, 

young, high-minded, unflinching, who, seeing appeal to reason 
futile, hope in the clemency of the plunderer vain, organized and 
led an armed if hopeless rebellion rather than live as he mig^t 
have lived — "the sleekest slave at home that crouches to the 
conqueror's creed" — and so xnade the shameful death which his 
country's enemies gave him the gate to a lustrous inunortality; 
and 

Whereas, the twin volumes thus created by 

Doctor Emmet 

mark the crowning of his own honored life that included his 
unremitting labor in the cause of suffering humanity as a Doctor 
of Medicine in which profession he stood for half a century in the 
very front rank — ^the Father of American Gynecology and its 
most successful practitioner — and who before, as after, his retire- 
ment from active practice contributed freely with his purse, his 
virile pen and his wise counsel to every national movement and 
good cause that aimed at the amelioration or reversal of the sad 
state of Ireland, the land of his fathers, be it therefore 

Resolved, That a committee of the members of the 

American Irish Historical Society 

wait upon Doctor Emmet at such time and place as he may 
appoint to receive them, and tender their congratulations on the 
publication of the work, the loving sincerity in wiiich it is written, 
the great research made necessary by the collecting of facts and 
documents reaching back a hundred and fifty years making the 
work a picture of Ireland in her hours of deepest agony, on the 
sumptuous form of its presentation in print, the touching mem- 
orial of a famous family, and a lasting enshrining of his own name 



3l6 AMERICAN IRISH HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 

in the annals of the Irish race; with the tendeiest wishes for the 
prol<mgation of his life and his usefulness under the Divine 
WiO. 

+JoHN Cardinal Fablby, 

Abp. N. Y. 
+Thos. F, Cusack, 

Bp. AncU. N. Y. 
+PATRICK J. Hayes, 

Bp. of lajaste. 
Martin H. Glynn. 
Joseph L C. Clarke, 

PresidenirGeneral Amer. Irish Hist. Society. 
John Purroy Mitchel, 

Mayor New York City. 
John D. Crdoiins. 
John G. Coyle, M.D., J.D. 
Thomas Zanslaur Lee, A.B., LL.D. 
Franklin M. Danaher, Albany, N. Y. 
William F. Sheehan, New York. 
Morgan J. O'Brien, New York. 
w. bourke cockran. 
Myles Tierney. 

Henry Athanasius Brann, D.D. 
Henry L. Joyce. 
Edward H. Daly. 
Joseph F. Smith. • 
John J. Lenehan. 
Stephen Farrelly. 
Charles N. Harris. 
Michael J. O'Brien, 

Historiographer, Amer. Irish Hist. Soc. 
William G. Murphy. 
Edward J. McGuire. 
John G. O'Keeffe. 
Michael J. Drummond. 
Percy J. King. 
James L. O'Neill. 
Patrick F. Magrath. 
Richard W. Meade. 



DR. THOMAS ADDIS EMMET. 317 

Dbnis p. O'Neill. 
John jEROBfs Roonby. 
John J. Pulleyn. 
Daniel F. Cohalan. 
pRANas B. Delehanty. 
Eugene A. Philbin. 
Anna Frances Levins. 



89 Madison Avenue, 
New York City, May 15th, 1915. 
Edward H. Daly, Esq., 

Secretary-General of the American Irish Historical Society. 
Dear Mr. Daly: 

I have received many honors during my life from force of cir- 
cumstances and as unexpected, but none have equalled the one 
3rou have extended to me, as Secretary-General from the Execu- 
tive Council. I find it diificult to express myself better than to 
write — had I been a woman my first impulse would have been to 
have gotten my face into a comer and had a good cry in evidence 
of my appreciation. As a work of art I have never seen better 
execution in any testimonial or the exhibition of better taste. 
The composition of text and expression in the resolutions are 
remarkable for the scholarly style and expression of friendly 
feeling. Above all am I honored by those forming the Com- 
mittee and with pride I appreciate that they are all individually 
my friends. 

When I asked that the resolutions to be presented to me should 
be sent, and that I might be excused from meeting the Com- 
mittee, I feared with my present feeble condition to be exposed to 
the excitement and the speech making. Had I known \diat had 
been prepared for my honor I would certainly have met the 
Committee and have done all in my power to show my apprecia- 
tion. 

Please express to President Clarke and all who were engaged 
with him in preparing the testimonial, that I cannot command 
words to express at greater length my great appreciation and 
sincere thanks. 

As I learn that there are others who would like to add their 



3l8 AMERICAS IRISH HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 

signatures had I not better return the testimonial to you for the 
purpose of obtaining all the signatures which should be attached 
to it? 

Yours very truly, 

Thos. Addis Ekmbt. 

Excuse me from not copying this letter as I am not equal to 
the effort tonight, and as proof of it leave my signature as exe- 
cuted while nodding at the close of the letter. — T. A. E. 



'inbrcs of Tlie Players Chib founded by Fkiwi: 

1 Craniercy Park. Sculptor, Edmond T. Quinr 

RrfirodnilioB by Axia . 



Ntr, KiJ["om( T ijMi.' . ' ;' ^'.(^;.U-- and .M:uii>T.or >'.; bom 
lit Philadp:,>:tia f Ic vw,. ■ •• •* Jj'j . .mh' RcK=iia;i (V)' f-'i'u^b- 

iin) Quinn Ht* bUid!^* .-. ' ' '•■i.s'Wiu^.x Atr'df i-y • ' lint 
Arts and in ' r.i'ue i:n^'- • . . ' r '*»..;••' !.< rt. He in' v^K-ii 

the statue '»( John fi.-^ ■ 'a ^ ,• 5. -nr i*r nrjs\ 1^ -.ua n^- 
ures or t'.tttle Mount, un ^ . * . * .;s \i -:j:\tA-; , Sr.'jjh 
Car*>Hn.i, the statue of Zoio^ '>^ : ■ '' ^ ' .n i..-':tut* of 

ArfK and Sciences. deio»*ariv^ ; . f : . :. /*h.> ^ . i''v\\ 

bust >f Edgar Allan Poe, P n: i. > '• v t'v* S^van- 

strom M*trr(<,r«ul Bcroi /'« fi -i -^ •'#. « »t^ *v 

sides II. ;»!r |..>r*rv. ? ^>a■^^* 

Mr. QuiiV) - *'.. ji ': ' ■'■ ■• . ' '. ; • • ■ "■■ ^•-' . :'.<!»r 

reproduced, va-- -« • * :i. ' . . - j^'ipo.* 

It is to be tH' ; - ; '• h*^- 

Havers Clul ' ' .--r ;. : >it! 

Mr. Quinn pi*.; . ' c / .vr 

fkUi&nal Stul^o, < ' • : - /'^ - 

ness and rehne<l v v ^x* 

is an intense yet q !" • ' "« . a- 

ally wil' realized, vh.vl -^ 
in life, a!> of the player m ^ k. ^ 



.. ■< 



319 



EDMOND T. QUINN. 

Mr. Edmond T. Quinn, portrait painter and sculptor, was bom 
in Philadelphia. He was the son of John and Rosina (McLaugh- 
lin) Quinn. He studied at the Pennsylvania Academy of Fine 
Arts and in France under the sculptor Ingelbert. He executed 
the statue of John Howard at Williamsport, Pennsylvania, fig- 
ures on Battle Mountain monument, Kings Mountain, South 
Carolina, the statue of Zoroaster, on the Brooklyn Institute of 
Arts and Sciences, decorative figures, Pittsburgh Athletic Club, 
bust of Edgar Allan Poe, Poe Park, New York City, the Swan- 
strom Memorial, Borough Hall, Brooklyn, New York City, be- 
sides many portrait busts. 

Mr. Quinn 's figure for the Edwin Booth Memorial Statue, here 
reproduced, was selected among eight submitted in competition. 
It is to be erected in Gramercy Park, New York Gty, by The 
Players Club founded by Edwin Booth. "In the small model 
Mr. Quinn presented," says Mr. Albert Sterner in the Inter- 
national Studio^ ''are embodied the grace, tenderness, earnest- 
ness and refined passion of the great actor represented. There 
is an intense yet quiet reserve in the pose! — a hesitance pictori- 
ally well realized, which was perhaps indicative of the man Booth 
in life, as of the player in the immortal part of Hamlet." 



319 



NECROLOGY. 



JOHN GABRIEL BRITT. 

John Gabriel Britt, President of the Board of Elections and 
formerly an Assistant Corporation Cx>un8el, of the Qty of New 
York, and a member of this Society since 191 4 died on November 
6th, 1914, at the age of thirty-seven years, following an operation 
for appendicitis, after an illness of a few days. 

Mr. Britt, who was a son of John J. Britt and Ellen A. Dwyer, 
was bom on March 29th, 1877, in New York City in the old 19th 
Ward where he resided all his lifetime. He received his early 
education in the public schools of New York City, and later at 
the High School and at the College of St. Francis Xavier, and 
obtained his legal training at the New York Law School from 
which he received the degree of Bachelor of Laws in 1899, ^^cl was 
admitted to the Bar in 1900. From his early youth he took an 
active interest in politics and from 1903 to 1905 he had charge 
of the Speakers Bureau of Tammany Hall, and at the time of 
his death was widely known in Democratic circles throughout 
the state. 

Immediately upon his admission to the Bar, Mr. Britt engaged 
in the private practice of the law and continued therein until 
1904 when he was appointed an Assistant Corporation Counsel, 
which office he held for a period of seven years being engaged the 
greater part of that time in the trial of actions in the Supreme 
Court. 

In 191 1 he resigned this position to return to private practice 
and at the same time to accept an appointment from Mayor 
Gaynor as a Commissioner of Elections for the City of New York 
having been nominated for that place by the Democratic Coimty 
Committee of Manhattan and The Bronx, and he was selected 
at that time by his associate Commissioners as the President of 
the Board which office he held at the time of his death, so that 
at the age of thirty-three years he became the executive head ol 
this important dty department. He was designated three times 

$20 



NECROLOGY, 321 

by the E>emocratic County Committee and he was three times 
selected by his associates as President of the Board. 

Mr. Britt was a member of the Catholic Club, Manhattan 
Club, Knights of Columbus, Cercle Franco American and a 
number of other organizations. 

The following resolutions were adopted by die Board of Elec- 
tions: 

In Memoriam 
J. Gabriel Britt 

Whereas, It has been the will of the Almighty to remove from 
our midst and call to his final account the 

Honorable J. Gabriel Britt, 

a Commissioner of Elections of the City of New York, and the 
President of our Board, and 

Whereas, His late associates in sorrowful contemplation 
realize the great loss they have sustained, and recognize that by 
the untimely and unfortunate death of their president the people 
of the City of New York have been deprived of the activities of an 
efficient, earnest and zealous public official, now 

Therefore^ To better mark the high regard in which his memory 
and accomplishments are held, be it 

Resolved, That we express our sorrow at the death of our late 
president and extend to his bereaved family our heartfelt sym- 
pathy and sincere hope that Divine Providence shall speedily send 
them a lasting consolation in this their hour of grief. 

Dated, New York, November twelfth, nineteen hundred and 
fourteen. 



DR. WILLIAM FRANCIS BYRNS. 

Dr. William Francis B3rms, a member of this Society since 
1908, died at Ware, Massachusetts, on September i8th. 

"Doctor B3rms was bom at Bolton, Mass., and was graduated 
at Holy Cross College, Worcester. He was the valedictorian of 
his class. He studied his profession at the Harvard Medical 
School and the Medical School of Georgetown Univerrity, receiv- 
ing the degree of Doctor of Medicine from the latter institution. 

31 



322 AMERICAS IRISH HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 

He was for some time instructor of English and Latin at George- 
town University and always retained a close intimacy with its 
faculty and affectionate concern for its students, many of whom 
recall his sympathy and counsel. He married Mrs. Mary A. 
Wall, daughter of the late Thomas Berry of this city. 

"For many years he practiced his profession on Capitol Hill. 

"Doctor Byms had many scholarly attainments, being fond 
of all good literature, and especially versed in the classics. He 
was a lover of nature, and he and his wife were familiar figures 
on the walks and drives of the city. 

" He was a thorough Washingtonian, often expressing a pride 
and delight in the growth and beauty of the national Capitol." — 
WashingUm Star. 



WILLIAM D. CANTILLON. 

W. D. Cantillon, General Manager of the Chicago and North- 
western Railway, and a member of this Society since 1909, died 
at his home in Chicago on December 13th, 1914. "He was bom 
in Janesville, Wisconsin, August 5th, 1861 and was educated in 
the public schools of that city. He entered the service of the 
C. & N. W. Railroad, May, 1875, as water boy. A year later he 
was apprenticed to the bridge and building force. In 1880, at the 
age of nineteen, he commenced his career in train service, an 
avocation in which he displayed remarkable skill, and was pro- 
moted from brakeman to freight conductor, then passenger con- 
ductor. In 1891, Mr. Gardner, the present president of the C. & 
N. W. Railroad, was superintendent of the Wisconsin Division, 
and realizing his worth, appointed W. D. Cantillon trainmaster 
of the Milwaukee Division, with headquarters in Milwaukee. He 
was promoted to the position of assistant superintendent of the 
Wisconsin Division, March, 1893. During his incimibency in 
this position, he had direct control of the immense passenger 
traffic, due to the World's Fair, and it was conceded by all rail- 
road men that the organization formed by him to handle this 
great business was absolutely without a flaw and worked like 
well-oiled machinery. The fact that hundreds of thousands of 
people were handled in and out of Chicago during the World's 



NECROLOGY, 323 

Fair season, without an injury to a passenger, is sufficient evi- 
dence of his skillful management. 

In 1898 he was advanced to the head of the Minnesota Divi- 
sion, with headquarters in Winona, Minnesota. In 1898 the 
Dakota Division was merged with the Minnesota, with Mr. Can- 
tillon in direct charge of both districts, making it the largest 
division in point of mileage ever supervised by one superintendent. 
(Both of Mr. Cantillon's successors made failures in their attempt 
to handle this immense division, and in 1903 it was found neces- 
sary to split the divisions.) Mr. Cantillon made a great success 
while superintendent of these two divisions, and his ability was 
again rewarded by Mr. Gardner, who promoted him to the im- 
portant position of assistant general superintendent of the entire 
system — ^this appointment taking effect in the fall of 1900. In 
1903 he was made general superintendent. In 1907, assistant 
general manager. In 1909 he was advanced to the position of 
general manager. 

In the way of achievement the career of Mr. Cantillon is un- 
doubtedly unequalled in the history of railroading in America. 
To begin as a mere lad at the lowliest occupation in the workings 
of a great railroad system, and to rise step by step to be the gen- 
eral manager, that is to say the chief executive of that same 
gigantic organization, within the comparatively brief space of 
forty years, is something that has rarely been given to any man 
to equal in the business life of this country, and this is what Wil- 
liam D. Cantillon performed without break or falter in his march 
to the goal of success. 

His wonderful hold on the affections of the men placed him far 
in advance of the ordinary railroad manager. This feeling of 
love and devotion has been shown by all of the C. & N. W. 
Railway employees, from the himible section laborer to the 
president and chairman of the board. He is sincerely and truly 
mourned by all who had the honor and pleasure of his acquaint- 
ance.** — Public Safety (Chicago). 



3^4 AMERICAN IRISH HISTORICAL SOCIETY, 



JOHN S. CAREY. 

John Stephen Carey, a member of this Society and a prominent 
Catholic merchant of this city died on March 20, 19159 at his re^- 
dence, 230 Vernon Avenue, Brooklyn. Mr. Carey was fifty-six 
years of age. He was born in Boonton, N. J., and moved to New 
York City when he was twelve years old, his family settling in 
the old Seventh Ward. For some years he worked for the cloth- 
ing firm of Dunn & Farley, and later established the firm of 
Carey & Sides, which became a well-known retail clothing 
house. For the past five years he was extensively interested 
in real estate. He was a resident of Brooklyn for thirty-two 
years. 

"Mr. Carey was well known in Catholic circles in New York, 
having bten a member of several important committees of the 
Catholic Club. He was also a member of the Laymen's Les^^e, 
and the Friendly Sons of St. Patrick." — Catholic News. 



RIGHT REVEREND CHARLES H. COLTON. 

Bishop Charles Henry Colton of Buffalo, a member of this So- 
ciety since 1909, died in that city May 9th, 1915. ''He was bom 
in this city in October, 1848. He was graduated from St. Xav- 
ier's College in the class of 1873, and was ordained a priest at 
St. Jo8ei>h's Seminary in Troy in 1876. His first pastorate was 
at St. Stephen's, in East Twenty-eighth Street, as assistant to the 
late Dr. McGlynn, and he remained there until 1886, when he 
received a charge at Port Chester, N. Y. After the excommuni- 
cation of Dr. McGlynn, Father Colton was brought back from 
Port Chester, and his presence as pastor of St. Stephen's rest(»ed 
harmony there. The result of a few years of his work was that 
the parish was united, the debt cleared from the church and St. 
Stephen's School was established as one of the strongest of its 
kind in New York. 

"In 1896 Archbishop Conigan made Father Colton the Chan- 
cellor of the Diocese of New York, and in 1903 the Pope ap- 
pointed him to the vacancy in the Bishopric of Buffalo, as suc- 
cessor to Bishop Quigley, who had been raised to the Arch- 



NECROLOGY, 325 

biahopric of Chicago. Before he left for Buffalo his parishioners 
presented him with a crozier and a set of vestments. 

"Father Colton was the author of 'Seedlings,' 'My Trip to 
Rome,' 'The Holy Land' and 'Birds and Blossoms.' He is sur- 
vived by one sister. Miss Josephine Colton. He expected on the 
last day of this month to consecrate his new $1,000,000 marble 
Cathedral in Buffalo." — New York Times, 



MICHAEL M. CUNNIFF. 

" Michael Matthew Cunniff , a member of the American Irish 
Historical Society since 1908, died at his home in Brookline, Mass. , 
June 2ist, 1914. He was bom in Roscommon, Ireland, in 1850, 
the son of Michael and Ellen (Kennedy) Cunniff. While an 
infant his parents came to this country. He received his educa- 
tion in the public schools and at a business college. 

" His first business experience was in the wine trade with his 
brother Bernard. His next venture was the general banking 
business. Then he became a broker and handled gas securities 
and real estate. For a time he was connected with the old West 
End Street Railway Company. 

"For several years Mr. Cunniff was in control of the Demo- 
cratic party in this city and was a pot^t factor in State pcditics. 
It was due largely to his efforts that Hugh O'Brien was elected 
Mayor and during the latter's administration Mr. Cunniff was 
his adviser. 

"Mr. Cunniff was elected to the Governor's Council during 
the administration of Governor Ames in 1888, but declined a 
renomination. 

** Mr. Cunniff served as a member of the Democratic City 
Committee two years, and for two years was chairman of the 
executive branch of the State Committee. He was affiliated with 
this organization about fifteen years. He was a delegate to the 
National conventions of 1880, 1884 and 1888. 

"In politics he was a strong and dangerous opponent. He 
never sought but one position himself, that of Coimdllor. 

" In business he was director of the old Bay State Gas Com- 
pany, director of the Mechanics National Bank, having a promi«- 



326 AMERICAN IRISH HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 

nent part in its reorganizatioo; and was a trustee of the Union 
Institution for Savings, serving a year on its investment com- 
mittee. 

'' He was a life member of the corporation of the Perkins Insti- 
tute for the Blind, a member of the Charitable Irish Assodation, 
Bostonian Society, Boston City Club, Clover Club, Boston Lodge 
of Elks, American, Massachusetts, Boston and Hull Yacht Clube^ 
Suffolk Club, honorary member of the Kearsarge Veterans' 
Association, Boston Athletic Association and Trimount Coundl, 
K. of C. 

''Many 3^ears ago he received a medal from the Massachusetts 
Humane Society in recognition of his bravery in jumping over- 
board to save a young woman's life. 

''Mr. Cunniff married Miss Josephine McLaughlin, daughter 
of the late Francis McLaughlin, June 30, 1890. Mrs. Cunniff 
and these children survive: M. M. Cunniff, Jr., Josephine, Francis, 
Rose and Philip." — Boston (Mass.) Daily Globe, 



CAPTAIN JOHN C. DELANEY 

Captain John C. Delaney, a member of this Society since 1909, 
died April 14, 1915, at his home in Chevy Chase, a suburb of 
Washington, D. C. His health had been failing for two years, 
and for the past month he had been unable to leave his bed. He 
was sixty-seven years old. 

"The life of Captain Delaney reads like a page torn out of a 
historical novel. Bom in Ireland on April 22, 1848, within a 
week of sixty-seven years ago, he came to this country with his 
parents when he was five years old and the family settled in Dun- 
more. Sprung from a family that counted many soldiers he 
early displayed a passion for military life. He was only thirteen 
years old when the Civil War started and President Linodn 
issued his first call for volunteers. The boy saw men leaving 
here for the front and his biggest desire in life was to go with 
them. 

"When he was thirteen years and eight months old, he enlisted 
in Company i, 107th Pennsylvania Volunteers. A drummer boy 
at first, he soon stepped into the ranks with a musket on his 



NECROLOGY. 327 

shoulder and when he was only fourteen years old he had his 
first war wound. The wound healed and instead of making him 
weary of war it made him long for more actioUi and he was soon 
back fighting with his company.. 

"In the second battle of Bull Run on August 30th, 1862, he 
was captured by the Confederates but he escaped within a few 
hours, his extreme boyhood leading his captors to relax their 
vigilance for the few seconds he needed to make his dash ior 
liberty. In the battle of Gettysburg, on July ist, 1863, he was 
again captured, but again he took his life in his hands and made 
a dash for liberty and returned to his regiment. He continued 
with his company fighting in many battles and on August 19th, 
1864, he was in the van at the battle at Weldon railroad, Virginia, 
when he was again captured. The daring that led him to make 
the two former dashes for freedom had not deserted the young 
soldier, and within a few hours he had slipped from the hands of 
his captors and was back with his own men. 

"The bravery of the boy won him recognition and he was pro- 
moted step by step to the lieutenancy of his company, and when 
he was in his sixteenth year he was commander of the company. 

"The whole country learned of the bravery, the courage and 
the exploits of the Dunmore boy and on February ist, 1865, before 
he was seventeen years old he won the Congressional Medal, a 
trophy for which hundreds of older men had striven and tried. 
After the war he was commissioned a lieutenant in the regulars by 
President Lincoln who also gave him an appointment to West 
Point for instruction, but he declined the commission on the 
advice of his parents who thought the wars had taken their boy 
from them for a long enough time. 

"After the war he returned to his home and took an active part 
in the affairs of the community. In 1878 he was appointed to a 
state office at Hanisburg by Governor John F. Hartranft and 
served there for eleven years when he was appointed receiver of 
public moneys at Oklahoma City, that appointment coming from 
President Harrison. After four years in the West he returned to 
Harrisburg and was made custodian of buildings and grounds, a 
post that placed the capitol and all the state property under his 
charge. 

"In 1903 Governor Pennypacker appointed Captain Delaney 



328 AMERICAN IRISH HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 

to be chief of the state bureau of factory inspectioa and he 
remained at the head of that bureau until 1913 when die 
department was reorganized and included under the department 
of labor and industry. Captain I>elaney retired from the state 
service at that time and went to live at Chevy Chase, near Wash- 
ingtcm. 

''Throughout his long public career Captain Delaney was one 
of the best friends that Scranton and Dunmore people ever had 
at the state capital. He was never too busy to perform any 
service for any persons from this city and Dunmore who had 
business at the capital, and in him they always knew they had a 
friend they could count upon. 

"Captain Delaney is survived by his wife, two sons, L. B. C, 
and C. H., and one daughter. Miss Helen S. Delaney, all of whom 
reside at Chevy Chase. 

"Captain Delaney was a brave soldier of the Union and prop- 
erly proud of his military record. It has been stated that he was 
probably the youngest volunteer who carried a musket in the 
Civil War. Certainly he was one of the most devoted, and his 
love for the flag remained with him all his days." — ScranUm 
Republican. 



WILLIAM F. DOWNEY. 

Mr. William F. Downey, a member of this Society since 1909 
and one of the founders of the National Conference of Catholic 
Charities, died at his home in Washington, February 9th, 1914. 

" He was bom in Ireland in 1844. His family came to America 
when he was five years of age and settled in Utica, New York. 
Mr. Downey was compelled to quit school at the age of twelve. 
He worked for many years in New York City and from there he 
went to Washington where he lived until his death. He built up 
a very successful livery business which made him a conspicuous 
figure in the life of this city. 

"Mr. Downey was a man of great mental energy and personal 
force. He was the inventor of a number of ingenious devices 
related to sewerage, drainage, carriages and horseshoes. He was 
closely identified with many public movements in Washington 
and with its banking and commercial circles. 



NECROLOGY. 329 

"The business and financial achievements of Mr. Downey 
seem trifling when compared with his work as a friend of the 
poor. He was an active member of the St. "N^cent de Paul 
Society and of the Special Worlcs Conference for twenty-five 
years. He was notable for his work among {msoners, homeless 
men and the aged poor. He carried on a relentless warfare 
against drink during his entire career as a "N^ncentian. He 
founded the Good Samaritan Home in 1895 and managed it 
until his death. During these nineteen years it sheltered and 
cared for eleven thousand men. 

"Mr. Downey was a consecrated man. He appeared never to 
depart from the presence of God and never to lose the inspira- 
tion and strength of his faith. Prayer was as vital an element 
in his business and philanthropic work as it was in his worship 
of God. 

"Mr. Downey had the typical experience of all forceful, pub- 
lic spirited men who attempt to champion their nobler ideals. 
He was compelled to face misunderstanding and opposition in 
his social work, but he never wavered. A President of the 
United States called him the most useful citizen in the nation's 
capital. The public opinion of this city confirmed that exalted 
estimate. The poor of Washington named him among the saints. 
He died after a noble life. It is well that generous rec(^;nition 
of his personal worth and of his work came to him while he 
lived to welcome it. May he rest in peace." 



THOMAS F. DOYLE. 

Thomas F. Doyle, a member of this Society since 1909 died 
in Chicago, June 21st, 1914, during his third successive term as 
Mayor of La Salle, Illinois. 

"Mr. Doyle was bom in Dimmick township, La Salle county, 
Illinois, on the 8th of July, 1873. He was the son of Mr. and Mrs. 
Luke Doyle, both of them natives of Ireland. The father, Luke 
Doyle, died in Dinunick, December 25, 1902, at the age of seventy 
years. He came to America when a young man and was one of 
the early settlers of this county, clearing a farm in Dinmiick 
township, where he continued to follow agricultural pursuits 



330 AMERICAN IRISH HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 

until his death. MaycM- Doyle's mother, whose maiden name was 
Ann Hanky, is now a resident of the city of La Salle. 

"Mayor Doyle was reared to manhood on the old home farm, 
and attended the district school. Later he became a student at 
Niagara University, New York. Subsequently he entered Mich- 
igan University at Ann Arbor, and was a graduate from the 
law department of that institution in the class of 1895. In the 
same year he was admitted to the bar and commenced the prac- 
tice of law as a partner of V. J. Duncan of Ottawa, under the 
firm name of Duncan & Doyle. For some time he acted as as- 
sistant to Mr. Duncan in the state's attorney's office. He was 
also assistant to State's Attorney W. H. Stead. About 1900, 
Duncan and Doyle opened an office in La Salle and Mr. Doyle 
came here to take charge of it. In 1902 Andrew J. O'Conor 
was admitted to the firm. 

** He was elected city attorney of La Salle in 1901, and was re- 
elected to that office in 1903 and 1905. In 1909 the citizens of 
La Salle chose him for their chief executive. He was re-elected 
mayor in 191 1 and 1913, and was still serving in that position at 
the time of his death. 

" In 1900 Mr. Doyle was married in Ottawa to Miss Elizabeth 
Sinnott, a daughter of William Sinnott of that city, and three 
children were bom to this union — Francis Joseph, Mary Catherine 
and Frances. 

"Mr. Doyle was a member of the Benevolent and Protective 
Order of Elks, of which he had served as Exalted Ruler and as 
delegate to the grand lodge. He was also deputy grant exalted 
ruler of the order of Elks. He was affiliated with the Knights of 
Columbus, and was one of the first of the grand knights to pre- 
side over Calvert Council. He was the chief officer of the Fourth 
Degree Assembly of Knights, which includes members from vari- 
ous parts of northern Illinois. He was also at the head of the 
Catholic Order of Foresters, was a member of the Modem Wood- 
men, and was also prominent in the Ancient Order of Hibernians. 
For many years he had been a member of the Deer Park Country 
Club and the U. N. A. Club. 

"Never has a greater tribute been paid to a citizen of La Salle 
than was that accorded this morning to Thomas F. Doyle, the 
deceased mayor. With business at a standstill, the tools of labor 



NECROLOGY. 33 1 

laid aside in silent mourning and with factory forces depleted by 
the hundreds of employes who sought to pay their respects to 
the man who was their friend, it may well be said that all La Salle 
mourned." — La SaUe (111.) Daily Tribune. 



THOMAS P. FITZSIMONS. 

Thomas Philip Fitzsimons, a member of the American Irish 
Historical Society since 1909, died November 23dt 1914. He was 
for many years an active member and at the time of his death a 
member of the Board of Managers of the Catholic Club of the 
City of New York. He retired from the real estate business in 
1913. Mr. Fitzsimons was also a member of the Friendly Sons 
of St. Patrick, of the Board of Management of the Catholic 
Protectory for twenty-five years, and for the last ten years one 
of the Executive Committee. He is survived by his widow and 
daughter. 



EUGENE GEARY. 

Eugene Geary, a member of the American Irish Historical 
Society since 1913, poet, and for the last three years editor of a 
trade journal, died December nth, 1914, following four days' ill- 
ness of pneumonia in the Harlem Hospital. On Monday Father 
John J. Coogan, of the Annunciation Parish celebrated the 
memorial Mass in the new church, 131st Street and Convent 
Avenue. 

The funeral ceremonies were most impressive. When the 
castet heaped with flowers had been borne from the church, the 
fiery electric cross above the gleaming marble altar still glowed 
brightly, truly emblematic of the brave-spirited, gifted man whom 
thousands knew and loved as "Gene." 

It was decided that the funeral of the man who loved Manhat- 
tan so, should go down through Harlem and across the 145th 
Street bridge to St. Raymond's Cemetery. 

Among the many who attended were : David and John Geary, 
brothers; Mrs. Lyons, sister, and her sons David and Thomas; 



332 AMERICAS IRISH HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 

Mrs. David Geary and the Misses Geary, Eugene and Gerald 
Geary, nei^ews. 

Messages of condolence were received by David Geary from 
T. J. Daly of The CdthoUc Standard and Times , Philadelphia, and 
\^liam Marion Reedy, editor of Reedy's Mirror, St. Louis. 

Mr. Geary was bom in Kildorrery, Cork, Ireland, in 1862. 
This village is prettily situated on the river Funcheon, near Mal- 
low, the natal place of Thomas Davis, Ireland's national poet. 
Kildorrery is the center of many of the scenes depicted by the 
famous novelist. Father Sheehan. Mr. Geary came to New York 
in his early youth with his mother and family. His first poems 
were published in the Celtic Magazine. Soon his verse was wel- 
comed by the Sun and other New York papers. For years he 
contributed to Puck and Judge and the best magazines. As a 
literary critic, some of his best work was seen in the New York 
Times "Review of Books," to which he was one of the earliest 
contributors. Few phases of newspaper work perplexed him. 
Laughing he would say that he could negotiate any angle of the 
business save the stock and financial departments. 

In early life he became a newspaper man in Boston where he 
was associated with John Boyle O'Reilly, and James Jeffrey 
Roche. Dr. Oliver Wendell Holmes often asked O'Reilly, 
"John, is he your younger brother?" The temperamental and 
physical characteristics of these two gifted Irishmen were very 
similar. He was sent abroad by newspapers on several occasions 
to interview Tennyson, Swinburne, Rossetti, and other famous 
men of letters. When William Gillette starred Sherlock Holmes 
in London, Geary went abroad as his publicity manager. He 
met Shaw, Moore and most of the prominent men. Labouchere, 
the editor of Truth welcomed his contributions. Geary's friends 
were legion. "The Ballad of Newspaper Row," written years 
ago, sent his name circling through the country. " Nathan Hale," 
"Shanahan's Old Shebeen" and other widely different poems 
illustrate his versatility. He was an authority on Shakespeare 
and lectured at Columbia and Fordham Universities on the 
dramatist. 

His graceful verse ranked with the dramatist and the short 
story writer in graphically visioning the struggles, the wit and 
the pathos of the great city. 



sechjuXm y. 



333 



Tne character of th^ im-^u v/as ^inc'KiHv lo\ hie. An uglv or a 
foul word never crisr^^/i hi- ! ^. A ^ifv.Mf i *ih-.:if:, his erudi- 
tion was an effecti\e "" ^ ^ -fcTUiii-t th« r\A-*r'* li-n ■*( the day. 

Ere the bright ^re^ir . -< svijo' rl? ca rt. i>f tbi ^-.-^ve where 
Eugtfne (ieary wn» laj' '' ^ ^r.-. N'a:> » • ; • Md* ins mother, 
a few friends decidcJ tii* > '•'» ■-■• '■' r. - ivh:-^ wauld be a 
suitable memorial. Mi ^ti j ;^'' nev+M appeareii in 

b(K>k lorm. He dislikoii v »^ :/• • • .v-^i-'u h**^ [>o« .;s as a 
part of his day's laU^r. Mr. i ^ % ^ . • '*• i '*^J. 



ANDREW). H 

BY P. T. BAR * 

I'r..f. Andrew J. Hogan, a mem- ^ 
H;^^'>^, • i Society sinrc- iqck), dir-d .4- 

He W.v^ f:»;: ill C)cnnririir'WOc, \\''> . 



J * 



about j. ,*'. ' ^ - M i)is 


He wao iT'A , ■' ■' f • 


1887, aj.c ^ \ * 


Sl»TKT»'.'. . \ - « . ■ 


he t. ...- .; ' " 


and 1 /r " 


fessor f)i *.r . 


fessional worl r. 


Ireland. He v . . 


a fearlt?^ defei.,;. • 


with every niov^ • 


the gentle s()lni of -' - 


whenever there 1** a ^ c 



.- » 



\ 



■' ^ 



.L. 



'.*' ' \tn Irish 

• »cago. lil. 

• II \'*: WAS 

' :> . Wi> 
; .v H, in 
- ' .k]c oi 

> ^ ' later 

■ iJ^rath '.^ vv I- pro- 

.'- .^rt froni \vs pro- 

' ifogan's hU- was 

Nationality and 

' ified as he wa« 

< ''X*. hereafttfr 

• ' mourm^ 



\ 



N '. 



J 



»» ■•! J- 



John P. Hollaml v is ' 
County Clare, Irciond. :) v. -^ •• ^ 
Holland. His father's (<(»<.• '. ; 
education was reccixci m t . ^ 
Limerick. In 1905 he n vv-' i: 
from Mahl attan College in N^v- > • v 






NECROLOGY, 333 

The character of the man was singularly lovable. An ugly or a 
foul wcMrd never crossed his lips. A devout Catholic, his erudi- 
tion was an efifective weapon against the materialism of the day. 

Ere the bright wreaths crowned the earth of the grave where 
Eugene Geary was laid to rest last Monday beside his mother, 
a few friends decided that a collection of his poetry would be a 
suitable memorial. Mr. Geary's poems have never appeared in 
book form. He disliked notoriety and regarded his poems as a 
part of his day's labor. Mr. Geary was unmarried. 



ANDREW J. HOGAN. 

BY P. T. BARRY. 

Prof. Andrew J. Hogan, a member of the American Irish 
Historical Society since 1909, died at Oak Park, Chicago, 111. 
He was born in Oconomowoc, Wis., in 1858, but when he was 
about five years old, his family moved to Juneau County, Wis. 
He was graduated at the University of Wisconsin, Madison, in 
1887, and shortly after became superintendent of schools of 
Superior, Wis. He went to Chicago in 1898. Two years later 
he was appointed vice-principal of the Chicago Normal School 
and for many years past and at the time of his death he was pro- 
fessor of history in the Tuley High School. Apart from his pro- 
fessional work the consuming interest of Mr. Hogan's life was 
Ireland. He was an unceasing advocate of her Nationality and 
a fearless defender of her faith. Prominently identified as he was 
with every movement for the betterment of his race, hereafter 
the gentle spirit of Andrew Hogan will be missed and mourned 
whenever there is a gathering of the Gael in Chicago. 



JOHN P. HOLLAND. 

John P. Holland was bom February 24th, 1 841, at Liscannon, 
County Clare, Ireland, the son of John and Mary (Scanlan) 
Holland. His father's occupation was coas^^uard and his early 
education was received in the Christian Brothers school in 
Limeridc. In 1905 he received the degree of Bachelor of Arts 
from Manhattan College in New York City. 



334 AMERICAN IRISH HISTORICAL SOCIETY, 

In 1887 he married Margaret Foley of Paterson, N. J. 

Mr. Holland died at his home in Newark, N. J., on August 12th, 
1914. He is survived by three sons and one daughter, namely: 
John P., Jr., Robert C, Joseph F., and Marguerite D. 

Mr. Holland was a member of this Society almost from its 
b^linning. 

Mr. Holland was the builder of the first successful submarine 
boat in America, and perhaps in the world. 

"The story of how the inventor conceived the idea of such a 
boat while he was a school teacher in Ireland, of how he labored 
and worked without recognition in his home country, and then 
came to America and taught school at Paterson in order to get 
money with which to carry out his schemes, and of how he met 
first one defeat and then another until, finally, he won success, 
is a story calculated to hold the interest of anyone. But added 
interest is given to it at this time, for the present war may be 
said to be the first one in which the submarine boat has really 
been tried out. The nations which have battleships have sub- 
marine boats, all of them, and one nation now fighting, Russia, 
has a boat made in Elizabeth by the Holland company, it is said. 

"Mr. Holland was 73 years old. When a boy in Ireland he 
interested himself in the wonders of the English navy and specu- 
lated upon the possibilities of any other navy ever overthrowing 
it. Various other nations, he saw, were building battleships and 
the result woujd be a big sea fight some time. He knew that this 
was inevitable. One way to avert the clashing of gunboats would 
be to create some agent by which the gunboats could be destroyed, 
he reasoned. If this could be done, the nations would see that 
their warships were useless and would cease building them. For 
some time he studied the subject and finally decided that the 
only machine which could be used would be a submarine boat, 
by which mines could be planted under the vessels. This, if 
properly constructed, would be a deadly instrument of warfare, 
but in the end it would prove the means of preventing war, at 
least on the sea. 

"Mr. Holland began his experimentation, then, he teUs us in 
his memoirs, for the purpose of creating a machine to destroy 
battleships, not for the purpose of adding a new terror to the 
field of war, but to destroy the terrors. 



NECROLOGY. 335 

"At about the time he was evolving his invention the fight in 
American waters of the Merrimac and the Monitor took place, 
and the practicability of ironclad fighting vessels was demon- 
strated to the world. That a navy to be victorious long would 
have to be armored was apparent and this decided Mr. Holland, 
then in his twenties, that the means of destroying the inevitable 
world fleets of ironclads could be nothing but submarine craft. 

"But the people of Ireland failed to get the young school 
teacher's point of view. It might be all right, they said, to sail 
under the water, but they preferred to row on top. Furthermore 
they had no money to invest in any 'under the water* schemes. 
So it was that the inventor bundled up his plans and came to 
America. The war was over when he arrived here and he se- 
cured a position as teacher in the schools at Paterson. At nights 
and on holidays he worked on his plans. He revised his old 
ideas and formulated new ones. A man in France is said to have 
become interested in the project and to have financed the build- 
ing of his first boat. This was done in the machine shop of Todd 
and Rafferty. There the submarine boat of which the young 
Irishman had long dreamed, was built. It was a crude boat, 
made entirely of wood, and with a clumsy engine. The diving 
rudder was located in the central axis, whereas later experiments 
have shown this to be exactly the wrong place for the rudder. 
The boat was fourteen and a half feet long and three feet wide. 
In the centre was a compartment for the operator, who was sup- 
posed to wear a diver's suit. The boat had a double shell, the 
space between being an air chamber, the manipulation of which 
was to raise or lower the craft in the water. 

"An air tank was placed in the stem of the craft. This was to 
be filled with compressed air, which was to be fed to the space 
between the inner and outer shell when the operator deored to 
rise from the bottom of the water to the surface. The opening 
of the cock admitted the air to the intermediate compartment 
between the shells, expelled the water that had been sdlowed to 
fill this space upon diving, and increased the buoyancy of the sub- 
marine to such an extent that she rose to the surface. The motor 
was situated behind the operator's seat. In case of emergency the 
operator could escape and for this reason was provided with a div- 
ing suit and an air tank strapped to his back. 



336 AMERICAN IRISH HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 

" '\^th this little boat*' says the inventor in his memoirs, '' I 
my triab on the Passaic River. While the boat 



II i;^ irto>t 



behaved fairly well itself, I soon had cause for comfdaint in my 
engine. It was continually breaking down and causing me no 
end of trouble. 

" 'After some consideration of the subject, I decided for the 
time being to abandon it as a petroleum engine and run it by 
steam. In this plan, of course, I was up against the problem of 
installing a plant to supply steam in a boat so small she could 
scarcely accommodate the fittings already installed. I sur- 
mounted this obstacle, however, by having my steam fed to the 
engine by a rubber hose from the boiler of a launch on the sur- 
face. This plan worked admirably, and it was in this manner 
I conducted most of my tests. 

" 'Having overcome the engine trouble, I could now devote 
my time entirely to the boat itself. I soon found many defects, 
however, most of which could not be remedied in so small a craft. 
This led me finally to abandon her. I accordingly took out the 
engine and sank her soon aft^ in the river.' " 

"Mr. Holland's second experimental boat was built in New 
York, at Delamater's Ship Yard, located at Thirteenth Street 
and the North River. This boat was thirty-one feet long and was 
driven by a Brayton petroleum engine. While building the craft 
Mr. Holland was annoyed by many peiB(His who wanted to 
watch him and perhi^M steal his ideas, so he announced that he 
would admit no one to his workshop. A newspaper reporter 
from one of the leading New York papers tried to int^'view him, 
and being refused, wrote a lengthy account of how the Fenians 
were constructing a submarine boat which would cross to Ireland 
and destroy the English navy. The boat was called in the artide 
the ' Fenian Ram' and this name stuck to the ill-fated craft even 
until she was abandoned. 

"In 1893 the United States Navy Department opened a com- 
petition for submarine plans and made the award to Mr. Hcdland, 
authorizing him to build a boat and supplying the necessary 
money. A craft, eighty-five feet long, and equipped with an in- 
sufferable petroleum-burning engine, was built but never operated 
because of faulty constructicm. 

Mr. Holland now advised his company to build a smaller 



<« 



NECROLOGY. 337 

and more compact boat. And, since the recent failure had been 
the fault of interference on the part of others with his plans* Mr. 
Holland was allowed to carry out his own ideas. The work of 
construction was done in the Crescent Ship Yards here, of which 
Arthur L. Busch was superintendent. Mr. Busch says that when 
the inventor came to the yards and discussed his plans the officials 
considered his idea somewhat dubiously, but yet were willing 
to give them a thorough try-out. 

''The Holland which was now built, was fifty-three feet and 
ten inches long, ten feet three inches in diameter, with a sub- 
merged displacement of seventy-five tons. She was propelled on 
the surface by an Otto gasoline engine of fifty horse-power, and 
when submerged by a fifty horse-power electric motor. Sub- 
merged she could make about five and one-half knots an hour. 
A single pair of horizontal rudders at the stem served to control 
her in a vertical plane. Her armament consisted of one bow tor- 
pedo tube, one bow pneumatic dynamite gim and three short 
Whitehead torpedoes. 

"After being laimched the boat was taken to Perth Amboy 
and from there sailed on her first dive. This was on March 17, 
1898. Mr. Holland described in his memoirs the initial trip as 
follows: 

" ' It was about 3 o'clock when we started. The sky was over- 
cast and a few drops of rain pattered upon the water. But just 
before we got imder way a strong wind scattered the clouds and 
the sun came out strong. Also a rainbow appeared. This was 
pointed out by many as a good omen for the success of the test 
about to be undertaken. Regarding our feelings at the time, I 
will say that I myself felt confident, having designed the boat. 
My crew, while they trusted me to see them through, were more 
or less shaky. It must also be borne in mind they had never been 
under the water before. They were cours^^eous men, risking their 
lives to help me prove to the world the value of my invention. 

" 'At a signal from Mr. Morris, the company's engineer, we 
Started our motor, cast off and glided away from our mooring 
place. As soon as we arrived on the course marked out for the 
dive, I filled the trimming tanks and steered the boat down. 
Her nose went under all right, but her stem projected out of the 
water. Again we tried to dive, and again we failed. A second 



338 AMERICAN IRISH HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 

time we whistled for our convoy and took on additional ballast. 
This time we succeeded/ 

"The Holland was accepted by the Government, and shortly 
after this the company built the PuUon, Shark, Grampus, Adder, 
Moccasin and Pike, all of which, except the PuUon, are now owned 
by the Government. The Holland, it is understood, is at Annap- 
(dis as part of the equipment of the naval training school. 

"The first boat of Mr. Holland's construction, whidi was sunk 
in the Passaic River, is soon to be raised by the Chamber of 
Commerce at Paterson and presented to the Government as a 
memorial to the inventor. It will be taken to the Panama Pacific 
Exposition at San Francisco, according to present plans, and then 
probably placed in the museum at Washington." — Elizabeth 
(N. J.) Daily Journal. 



THOMAS C. INND. 

Thomas C. Innd, a member of the American Irish Historical 
Society since 1908, died October 13th, 1914. He was proprietor 
of Rolfe's Chop House, 42 John Street, New York City, a famous 
old restaurant. He was bom in that city. After completing his 
education in the public schools he went into the restaurant busi- 
ness, and many years ago bought the chop house. Mr. Innd was 
a member of the Catholic Club for more than twenty years, and 
was also a member of the Jamaica Bay Yacht Club. He was 
unmarried. 



DR. HUGH LAGAN. 

BY RICHARD C. O'CONNOR. 

Dr. Hugh Lagan, who died October 13th, 1914, a member of 
this Society since 1913, was a native of Maghera, County Deny, 
Ireland. He received his early education in the National (Pub- 
lic) School of his district. The principal of this school, whose 
name was Cushnihan, was a relative, and like so many of the 
Irish teachers was a man of wide and deep learning, possessing a 
thorough knowledge of the Greek and Latin classics and of the 
higher mathematics. He found in his young relative a youth 



NECROLOGY. 339 

poesessing mental faculties of a high order, keen and alert, and a 
wonderful faculty of readily assimilating knowledge. He took 
pleasure in training this young mind, and in watching its develop- 
ment. 

About the age of twenty, young Lagan went to San Francisco 
where two uncles, one a well-known and beloved priest, the other 
a distinguished ph3^ician, were each in his own way winning 
respect and esteem in his chosen calling. 

He entered the medical department of the University of Cali- 
fornia where, after the usual course of study, he graduated with 
distinction. He at once began the practice of medicine. 

His unfailing kindness, his sympathy with the suffering, his 
attention to the poor and the needy made him many friends. 

Following the great earthquake and fire which made San Fran- 
cisco a ruin and a desert, when thousands were encamped in the 
parks and on the hillsides, Doctor Lagan often spent hours search- 
ing among the wretched shacks and tents where the poor were 
trying to find a shelter, hunting up the sick and the unfortunate 
who had lost ever3rthing, helping the sick with medicine and the 
poor with his money. 

He was Irish through and through and had a high appreciation 
of the work which the American Irish Historical Society is doing. 

He possessed in a large degree the lovable traits of character 
which easily win the love and the esteem of others. His life was 
a short one but it was filled with many works of kindness and 
charity. He attained distinction in his profession, and was highly 
esteemed by the medical fraternity of San Francisco. He made 
many friends who hold him in loving remembrance. 

Moore must have had such a character in mind when he wrote: 

" It 18 not the tear at this moment shed, 

When the cold turf has just been laid o'er him. 
That can tell how beloved was the soul that's fled. 
Nor how deep in our hearts we deplore him. 

'Tis the tear through many a long day wept. 

Through a life by his loss all shaded, 
Tis the sad remembrance fondly kept, 

When all other griefs have faded." 



340 AMERICAN IRISH HISTORICAL SOCIETY, 

RIGHT REVEREND MONSIGNOR CHARLES 

McCREADY. 

BY S. J. DONLEAVY. 

In the middle age of another century the Right Reverend 
Monsignor Charles McCready, Rector of Holy Cross Church in 
West Forty-second Street, New York City, for thirty-five years, 
was bom. The green hills of dark Donegal smiled on his birth 
and the hallowed traditions of a thousand years fascinated his boy- 
ish enthusiasm and inspired his pride of race. Stories of faith and 
fatherland, of the struggles and vicissitudes of his own people — 
essentially " kindly Irish of the Irish neither Saxon nor Italian" — 
he learned in all of their beauty and simple^ pathos while the 
blue waves of the Atlantic sometimes sang paeans of victory and 
again chanted requiems for the souls of those who had gone down 
in the eternal fight for a nation's liberty. Hb receptive and 
thoughtful mind stored away these tales of a race sturdily fight- 
ing for freedom of thought and action, so that in the after years 
a matured mentality molded them into figures of speech that 
carried conviction to the sceptical. The Donegal boy never 
forgot to his closing hours the glory of his country and its 
people, his kinship to morality, the national ideals that had come 
to him inspiringly, and the brave record of the freedom-loving 
peasant folks of old Raphoe, the land of the O'Donnells. 

In the seventy-eight y^Bxs of his life, and most certainly from 
the time when a young Levite in Maynooth Coll^;e, Ireland, he 
never ceased to have a great and enduring affection for the land 
of his nativity. He held inflexibly to the principle of "Ireland 
a Nation," mayhap betimes modified by the exigencies of national 
circumstances, but always was he true to the ideal of the fullest 
form of home government for his motherland. He gave freely 
of his time, ability and other resources to every movement de- 
signed to uplift the Irish race, whether that movement aimed at 
betterment through political agitation proper, or through the 
intellectual activities that included the perpetuation of the lan- 
guage, music, arts, industries and pastimes of the Gael. Ever 
broad and tolerant of view, his heart was open and his sympathies 
active for all who dared ''in any good cause at all" to right a 



RIGHT REVEREND MON5IGNOR CHARLES McC READY. 



•^> .'V. '.^■. l.\ IRIJH HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 

McCKEADY. 

\i\ «. J D'SLhVVy. 

J a the midcjle ag^j of ar.oihr*r century the Right F" ■f^-t'^' 
'-n^lgnuv Chuflrs M:t Veidy, Ri,-ctor of Holy Cross L'.urch u 
v" 'SI Fort> -Scroad Sr^ect. New Wnk City, for thiii>-K f vears; 
wa& boriu The i^rt'.-o ^i-ils of d.irk Donei^al smiled on • ,< bird- 
aud theliaiiLwxd I'tHiit'-- i\^ -/ a thousand ytarsfasoinatfri ' i-^ boy- 
ish enthLsiasm and -r^-, ::• i ' -s nidoof ract. Stories of tai h . r. ^ 
fatherland, of the st-w.;; <; riad vie issitud^^^s of his own peo, .*- 
casentiaiiy **kuui:v hi-!. . ' t. o Iris'^i noitlier Scixon nor Italian ' 
he learnc-d io lU of tru-ir Uautv and sirni^ie pathos while * 
blue wa%'ts y' he AlIc-i.-h M'Tni-tinu^ ^^ang p^e-ins of victory . » * 
again ch \n^i •! rvcjuienis f. * i*u ^ouls of iho^- who had gone <i ' 
in the e'*Trw^- Jjght ft/ -i nnticiii's hbeity. His receptive ^ 
thougi'itii.'- r n;-<| stored .iway vi* .-< tu'-.^ of a race sturdily i-.. 
ine f*>r *,r- ^^-'-m of thouw!:-- ii d ict.oa, so that in thf=^ at-T - j' 
a niPtui-."! '.ivniallty \\ 1 '--i rl.ttw ini) figures of sj^m h tnci- 
carri'd c mvutifm i> ii* ^ •:; '.- -i! The Donegal K y nevct 
i'">u.;t M 'n.-, c'* ''P;; i\ .'' > \:i'. v''^^y <^*^ his Cv^untr/ and it< 
pet. i'le. hi'i k'U.-.VT. \i> .ui-.j i.\- t':.» national ideals that hac* vh^l 
t ) I' m Hi^^;t.'T.^-!\ . .>■'] r: h..^^\ record of the fret^lom-h'V.,,e 
r ; u-.'i^ i'"i'v ; o* ,,. ' ^ .•>n •'. *,: t : iT'd of the O'Donnehs. 

In t'le ft< v'-r;i\-< j-t » .\.f- '' t^'^ n>, and mi»<t ce-'a-: ;» irr^i- 
th" M'^>(- whvMi a >'"^ ik, 1 ev.io :'} M/'vn.Kn.h Ct;!!^,;..*, Iroh^*'.vi, he 
revcr ov' .-^ed to h.:re a /> i^ .itid endnrir**! ad 'ciion tor th^ Ian-'* 
of Ki^ natr;i:y. He h* .'J ''r '« ' ;J !> to tli*-* r»:'';;ii>le of 'Irel-M" 
a Nar,i»vi,'* ma-i ap S u.. <' ■ v dilied b> Mu exixv'icic^ o! nati":.*' 
c'rruri'-t nates r:.t aiw. . ^* .i:. ^k^ tr le tc he id- al of the fuil'.^.' 
fonn -li h inv- j.^< '.'ern:.'* ' i* •* "'.is niotherland. He gave fivciV 
of iti.- n^T•*^ *U'ihty j id -' J ** re*^'•u^^es to evny movement de- 
si'/:'»'d t*. 1l^M^:'' I'-e IiL^H r....'\ whether that m«>"^emer.t ai^ied at 
l>ettf.- .mtt ;: thn>i>;rh p. '.i! -.i aritcitifU pr»f>er, or tlvioii.h the 
intJleLtual acfivices th i i-^ I^.-'-.^d the t)ef p<^tuatu»n of t]:e h'; 
Efja^e nuisic, art^, indiutuv^ and pastimes of the Cc.el. E\t- 
broc'd ti.id 'oleraiT of v-t .v. 'i he irt was opjn and his ^nnpathii'-: 
arrive f<)i all wiio dtri-d "in any good cause at all" to right a 



NECROLOGY. 34I 

wrong or who strove after their own fashion to enroll Ireland in 
the sbterhood of the nations. His devotion to all of the ideals 
inseparably associated with the long and tortuous struggle for 
Irish liberty, was a splendid feature in a character endowed with 
many splendid elements. 

Monsignor Charles McCready inherited his virtues of patriot- 
ism and religion naturally. The early years of his life were 
spent near Gartan, County Donegal, the birthplace of Saint 
Columba. In the pilgrimages of the Don^al peasantry to Doon 
Well he had seen the intensely religious piety of Ireland's poor 
in the faith that Saint Patrick had implanted in the heart of 
Dark Rosaleen. It was there amid scenes and surroundings all 
of them pregnant with historic significance and religious inspira- 
tion, that his mind was so fashioned that it was easy for him to 
accept the vocation that called to him with the echoes of the 
Donegal Hills. The simple piety that he had imbibed while 
contemplating the traditions of lona he carried with him to 
Maynooth. His six years in that famous institution intensified 
his religious convictions but none the less did he remember that 
in his character of Levite and student he was also the Irish pa- 
triot. For Father Charles McCready, student of doctrine and 
dogma, was likewise the Sagart Aruin who never feared to speak 
freely and fearlessly of the wrongs of his native land and to seek 
their redress by every rational means that offered. 

After his arrival in America in 1864 he completed his studies 
at Moimt St. Mary's Seminary at Emmitsburg where he was 
appointed a professor of Greek and mathematics. He was or- 
dained a priest on August 17th, 1866, in old St. Patrick's Cathe- 
dral, New York City, by his Eminence John Cardinal McCloskey, 
the then Archbishop of New York. Monsignor Edwards, Rector 
of St. Joseph's Church, New York City, is the only survivor of 
the five priests ordained with Monsignor McCready. 

His first ministration was in the old Church of St. John the 
Evangelist on Fiftieth Street, which now forms the new Cathedral 
Parish. Subsequently he was assigned to St. Andrew's parish and 
in 1 87 1 was made assistant at St. Stephen's to Dr. McGlynn who 
had induced him to come to New York from Ireland. In 1877 
he succeeded the late Father McCarthy as Rector of Holy Cross 



34^ AMERICAN IRISH HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 

Church in West Forty-aecond Street, where he continued until 
his death April 9th, 1915. 

In 1891 Monstgnor McCready was made permanent rector 
and in 1904 he was honored with the appointment of Domestic 
Prelate by the late Pope Pius X, at the suggestion of Cardinal 
Farley. 

Monuments to his unceasing zeal for the spiritual and material 
welfare of his parishioners are to be found in the parochial school 
where 1400 children receive a sound education and in the Holy 
Cross Lyceum to which many men prominent in the prcrfessicmal 
and commercial world of the greater city owe the start of success- 
ful careers. 

As Diocesan Attorney, Defender of the Marriage Bond, Chair- 
man of the Examiners of Clergy, Counsellor in cases of Adminis- 
trative Removal, and Vice-President of the Cathdiic School 
Board, he won and held the admiration and friendship of every 
priest in the Archdiocese. To all of these positions he brought 
a ripe and dignified experience, a broad toleration and an un- 
swerving regard for the right. 

Monsignor McCready will be missed as priest, patriot and 
citizen for many years. Away over the ocean in his beloved 
Donegal, where the stately spires of a Cathedral look down af- 
fectionately on his native Letterkenny , and in many other comers 
of Ireland, his generous donations to church and country will no 
more be forthcomii^. A pillar has fallen from the temple of 
Catholicism in New York. The great heart that throbbed for 
his motherland is stilled. Priest and patriot he ever was, leader 
in philanthropy, exemplar of the great moral ideak that leaven 
a world corroded with the baser materialism, friend of the lowly, 
counsellor to the needy, father to the inexperienced and protector 
of the wayward. No more will his Irish soul yearn for the word 
that whispered of possible freedom for the Dark Rosaleen of his 
hopes and dreams. He sleeps not on a slofMng lawn of an Irish 
hillside, but here where the prayers of the many thousands to 
whom he was more than guide and friend and to whom he gave 
the best of a life crowded with honors and successes well deserved, 
can be sent upward for him to the Great White Throne beyond 
the skies. 



NECROLOGY. 343 

JAMES McHUGH. 

James McHugh, a member of this Society since 1909, died 
in the city of Mobile, Alabama, August 22d, 1914. 

He was bom in the Town of Longford, County of Longford, 
Ireland, on January ist, 1846. When he arrived at the age of 
twenty-one years, he left his native soil and went to Liverpool, 
EIngland, where he engaged for some time in the grocery busi- 
ness. About the year 1867, he came to America and landed in 
the city of New Orleans, where he continued in the grocery busi- 
ness in the employ of the firm of John B. Reel. He located in 
Pensacola, Florida, in 1872, and continued in the same line of busi- 
ness. Two years after his arrival in Pensacola, he engaged in the 
grocery business on his own account, and with his experience 
and close attention he soon developed a large wholesale and retail 
grocery business, which survives him, and is managed by his son. 

He was prominent in civic affairs. For a number of years he 
served as a member of the Board of Aldermen of the city of Pen- 
sacola, and in the years of 1912 and I9I3» he represented the 
County of Escambia in the House of Representatives of Florida. 
In public matters, as a member of the board of Aldermen and a 
member of the General Assembly of Florida, he appreciated the 
honor and trust imposed upon him, and discharged his duties 
faithfully and conscientiously. 

In fraternal orders, he was also counted as an enthusiastic 
member. He was a member of the Knights of Columbus and 
assisted in establishing the Order in Florida. He had been for 
many years a member of the Pensacola Lodge of Elks who now 
mourn his demise. 

He exhibited a deep interest in anything pertaining to the 
land of his birth. He was a prominent member of the Ancient 
Order of Hibernians, and was president of the Pensacola EMvision 
for several years. He kept well informed upon all matters relat- 
ing to Ireland, and the Irish race. 

Outspoken in his views, he was noted for his charity, and was 
always considered a willing worker in any movement for the aid 
and benefit of the unfortunate. 

He was affectionate and loving to his family, devoted to his 
friends, full of public spirit for the good of his fellow-citizens 
and esteemed and admired by all. 



344 AMERICAN IRISH HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 

JAMES MURPHY. 

James Murphy » a member of this Society for several years, died 
in Providence, R. I., May 30th, 1914, in his seventy-fifth year. 
Mr. Murphy was bom in Ireland. He came to this country when 
a young man and, learning the tailoring trade in New York, went 
to Providence, R. I., as a cutter for Prentice. Later he formed a 
partnership under the name of Stone & Murphy, but this was 
dissolved after a few years and Mr. Murphy purchased the busi- 
ness. He was one of the pioneers in the trade in that city. 



WILLIAM O'HERIN. 

William O'Herin, a life member of this Society since 1909, was 
bom in New Castle, County Limerick, Ireland, in January, 1847. 

''He came with his parents to New York when he was about 
two years of age. The family settled in Attica, N. Y., and there 
he later began his long and successful railroad career in the ca- 
pacity of a fireman on the Attica-Batavia Branch of the New 
York Central and Hudson River Railroad. 

" In May, 1873, he came west, going first to Sedalia, Mo., and 
shortly thereafter to Parsons, Kansas, where he made his home 
and lived until his death, and where he afterwards achieved his 
notable successes and rose to an eminence that few railroad men 
attain. He sought and readily obtained employment with the 
Missouri, Kansas & Texas Railroad as a locomotive fireman, and 
as a result of his industry, application and ability, was soon 
promoted to locomotive engineer, and in 1883 became Master 
Mechanic of the lines north of the Red River. 

"On November ist, 1888, he was made Master Mechanic of 
the entire system by the then Receivers, Messrs. Eddy and Cross, 
and soon after the termination of the receivership and on Decem- 
ber 1st, 1891, was appointed Superintendent of Motive Power 
and Machinery. 

"On January i6th, 1896, his jurisdicton was extended over 
the car department with the title of Superintendent of Machinery 
and Equipment, which position he filled until January ist, 19131 
when continued ill-health, the result of a serious injury received 



NECROLOGY. 345 

in 1908, compelled him to retire from active duty and after a 
year's illness he died March 31st, 1914. 

''His remains were taken for interment to his old home in 
Attica, N. Y. He is survived by two sisters and three brothers — 
Mrs. Margaret Gallt of Chicago, Edward O'Herin of Parsons, 
Thomas O'Herin of Texas, and Miss Nellie O'Herin and Daniel 
O'Herin of Attica, N. Y. 

''The life and career of the deceased are so closely interwoven 
with the growth and development of the Missouri, Kansas & 
Texas Railway System that the history of one is in many respects 
the history of the other. 

"Pure in mind and heart, of irreproachable character and 
splendid habits, a devout and sincere Christian, dignified and 
courteous at aU times in his dealings with men, imbued with a 
high sense of justice and fairness towards all, enjoying the fullest 
confidence and respect of ofiidals and employes alike, most highly 
esteemed by all who knew him, bringing to his daily tasks an in- 
domitable energy and an untiring devotion, living a simple, 
unostentatious life, he aided very materially, during his forty- 
one years of continuous and conspicuous service, in transforming 
the Missouri, Kansas & Texas Railroad into one of the most 
important railway systems of the Southwest and succeeded in 
attracting to the service and development a class of engine 
men who are unsurpassed for loyalty, fidelity, sobriety and 
reliability, and to whom his daily life was a constant inspira- 
tion."— Af., K. & T. Employes* Magawine. 



JEREMIAH O'ROURKE. 

Jeremiah O'Rourke, a life member of the American Irish His- 
torical Society, died at his home in Newark, N. J., April 24th, 
1915. He was supervising architect of the Treasury Department 
at Washington under President Cleveland and designer of the 
Church of St. Paul the Apostle in New York and the Cathedral 
of the Sacred Heart in Newark, N. J. 

"Mr. O'Rourke was bom in Dublin, February 6th, 1833, and 
was a member of a family long active in the affairs of the Irish 
capital. He was educated in the Christian Brothers School and 



346 AMERICAN IRISH HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 

leamed his professkm in the Government School of Design. He 
came to Newark from Ireland in 1850. After his arrival Mr. 
O'Rourke was employed for a time by Jonathan B. Nidiok» a 
carpenter, and drew plans for him. Nine yeara later, however, 
he went into business for himself. 

''Mr. O'Rourke also designed the Church of the Inmiaoilate 
Conception in Camden, St. Joseph's, St. Michad's, St. Bridget's 
Churches, and St. Michael's Hospital, in this dty, and Seton 
Hall College, in South Orange. He was appointed supervising 
architect for the Treasury Department in 1893, and he supervised 
the building of various postoffices throughout the country. 

Mr. O'Rourke was a member of the American Institute of 
Architects, and the Metropolitan Museum of Art. He was head 
of the architect firm of J. O'Rourke & Sons, and was a member 
of the board of nuuiagers of the Howard Savings Institution of 
Newark." — New York Evening Post. 



PATRICK HENRY POWERS. 

Patrick H. Powers, a member of this Society since 1898, died 
August 4th, 1914, at his home in Brookline, Mass. He was 
bom in Ireland in 1826 and came to Boston with his parents 
when four years of age. He was educated in the Boston public 
8cho(^ (Winthrop Grammar School and English High School) 
and was a Franklin medal scholar. From an eariy age he was 
identified with musical affairs. He sang in the choir of the 
old cathedral, Franklin Street, later joining the choir of the 
Church of the Inmiaculate Conception. He was an original 
member of the Chickering and Apollo Clubs, both of them lead- 
ing vocal organizations of their day, the latter being an active 
society even now. The (N. Y.) Music Trade Review says: 

"Mr. Powers' first connection with the trade was when he 
associated himself with the Emerson Piano Company, accepting 
a position as confidential man for Colonel Moore, who then owned 
the Emerson C(»npany. This was back in June of 1878. When 
the Emerson plant was burned out it was Mr. Powers who was 
active in getting the plant rebuilt in a new location and the build- 
ing that was subsequently erected was at the comer of Harrison 
Avenue and Randolph Street. Later Cdonel Moore decided to 



NECROLOGY, 347 

remove to Colorado and in May, 1879, he sold out his interests 
in the Elmerson Company to Mr. Powers, Orrin A. Kimball and 
Joseph Gramer. When the company was reoi^;anized as a cor- 
poration Mr. Powers was made president and this position he 
occupied until his retirement from active life. 

''While Mr. Powers' career entitled him to distinction in his 
state and commimity he was a man of marked personal modesty. 
He is survived by three children, Reverend Francis P. Powers, 
S. J., James F. Powers and Mary J. Hinckley, wife of Doctor 
Hinckley. For the past four years, Mr. Powers made his 
home at 80 Center Street, Brookline." 



MOST REVEREND PATRICK W. RIORDAN. 

BY REV. JOHN J. CANTWELL. 

In the death of the Most Reverend Patrick William Riordan* 
the Church in the United States mourns one of its most brilliatit 
members, and the Celtic race from which he sprang, a devoted 
and honcHfed son. The great sorrow that fell upon the Province 
of San Francisco when, at the close of last year, its venerable 
metropolitan died, was proof of the extraordinary affection in 
which he was held by his flock, and of the high esteem of those 
who were not of the Catholic fold. 

The condition of the Church in San Francisco — metropolitan 
in its varied institutions and appointments — is a lasting mem- 
orial to the intelligent direction and tireless energy of its great 
Archbishop. 

Patrick William Riordan, descended from the sturdiest type 
of Irish people, possessed in a very high degree the best charac- 
teristics of that race. His temperament was Celtic; quickly 
responsive to the lighter suggestions of thought, yet delicately 
sensitive to the story of sorrow and of pain. He had a rare 
facility in public speaking. His addresses were simple, yet 
forceful, never tiresome. The tone was lofty, the diction choice, 
the imagery rich and realistic. Among the many learned bishops 
who have been an ornament to the American Hierarchy, the late 
Archbishop of San Francisco ranked high as an eloquent Dia- 



348 AMERICAN IRISH HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 

penser of the Word. With a choice fund of anecdote, he never 
told a story for the mere telling's sake, but as the poet puts it — 
''to point a moral or adorn a tale." His natural ability, with a 
love of books which persevered through a most active Episcopal 
career, had been so wisely developed and cultivated in the best 
of European universities that he took a broad outlook upon 
life and was at once the kindest, but when essentials were in- 
volved, the firmest of rulers. 

Though a child of the dispersion, having been bom in Chatham, 
New Brunswick, he had a tender love not only for his own race, 
but for the holy island, which was its Motherland. Her history 
in the golden age during the fifth and sixth centuries, when Ire- 
land became the island of saints and of scholars, when saintship 
and scholarship grew and developed side by side, was always an 
inspiration to him, and in the possession of that tradition, he 
realized in himself an aristocracy of sanctity and of learning. 
He lived to see the sheen of a new dawn for Ireland, and though 
the sun of his own life was sinking toward the horizon, he had 
hoped to visit that land once more, and to be present at the open- 
ing of the Irish House of Parliament. 

The revival of the Irish language under the inspiration of Dr. 
Douglas Hyde, arrested his attention. He was quick to perceive 
its intellectual advantages and its moral worth to the nation, 
but he feared, as might a younger man, that the language of the 
Celt had passed beyond recall; yet he dared to hope for a public 
opinion so strong, and a patriotism so national that the false 
and un-Irish ideals engendered in slavery and in persecution 
would fall before it. 

Archbishop Riordan was in complete accord with the consti- 
tutional movement which, under the brilUant leaderehip of 
Charles Stewart Pamell and of John E. Redmond had justified 
itself by its results. Through its efiiciency, he had seen the 
agrarian difiiculties settled, a large measure of local government 
conceded to the people, and in successful operation, and lastly, 
but more important still, the establishment of a national uni- 
versity, an institution which properly directed is fraught with 
so much power for the re-creating of healthy national opinions 
and national ideals, so long lost in the vagaries of mere political 
nationality and expediency. 



NECROLOGY. 349 

We are too near Archbishop Riordan's life to estimate him 
and to appreciate the pioneer work that he did dwing thirty-one 
years' residence on the Pacific Coast. May we not hope that the 
task of writing his biography shall be placed in efficient hands, 
and that the life of him who justly ranks with the greatest of 
our bishops may be written and become an inspiration to those 
who are struggling along paths that Archbishop Riordan knew 
so well and trod so firmly? 



REV. THOMAS M. SMYTH. 

Father Thomas M. Smyth, a member of this Society, and one 
of the best known priests in the Cleveland diocese, died in East 
Liverpool, Ohio, September 22d, 1914, where he had been for 
twenty years pastor of St. Aloysius Church. 

He was a son of the late Michael J. and Eleanor Smyth who 
emigrated from Ireland to Morristown, N. J. In the latter city, 
Father Smyth was bom May 27th, 1847. Later the family 
moved to Carlisle township, Ohio. Father Smyth received his 
early education in the schools there. Later he took a classical 
course in Oberlin College, and then pursued his study of philos- 
ophy and theology at St. Mary's Seminary, Cleveland. 

The forty-third anniversary of his priesthood was observed 
July 5, for he was ordained in 1871 by the late Rt. Rev. Richard 
Gilmour, bishop of the diocese of Cleveland. He was first as- 
signed as assistant to Rev. James Molony, pastor of St. Malachi's 
church, Cleveland, where he served four years. While there he 
was elected and served two terms on the Cleveland board of edu- 
cation. 

He was appointed pastor of the Holy Angels' church, Sandusky, 
in November, 1875, where he remained twelve years. In 1887, 
he was given the pastorate of St. Joseph's church, Ashtabula, 
with the Our Mother of Sorrows' parish, Ashtabula Harbor, as 
a mission. He remained in charge of these two parishes six 
years. 

The late Bishop Horstmann appointed Father Smyth pastor of 
the St. Aloysius church here on December 8th, 1893. Under his 
direction, wonders have been accomplished in the work of the 
Catholic church in the Ceramic City. Recently he completed 



350 AMERICAN IRISH HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 

an extensive improvement of the church. He also purchased a 
new rectory and erected a new parochial school. He had also 
l^anned the construction of a new conv^it for the Catholic 
Sisters. 

Father Smyth was an intimate friend of Archbishop Ireland, 
and was considered one of the best theologians and Latin scholars 
in the Cleveland diocese. Due to his remarkable work, he wit- 
nessed an extraordinary growth in the St. Aloysius parish. In 
fact, its membership increased to such an extent that it was 
necessary recently for Rt. Rev. Bishop John P. Farrelly of 
Cleveland to estiablish St. Ann's parish in East End. 

Father Smyth was a man of extraordinary ability. His dis- 
position, while stem on the surface, was really lovable. He was 
a clever conversationalist, and in his early life a pulfMt orator 
whose utterances attracted general attention. He was a 
Hnguist, and kept in close touch with current events. 

Especially was he devout and his every act was in behalf of his 
Master. 



It b requested that notice of the death of members of the 
Society be sent to the Secretary-General with published or other 
account of the deceased. 



FORM OF APPLICATION. 



353 



To THE Sechetary-Gbnbral of the American Irish Historical Soobtt. 



Dear Sir: 

I hereby apply for membership in the American Irish Historical Society and 
enclose check (or P. 0. Money Order) for 

{$$,00 for Initiation Fee and Dues for current year. 
$$0,00 Initiation Fee and Life Membership. 

Name 

Occupation 

Address 

Date of Application 

'^Proposed by 

Initiation fee and dues for current year $$.oo. 
Annual dues $$.oo. Life membership fee $$o.oo. 

* Where an applicant is unacquainted with a member it is not necessary to fill 
this Une. 



To the Secretary-General of the American Irish Historical Society. 



Dear Sir: 

I hereby apply for membership in the American Irish Historical Society and 
enclose check (or P. 0. Money Order) for 

{$$.00 for Initiation Fee and Dues for current year. 
$$0,00 Initiation Fee and Life Membership. 

Name 

Occupation 

Address 

Date of Application 

^Proposed by 

Initiation fee and dues for current year $$.oo. 
A nnual dues $$.oo. Life membership fee $$o.oo. 

*Where an applicant is unacquainted with a member it is not necessary to fill 
this Une. 

23 



MEMBERSHIP ROLL OF THE AMERICAN IRISH 

HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 



HONORARY MEMBERS. 

His Excbllbnct, Woodrow Wilson, President of the United States; 

Washingtcm, D. C. 
Hon. Edward D. Whitb, Chief Justice of the United State Supreme Court; 

Washington, D. C. 
Hon. Thbodorb Roosbvblt, Oyster Bay, N. Y. 
Hon. William Howard Taft, New Haven, Conn. 

LIFE MEMBERS. 

Barry, Hon. Patrick T., 87-97 S. Jefferson St., Chicago, III. 
(Member of the Executive Council.) 

Brann, Rt. Rbv. Henry A., D.D., LL.D., 141 East 43d St., New York City. 

Brbnnan, Edward, Shamoldn, P^. 

Brbnnan, George E., 306 LaSalle St., Chicago, III. 

Butler, James, 330 West 7ad St., New York City. 

Campbell, Hon. John M., Lafayette Bldg., Philadelphia, Pa. 

Carter, Patrick, 33 Westminster St., Providence, R. I. 

Carton, Rev. James J., St. Coleman's Church, Ardmore, Pa. 

Clune, Frank R., 185 Dundaff St., Carbondale, Pa. 

CocKRAN, Hon. W. Bourke, 31 Nassau St., New York City. 

Coleman, James V., 711 Balboa Bldg., San Francisco, Cal. 

Colihan, William J., 141 East 95th St., New York City. 

Cooke, Rev. Michael J., Fall River, Mass. 

Cox, The Rt. Hon. Michael F., P.C, M.D., a6 Merrion Sq., Dublin, Ire- 
land. 
(Vice-President of the Society for Ireland.) 

Crimmins, Cyril, 624 Madison Ave., New York City. 

(Librarian and Archivist of the Society and Member of its Executive 
Council.) 

Crimmins, Hon. John D., 624 Madison Ave., New York City. 

(Ez-President-General of the Society and Member of its Executive 
Council.) 

CuRLEY, Michael H., 115 Broad St., Boston, Mass. 

Deery, John J., 331 West 103d St., New York City. 

Deeves, Richard, 305 Broadway, New York City. 

Devine, TfiOMAS J., Rochester, N. Y. 

Devlin, Thomas, 3d and Lehigh Aves., Philadelphia, Pa. 

DOHERTY, Joseph E., 115 Bay State Road, Boston, Mass. 

DONOHUE, Hon. Michael, 2613 E. Lehigh Ave., Philadelphia, Pa. 

355 



356 AMERICAN IRISH HISTORICAL SOCIETY, 

DooLBY, Hon. Michael F., National Exchange Bank, Providence, R. I. 

(Ex-Treasurer-General of the Society and Vice-President of the Society 
for Rhode Island.) 
DooLBY, William J., 17 Gaston St., Boston, Mass. 
DooNBR, Edward J., Dooner's Hotel, Philadelphia, Pa. 

(Vice-President of the Society for Pennsylvania.) 
DwYBs, Thomas, 601 West End Ave., New York City. 
Egan, Jambs P., 162 West 30th St., New York City. 
Emmbt, Thomas Addis, M.D., LL.D., 87 Madison Ave., New York City. 

(Member of the Executive Council.) 
Fabjrbll, William J., 115 Maiden Lane, New York City. 
Fabjrblly, Stephen, 9-15 Park PL, New York City. 

(Member of the Executive Council.) 
Ferguson, Thomas D., 903 Walnut St., Philadelphia, Pa. 
FrrzPATRiCK, Hon. Thomas B., 104 Kingston St., Boston, Mass. 

(Member of the Executive Council.) 
Flynn, Colonel David M., First Nat'l Bank, Princeton, N. J. 

(Vice-President of the Society for New Jersey.) 
Gallagher, Patrick, 1181 Broadway, New York Ctty. 
Gaynor, Phiup B., 165 Broadway, New York City. 
Gboghegan, Joseph, Salt Lake City, Utah. 

(Vice-President of the Society for Utah.) 
Gboghegan, Joseph G., 537 West Broadway, New York City. 
Gibbons, John T., Cor. Poydras and South Peter Sts., New Orleans, La. 
Gillespie, George J., 20 Vesey St., New York City. 
Gorman, William, Stephen Girard Bldg., Philadelphia, Pa. 
Hassett, Hon. Thomas, 248 West 139th St., New York City. 
Henry, Capt. E>ominick, 325 Central Park West, New York City. 
Herbert, Preston, 503 West 121st St., New York City, 
HiCKEY, Jambs G., United States Hotel, Boston, Mass. 
HiGGiNS, Robert, 4642 Lancaster Ave., Philadelphia, Pa. 
HOPEINS, John P., 77 Jackson Boulevard, Chicago, 111. 

(Vice-President of the Society for Illinois.) 
Jenkins, Hon. Theodore F., iioo-iioa Franklin Bank Bklg., Philadelphia, 

Pa. 
Joyce, Henry L., Pier 1 1, N. R., New York City. 
Kehoe, John F., Cor. Rector St. and Trinity PL, New York City. 
Kennedy, Jeremiah Joseph, 52 Broadway, New York City. 
iCiNNBY, Timoyhy, ColwviUe, Wyo. 
Knights of St. Patrick, care of John Mulhem, Secretary, 182 Second St«, 

San Francisco, Cal. 
KusER, Mrs. John Louis, Fembrook, Bordentown, N. J. 
Lee, Hon. Thomas Zanslaur, LL.B., LL.D., 49 Westminster St., Provideace, 

R.L 

(Ex-President-(^neral of the Society and Member of its Encutiwe 
Council.) 



MEMBERSHIP ROLL. 357 

Lbnehan, John J., 192 Broadway, New York City. 

(Treasurer-Geaeral of the Society and Member of its Execvtive Coundl.) 
Lbvins, Anna Frances, 5 East 35th St., New York City. 

(Official Photographer of the Society.) 
Lonesgan, John E., an Race St., Philadelphia, Pa. 
McCapfsey, Hugh, 5th and Berks Sts., Philadelphia, Pa. 
McCaffrey, Walter A., 171 1 N. 4th St., Philadelphia, Pa. 
McCaffrey, Wh^liam A., 1836 N. 4th St., Philadelphia, Pa. 
McCall, Hon. Edward E., 321 West 86th St., New York City. 
McClatchey, Jobn H., Merion, Pa. 
McCoNWAY, Wn^LiAM, Pittsburgh, Pa. 
McDonnell, Peter, 2 Battery PI., New York City. 
McGoLEN, John, 181 LaSalle St., Chicago, 111. 
McGoLDRiCK, Rt. Rev. James, D.D., Duluth, Minn. 
McGowAN, Francis P. A., 2767 Madison Rd., Cincinnati, Ohio. 
McIntyre, Rev. Wm. P., O. P., Editor Rosary Magawine, Somerset, Ohio. 
McLouGHLiN, Joseph F., 2 Rector St., New York City. 
Magrath, Patrick F., 244 Front St., Btnghamton, N. Y. 

(Member of the Executive Council.) 
Mahony, William H., Springfield Ave., Chatham, N. J., R.F.D. 2. 
Miles, Jobn, White Plains, N. Y. 
Miles, Thomas Walter, White Plains, N. Y. 
Mitchell, Hon. Ricbai® H., 38 Park Row, New York City. 
MuLHERN, John, 182 Second St., San Francisco, Cal. 
Mullen, Hugh, i i West ff9th St., New York City. 
Murphy, Caft. Ernsst Van D., 27th Infantry, Fort Sherklan, IN. 
Murphy, Rev. TiMonv J., St. Michael's R. C. Church, Flint, Mkk. 
Nagle, John T., M.D., 163 West 126th St., New York City. 
NxwELL, Mrs. M. Alida, 438 Hope St., Providence, R. I. 
O'Brien, William J., M.D., 1765 Frankford Ave., Philadelphia, Pa. 
O'Connor, Michael P., 132 Prospect Ave., Binghamton, N. Y. 
O'DoNOHUE, Capt. Louis V., 25 West 42d St., New York City. 
O'Farrell, Hon. Patrick Aloyshts, Vanderbitt Hotel, New York City. 
Olcott, Chauncby, 437 Fifth Ave., New York City. 
O'Neh., Frank S., O'Neil Bklg., Binghamton, N. Y. 
O'Neil, Hon. George F., Binghamton, N. Y. 
O'Neill, Eugene M., Pittsburgh, Pa. 
Pigott, William, Alaska Bldg., Seattle, Wash. 

(Vice-President of the Society for Washington.) 
QuiNLAN, Francis J., A.M., M.D., LL.D., 66 West 52d St., I4ew York Cif)r. 

(Ex-President-General of the Socwty and Member of ks E»f€MU»i 
Council.) 
Reilly, Thomas F., Bala, Pa. 

RiDDER, Hon. Herman, 182 William St., New York Cky. 
Rogers, Rev. John, 756 Mission St., Scm Francisco, CaJ. 
Ryan, James J., 1130 North 40th St., Philadelphia, Pa. 
Ryan, James T., P. O. Box loio. New York City. 



35* AMERICAN IRISH HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 

Rtan John D., 3 East ySth St., New York City. 

Rtan, Hqux. Michael P., 114 Fifth Ave., New York City. 

Rtan, Hon. Thomas F., 858 Fifth Ave., New York City. 

Sassbsn, Robbrt a., 165 Broadway, New York City. 

SoMBRS, Patrick E., 35 Lagrange St., Worcester, Mass. 

Spioulb, William, Flood Bldg., San Frandsoo, Cal. 

Sullivan, Hon. Rooer C, 115 Dearborn St., Chicago, ill. 

TiBRNBT, Mtlbs, 51 Newark St., Hoboken, N. J. 

Tkomblt, Hon. John Bruno, Altona, N. Y. 

TiOT, Robert P., Claus Spreckeb Bklg., San Francisco, Cal. 

(Vice-President of the Society for California.) 
Wood, Hoh, Edwin O., 714 Stevens St., Flint, Mich. 



ANNUAL MEMBERS. 

Adams, Hon. John J., 35 Broad St., New York City. 

Adams, Samusl, 139 West 85th St., New York City. 

Adams, Samubl Clarence, Broadway and loist St., N.E., New York City. 

Adams, T. Albeus, 535 West St., New York City. 

Adams, Thomas Evarts, 98th St., Riverside Drive, New York City. 

Adams, William Herbert, 38 West 9th St., New York City. 

Ahbrn, Major George P. (Ret.), Manila, Philippine Islands. 

(Vice-President of the Society for the Philippine Idands.) 
Alexander, Hkm, Charles, 63 Dyer St., Providence, R. L 
Arlen, Charles Rufus, 400 Newbury St., Boston, Mass. 
Armstrong, David W., Jr., 55 John St., New York City. 
AsPBLL, John, M.D., 139 West 77th St., New York City. 
Baglet, Joseph H., American Bank Note Co., 70 Broad St., New York City. 
Baird, Henry W., 66 Broadway, New York City. 
Baldwin, James H., 18 Tremont St., Boston, Mass. 
Baldwin, Jcon E., 319 West 19th St., New York City. 
Bannon, Hbnrt G., 639 West 115th St., New York City. 
Barney, Hon. Walter H., 49 Westminst^ St., Providence, R. I. 
Barrett, Alfred M., 165 Broadway, New York City. 

(Member of the Executive Council.) 
Barry, Maj.-Gen. Thomas H., Manila, Philippine Islands. 
Barry, James H., 1133 Mission St., San Francisco, Cal. 
Barry, William F., 349 Magnolia Ave., Elizabeth, N. J. 
Bayne, Prof. William, 53 Third Ave., New York City. 
Bbalin, John J., 3334 Valentine Ave., New York City. 
Bender, Louis, 31 16 Grand Central Terminal, New York City. 
Bergen, Walter J., Wihnington, N. C. 
Bbrgin, Patrick J., 169 Blackstone St., Boston, Mass. 
Bi(»AM, Dr. L. T., II East 59th St., New York City. 
Black, William Harmon, 55 Liberty St., New York City. 



MEMBERSHIP ROLL. 359 

Blake, Michael, 149 Broadway, New York City. 
Blake, Tbomas M., 59 Washington St., New York City. 
Bliss, Ccx.. Zbnas W., 171 Westminster St., Providence, R. I. 
BoLAND, John, 15a Broadway, New York City. 
BoLAND, W. I., Toronto, Canada. 

(Vice-President of the Society for Canada.) 
Bolton, Rev. J. Gray, Rector Hope Presbyterian Church, 2109 ^^^ S^*» 

Philadelphia, Pa. 
Boucher, Richard P., M.D., 1 16 Academy Ave., Providence, R. I. 
Boyle, John J., 231 West 69th St., New York City. 
Boyle, Hon. Patrick J., Newport, R. I. 
Bradshaw, Sbrgt. Richard, Fort Pickens, Fla. 
Brady, Daniel M., 95 Liberty St., New York City. 
Brady, John Edson, 165 BrcMidway, New York City. 
Brady, Hon. Joseph P., 1634 West Grace St., Richmond, Va. 
Brady, Owen E., 3417 24th St., San Francisco, Cal. 
Brady, Owen J., 70 E. 129th St., New York City. 
Branagan, William I., Emmetsburs, la. 
Brandon, Edward J., City Clerk, Cambridge, Mass. 
Breen, Hon. Matthew P., 51 Chambers St., New York City. 
Brennan, Rev. EdWard J., Waterbury, Conn. 
Brbnnan, Hon. Jambs F., Peterborough, N. H. 

(Ex*Historiographer of the Society.) 
Brennan, James F., 203 Maple St., New Haven, Conn. 
Brennan, John J., 12 Elliot St., New Haven, Conn. 
Brennan, Rev. M. J., Immaculate Conception Church, Carthage, 111. 
Brennan, P. F., 34 Lincoln St., Shamokin, Pa. 
Brennan, P. J., 624 Madison Ave., New York City. 
Brennan, Rev. T. J., iioo Franklin St., San Francisco, Cal. 
Breslin, Joseph J., 890 Broadway, New York City. 
Brett, Frank P., 3 East Main St., Waterbury, Conn. 
Britt, Philip J., 27 Wlliam St., New York City. 
Britt, T. L. a., 271 Broadway, New York City. 
Broderick, David C, 51 Chambers St., New York City. 
Broderick, J. Joyce, 17 State St., New York City. 
Broderick, Patrick, 1499 Guerrero St., San Francisco, Cal. 
Broderick, William J., 309 Bedford Pk. Boul., New York City. 
Brophy, Hon. John, Ridgefield, Conn. 

Brosnahan, Rev. Timothy, St. Mary's Church, Waltham, Mass. 
Brosnan, Rev. John, Comwall-on-Hudson, N. Y. 
Brown, Hon. Calvin L., Chief Justice Supreme Court of Minnesota, State 

Capitol, St. Paul, Minn. 
Brown, Joshua, 5 Kenton Apt., Nashville, Tenn. 

(Vice-President of the Society for Tennessee.) 
Bryan, Hon. J. P. Kennedy, ii Broad St., Charleston, S. C. 
Buckley, John J., 80 Maiden Lane, New York City. 
BuNTON, Richard, 1148 O'Farrell St., San Francisco, Cal. 



36o AMERICAN IRISH HISTORICAL SOCIETY, 

BuRKB, Rbv. a., Battle Creek, Mich. 

BuKKB, Eugene S., 20 Franklin St., Morristown, N. J. 

Burke, Rev. Eugsnb S., D.D., St. Afayaus Chnrdv 691 West Side Ave^ 

Jersey City, N. J. 
Burke, Jambs J., 12 West 92d St., New York City. 
Burke, John, 179 Water St., New York City. 
BuRKB^ John, Manhattan Ckib, New York City. 
Burke, John E., 808-810 Bermuda St., Norfolk, Va. 
Burke, Hon. Joan H., Balbton Spa, N. Y. 
Burke, Rev. John J., 120 West 6oth St., New York City. 
Burke, Dr. Martin, 147 Lexington Ave., New York City. 
Burke, Wh^liam E., care of J. L. Carr, Esq., 131 1 Rhode Istand Ave., 

Washington, D.C. 
Burr, Wh^liam P., 120 Broadway, New York City. 
Butler, Edward J., 600 Pearl St., EliBabeth, N. J. 
Butler, Francis X., 51 Chambers St., New York City. 
Butler, John P., 575 West i6ist St., New York City. 
Butler, John R., 346 West 71st St., New York City. 
Butler, William, 55 John St., New York City. 
Butler, William E., 820 West i8oth St., New York City. 
BuTTiMER, Thomas H., 20 Pemberton Sq,, Boston, Mass. 
Btrnb, Gerald, 324 West 103d St., New York City. 
Btrnb, Rev. Joseph, C. S. S. P., Femdale, DarieR, P. O., Cocm. 
Btrnb, Thomas C, care of Byrne & Hammer Dry Goods Ca, Omafaa, Ntb. 
Byrne, Hon. William Michael, 277 Broadway, New York City. 
Cahill, John H., 15 Dey St., New York City. 
Cahill, Santiago P., 32 Nassau St., New York City. 
Cahill, Rev. William P., Visitation Rectory, 843 W. Garfieki Bod., Chicago 

111. 
Callahan, P. H., care of Lonisvine Varnish Co., Louiarrille, Ky. 
Callan, Joseph P., 367 Scott St., Milwaukee, Wis. 
Cannon, Thomas H., Stock Exchange BWg., Chrcago, 111. 
Cantillon, Thomas J., Lander, Wyo. 

(Vice-President of the Society for Wyomiiig.) 
Cantwbll, Rev. John J., iioo FrankHn St., Saa Frandsoo, Cal. 
Carey, Peter, J., 97 Horatio St., New York City. 
Carmody, T. F., 36 North Main St., Waterbury, Conn. 
Carney, John F., 118 East 235th St., New York City. 
Carpenter, Matt. H., 325 35th St., Milwaukee, Wis. 
Carr, James O., care of Rountree & Carr, Wihnington, N. C. 
Carrie, F. G^ 1808 Broadway, New York City. 
Carroll, Edward, Leavenworth, Kan. 
Carroll, Francis M., 18 Tremont St., Boston, Mass. 
Carroll, Michael, Gleason Bklg., Lawrence, Mass. 
Carroll, Pierre G., 330 W. I02d St., New York City. 
Carroll, Thomas F., M.D., 219 Central St., Lowell, Mass. 
Carty, John J., Short Hilb, N. J. 



MEMBERSHIP ROLL. 36I 

Casbin, Hon. Michael P., Finance Department, St. Johna^ Newfoundtind. 
Cashman, W. T., 88 Grasmere St. East, Cleveland, Ohio. 
Cassidy, John J., 509 West St., Wilmington, Del. 

(Vice-President of the Society for Delaware.) 
CASsmv, Gbn. Patrkk, M.D., Norwich, Conn. 

(Member of tke Executiye Council.) 
Cavanagh, Hon. Howard W., 315 Ward Bldg., Battle Creek, Mich. 
Cavanaugh, F. J., 45 East 17th St., New York City. 
Chandler, Hon. Woxiam E., Concord, N. H. 

(Vice-President of the Society for New Hampdiire.) 
Chase, H. Frank, 341 West loist St., New York City. 
Chisholm, Kenneth O., The Wyoming, 55th St. and 7th Ave., New York 

City. 
Chittick, Rev. James J., 5 Oak St., Hyde Park, Mass. 
Chrdies, Comm. Walter A. S., Sears Bldg., Boston, Mass. 
Clair, Francis, R., 55 John St., New York City. 
Clancy, Laurence, West Bridge St., Oswego, N. Y. 
Clare, William F., 135 Broadway, Suite 916, New York City. 
Clakk, EtJQBNB P., 1353 53d St., Brooklyn, N. Y. 
Clarke, James, Aeolian Hall, New York City. 
Clarke, Joseph I. C, 159 West 95th St., New York City. 

(President-General of the Society and Member of its Eaotcntive Council.) 
Clarke, William Joseph, 159 West 95th St., New York City. 
Clary, Charles H., Hallowbll, Me. 
Clucas, Charles, Fairfiekl, Conn. 

Cochran, Frank C, iio Momingside Drive, New York City. 
Coffey, Hon. James, Internal Revenue Collector, Aberdeen, So. Dak. 
CoGGiNS, Jerome B., Mgr. Postal Telegraph Co., San Francisco^ Cal. 
CoGHLAN, Rev. Gerald P., 21 41 N. Broad St., Philadelphia, Pa. 
CoHALAN, Hon. Daniel F., County Court House, Manhattan, New York City. 
CoKELEY, William A., 1325 Ft. Schuyler Ave., Bronx, New York City. 
Collier, Robert J., 416 West 13th St., New York City. 
Collins, Major-Gen. Dennis F., 637 Pearl St., Elizabeth, N. J. 
Collins, William, 1916 East 89th St., Clevdand, Ohio. 
CoLTON, Frank S., 227 Riverside Drive, New York City. 
CoNATY, Rev. B. S., 596 Cambridge St., Pittsfield, Mass. 
CoNATY, Rt. Rev. Thomas J., D.D., Los Angeles, Cal. 
Condon, P. Joseph, Binghamton, N. Y. 
Coney, Captain Patrick H., 316 Kansas Ave., Topeka, Kan. 

(Vice-President of the Society for Kansas.) 
CoNLEY, CoL. Louis D., 69th Regiment Armory, 26th St. & Lexington Ave., 

New York City. 
CoNLON, Redmond P., 35 James St., Newark, N. J. 
CoNNELL, W. F., 16 Court St., Brooklyn, N. Y. 
Connelly, Cornelius E., 252 Court St., Binghamton, N. Y. 
CoNNBLLY, Jambs C, EKxabeth, N. J. 
Connelly, John M., 258 State St., Elmira, N. Y. 



362 AMERICAN IRISH HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 

CoNNBLLY, LiBUTBNANT COMMANDER L. J., \5SS, "Vestal," care of Pott- 
master, N. Y. 

CONNBRY, ]OBX( T., 1804 McConiiick Bldg., Chicago, 111. 

CoNNBRY, William P., Wheeler and Pleasant Sts., Lynn, Mass. 

Connolly, Rbv. Arthur T., 365 Center St., Roxbury, Mass. 

Connolly, Caft. C^chigb F., Presidio, San Francisco, Cal. 

Connolly, Caft. Jambs, Coronado, Cal. 

Connolly, Rbv. M. D., 221 Valley St., San Francisco, Cal. 

Connor, Frank, Perth, W. Australia. 

Connor, Hon. Henry Groves, Wilson, N. C. 

Connor, Michael, 509 Beech St., Manchester, N. H. 

CoNRON, JoBM J., Mgr. Armour & Co., Newport, R. I. 

CoNROY, Rev. Patrick Eugene, 414 Sharp St., Baltimore, Md. 

CoNVBRY, William J., 113 Jackson St., Trenton, N. J. 

Conway, Jambs J., 117 E. Washington St., Ottawa, 111. 

Conway, Jambs P., 396 East Third St., Brooklyn, N. Y. 

Conway, Patrick J., 159 East 60th St., New Yoric City. 

Conway, Hon. Thomas F., 33 Nassau St., New York City. 

CooNBY, Brig.-Gbn. Michael, U. S. A., 1326 Irving St., Washington, D. C. 

CooNBY, Terence, Jr., Pittsfieki, Mass. 

CoRBETT, Michael J., Wilmington, N. C. 

(Vice-President of the Society for North Carolina.) 

Corcoran, C(»inblius J., Lawrence, Mass. 

Corcoran, Dr. Richard B., 1155 Golden Gate Ave., San Francisco, Cal. 

C08GROVE, John J., 4 Weybosset St., Providence, R. I. 

CosTiGAN, Herbert, M.D., 413 W. 34th St., New YcM-k City. 

CouGHLiN, Hon. John T., Fall River, Mass. 

Coughlin, Michabl J., 178 Bedford St., Fall River, Mass. 

Cowan, Hon. John F., Hall of Records, New York City. 

Cox, Hugh M., M.D., 285 St. Nicholas Ave., New York City. 

Cox, Michael H., 4 Goden St., Belmont, Mass. 

Cox, William T., 12 S. 2d St., Elizabeth, N. J. 

CoYLE, Rbv. Jambs, Taunton, Mass. 

CoYLE, John G., M.D., 226 East 3i8t St., New York City. 
(Member of the Executive Council.) 

Cranitch, William, 250 East 207th St., New York City. 

Creamer, Walter H., 4 Prescott PL, Lynn, Mass. 

Crew, John E., 1225 Euclid Ave., Cleveland, Ohio. 

Crdcmins, Caft. Martin L., Presidio of San Francisco, Cal. 

Cronin, Cornelius, 320 Fifth St., East Liverpool, Ohio. 

Cross, John F., 120 Central Pk. South, New York City. 

Croston, J. F., M.D., 83 Emerson St., Haverhill, Mass. 

Crowe, Bartholomew, Spring Valley, N. Y. 

Crowley, Harry T., 91 Essex Ave., Orange, N. J. 

Crowley, J. B., 86 Third St., San Francisco, Cal. 

Crowley, Patrick H., President Columbia Rubber Co., 301 Congress St., 
Boston, Mass. 



MEMBERSHIP ROLL. 363 

Cbuiksbank, Alfsbd B.» 43 Cedar St., New York City. 

(Member of the Executive Council.) 
CuDAHY, Patrick, Milwaukee, Wis. 
CuMMiNGs, Matthew J., 616 Eddy St., Providence, R. I. 
Cummins, Rev. John F., Roslindale, Mass. 
Cunningham, Owbn Augustine, 353 Devonshire St., Boston, Mass. 
CuRLBY, Hon. Jambs J., Mayor, Boston, Mass. 
CuEEAN, Philip A., Curran Dry Goods Company, Waterbury, Conn. 
CuEEY, Edmond J., 28 E. 95th St., New York City. 
CuETiN, Thomas Hayes, M.D., 2493 Valentine Ave., New York City. 
CusHNAHAN, Rev. P. M., Pastor St. Joseph's Catholic Church, Ogden, Utah. 
Daly, Edwabd Hamilton, 52 Wall St., New York City. 

(Secretary-General of the Society and Member of its Executive Council.) 
Daly, John J., 212 Lenox Ave., Westfield, N. J. 
Daly, Hon. Joseph F., LL.D., 52 Wall St., New York City. 
Daly, T. A., Catholic Standard and Times, Washington Square, Philadelphia, 

Pa. 
Daly, William J., 820 Tremont Bldg., Boston, Mass. 
Danaheb, Hon. Franexin M., Bensen Bldg., Albany, N. Y. 
Davies, J. Clabencb, 3d Ave. and 149th St., Bronx, New York City. 
Dayton, Charles W., Jr., 27 William St., New York City. 
Dbasy, Hon. Daniel C, Hall of Justice, San Francisco, Cal. 
Dbasy, Jeremiah, 808 Cole St., San Francisco, Cal. 
Delaney, Very Rev. Joseph A., Rector Cathedral of Albany, 12 Madison 

PL, Albany, N. Y. 
Delaney, William J., Saratoga Springs, N. Y. 
Delany, Patrick Bernard, E.E., Derrymore, Nantucket, Mass. 
Delany, Very Rev. William, S.J., Saint Ignatius Hall, 35 Lower Leeson 

St., Dublin, Ireland. 
Delany, Capt. William H., 770 Lexington Ave., New York City. 
Delehanty, Hon. F. B., 32 Chambers St., New York City. 
Delehanty, John S., 107 Grand St., Albany, N. Y. 
Dempsey, George C, Lowell, Mass. 

Dempsby, William P., care of Dempsey Bleach & Dye Co., Pawtucket, R. I. 
Dbnnen, Rev. Christopher, St. Thomas's Church, Wilmington, N. C. 
De Rivera, William J., 131 West 85th St., New York City. 
DbRoo, Rev. Peter, i 127 Corbett St., Portland, Ore. 
Desmond, Humphrey J., 818-819 Wells Building, Milwaukee, Wis. 
Desmond, Robert Emmet, i i Main St., San Francisco, Cal. 
Devlin, James H., 35 Parsons St., Brighton, Boston, Mass. 
Devlin, Jambs H., Jr., Room 11 15 Tremont Bldg., 73 Tremont St., Boston, 

Mass. 
Devlin, Hon. Joseph, Alashiel House, Mt. Royal, Bangor, Ireland. 
Devlin, Patrick J., Matawan, N. J. 
Dickson, Robert, Parker, Ariz. 

(Vice-President of the Society for Arizona.) 
DiGNAN, J. H., 76 Palm Ave., San Frandsoo, Cal. 



364 AMERICAN IRISH HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 

Dillon, Jambs E., 510 East 87th St., New York City. 

Dillon, Thomas I., 71a Marlret St., San Francisco, Cal. 

Dixon, Samuel Gibson, M.D., LL.D., 1900 Race St., Ptuladdphia, P^ 

Dixon, Hon. Warrbn, i Montgomery St., Jersey City, N. J. 

Dolan, Thomas S., 890 Broadway, New York City. 

Donahue, Dan A., 178 Essex St., Salem, Mass. 

Donahue, Rt. Rbv. Patrick Jambs, D.D., Cor. 13th and Bryoa Sts., Whe^ 

ing, W. Va. 
Donahue, R. J., Ogdensburg, N. Y. 

(Member of the Ejoecotive Council.) 
DoNNEtLT, Gscntcs B., 917 Chestnut St., Philadelphia, Pa. 
Donnelly, Matthew, 5134 North Broad St., Philadelphia, Pa. 
DomiBLLT, Hon. Thomas F., 51 Chambers St., New York City. 
DoNOHCA, Rev. J., 249 Ninth St., Brooklyn, N. Y. 
DoNOHOB, Rev. John F., 95 Fourth Ave., Albany, N. Y. 
DOHOTAN, E. I., M.D., Langdon, N. Dak. 

(Vice-President of the Society for North Dakota.) 
Donovan, Col. Henby F., 179 Washington St., Chicago, 111. 
Donovan, Jambs, Potsdam, N. Y. 

Donovan, Hon. Jbbbmiah, House of Represenutives, Washington, D. C. 
Donovan, John Josbph, 1210 Garden St., Bellingham, Wash. 
Donovan, Mbs. Nbllib McM., 319 Cole St., San Francisco^ Cal. 
Donovan, Richabd J., Woolworth Bklg., New Yofk City. 
DmiOVAN, Db. S. E., New Bedford, Mass. 
Donovan, Thomas F., Young Bldg., Joliet, 111. 
Donovan, Col. William H., Lawrence, Mass. 
DooLEY, Rev. John, 535 West laist St., New York City. 
DooiiBB, TIKIMAS Fbancis, Dooncr's Hotel, Philadelpfaia, Pa. 
DoBAN, Jambs P., Masonic Bldg., New Bedford, Mass. 
DoBAN, Patbick L., Symus Utah Grocer Company, Salt Lake City, Utah. 
DoBAN, Vbby Rev. Mgb. Thomas F., V.G., LL.D., 93 Hope St., Providence,. 

R. I. 
DoBDAN, John E., 4i8t St. and Park Ave., New York City. 
D0B8EY, John, Ogdensburg, New York. 

DoBVBB, Rev. William J., St. Charles' Church, Pittsfield, Mass. 
DOUGHEBTY, Patbick, 1310 North Broad St., Phikdelphia, Pa. 
DowLiNG, Rt. Rev. Austin, 3000 Grand Ave., Des Moines, la. 
DowLiNG, Hon. Victob J., 25th St. and Madison Ave., New Y«k City. 
Downing, Bbbnabd, 195 Monroe St., New York City. 
Downing, D. P., care of National Biscuit Company, Cambridge, Mass. 
DOTLE, Alfbbd L., of John F. Doyle & Sons, 45 William St., New YoiV City. 
Doyle, James G., 249 West 67th St., Chicago, 111. 
Doyle, John F., 45 William St., New Yorfc City. 
Doyle, William F., 355 Hancock St., Brooklyn, N. Y. 
Doyle, Hon. William J., Katonah, N. Y. • 
Dbew, Fbank C, 515 Balboa Bklg., San Francisco, Cal. 
Dbiscoll, Rev. John T., Fonda, N. Y. 



MEMBERSHIP ROLL, 365 

Driscoll, Michabl J., 271 Broadway, New York City. 

Drumhond, M. J., 51 Chambers St., New York City. 

DuFFiCY, PiTBR J., I20 West 59th St., New York City. 

Duffy, Rev. Francis P., St. Joseph's Seminary, Dunwoodie, Yonkers, N. Y. 

Duffy, Thomas J., 496 Linwood Ave., Columbus, Ohio. 

DuGGAN, Rev. D. J., St. James' Rectory, Red Bank, N. J. 

DuLiN, J. T., Ill South Hawk St., Albany, N. Y. 

Dunn, Very Rev. Mgr. J. J., 23 E. sist St., New York City. 

Dunn, J. Peter, 261 Broadway, New York City. 

Dunne, Finlby Peter, 136 East 64th St., New York City. 

Dunne, F. L., 328 Washington St., Boston, Mass. 

Dunne, Rev. James K., 804 Ninth Ave., Seattle, Wash. 

Dunne, Miss M. M., 2163 Mance St., Montreal, Can. 

DURKIN, John J., i Madison Ave., New York City. 

Duval, C. Louis, Pier 39, N. R., New York City. 

Duval, G. Howard, Pier 80, N. R., New York City. 

Dwyer, W. D., 202 Despatch Bldg., St. Paul, Minn. 

DwYER, Rev. William M., Cathedral Rectory, Syracuse, N. Y. 

Egan, Dr. William F., 1155 Golden Gate Ave., San Francisco, Cat. 

Elliott, Dr. George W., 116 Spring St., Portland, Me. 

Ellis, Capt. W. T., Owensboro, Ky. 

Ellison, Hon. William B., 165 Broadway, New York City. 

Emmet, Robert, Moreton Paddox, Warwick, Engknd. 

Emmet, Hon. William Temple, 165 Broadway, New York City. 

Enright, Thomas J., 412 Fletcher St., Lowell, Mass. 

Eustace, Miss Jennie A., Victoria Apartments, 97th St. and Riverside Drive, 

New York City. 
Eustace, Mark S., Boonton, N. J. 
Fahy, Thomas A., 607 BeU Bldg., Philadelphia, Pa. 

(Member of the Executive Council.) 
Fahy, Walter Thomas, 14 S. Broad St., Philadelphia, Pa. 
Falahee, John J., 120 West 59th St., New York Cky. 
Fallon, Hon. Joseph D., LL.D., 789 Broadway, South Boston, Mass. 
Farley, His Eminence Cardinal, Archbishop of New York, New York City. 
Farrell, Edward D., 158 West 125th St., New York City. 
Farrell, John T., M.D., 1488 Westminster St., Providence, R. L 
Farrell, Leo F., 29 Weybosett St., Providence, R. L 
Farrell Y, Frank T., 25 Fort St., Springfield, Mass. 
Farrblly, T. Charles, 9 Park PI., New York City. 
Fay, John Leo, 434 East 45th St., Chicago, 111. 
Fay, Rev. S. W. Cyril, 1225 Newton St., Brookland, D. C. 
Febley, William J., 203 Eddy St., Providence, R. L 
Feitner, HcMf. Thomas L., 67 Wall St., New York City. 
Fenlon, John T., 55 Liberty St., New York City. 
FiNLEY, Jambs D., Board of Trade, Norfolk, Va. 
Finn, Rbv. Thomas J., St. Mary's Rectory, NorwaUc, Conn. 
Fitzgerald, Desmond, Brookline, Mass. 



366 AMERICAN IRISH HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 

Fitzgerald, Hon. Jambs, 149 East 79th St., New York City. 

FitzGbrald, Hon. Jambs Regan, 90 West Broadway, New York City. 

FrrzGBXALD, Miss Marcblla A., P. O. Box, Box 53, Gilroy, Cal. 

Fitzgerald, Thomas B., Elmira, N. Y. 

FiTZGBRALD, HoN. WiLLiAM T. A., Court House, Boston, Mass. . 

Fitzgibbon, John C, 38 West 34th St., New York City. 

FiTZPATRiCK, Edward, New Albany, Ind. 

Fitzpatrick, James C, 244 West Broad St., Tamagna, Pa. 

Fitzpatrick, Jay, 321 Bedford Pk. Boul., New York City. 

Fitzpatrick, Rev. Mallick J., 375 Lafayette St., New York City. 

FtANiGAN, Eugene D., 104 State St., Albany, N. Y. 

FtANiGAN, John, 133 West 86th St., New York City. 

Fleming, James D., 399 Broadway, New York City. 

Fleming, Jambs W., Keenan Bldg., Troy, N. Y. 

Fleming, John J., 415 Tama Bldg., Burlington, la. 

Fleming, Rev. T. Raymond, Harbor Beach, Mich. 

FLETCHER, William, Ambulance Dept., 300 Mulberry St., New York City. 

FLtnn, Thomas P., 179 West Washington St., Chicago, III. 

Foley, Daniel, 108 North Delaware St., Indianapolis, Ind. 

FcxJBY, Capt. Daniel P., The Cairo, Washington, D. C. 

Ford, Hon. John, County Court House, New York City. 

Furlong, Hon. Martin, Oke Bldg., Duckworth St., St. John's, Newfoundland. 

Gaffney, Hon. T. St. John, American-Consulate General, Munich, Bavaria, 

Germany. 
Gallagher, Charles H., ii Riverdrive Ave., Trenton, N. J. 
Gallagher, Daniel P., 39 West 138th St., New York City. 
Gallagher, Henry, 535 West I42d St., New York City. 
Gallagher, James, Cleveland, N. Y. 

Gallagher, James T., M.D., 20 Monument Square, Charlestown, 'Mass. 
Galla<ser, M. D., 403 West 146th St., New York City. 
Galligan, John Joseph, M.D., Cullen Hotel, Lake City, Utah. 
Gamble, Hon. Robert Jackson, Yankton, S. Dak. 

(Vice-President of the Society for South Dakota.) 
Gannon, Frank S., 2 Rector St., New York City. 
Garrigan, Rt. Rev. Philip J., D.D., Sioux City, la. 

(Vice-President of the Society for Iowa.) 
Garvan, Hon. Francis P., 115 Broadway, New York City. 
Garvey, Richard, Jr., 527 Riverside Drive, New York City. 
Gavin, Joseph £., 39 and 40 Erie Co. Savings Bank Bldg., Buffalo, N. Y. 
Gelshenen, William H., 100 A^lliam St., New York City. 
Gentlemen's Sodality of St. Ignatius Church, Hayes and Shrader Sts., 

San Francisco, Cal. 
Geoghbgan, Charles A., 537 West Broadway, New York City. 
Gibbons, Michael, Cullen Hotel, Salt Lake City, Utah. 
GiBLiN, John A., 10 East Main St., Ilion, N. Y. 
Gibson, Charles Huntley, care of Gibx>n, Marshall & Gibson, Louisville, 

Ky. 



MEMBERSHIP ROLL. 367 

Gilbert, Gborgb, Binghamton, N. Y. 

GnxBRAN, Hon. Thomas, 49 Chambers St., New York City. 

GiLMAN, John E., 43 Hawkins St., Boston, Mass. 

Gn^PATRic, Hon. Waltbr J., Mayor of Saco, Me. 

(^.BASON, John F., 35 Eagle St., Albany, N. Y. 

Glbason, John H., 25 N. Pearl St., Albany, N. Y. 

Glbason, Joseph F., 905 Trinity Ave., Bronx, New York City. 

QjCESON, WnxiAM A., Torrington, Conn. 

Gltnn, John F., 15 Arch St., Waterbury, Conn. 

Gltnn, Hon. Martin H., Albany, N. Y. 

GoBTf Hon. John W., County Court House, New York City. 

Gordon, Daniel F., 165 Broadway, New York City. 

Gorman, John F., Stephen Girard Bldg., Philadelphia, Pa. 

Gorman, Patrick F., Alexandria, Va. 

Grace, Hon. John P., Mayor of Charleston, S. C. 

Grace, Joseph P., 7 Hanover Square, New York City. 

Graham, Hon. Jambs M., Springfield, 111. 

Grainger, J. V., Wilmington, N. C. 

Griffin, John C, Skowhegan, Me. 

Griffin, Patrick Francis, Webster Ave., Highwood, New Rochdle, N. Y. 

Grimes, Rt. Rev. John, Syracuse, N. Y. 

GuERiN, Hon. James J., 4 Edgehill Ave., Montreal, Canada. 

GuHJPOiLE, pRANas P., Waterbury, Conn. 

Gurry, Thomas F., care of Orinoko Mills, 215-^19 Fourth Ave., New York 

City. 
Haaren, John H., 86th St. and Fort Hamilton Ave., Brooklyn, N. Y. 
Hackett, J. D., 41 West 55th St., New York City. 
Hagbrty, C. H., District Passenger Agt., Pa. Lines, Todd Bldg., Louisville, 

Ky. 
Hagbrty, Jambs B., 517 Duboce Ave., San Francisco, Cal. 
Haggerty, J. Henry, 50 South St., New York City. 
Hallahan, Peter T., 921 Market St., Philadelphia, Pa. 
Hallbran, Hon. John J., 31 i6th St., Browne Park, Flushing, N. Y. 
Hallby, Charles V., 756 East 175th St., New York City. 
Halley, Charles V., Jr., 756 East 175th St., New York City. 
Halloran, John H., 213 6th Ave., New York City. 
Halloran, William J., 309 Main St., Salt Lake City, Utah. 
Haltigan, Patrick J., Editor The Hibernian^ 614 Louisiana Ave. N. W., 

Washington, D. C. 

(Vice-President of the Society for District of Columbia.) 
Hamill, Hon. Jambs A., 239 Washington St., Jersey City, N. J. 
Hanbcy, Hon. Elbridgb, 3 116 Michigan Ave., Chicago, 111. 
Hanlon, p. J., 1390 Third St., Louisville, Ky. 
Hanna, Most Rev. Edward J., 1000 Fulton St., San Francisco, Cal. 
Hanna, William Wilson, Hotel Majestic, Philadelphia, Pa. 
Hannan, Hon. John, 46 Water St., Ogdensburg, N. Y. 
Hannon, Rev. W. B., St. Osburg's, Hill St., Coventry, England. 



368 AMERICAN IRISH HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 

Hanrahan, Daniel, 1718 West 56th St., Chicago, IlL 

Hasddcan, Michabl J., Watertown, N. Y. 

Haskins, Rt. Rev. Matthew, D.D., 30 Fenner St., Providence, R. I. 

Harney, John M., Item Bldg., Lynn, Mass. 

Harrigan, John F., 66 High St., Worcester, Mass. 

Harriuan, Patrick H., M.D., Norwich, Conn. 

Harrington, Daniel E., Postmaster, Saratoga Springs, N. Y. 

Harris, Hon. Charles N., 72 East 55th St., New York City. 

Harris, William L., M.D., care of Sute Board of Health, Providence, R. I. 

Harty, John F., Savannah, Ga. 

Harvey, S. J., Presidei^ First National Bank, Milton, Fla. 

Hassett, Rev. Patrick D., Watsonville, Cal. 

Hayden, J. EmiET, I Carl St., San Francisco, Cal. 

Hayes, Hon. Nicholas J., 164 East iiith St., New York City. 

Hayes, Col. Patrick E., Pawtucket, R. I. 

Hayes, Rt. Rev. Patrick J., 460 Madison Ave., New York City. 

Healy, David, 339 West 23d St., New York City. 

Healy, Hon. Edmund J., Bay View Ave., Far Rockaway, N. Y. 

Healy, John F., Black Hawk, Utah. 

Healy, Rev. Patrick J., Catholic University, Washington, D. C. 

Healy, Richard, 188 Institute Road, Worcester, Mass. 

Healy, Thomas, Columbus Ave. and 66th St., New York City. 

Healy, Thomas F., 66th St. and Broadway, New York City. 

Hbblan, Rev. Edmond, Sacred Heart Church, Box 82, Fort Dodge, la. 

Hendrick, Hon. Peter A., County Court House, New York City. 

Hennessy, Joseph P., 642 Crotona Park So., Bronx, New York City. 

Hepburn, Barry H., Franklin Bank Bklg., Philadelphia, Pa. 

Hepburn, W. Horace, Jr., Franklin Bank Bldg., Philaddphia, Pa. 

Herbert, Victor, 321 West io8th St., New York City. 

Hern AN, J. J., Hotel dd Coronado, Coronado Beach, Cal. 

HiCKEY, Charles A., 311 West I02d St., New York City. 

HiCKEY, John J., 8 East 129th St., New York City. 

HiERS, James Lawton, M.D., 8 Liberty St. East, Savannah* Ca. 

HiGGiNs, Hon. James H., Banigan Bldg., Providence, R. I. 

HiGGiNS, James J., 171 First St., Elizabeth, N. J. 

HiGGiNS, Dr. Joseph J., 46 W. 55th St., New York City. 

Hoban, Rt. Rev. M. J., D.D., Scranton, Pa. 

HOEY, Hon. James J., 165 Broadway, New York City. 

HoBY, John E., Ridgefield Park, N. J. 

HoFP, Joseph S., 56 Nassau Block, Princeton, N. J. 

HoGAN, Hon. John J., 53 Central St., Lowell, Mass. 

(Vice-President of the Society for Massachusetts.) 
HoGAN, John Philip, High Falls, N. Y. 
HoGAN, M. E., Hogan Bank Co., Altamont, 111. 
HoGAN, Michael S., 4903 13th Ave., Brooklyn, N. Y. 
Hogan, William A., 95 Stevens St., Lowell, Mass. 
Hopkins, George A., 27 WiUiam St., New York City. 



MEMBERSHIP ROLL. 369 

Hopper, Hon. John J., 352 West laist St., New York City. 

HoRiGAN, Hon. Cornblius, 229^31 Main St., Biddeford, Me. 

HouLraAN, M. J., 29 Eagle St., Providence, R. I. 

Howard, Dr. William B., Board of Education, San Francisco, Cal. 

HowLBTT, John, 49 Portland St., Boston, Mass. 

HoTB, Charles T., 120 Boylston St., Boston, Mass. 

HoYB, Henry J., M.D., 194 Broad St., Providence, R. I. 

Hughes, Martin, Hibbing, Minn. 

Hughes, Patrice L., 466 Pleasant St., Winthrop, Mass. 

Hughes, Hon. William, Paterson, N. J. 

Hughes, Rev. William F., D.D., 460 Madison Ave., New York City. 

Hunter, Frederick C, 80 Maiden Lane, New York City. 

Hurley, James H., 301 Union Trust Bldg., Providence, R. I. 

Hurley, John E., 63 Washington St., Providence, R. I. 

Hurley, Hon. John F., Salem, Mass. 

Hurst, William H., 26 Beaver St., New York City. 

HussEY, D. B., 581 1 Cabanne Ave., St. Louis, Mo. 

HussEY, Edward J., Vice-President Commercial Bank, Albany, N. Y. 

Irving, Hon. John J., Mayor, Binghamton, N. Y. 

Jackson, Charles A., Waterbury, Conn. 

James, John W., Jr., 603 Carlton Road, Westfield, N. J. 

Jenkinson, Richard C, 289 Washington St., Newark, N. J. 

Jennings, Michael J., 753 Third Ave., New York City. 

Jennings, Thomas C, 1834 East 55th St., Cleveland, Ohio. 

Johnson, Alfred J., 14 Central Park West, New York City. 

Johnson, Jambs G., 649 Broadway, New York City. 

Johnson, Mrs. Mary H., care of Humboldt State Bank, Humboldt, la. 

Jones, Patrick, Board of Education, Park Ave. and 59th St., New York 

City. 
Jones, Paul, 38 Park Row, New York City. 
Jones, Hon. Richard J., Mayor, Sebring, Ohio. 
Jordan, Michael J., 30 State St., Boston, Mass. 

Joyce, Bernard J., 45 Graver Ave., Winthrop Highlands, Boston, Mass. 
Joyce, John F., 20 Vesey St., New York City. 
Joyce, Michael J., 258 Broadway, New York City. 
Judge, John H., 261 Broadway, New York City. 
Judge, Patrick J., Holyoke, Mass. 

Kbarns, Bernard T., 197 St. Mark's PL, St. George, S. I., New York City. 
Kbarns, Philip J., 231 1 Concourse, Bronx, New York City. 
Keating, Patrick M., Pemberton Bldg., Boston, Mass. 
Keefe, Patrick H., M.D., 257 Benefit St., Providence, R. I. 
Keefe, Rev. William A., St. John's Church, Plainfield, Conn. 
I^GAN, Dr. Edward, St. J(^'s, Newfoundland. 
Keenan, Frank, Laurelton, L. I. 
Keenan, John J., Public Library, Boston, Mass. 
Keenan, Thomas J., Security Mutual Building, Binghamton, N. Y. 
Keenan, Vincent A., 254 Broadway, South Boston, Mass. 

34 



370 AMERICAN IRISH HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 

Kbhob, Michael P., Law Bldg., Baltimore, Md. 

(Vice-President of the Society for Maryland.) 
Kbllbhbr, Daniel, iii6 Spring St., Seattle, Wash. 
Kellby, Commakdbe Jambs Douglass Jerrold, 35 East 83d St., New York 

City. 
Kelly, Daniel E., Salyer Block, Valparaiso, Ind. 
Kelly, Gertrude B., M.D., 507 Madison Ave., New York City. 
Kelly, Hon. John E., Register, U. S. Land Office, Pierre, So. Dak. 
Kelly, John Forest, Ph.D., Pittsfield, Mass. 
Kelly, John Jerome, 2 Wall St., New York City. 
Kelly, Joseph T&omas, 375 Lombard St., New Haven, Conn. 
Kelly, Michael F., M.D., Fall River, Mass. 
Kelly, P. J., Main St., Buffalo, N. Y. 
Kelly, Thomas, M.D., 357 West 57th St., New York City. 
Kenah, John F., Elizabeth, N. J. 
Kennedy, Arthur, 44 Barclay St., New York City. 
Kennedy, Charles F., Brewer, Me. 
Kennedy, Daniel, Elmira, N. Y. 

Kennedy, John J., 3935 Briggs Ave., Bronx, New York City. 
Kennedy, Hon. M. F., 33 Broad St., Charleston, S. C. 
Kennedy, Thomas F., Amsterdam, N. Y. 

Kennedy, Walter G., M.D., 621 Dorchester St. W., Montreal, Canada. 
Kennblly, Bryan L., 156 Broadway, New York City. 
Kennby, David T., Plainfield, N. J. 

Kennby, Jambs W., Park Brewery, Terrace St., Roxbury, Mass. 
Kennby, Thomas, 143 Summer St., Worcester, Mass. 
Keogan, p. J., N. Y. Athletic Club, New York City. 
Keogh, Thomas F., 90 West Broadway, New York City. 
Kbough, Pbtbr L., 41 Arch St., Pawtucket, R. L 
Kerby, John E., 481 5th Ave., New York City. 
Kernby, Jambs, 373 State St., Trenton, N. J. 
Kerr, Robert Bagb, 74 Broadway, New York City. 
KiERNAN, Patrick, 200 West 72d St., New York City. 
KiGGBN, John A., 125 West St., Hyde Park, Mass. 
Kilkenny, Thomas F., 43 Sabin St., Providence, R. L 
KnxBBN, Henry W., 734 Richmond Ave., Buffalo, N. Y. 
Kilmartin, Thomas J., M.D., Waterbury, Conn. 
King, John, ii M^liam St., New York City. 
King, Percy J., 52 Wall St., New York City. 

(Member of the Executive Council.) 
KiNSBLA, John F., 509 Gorham St., Lowell, Mass. 
Kinsley, Joseph T., 140 Locust St., Philadelphia, Pa. 
Kinsley, William Joseph, 261 Broadway, New York City. 
Knox, Rev. P. B., St. Patrick's Church, Madison, Wis. 
Kyle, Dr. JambsOrr, 167 W. 71st St., New York City. 
Lamb, Nicholas, Jr., University City, St. Louis Co., Mo. 
Lannon, Joseph F., 68 Main St., Susquehanna, Pa. 



MEMBERSHIP ROLL. 371 

Larkin, Robert E., Streator, 111. 

Lavbllb, John, 3148 West 44th St. S.W., Cleveland, Ohio. 

(Vice-President of the Society for Ohio.) 
Lawlbr, Jaiibs G., St. Charles, Mo. 
Lawlbr, John F., City Seii^eant, Norfolk, Va. 
Lawlbk, Thomas B., 70 5th Ave., New York City. 

(Ex-Librarian and Archivist of the Society.) 
Lawlor, Jbrbioah, 624 Madison Ave., New York City. 
Lawrbncb, Josbfh W., 156 Broadway, New York City. 
Lbaht, John S., 807 Carleton Bldg., St. Louis, Mo. 
Lbahy, Rev. Walter T., St. Paul's Church, Spring Lake Beach, N. J. 
Lbart, Jeremiah D., 346 Clark PL, Elizabeth, N. J. 
Lee, Hon. Lawrence P., Dept. Commerce and Labor, Ellis Island, N. Y. 
Lbhy, Geoffrey B., 69 South Market St., Boston, Mass. 
Lbnahan, Hon. John T., Wilkesbarre, Pa. 
Lbnane, Thomas, Sr., 307 West St., New York City. 
Lbnihan, Rt. Rev. M. C, Great Falls, Mont. 

(Vice-President of the Society for Montana.) 
Lennox, George W., Haverhill, Mass. 
Leslie, Charles J., 565 West i6ist St., New York City. 
Leslie, Warrbn, 165 Broadway, New York City. 
Lewis, Zagory J., M.D., 268 Westminster St., Providence, R. L 
Lillib, Egbert, 235 West 58th St., New York City. 
Linbhan, Rev. T. P., Biddeford, Me. 
LiNiHAN, Thomas H., 572 Ferry St., New Haven, Conn. 
Livingston, W. F., 366 King St., Charleston, S. C. 
Livingston, Rev. William, St. Gabriel's Church, 308 East 37th St., New 

York City. 
Loft, Hon. George W., 400 Broome St., New York City. 
Logan, Jambs F., 97 Alban St., Dorchester, Mass. 
Lonbrgan, Thomas S., 410 East 149th St., New York City. 
LouGHLiN, Peter J., 150 Nassau St., New York City. 
LucET, Hon. P. J., Attorney-General, Springfield, 111. 
Lynch, Jeremiah Joseph, 127 Schermerhom St., Brooklyn, N. Y. 
Lynch, Martin F., Lamartine Ave. and 5th St., Bayside, N. Y. 
Lynch, Miss Mary E., 8792 17th Ave., Brooklyn, N. Y. 
Lynch, Michael Lehane, 425 Hamilton Ave., Jackson, Miss. 
Lynch, Hon. Thomas J., Augusta, Me. 
Lyon, Jambs B., Albany, N. Y. 
Lyons, Patrick F., P. O. Box 45, St. Paul, Minn. 
Lyons, Rev. William, 19 St. Mary's Ave., San Francisco, Cal. 
MacDonald, George, 315 West 90th St., New York City. 
MacDwyer, Patrick S., Municipal Bldg., New York City. 
MacGuire, Constantine J., M.D., 120 East 60th St., New York City. 
McAdoo, Hon. William, 300 Mulberry St., New York City. 

(Ex-President-General of the Society.) 



373 AMERICAN IRISH HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 

McAlbbm, Gboegb» M.D., Worcester, Maas. 

McAlbvt, John F., 36 North Main St., Fawtucket, R. I. 

McAlistbk, John, 165 Meeting St., Charieston, S. C. 

McAuLiFPB, Dbnnis a., 313 East 57th St^ New York City. 

McBiBBN, Patrick Francis, 404 Monroe St., Brooklyn, N. Y. 

McBrii«, D. H., 41 Park Row, New York City. 

McCabb, Gborgb, Catholic Club, I30 Central Pk. South, New York City. 

McCabb, Jambs, Bracewell Block, Dover, N. H. 

McCallion, Jambs H., 33 Roanoke St., Providence, R. I. 

McCarthy, Charlbs, Jr., Portland, Me. 

(Vice-Prendent of the Society for Maine.) 
McCarthy, Eugbnb, Casper, Wyoming. 

McCarthy, Gborgb W., care of Dennett & McCarthy, Portsmouth, N. H. 
McCarthy, Jambs, 129 Howard St., Lawrence, Mass. 
McCarthy, M. R. F., 83 Court St., Bingfaamton, N. Y. 
McCarthy, Hon. Patrick Josbfh, 49 Westminster St., Providence, R. I. 
McCarty, Rbv. T&omas J., St. Joseph's Churdi, Carroll, la. 
McCarty, T. J., 20 George St., Charleston, S. C. 
McCaughan, Rbv. John P., St. Paul's Church, Warren, Mass. 
McCaughby, Bbrnard, 5 East Ave., Pawtucket, R. I. 
McClban, Rbv. Pbtbr H., Milford, Conn. 
McCloud, Whxiam J., 114 Broad St., Elizabeth, N. J. 
McCormack, J. L., 50th St. and 13th Ave., Brooklyn, N. Y. 
McCormack, John, Hotel Netherland, New York City. 
McCormack, John J., 163 Valley Road, Montdair, N. J. 
McCormack, Rbv. Pbtfr J., St. Joseph's Rectory, 8 Allen St., Boston, Mass. 
McCoRMiCK, J. S., 1534 Masonic Ave., San Francisco, Cal. 
McCoRMiCK, MiCHABL A., 137 Bdlevue Ave., Newport, R. I. 
McCoRMiCK, Pbtbr J., 915 Valencia St., San Francisco, Cal. 
McCoy, Eugbnb, 80 Liberty St., San Francisco, Cal. 
McCoy, Rbv. John J., LL.D., St. Ann's Church, Worcester, Mass. 
McCoy, William J., 8 and 9 Security Trust Bldg., Indianapolis, Ind. 
McCuLLOUGH, John, 38 S. 6th St., New Bedford, Mass. 
McDonald, Capt. Mitchbll C, Naval Home, Philadelphia, Pa. ' 
McDoNNBLL, Robert E., 60 Broadway, New York City. 
McDoNOUGH, JosBPH P., 417 West 141st St., New York City. 
McEnbrnby Garrbtt W., Flood Bldg., San Francisco, Cal. 
McFarland, Stbphbn, 44 Morton St., New York City. 
McFaul, Rt. Rbv. Jambs A., D.D., 153 N. Warren St., Trenton, N. J. 
McGann, Jambs A., 413 Walnut St., Philadelphia, Pa. 
McGann, Col. Jambs H., 7 Kepler St., Providence, R. I. 
McGauran, Michabl S., M.D., 358 Broadway, Lawrence, Mass. 
McGbb, Waltbr C, 517 East 17th St., New York City. 
McGiLucuDDY, Hon. D. J., Lewiston, Me. 

(Member of the Executive Council.) 
McGiNNBSs, Brig.-Gbn. John R., Army & Navy Club, Washington, D. C. 
McGiNNBY, John H., 766 McAllister St., San Francisco, Cal. 



MEMBERSHIP ROLL. 373 

McGlinn, John J., 141 5 North i6th St., Philadelphia, Pa. 

McQ^iNN, Thomas P., Montclair, N. J. 

McGoLRicK, Rt. Rbv. Mgr. Edward J., 84 Herbert St., Brooklyn, N. Y. 

McGovBRM, Patrick, 6 Beacon St., Boston, Mass. 

McGrath, p. F., 709 Castro St., San Francisco, Cal. 

McGrath, R. M., 36 East nth St., New York City. 

McGrath, Capt. T&omas F., 215 Parnassus Ave., San Francisco, Cal. 

McGrbal, Hon. Lawrbncb, 470 Broadway, Milwaukee, Ws. 

McGuiRB, Hon. Edward J., 51 Chambers St., New York City. 

(Member of the Executive Council.) 
McGuiRB, Frank A., M.D., 74 West 85th St., New York City. 
McGuiKB, Jambs K., 42 Elm St., New Rochelle, N. Y. 
McGuiRB, John C, Hotel St. George, Brooklyn, N. Y. 
McGuiRB, Pbtbr J., 94 Pleasant St., Maiden, Mass. 
McGuiRB, P. H., 1267 Frick Building Annex, Pittsburgh, Pa. . 
McGURRiN, F. E., 32 Main St., Salt Lake City, Utah. 
McHalb, Martin, 542 W. i62d St., New York City. 
McHuGH, Jambs W. C, 1503 East Jackson St., Pensacola, Fla. 
McIsAAC, Danibl v., 416 Old South Bldg., Boston, Mass. 
McIvBR, Hon. Jambs, St. Francis, Milwaukee Co., Wis. 
McKbnna, Jambs A., 55 John St., New York City. 
McKbnna, Jambs A., Jr., 125 West 70th St., New York City. 
McLaughlin, Alonzo G., of McLaughlin & Stem, 15 William St., New York 

City. 
McLaughlin, John, 346 East 8i8t St., New York City. 
McLaughlin, Hon. John J., 145 La Salle St., Chicago, lU. 
McMahon, Rbv. John W., D.D., St. Mary's Church, Charlestown, Mast. 
McManus, Jambs H., 105 West 28th St., New York City. 
McManus, Col. John, 87 Dorrance St., Providence, R. L 
McManus, Tbrbnce J., 170 Broadway, New York City. 
McNabob, Jambs F., 144 West 92d St., New York City. 
McNamara, Thomas Charlbs, M.D., 613 Hudson St., Hoboken, N. J. 
McNambb, Rbv. W. J., St. Mary's Church, Joliet, 111. 
McNiCAL, Danibl E., East Liverpool, Ohio. 
McNuLTY, Gborgb W., 32 West 40th St., New York City. 
McOwBN, Anthony, 515 Wales Ave., New York Qty. 
McPartland, John E., 55 Park St., New Haven, Conn. 
McPartland, Stbphbn J., 673 Eighth Ave., New York City. 
McSoRLBT, John, 87.C St., Salt Lake City, Utah. 
McSwBBNBY, Dbnis Florbncb, 100 West 37th St., New York City. 
Mack, Jambs F., 257 Broadway, New York City. 
Maclay, Edgar Stanton, Greenlawn, L. L, N. Y. 
Maddbn, John, Parsons, Kan. 
Maddbn, Thbo. a., 125 Amity St., Brooklyn, N. Y. 
Maginnis Thomas Hobbs, Jr., Cor. 50th St. and Baltimore Ave., Phikt., Fia« 
Magranb, p. B., 133 Market St., Lynn, Mass. 
Magrath, Dr. John F., 119 East 30th St., New York City. 



374 AMERICAN IRISH HISTORICAL SOCIETY, 

Maguirb, Mgr. F. J.. St. Patrick's Rectory, Albany, N. Y. 

Mahbr, John L., 15 Kemble St., Utica, N. Y. 

Mahbr, Stephen J., M.D., 212 Orange St., New Haven, G>nn. 

Mahoney, Daniel Emmet, Keyport, Monmouth Co., N. J. 

Mahoney, Daniel S., 277 Broadway, New York City. 

Mahoney, E. S., Portsmouth, Va. 

Mahoney, Jeremiah, Casper, Wyoming. 

Mahoney, John P. S., Lawrence, Mass. 

Mahony, Jeremiah, 560 Page St., San Francisco, Cai. 

Mahony, John J., Scott and Fulton Sts., San Francisco, Cat. 

Mahony, Michael J., 126 West 87th St., New York City. 

Malone, Hon. Dudley Field, Custom House, New York City. 

Malone, John T., Louisville, Ky., care c^ Fidelity Trust Co. 

Maloney, John H., 1619 Greene St., Harrisbiu^, Pa. 

Maloney, Thomas E., V.S., 1095 North Main St., Fall River, Mass. 

Manners, J. Hartley, care of Brown Shipley & Co., 123 Pall Mall S. W., 

London, England. 
Manning, John J., 143 East 95th St., New York City. 
Manning, Joseph P., 66 Crawford St., Roxbury, Mass. 
Mapother, W. L., Louisville, Ky. 
Markby, Col. Eugene L., care of Duplex Printing Co., Battle Creek, Mich. 

(Vice-President of the Society for Michigan.) 
Marshall, Rev. George F., St. Patrick's Church, Milford, N. H. 
Martin, Patrick, 3396 East St., San Diego, Cal. 
Martin, William J., 64 Wall St., New York City. 
Massarsne, William G., 15 East 40th St., New York City. 
Maynes, Michael, Jefferson House, Boston, Mass. 
Meade, Richard W., 216 East 72d St., New York City. 
Mee, Hon. John J., Woonsocket, R. L 
Meenan, Rev. William B., Church of "Our Lady of the Isle," Newport, 

R,L 
Mehan, William A., Ballston Spa, N. Y. 

Meldrim Gen. Peter W., 1007 National Bank Bldg., Savannah, Ga. 
Minturn, Hon. James, Associate Justice Supreme Court, N. J., Hobokeo, 

N.J. 
Mitchel, Hon. John Purroy, City Hall, New York City. 
Mitchell, George H. B., 142 West 72d St., New York City. 
Mitchell, William L., 125 Riverside Drive, New York City. 
Moloney, Fred G., Ottawa, 111. 

Moloney, Hon. Maurice T., Moloney Bldg., Ottawa, 111. 
MoLONY, Frank T., 207 West 131st St., New York City. 
MCH.ONY, Henry A., 16 New St., Charleston, S. C. 
Monaghan, James, 217 East Boone Ave., Spokane, Wash. 
MoNAHAN, Frank D., 53 State St., Boston, Mass. 
MoNOHAN, Edward S., St. Matthews, Ky. 
Montgomery, George T., 105 Fulton St., New York City. 
MooNEY, Edmund L., 37 Wall St., New York City. 
MooNBY, Louis M., M.D., 164 W. 76th St., New York City. 



MEMBERSHIP ROLL. 375 

MooNBY, Michael P., 815 Society for Savings Bldg., Cleveland, Ohio. 

MooNBT, WnxiAM J., 1 01 S. Meridian St., Indianapolis, Ind. 

MoosB, Hon. Robert Lee, Statesboro, Ga. 

MoRAN, Rev. Gsbgort, Atlantic and California Aves., Atlantic City, N. J. 

MoRAN, James T., 221 Sherman Ave., New Haven, Conn. 

MoRAN, Joseph F., 11-27 Imlay St., Brooklyn, N. Y. 

MoRiARTY, Edward T., 155-159 East 23d St., New York City. 

MoRiARTY, John, Broadway, Waterbury, Conn. 

MoRONEY, Patrick, 2 Cooke St., Providence, R. I. 

Morris, S[r Edward P., Premier of Newfoundland, St. John's, Newfoundland. 

Morrison, Paul J., Department of Commerce and Labor, Ellis Island, N. Y. 

MoRRissEY, Very Rev. Andrew, C.S.C, D.D., LL.D., University of Notre 
Dame, Notre Dame, Ind. 
CV^ce-President of the Society for Indiana.) 

Morton, John D., 309 Bedford Park BouL, Bronx, New York Qty. 

MuLHBRN, John W., Supt. Northern Div. Chicago & Gt. Western Ry. Co., 
St. Paul, Minn. 

MuLLANEY, Bernard J., 920 Belden Ave., Chicago, 111. 

MuLLANEY, P. D., 3410 22d St., San Francisco, Cal. 

Mullen, John F., 309 Oxford St., Providence, R. I. 

Mulligan, Joseph T., 135 Broadway, New York City. 

Mulqueen, Hon. Joseph F., 32 Franklin St., New York City. 

MuLQUEEN, Michael J., 253 Broadway, New York City. 

MuLRY, Thomas M., 51 Chambers St., New York City. 

MuNHALL, William D., 1208 Ashland Block, Chicago, 111. 

Murphy, Dr. Charles Connor, Merrick Road, Amityville, L. I., N. Y. 

Murphy, Hon. Charles F., 305 E. 17th St., New York City. 

Murphy, Daniel F., Supt. of Rents, Fidelity & Columbia Trust Co., Louis- 
ville, Ky. 

Murphy, Edward J., Fuller Bldg., Springfield, Mass. 

Murphy, Edward S., 1205 Park Ave., New York City. 

Murphy, James R., 31 Nassau St., New York City. 

Murphy, James R., i Beacon St., Boston, Mass. 

Murphy, Jeremiah B., 152 Third St., Brooklyn, N. Y. 

Murphy, Hon. John J., 44 E. 23d St., New York City. 

Murphy, Rev. Michael, 526 Bush St., San Francisco, Cal. 

Murphy, Philip H., 311 Greenbush St., Milwaukee, Wis. 

Murphy, Thomas, Irvington-on-Hudson, N. Y. 

Murphy, Mgr. William G., Church of Immaculate Conception, 503 East 
14th St., New York City. 

Murray, Charles, 75 Broad St., New York City. 

Murray, John L., 228 West 42d St., New York City. 

Murray, Joseph, 1190 Madison Ave., New York City. 

Murray, Hon. Lawrence O., LL.D., Treasury Department, Washington, 
D. C. 

Murray, Dr. Peter, 159 West 71st St., New York City. 

Murray, Timothy, 165 Broadway, New York City. 



376 AMERICAN IRISH HISTORICAL SOCIETY, 

MuuuN, Jambs B., Carbondale, Pa. 

MuRTAUGH, Hon. John F., Realty Bldg., Elmira, N. Y. 

(Vice-President of the Society for New York.) 
Nbact, Thomas J., Milwaukee, Ww. 
Nbagle, Rbv. Richard, 2 Fellsway East, Maiden, Mass. 
Nbalon, Jambs C, 960 Haight St., San Francisco, Cal. 
Neb, p. J., 1341 Giiard St., Washington, D. C. 
NiCBXRSON, Hbnry F., 534 Durfee St., Fall River, Mass. 
Nolan, Danibl Carroll, 55 Main St., Yonkers, N. Y. 
NcHJiN, Jambs C, 361 Orange St., Albany, N. Y. 
Nolan, Lukb J., 25 Pine St., New York City. 

Nolan, W. J., care of Humler & Nolan, 137 South Fourth St., Louisville, Ky. 
NooNAN, Hon. T&omas F., 314 West 54th St., New York City. 
NooNAN, William T., 155 Main St. W., Rochester, N. Y. 
NoRRis, Charlbs E., Carthage, N. Y. 
Norton, Michael W., 450 Friendship St., Providence, R. I. 
Nugent, Edward, 68 Broad St., Elizabeth, N. J. 

O'Beirne, Gen. Jambs R., Part XVII, County Court House, New York City. 
O'Brien, Hon. C. D., Globe Bldg., St. Paul, Minn. 

(Vice-President of the Society for Minnesota.) 
O'Brien, Rbv. Denis J., L.B., 16 South Berwick, Me. 
O'Brien, Dennis F., 1482 Broadway, New York City. 
O'Brien, Rbv. Jambs J., 179 Summer St., Somerville, Mass. 
O'Brien, Hon. John F., City National Bank, Plattsburg, N. Y. 
O'Brien, John P., 44 E. 23d St., New York City. 
O'Brien, J. P., Oregon Railroad & Navigation Company, Portland, Ore. 

O^ce-President of the Society for Or^;on.) 
O'Brien, Capt. Laurence, 70 Beach St., New Haven, Conn. 

(Vice-President of the Society for Connecticut.) 
O'Brien, Michabl C, M.D., 161 West I22d St., New York City. 
O'Brien, Michabl J., 16 Dey St., New York City. 

(Historiographer of the Society and Member of its Executive Council.) 
O'Brien, Hon. Morgan J., LL.D., 2 Rector St., New York City. 
O'Brien, Hon. T&omas J., B.L., LL.D., Grand Rapids, Mich. 
O'Brien, T&omas S., 13 Walter St., Albany, N. Y. 

(Member of the Executive Council.) 
O'Brien, Thomas V., Haywards Hotel, Haywards, Cal. 
O'Brien, Rev. V. G., D.D., St. Peter's Rectory, Troy, N. Y. 
O'Byrne, Michael Alphonsus, Room 400 Germania B&nk Bkig., Savannah, 

Ga. 

(Vice-President of the Society for Georgia.) 
O'Callaghan, Charles J., Spuyten Duyvil, N. Y. 
O'CoNNELL, Rt. Rbv. Dbnnis Joseph, S.T.D., 800 Cathedral PI., Richmond, 

Va. 

(Vice-President of the Society for Virginia.) 
O'CoNNELL, Daniel, Dundalk, Ireland. 
O'CoNNELL, Miss Grace, 1180 N. Third St., Springfield, 111. 



MEMBERSHIP ROLL, ZTJ 

O'CoNNELL, John, 303 Fifth Ave., New York City. 

(yCoNNELL, John, 302 West End Ave., New York Qty. 

O'CoNNELL, Hon. John F., 495 River Ave., Providence, R. I. 

O'CoNNELL, John F., Norfolk, Va. 

O'CoNNELL, John J., 31 Nassau St., New York City. 

O'CoNNBLL, Hon. Joseph F., 53 State St., Boston, Mass. 

O'CONNELL, P. A., 154 Tremont St., Boston, Mass. 

O'Connor, Maj. Daniel, \^mington, N. C. 

O'Connor, Francis P., 157 Tremont St., Boston, Mass. 

O'Connor, Dr. J. H., 175 aist Ave., San Francisco, Cal. 

O'Connor, John L., Ogdensburg, N. Y. 

O'Connor, P. J., Casper, Wyo. 

O'Connor, Rev. P. J., St. Joseph Catholic Church, Sioux City, la. 

O'Connor, R. C, 1835 Scott St., San Francisco, Cal. 

(Vice-President-General of the Society and Member of its Executive 
Council.) 
O'Connor, Thomas J., 525 Dwight St., Holyoke, Mass. 
O'Connor, Hon. W. A., Santa Cruz County, Nogales, Ariz. 
O'Connor, William, Catholic Club, 120 Central Park S., New York City. 
O'Dalt, Patrick J., 650 Albany St., Boston, Mass. 
O'DoHERTY, Hon. Matthew, Louisville, Ky. 
O'DoNALD, Rev. Patrick J., 135 East 96th St., New York Qty. 
O'DoNNBLL, Rev. P., Church St. Francis De Sales, New York Gty. 
O'DoNNELL, William J., 1 15 Broadway, New York City. 
O'DoNOHUE, Col. Hugh J., 1 10 Greene St., New York City. 
O'DowD, Martin, 400 West 14th St., New York Qty. 
O'Driscoll, Daniel M., 33 Church St., Charleston, S. C. 
O'DwYER, Hon. Edward F., 32 Chambers St., New York City. 
O'Farrell, Charles, Bank of Commerce, 31 Nassau St., New York City. 
O'FLaherty, Rev. C. E., Catholic Rectory, Mitchell, S. Dak. 
O'FLaherty, James, 150 Nassau St., New York City. 
O'Flaherty, James, Jr., 150 Nassau St., New York City. 
O'GORMAN, Hon. James A., 318 West io8th St., New York City. 
O'Hagan, WnxL/^ J., Charleston, S. C. 

(Vice-President of the Society for South Carolina.) 
O'Hanlon, Philip F., M.D., 121 West 95th St., New York City. 
O'Hearn, Patrick, 282 Riverside St., Lowell, Mass. 
O'Hearn, Willl^m, 298 Boylston St., Brookline, Mass. 
O'Kbbpe, Edmund, 174 Middle St., New Bedford, Mass. 
O'Keefe, John A., 25 Exchange St., Lynn, Mass. 

O'Keeffe, John G., care H. L. Horton & Co., 60 Broadway, New York Gty. 
O'Laughlin, Jambs P., Clearfield, Pa. 

O'Leart, Rev. Cornelius F., Notre Dame Church, Wellston, Mo. 
O'Leart, Jeremiah A., 38 Park Row, New York Gty. 
O'Leart, Col. M. J., 122 Bay St. E., Savannah, Ga. 
O'LouGHLiN, Patrick, 18 Tremont St., Boston, Mass. 
O'Malley, Charles J., 184 Summer St., Boston, Mass. 



378 AMERICAN IRISH HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 

O'Mbara, Bug.-Gbn. John B., Adjt. Gen. MiMOuri, JeflFerson City, Mo. 

(Vice-Pre«dait c^ the Society for Missouri.) 
O'Neil, Arthur, 75 South St., New York Qty. 
O'Nbil, Hon. Joseph H., Federal Trust Co., Boston, Mass. 
(^Nbil, Joseph S., 38 Front St., Binghamton, N. Y. 
O'Neill, Rbv. Clement P., St. Mary of the Woods, Princeville, 111. 
(^Nehx, Col. C. T., 315 N. 4th St., Allentown, Pa. 
O'Nehx, Rev. Daniel H., 935 Main St, Worcester, Mass. 
O'Neill, Eugene Brady, O'Neill Bldg., Phoenix, Ariz. 
O'Neill, Capt. Francis, 5448 Drezel Ave., Chicago, 111. 
O'Neill, Franus, 3 Rector St., New York City. 
O'Neill, James, Century Theatre, New York City. 
O'Neill, Jambs L., 320 Franklin St., Elizabeth, N. J. 

(Member of the Executive Council.) 
O'Reilly, Peter, 835 Octavia St., San Francisco, Cal. 
O'Reilly, Thomas, 8 Mt. Morris Park W., New York Gty. 
O'RiORDAN, Jeremiah P., Charlestown, Boston, Mass. 
Ormsby, Henry B., Louisville, Ky., care National Bank. 
O'RouRKE, John F., 17 Battery PL, New York Qty. 
O'Ryan, James Edmund L., 720 Coster St., Bronx, New York City. 
O'Ryan, Joseph Patrick, 4381 17th St., San Francisco, Cal. 
OsBORN, William N., 135 West 42d St., New York Qty. 
O'Shaughnessy, Maj. Edward J., 912 St. Nicholas Ave., New York City. 
O'Shaughnessy, James, 3252 Gidding St., Chicago, 111. 
O'Shaughnessy, Michael Maurice, Qty Hall, San Francisco, Cal. 
O'Shea, D. G., Red Lodge, Carbon County, Mont. 
O'Shea, G. Harry, 29 Broadway, New York City. 
O'Shea, James, 31 West 88th St., New York Qty. 
O'Shee, Jambs A., P. O. Box 38, New Orleans, La. 

O^ce-President of the Society for Louisiana.) 
O'SuLLiVAN, Daniel, 136 Ellis St, San Francisco, Cal. 
O'Sullivan, Frank A., no Aberdeen St., Lowell, Mass. 
O'SULLIVAN, Humphrey, care of O'Sullivan Rubber Co., Lowell, Mass. 
O'Sullivan, James, care of O'Sullivan Rubber Co., Lowell, Mass. 
O'Sullivan, James, 1324 Hunting Park Ave., Philadelphia, Pa. 
O'Sullivan, Jeremiah J., 38-^39 Central Block, Lowell, Mass. 
Over, Spencer, H., 55 South Angell St., Providence, R. I. 
Paine, William E., 16 Beaver St., New York City. 
Patterson, Rt. Rev. George J., V.G., 55 Broadway, South Boston, Mass. 
Pblletier, Hon. Joseph C, Court House, Boston, Mass. 
Phelan, Hon. James D., Phelan Bldg., San Francisco, Cal. 
Phelan, John J., 16 Exchange PL, New York City. 
Phelan, Hon. John J., 1836 Noble Ave., Bridgeport, Conn. 
Phelan, Rev. Thomas P., Brewster, New York. 
Phelan, Timothy J., 120 West 57th St., New York City. 
Phelps, Lewis H., First St., Westfield, N. J. 
Philbin, Hon. Eugene A., County Court House, New York City. 



MEMBERSHIP ROLL. , 379 

Phillips, John, 47 Broadhurst Ave., New York Qty. 

PiGGOTT, Michael, 1634 Vermont St., Quincy, 111. 

Plunkbtt, Count G. N., 26 Upper Fitzwilliam St., Dublia, Ireland. 

Plunkbtt, T&omas, 326 6th St., East Liverpool, Ohio. 

Potts, Richard T., 73 Broad St., Elizabeth, N. J. 

Power, Rev. Jambs W., 47 East 129th St., New York Qty. 

Power, Neal, Mills Bldg., San Francisco, Cal. 

Prbndergast, Hon. William A., 85 Eighth Ave., Brooklyn, N. Y. 

Pulleyn, John J., 51 Chambers St., New York City. 

Quiglbt, William F., 149 Broadway, New York City. 

Qum, Jeremiah, 178 Eleventh St., Milwaukee, Wis. 

(Vice-President of the Society for Wisconsin.) 
QuiN, Joseph F., M.D., 409 19th Ave., Milwaukee, Wis. 
QuiN, R. A., M.D., P. O. Box 234, Vicksburg, Miss. 

(Vice-President of the Society for Mississippi.) 
QuiNN, Frank J., Old Library Bldg., Peoria, 111. 
QuiNN, John, 31 Nassau St., New York City. 
QuiNN, Col. Patrick Henry, 19 College St., Providence, R. L 
Quirk, Rev. M. A., Ottawa, 111. 

Ramsay, Clarence J., 132 West 12th St., New York City. 
Rayens, Michael W., 206 Broadway, New York City. 
Raymond, Hon. George G., New Rochelle, N. Y. 
Reardon, Edmund, Cambridge, Mass. 
Reardon, Timothy, 726 Dayton Ave., St. Paul, Minn. 
Reardon, William J., Pekin, 111. 
Regan, John H., Woolworth Bldg., New York City. 
Regan, W. P., 296 Essex St., Lawrence, Mass. 
Rbilly, F. James, 122 Centre St, New York City. 
Reilly, Jambs Owen, 212 Nun St., Wilmington, N. C. 
Rehxy, Thomas F., Bryn Mawr, Philadelphia, Pa. 
Rbilly, Thomas J., 560 West 26th St?, New York City. 
Rbilly, Hon. Thomas L., Meriden, Conn. 
RiGNBY, Joseph, 17 East nth St., New York City. 
Riley, A. J., 143 King St., Charleston, S. C. 
Riley, John B., Plattsburg, N. Y. 
RiORDAN, Charles F., Glenhill Farm, Sharon, Mass. 
RiORDAN, T. A., Flagstaff, Ariz. 
Roach, Rev. John D., Church of the Holy Spirit, Bumside and Aqueduct 

Aves., Bronx, New York City. 
RooNEY, Henry F., 251 Thames St., Newport, R. I. 
RooNEY, Hon. John Jerome, 29 Broadway, New York City. 
RossiTER, W. S., care of Rumford Press, Concord, N. H. 
RouRKE, Thomas R., 354 East 79th St., New York City. 
Rowan, Joseph, 60 Wall St., New York City. 
Ryan, Charles B., 112 Freemason St., Norfolk, Va. 
Ryan, Christopher S., Lexington, Mass. 
Ryan, Daniel C, 461 Fargo Ave., Buffalo, N. Y. 



38o AMERICAN IRISH HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 

Ryan, James, 730 Coster St., New York City. 

Rtan, John J., 25 Broad St., New York City. 

Ryan, John J., Haverhill Trust BMg., Haverhill, Mass. 

Ryan, Joseph T., 149 Broadway, New York City. 

Ryan, Gen. Michael, Spring Grove Ave., Cindnnati, Ohio. 

Ryan, Hon. Morgan, M.L., 30 Westervelt Ave., New Brighton, Richmond 

Co., N. Y. 
Ryan, Hon. Patrick J., 205 Broad St., Elizabeth, N. J. 
Ryan, Patrick J., 172 East 94th St., New York City. 
Ryan, Timothy, M., M.D., Meara Block, Torrington, Conn. 
Ryan, Hon. William, 375 Irving Ave., Port Chester, N. Y. 
Ryan, William P., 359 Fulton St., Jamaica, N. Y. 
ScALLON, William, Penwell Block, Helena, Mont. 
ScANLAN, Charles M., 307 Grand Ave., Milwaukee, Wis. 
Scarlett, William, 35 Fairview Ave., North Plainfidd, N. J. 
Scott, Cornelius J., 109 West 83d St., New York City. 
Scott, Joseph, 707 Equitable Savings Bank Bldg., Los Angeles, Cal. 
Scully, Rev. Alfred E., St. Mary's Church, Gloucester Qty, N. J. 
Scully, Hon. P. Joseph, 4 Columbia St., New York City. 
SiiYMOUR, John F., 52 Pierce St., San Francisco, Cal. 
Shahan, Very Rev. Thomas J., S.T.D., J.U.L., Catholic University, Wash* 

ington, D. C. 
Shanahan, Very Rev. Edmund T., Ph.D., S.T., J.C.L., Catholic University^ 

Washington, D. C. 
Shanley, Thomas J., 1491 Broadway, New York City. 
Shannon, Rev. James, 311 Bradley Ave., Peoria, 111. 
Shannon, M. M., 513 Davis St., Elmira, N. Y. 
Shannon, Dr. William, 130 West Sist St., New York City. 
Shea, Daniel W., Ph.D., Catholic University, Washington, D. C. 
Shea, James, 3415 Octavia St., San Francisco, Cal. 
Sheahan, William L., 73 Sherman Ave., New Haven, Conn. 
Sheedy, Bryan DeF., M.D., 164 West 73d St., New York Qty. 
Shbehan, Daniel J., 31 18 State St., Milwaukee, Win, 
Sheehan, George H., 7 Water St., Boston, Mass. 
Sheehan, Hon. John C., 353 Broadway, New York City. 
Shbehan, John Louis, LL.B., LL.M., LL.D., Boston University School of 

Law, Boston, Mass. 
Shbehan, Hon. William Franus, 16 East 56th St., New York City. 
Shbehan, Willl^m S., i 170 Broadway, New York City. 
Sheehy, M. J., Foot erf West 39th St., New York City. 
Sheppard, Rev. J. Havergal, D.D., Park Baptist Church, Port Richmond, 

N.Y. 
Sheran, Hugh F., 46 Woodbine St., Roxbury, Mass. 
Sherman, Rev. Andrew M., Morristown, N. J. 
Sherman, Hon. P. Tecumseh, 15 William St., New York City. 
Sherry, Maj. Michael, Troy, N. Y. 



MEMBERSHIP ROLL, 381 

Shinb, Rbv. M. a., Plattsmouth, Neb. 

(Vice-President of the Society for Nebraska.) 
Shiphan, Hon. Andrew J., 37 Wall St., New York City. 
Short, Dr. William B., Vanderbilt Concourse Bldg., 45th St. and Vanderbilt 

Ave., New York City. 
Shuman, a., 440 Washington St., Boston, Mass. 
Silo, Jambs P., 128 West 73d St., New York City. 
Simons, Thomas A., 241 Marshall St., Elizabeth, N. J. 
Sinnott, Hon. Philip J., 559 West 164th St., New York City. 
Skblly, Rev. h, M., Holy Rosary Priory, 375 Clackamas St., Portland, Ore. 
Battery, Emmet, 88-89 Kenyon Bldg., Louisville, Ky. 
Slavin, Dennis J., Waterbury, Conn. 
Sloane, Charles W., 54 William St., New York City. 
Smith, Hon. James E., 38 Park Row, New York City. 
Smith, Rev. James J., 397 Ferry St., New Haven, Conn. 
Smith, Rev. Joseph, 328 West 14th St., New York City. 
Smith, Rev. J. Talbot, Dobb's Ferry, N. Y. 
Smith, Thomas F., 32 Chambers St., New York City. 
Smyth, Samuel, 41 Liberty St., New York City. 
Smyth, Rev. Thomas, Springfield, Mass. 
Spellacy, Thomas J., 756 Main St., Hartford, Conn. 
Spellissy, Denis A., 256 Broadway, New York City. 
Spillane, J. B., 232 West 120th St., New York City. 
Stack, Maurice J., 1020 Hudson St., Hoboken, N. J. 
Stafford, William F., Grant Bldg., San Francisco, Cal. 
Stapleton, Edward, County Clerk's Office, County Court House, Manhat- 
tan, New York City. 
Stapleton, Hon. Matt., Rhinelander, Wis. 
Storey, Rev. Creighton, Rector Holy Trinity Episcopal Church, Albany, 

N.Y. 
Sullivan, Francis J., 13 12 Rector Bldg., Chicago, 111. 
Sullivan, James E., 254 Wayland Ave., Providence, R. I. 
Sullivan, James J., 818 Ernest and Cranmer Bldg., Denver, Col. 

(Vice-President of the Society for Colorado.) 
Sullivan, Jeremiah B., Board of General Appraisers, 641 Washington St., 

New York City. 
Sullivan, J. J., Pensacola, Fla. 
Sullivan, John J., 203 Broadway, New York City. 
Sullivan, John J., 61-63 Faneuil Hall Market, Boston, Mass. 
Sullivan, John V., 3036-22d St., San Francisco, Cal. 
Sullivan, Hon. Mark A., 23 Duncan Ave., Jersey City, N. J. 
Sullivan, Hon. Michael F., M.D., Oak St., Lawrence, Mass. 

(Member of the Executive Council.) 
Sullivan, Michael W., Century Bldg., Washington, D. C. 
Sullivan, Michael X., Ph.D., Bureau of Soil, Washington, D. C. 
Sullivan, Patrick, Casper, Wyo. 



382 AMERICAN IRISH HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 

Sullivan, Roger G., 803 Elm St., Manchester, N. H. 

(Member of the Executive Coundl.) 
Sullivan, William B., Tremont Bldg., Boston, Mass. 
Sullivan, Dr. WilLiam J., Lawrence, Mass. 
Supple, Rev. Jambs N., St. Francis de Sales Church, Charlestown, Boston, 

Mass. 
Sutton, John P., 134 N. i8th St., Lincoln, Neb. 
Sweeny, Rev. John, St. Augustine's Church, Ocean City, N. J. 
Sweeny, William Montgomery, 126 Franldin St., Astoria, L. L, N. Y. 
Taggart, Hon. Thomas, French Lick Springs Hotel, French Lick, Ind. 
Talley, Hon. Alfred J., 165 Broadway, New York Qty. 
Thompson, James, 100 East Main St, Louisville, Ky. 

(Vice-President c^ the Society for Kentucky.) 
TiERNEY, Dennis H., 167 Bank St., Waterbury, Conn. 
TiERNEY, Edward M., 334 Fifth Ave., New York Qty. 
TiERNEY, Henry S., Arlington Hotel, Binghamton, N. Y. 
TiMMiNS, Rev. James, 2422 S. 17th St., Philadelphia, Pa. 
TOBIN, Joseph S., Hibemia Bank, San Francisco, Cal. 
ToBiN, Richard M., Hibemia Bank, San Francisco, Cal. 
Todd, James Ross, Todd Bldg., Louisville, Ky. 
Toolan, Rev. FRANas J., Pastor Sacred Heart Church, Albany, N. Y. 
To<».EY, Frank L., D.D.S., 157 East 79th St., New York City. 
TowLE, Felix S., 332 Broadway, New York City. 
Trainor, Patrick S., 26 Broadway, New York City. 
Treacy, Richard S., 662 Eighth Ave., New York City. 
TuLLY, Michael, 21 1 West 107th St., New York City. 
TwoHiG, William, Galesburg, 111. 
Vredenburgh, Watson, Jr., 15 Broad St., New York City. 
Wade, Hon. Martin J., Iowa City, la. 
Waldron, E. M., 84 S. 64th St., Newark, N. J. 
Walker, Dr. Hugh, Lowell, Mass. 
Waller, Hon. Thomas M., New London, Conn. 
Walsh, Hon. David I., Fitchburg, Mass. 

Walsh, James J., M.D., LL.D., 1 10 West 74th St., New York City. 
Walsh, J. H., 8502 Hamilton Ave., Brooklyn, N. Y. 
Walsh, John M., Westfield, N. J. 
Walsh, Michael F., 37 City Hall PL, New York City. 
Walsh, Nicholas F., 37 City Hall PL, New York City. 
Walsh, Philip C, Jr., 260 Washington St., Newark, N. J. 
Walsh, P. J., 76 Edgecombe Ave., New York City. 
Walsh, William P., 247 Water St., Augusta, Me. 
Ward, Edward, Kennebunk, Me. 
Ward, FRANas D., 469 West 57th St., New York City. 
Ward, John T., Kennebunk, Me. 
Wellin, p. M., San Leandro, Cal. 
Wells, Judson G., i Union Square, New York City. 
Wheelehan, Matthew J., 220 Broadway, New York City. 
Whelan, William J., 326 South Broad St., Elizabeth, N. J. 



MEMBERSHIP ROLL. 383 

Whitb, John B., 121 East 86th St» New York City. 

Whiib, Hon. John J., Mayor, Holyoke^ Mass. 

Wn.BT, Dr. Hakvbt W., Coemoe Club, Washington, D. C. 

Williams, Stanley, Public Service Commissioners' Office, New York City. 

Wills, Robert, Scranton, Pa. 

Winter, Joseph, Advocate Office, Melbourne, Australia. 

(Vice-President of the Society for Australia.) 
Wise, Jambs F., 91 Alban St, Dorchester Boston, Mass. 
Wood, Richard H., Victoria, Texas. 

(Vice-President of the Society for Texas.) 
Woods, John, 308 Athens St., South Boston, Mass. 

Honorary Members 4 

Life Members 108 

Annual Members 1064 

Total 1176 



INDEX. 

Addresses at Annual Banquet page 

President-General Joseph I. C. Clarke 64 

Cyrus Townsend Brady 69 

Hon. Michael J. Drummond 76 

Senator James D. Phelan 87 

Professor Robinson 91 

General Meldrim 97 

Address of Hon. Thomas J. Lennon at the Banquet of the Kni^^ts of 

St. Patrick, San Francisco 309 

Address of Robert P. Troy at the Banquet of the Knights of St. Patrick, 

San Francisco 307 

Advertisements oi Irish Business Men and Manufacturers in the New 

York Gasette and Weekly PosUBoy 255 

American Irish Governors of Pennsylvania by Dr. John G. Coyle 145 

An Appreciation of General James H. Shields by Gen. John B. O'Meara 140 

Annual Banquet, Seventeenth 59 

Letters of Regret 6a 

Address of President-General Clarke 64 

Address of Cyrus Townsend Brady 69 

Address of Hon. Michael J. Drummond 76 

Address of Senator James D. Phelan 87 

Address of Professor Robinson 91 

Address of General Meldrim 97 

Members present, List of 59 

Annual Meeting, Seventeenth, Proceedings 27 

Journal, Publication of 32 

Meeting, California Chapter 104 

Massachusetts Chapter 105 

Wisconsin Chapter 107 

Illinois Chapter 109 

Application Blank, form of 353 

Arlington Cemetery, Dedication of Kearny Monument 138 

Augusta, Ga., City of. Laid out by Kennedy O'Brien 193 

Banquet, Seventeenth Annual 59 

Banquet of the Knights of St. Patrick, San Francisco 307 

Barrett, John J., Oration delivered at the Panama-Pacific Exposition 297 

Portrait— /o^ti^ 297 

Battle of Plattsburgh 280 

Bequest, Form of 24 

Booth, Edwin, Memorial 319 

Statue— /ocffif 319 

Brady, Cyrus Townsend, address of, at Annual Banquet 69 

Britt, John G., Obituary 320 

^ 385 



386 INDEX. 

PAGE 

Byms, William Frands, Obituary 321 

Burying Groond Imcripdons, Copp's Hill 220 

Kings Chapel 220 

Yarmouth 223 

California Chapter 104 

CantiUon, William D., Obituary 322 

Carey« John S., Obituary 324 

Carney, Mark, Revolutionary Soldier, by Michael J. O'Brien 201 

Carroll, Charles, by Michael J. O'Brien 215 

Centenary of the Battle of Plattsburgh 280 

Certificate d Membership of Major-General Andrew Jackaoa. . . FtomUspkce 

Champlain Valley Pioneer, William Gilliland 231 

Chaptere, Reports, California 104 

Massachusetts 105 

Wisconsin 107 

Illinois 109 

Charter 17 

Clarke, Joseph I. C, Address at Annual Banquet 64 

Ode, Ireland at the Fair 292 

Coiton, Charles H., Rt. Rev., Obituary 324 

Committee on Foundation 16 

Report of Nominating 52 

Riq)ort of Dinner 52 

Connecticut Valley, Pioneers in 176 

Constitution 19 

Constitution, Illinob Chapter iii 

Contents, Table of 3 

Contributed Papers in 1915 113 

Copp's Hill Burying Ground Inscriptions 220 

Conner, Philip, by Michael J. O'Brien 207 

Coyle, Dr. John G., Historical paper on American Irish Governors of 

Pennsylvania 145 

Council, Executive 14 

Cunniff, Michael M., Obituary 325 

Dc Courcys, The, of Cork 207 

Dedication of the Kearny Monument at Arlington Cemetery 138 

Delaney, John C, Obituary 326 

Dermot, or Diarmuid, O'Mahony, Pioneer Irishman of New England . . . 165 

Design for a Badge 35 

Downey, William F., Obituary 328 

Doyle, Thomas F., Obituary 329 

Drummond, Hon. Michael J., Address at Annual Banquet 76 

Emmet, Dr. Thomas Addis 

Resolutions 314 

Acknowledgment of Resolutions 317 



INDEX. 387 

PAGB 

England, Right Reverend John, Paper on, by Rev. ThoB. P. Phelan, 

A. M 115 

Extracts from the Probate Records of Newcastle, Del 187 

Executive Council 14 

Fitzsimons, Thomas P., Obituary .' 331 

Form of Bequest 24 

Former Officers, List 35 

Foundation Conmiittee 16 

Flynn, Col. David M., paper on Philip Kearny read at the Seventeenth 

Annual Meeting 137 

Geary, Eugene, Obituary 331 

General Correspondence with the Chapters 35 

General Information regarding the Society 33 

Georgia, O'Briens in the Colony of 193 

Gifts to the Society 33 

GiUiland, William, Irish Schoolmaster and Pioneer of the Champlain 

Valley 231 

Governors, American Irish, of Pennsylvania, by Dr. John G. Coyle 145 

Grants of Land to Irish Settlers in the Province of New York 238 

Hart, John 215 

Historical Papers, Addresses Delivered before the Society and Papers 

Contributed in 1915: 
Right Reverend John England, by Rev. Thomas P. 

Phelan, A. M 115 

General Phil Kearny, by Col. David M. Flynn 127 

General James H. Shields, by General John B. O'Meara 140 
American Irish Governors of Pennsylvania, by Dr. 

John G. Coyle 145 

Immigration, Land, Probate, Administration, Baptis- 
mal, Marriage, Burial, Trade, Military and 
Other Records of the Irish in America in the 
Seventeenth and Eighteenth Centuries, by Michael 
J. O'Brien: 
Dermot, or Diarmuid O'Mahony, Pioneer Irishman 

of New England 165 

Connecticut — Irish Pioneers in the Connecticut 
Valley; Traces of the Rileys and other Irish Fam- 
ilies who settled in New England in the Seven- 
teenth Century 176 

Delaware — Extracts from the Probate Records of 

New Castle County. 187 

Georgia — ^The O'Briens in the Colony of Geoigia . . 193 
Maine — Mark Carney, Colonial and Revolutionary 
Soldier 201 



388 INDEX, 

PAGE 

Historical Papers, Maryland — Irish Pioneers — ^Testimony of the Land 

Office Records — Philip Conner, an Irishman, was 
the Last Commander of Old Kent. The De 
Courcys of Cork 207 

Irish Statesmen — Story of an Historic Controversy 
^mong Three Colonial Irishmen — ^John Hart, 
Charles Carroll and Thomas MacNamara 215 

Massachusetts — Memoriab of the Dead in Boston; 
being copies of some tombstone inscriptions in 
Copp's Hill and Kmgs Chapel Burying Grounds 220 

Some Early Marriages in Worcester County 224 

New Hampshire — Some Ancient Records in the 
Provincial Papers 227 

New Jersey — Items Culled from the Records of the 
First Presbyrterian Church at Morristown 229 

New York — William GilUland, Irish Schoolmaster 
and Pioneer of the Champlain Valley 231 

Grants of Land to Irish Settlers in the Province of 
New York; an important Collection taken from 
the Calendar of New York Colonial Manuscripts 238 

Advertisements by Irish Bunness Men and of Irish- 
manufactured goods in the N, F. GoMeUe and 
Weekly Post-Boy 255 

North Carolina — ^Some early Murphys; Extracted 
from the Records of the Land Office, Will Books 
and other Official Records of the ''Old North 
State" 260 

Vermont — Some Revolutionary Patriots: Copied 
from the Revolutionary War Rolls of the State. . 267 

Historical Records of the Society 32 

Historiographer's Report 38 

Hogan, Andrew J., CM>ituary 333 

Holland, John P., portrait— /ocm^ 333 

Obituary 333 

Hyde, Douglas, Letter of 290 

Illinois Chapter 109 

Innd, Thomas C, Obituary 338 

Immigration, Land, Probate and other records of the Irish in the Seven- 
teenth and Eighteenth Centuries, by Michael J. O'Brien 163 

Information, general, R^^arding the Society 23 

Introduction 11 

Ireland at the Fair, Ode for St Patrick's Day, by Joseph I. C. Clarke. . . 292 

Irish Pioneers in Maryland, by Michael J. O'Brien 207 

Irish Statesmen in Maryland, by Michael J. O'Brien 215 

Items from Records of First Presbyterian Church at Morristown, N.J... 229 



INDEX. 389 

PAGE 

Kearny, Philip, Gen., Address on, by President Woodrow Wilson at Dedi- 
cation of Monument at Arlington Cemetery 138 

Paper on, by Col. David M. Flynn 127 

Statue of, Portrait^-/ocff»g 127 

Kings Chapel Burying Ground Inscriptions 230 



* 



Lagan, Dr. Hugh, Obituary 338 

Land Grants to Irish Settlers in the Province of New York 338 

Land Office Records 207 

Land Office Records, North Carolina 260 

Lennon, Hon. Thos. J., address at the Banquet of the Knights of St. 

Patrick 309 

Portrait— /ocing 309 

Levins, Anna Frances, Official Photographer 

Portrait of John J. Barrett— /ocinf 1197 

Edwin Booth— facing 319 

Certificate of Membership of Maj.-Gen. Andrew 

Jackson Frontispieu 

Thomas J. Lennon — facing 309 

Statue of Gen'l Philip Kearny— /acinf 127 

Statue of Gen '1 James Shidds—/9c»fi2 140 

Letters of California Chapter, Robert P. Troy 104 

Massachusetts Chapter, John J. Keenan 105 

Wisconsin Chapter, C. M. Scanlan 107 

Illinois Chapter, Patrick T. Barry 109 

Illinois Chapter, John P. Hopkins 109 

Illinois Chapter, Wm. P. J. Halley no 

Thomas Addis Emmet 317 

Douglas Hyde 290 

J. P. Tumulty, Secretary to President Wilson 289 

J. E. Redmond 289 

Letters of Regret from Bishop Patrick J. Hayes 62 

Charles S. Whitman 62 

David J. Walsh 63 

J. Purroy Mitchel 63 

Theodore Roosevelt 64 

Martin Glynn 64 

Woodrow Wilson 67 

List of Former Officers of the Society 25 

List of Members of the Society 355 

List of Officers of the Society 13 

Marriage Records, Early, in Worcester County, Mass 224 

Maryland, Irish Statesmen 215 

McCready, Charles, Right Reverend Monsignor, Obituary 340 

Portrait— /acf»f 340 



390 INDEX, 

PAGE 

McHugfa, James, Obttuaiy 343 

Macdonougfa, Thomas, Commodore, and the Battle of Plattsburgh 380 

Massachusetts Chapter 105 

Meetings of the Executive Council 34 

Meeting, Seventeenth Annual, Pnxreedings 27 

Meldrim, General, Address at Annual Banquet of the Society 97 

Membership Certificate of Maj.-Gen. Andrew Jackson FronUspiece 

Membership 34 

Membership Roll of the Society 355 

Memorials of the Dead in Copp's Hill and IQngs Chapel Burying 

Grounds in Boston, Mass 220 

Murphy, James, Obituary 344 

Murphys in North Carolina 260 

Necrology, John Gabriel Britt 320 

Dr. William Francis Byms 321 

William D. CandUon 322 

John S. Carey 324 

Rt. Rev. Charles H. Colton 324 

Michael M. Cunniff 325 

Captain John C. Ddaney 326 

^^Uiam F. Downey 328 

Thomas F. Doyle 329 

Thomas P. Fitzsimons 331 

Eugene Geary 331 

Andrew J. Hogan 333 

John P. Holland 333 

Thomas C. Innd 338 

Dr. Hugh Lagan 338 

Rt. Rev. Monsignor Charles McCready 340 

James McHugh 343 

James Murphy 344 

Wlliam OHerin 344 

Jeremiah O'Rourke 345 

Patrick Henry Powers 346 

Most Rev. Patrick W. Riordan 347 

Rev. Thomas M. Smyth 349 

Newspaper Advertisements of Irish Business Men 255 

North Carolina Eariy Records 260 

O'Brien, Michael J., Advertisements by Irish Business Men and of 

Irish-Manufactured Goods in the New York 

Gaaette and Weekly Post-Boy 255 

Carney, Mark, Revolutionary Soldier 201 

Carroll, Charles 215 

Conner, Philip 207 

DeCourcys of Cork 207 



INDEX. 391 

PAGE 

O'Brien, Michael J., Dermot, or Diarmuid, O'Mahony, Pioneer Irishman 

of New England 165 

Extracts from the Probate Records of New Castle 

County, Delaware 187 

Grants of Land to Irish Settlers in the Province of 

New York 23S 

Immigration, Land , Probate, Administratioa, Bapds- 
mal, Marriage, Burial, Trade, Military and other 
Records of the Irish in America in the Seven- 
teenth and Eighteenth Centuries 163 

Irish Pioneers in the Connecticut Valley 176 

Iridi Pioneers in Maryland ao7 

Memorials of the Dead in Copp's Hill and Kings 

Chapel Burying Grounds in Boston, Mass 220 

Records of the First Presbyterian Church at 

Morristown, N. J 229 

Some Ancient Records in the Provincial Papers of 

New Hampshire 227 

Some Eariy Marriages in Worcester County, Mass. 224 

Some Examples of the " Scotch-Irish " in America . 269 

Some Early Murphys in North Carolina 260 

William Gilliland, Irish Schoolmaster and Pioneer 

of the Champlain Valley 231 

O'Briens in the Colony of Georgia 193 

O'Brien, Kennedy, Laid out the Site of the City of Augusta, Georgia 193 

Ode for St. Patrick's Day, Ireland at the Fair, by Joseph I. C. Clarke. . 292 

Officers, List of Former 25 

Officers, List of 13 

Official Photographer, Anna Frances Levins 35 

(Md North State Records 260 

O'Herin, William, Obituary 344 

O'Meara, General John B., an appreciation of General James H. Shields, 

read at the Seventeenth Annual Meeting of the Society 140 

Oration delivered by John J. Barrett at the Panama-Pacific Exposition . . 297 

O'Rourke, Jeremiah, Obituary 345 

Panama-Pacific International Exposition at San Francisco, St. Patrick's 

Day 282 

Papers, Historical 1 13 

Pennsylvania, American Irish Governors, by Dr. John G. Coyle 145 

Phelan, Senator James D., Address at Annual Banquet 87 

Phelan, Right Reverend Thomas P., paper on Right Reverend John Eng- 
land, First Bishop of Charleston 115 

Pioneer of the Champlain Valley, William Gilliland 231 

Pioneer Irishman of New England 165 

Pioneer Irish in Connecticut Valley 176 



392 INDEX. 

PAGB 

Pioneer Irish in Maryland 207 

President-General's Address at the Annual Banquet 64 

President-General's Report 27 

Powers, Patrick H., Obituary 346 

Probate Records of New Castle County, Ddaware 187 

Proceedings of the Seventeenth Annual Meeting of the Society 27 

Provincial Papers of New Hampshire, Records 227 

Publication of the Annual Journal 32 

Qttinn, Edmond T., Sculptor, Sketch of 319 

Records from the First Presbyterian Church at Morristown, N. J 229 

From the Provincial Papers of New Hampshire 227 

Early Murphys in North Carolina 26a 

Immigration, Land, Probate, Administration, Marriage, Burial, 
Trade, Military, and other records of the Irish in America in 

the Seventeenth and Eighteenth Centuries, by M. J. O'Brien 163 

Marriages in Worcester County, Mass 224 

Revolutionary Patriots in Vermont 267 

Redmond, J. E,, Letter of 289 

Regret, Letters of 62 

Reports, President-General 27 

Secretary-General 32 

Treasurer-General 36 

Historiographer 38 

Dinner Committee 52 

Nominating Committee « 52 

Reports of Chapters, California 104 

Massachusetts 105 

Wisconsin 107 

Illinois 109 

Reports of State Vice-Presidents, California 104 

Massachusetts 105 

Wisconsin 107 

Illinois 109 

Resolutions, Dr. Thomas Addis Emmet 314 

Request for Obituary Notices 351 

Revolutionary War Rolls of Vermont * 267 

Riley Family Records 176 

Riordan, Patrick W., Most Reverend, Obituary 347 

Robinson, Professor, Address at the Seventeenth Annual Banquet 91 

Scotch-Irish in America 269 

Secretary-General's Report 32 

Settlers, Irish, in the Province of New York, Land Grants 238^ 

Seventeenth Annual Banquet of the Society 59 



INDEX, 393 

PAGE 

Shields, General James H>» Statue o(— facing 140 

An Appreciation by General John B. O'Meara 140 

Some Revolutionary Patriots in Vermont 367 

State Vice-Presidents 15 

Statue of General James H. Shii^d»— facing 140 

Statue of General Philip Kearny— /fl«»f 127 

St. Patrick's Day at Panama-Pacific International Exposition, San Fran- 
cisco, California 382 

Ireland at the Fair, an Ode for St. Patrick's Day, 1915, 

by Joseph I. C. Clarke 292 

Oration by John J. Barrett 297 

Address by Robert P. Troy at Banquet of Knights of 

St. Patrick 307 

Address by Hon. Thomas J. Lennon 309 

Statesman, Irish, in Maryland 215 

Smyth, Rev. Thomas M., Obituary 349 

Table of Contents 3 

Treasurer-General's Report 36 

Troy, Robert P., Address at the Banquet of the Knights of St. Patrick . . 307 

Tumulty, J. P., Letter of 289 

Vermont Revolutionary Patriots 267 

Vice-Presidents, State 15 

Wilson, Woodi'ow, President, address at Dedication of Monument to 

General Philip Kearny at Arlington Cemetery 138 

Wisconsin Chapter 107